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Lighting Design Project (Mohd. nadeem MSC. Interior Design)

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Dezyne E'cole College Interior Design Student Work

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Lighting Design Project (Mohd. nadeem MSC. Interior Design)

  1. 1. LIGHTING DESIGN OF COMMERCIAL AND RESIDENTIAL SPECES Student:- Mohd. Nadeem MSc Interior Designer Commercial Space Designer DezyneE’coleCollege www.dezyneecol.com
  2. 2. WHAT IS LIGHT LightisaformofenergymanifestingitselfaselectromagneticradiationandiscloselyrelatedtootherformofelectromagneticradiationsuchasGammarays,X-rays,UVrays,IRrays,MicrowaveraysandRadiorays.
  3. 3. COLOUR TEMPERETURE OUTDOOR/INDOOR •Colour temperature is a characteristic visible light. In practice, Colour temperature is only meaningful of light sources that do in fact correspond some what closely to the radiation of some black body. •The Colour temperature of the electromagnetic radiation emitted from an ideal black body is defined as its surface temperature in KELVINS. •Colour temperature over 5000K are called cool Colour (bluefish white), while lower Colour temperature (2700-3000K) are called warm Colour (yellowish white through red).
  4. 4. COLOUR TEMPERETURE OUTDOOR/INDOOR Colour temperature: •Defined as the tone of light or how the light looks in terms of whiteness. •Higher the Colour temperature = whiter/cooler the light source. •Unit measurement = Kelvin (K).
  5. 5. •Sometime called Colour rendering index, is a quantitative measure of the ability of a light source to reproduce the Colour of various objects faithfully in comparison with an ideal or natural light source. •Colour rendering: Effect of an illuminant on the Colour appearance of objects by conscious or subconscious comparison with their Colour appearance under a reference illuminant. •Finishes should be evaluated under the type of lamp (lamp and/ or daylight) which will actually be used in the interiors. •Colour rendering depends on the lamp Colour spectrum, reflective property of surface and context and condition in room. •Judgment of apparent surface Colour depends also on the expectations of an individual with normal Colour vision. COLOUR RENDERING INDEX(CRI)
  6. 6. COLOUR TEMPERETURE
  7. 7. LIGHTING FIXTURES •Lighting fixtures is integral of building electrical system, transforming energy into usable illumination. •Light fixture requires: electrical connection (power supply), lamp holder, lamp (design to defuse, reflect focus light). •Form of lighting fixtures, lighting sources, light illumination: Point source, linear sources, planar sources, volumetric sources.
  8. 8. LIGHTING LUMINAIRE •An assembly used to house one or more lighting sources. Also called lighting fixture. 1.Luminaries 2.Lighting lamp 3.Lighting socket 4.Light switch
  9. 9. CLASSIFICATION OF LUMINAIRES •Recessed •Ceiling Mounted •Track Mounted •Wall mounted •Suspended •Architectural •Portable •Pole Mounted •Bollard •Outdoor •Up lighters •Down lighters •Wall washers •Ceiling washers •Floor washers
  10. 10. CLASSIFICATION OF LUMINAIRES
  11. 11. CATEGORIES OF LUMINAIRES •Direct: 90 -100% downward •Semi direct: 60 -90% downward •General diffuse: 40 -60% both downward and upward •Direct -indirect: little light is emitted in the horizontal plane •Semi -direct: providing 90 –100% of its luminous output upward.
  12. 12. POINT LIGHT SOURCE
  13. 13. LINEAR LIGHT SOURCE
  14. 14. PLANAR LIGHT SOURCE
  15. 15. VOLUMETRIC LIGHT SOURCE
  16. 16. TYPES OF LIGHTING •General Lighting
  17. 17. TYPES OF LIGHTING Accent Lighting
  18. 18. TYPES OF LIGHTING Decorative Lighting
  19. 19. TYPES OF LIGHTING Task Lighting
  20. 20. TYPES OF LIGHTING Kinetic Lighting
  21. 21. Wall washers TYPES OF LIGHTING
  22. 22. Ceiling washers TYPES OF LIGHTING
  23. 23. Floor washers TYPES OF LIGHTING
  24. 24. Spot light TYPES OF LIGHTING
  25. 25. Uplighters TYPES OF LIGHTING
  26. 26. Downlighter TYPES OF LIGHTING
  27. 27. ARTIFICIAL LIGHT SOURCES •Incandescent Lamps •Fluorescent Lamps •High –Intensity Discharge Lamps •Mercury Lamp •Metal Halide Lamps •High pressure Sodium Lamps •Low pressure Sodium Lamps •Electrode less Lamps •Compact arc xenon & Mercury lamps •Electroluminescent Lamps •Light emitting Diodes (LED) •Carbon arc Lamps •Gaslights
  28. 28. INCANDESCENT LAMP What ? Hotwire –Filament sealed in a glass jar (BULB) How ? Electric current pass through the wire heats it to incandescence, and the wire emits light. Use standard voltage circuit.
  29. 29. Inside the glass is a gas such as argon and or nitrogen. At the center of the lamp is a tungsten filament. Electricity heats this filament up to about 2500 degrees Celsius. Just like any hot metal, the tungsten gets “white hot” at that heat and emits a great deal of visible light in a process called. INCANDESCENT LAMP
  30. 30. 1. Glass Bulb 2. Vacuum or gas filled 3. Wire / Filament 4. 5. Lead -in wires 6. Support wire 7. Neck 8. 11. Electric Fuse 9. Base INCANDESCENT LAMP
  31. 31. ADVANTAGES: 1.Less expensive 2.Easier to dim with rheostats 3.Warmer color than fluorescent and tungsten halogen lamps. 4.Light output is relatively high 5.Excellent color rendering. 6.Can be dimmed DISADVANTAGES: 1.Energy inefficient 2.Short lamp life time 3.Warm source INCANDESCENT LAMP
  32. 32. INCANDESCENT LAMP Shape of lamp: Around 100 combinations of glass and quartz bulb shapes and sizes. SYMBOLS: 1stpart = One or more letters indicates the shape of bulb 2ndPart = number indicated diameter of the bulb in eights of an inch. EXAMPLE: A19 = arbitrary shaped, 19/8 inch diameter
  33. 33. EXAMPLES: •General lighting service (GLS) •Parabolic Aluminum reflector (PAR) •Metal reflector (MR) INCANDESCENT LAMP
  34. 34. BASE IDENTIFICATION: 1.SMALL BASE; BAYONET, BIPIN, CANDELABRA, INTERMEDIATE, MINIATURE,MINI-CANDELABRA, TWIST-AND-LOCK, PIN 2.MEDIUM BASE 3.LARGE BASE; MOGUL SCREW, MOGUL BIPOST INCANDESCENT LAMP
  35. 35. Shape of lamp: Around 100 combinations of glass and quartz bulb shapes and sizes. SYMBOLS: 1stpart = One or more letters indicates the shape of bulb 2ndPart = number indicated diameter of the bulb in eights of an inch. EXAMPLE: A19 = arbitrary shaped, 19/8 inch diameter INCANDESCENT LAMP
  36. 36. INCANDESCENT LAMP
  37. 37. INCANDESCENT LAMP
  38. 38. INCANDESCENT LAMP LAMP LIFE TIME: 1.STANDARD-LIFE LAMP: high temperature for the filament to operates, emits more light, shorter life time –“burns out”. 2.LONG-LIFE LAMP: given wattage produces less light, designed for long life. LAMP EFFICIENCY = LIGHT PRODUCED (LUMENS, lm)/ELECTRICITY CONSUMED (WATTS W) 3.LIGHT OUTPUT: Insert gas (Argon, Nitrogen, Krypton) slows bulb blackening caused by condensation on the bulb wall
  39. 39. INCANDESCENT LAMP Bulbs are sold by WATTS –Measure of power consumed LUMENS tells much light lamp emits HOURS OF OPERATION is produced life-time(750-1000H, up to 2500H for extended service lamps) ENERGY SAVING LAMPS –Reduced wattage, reduced light output
  40. 40. INCANDESCENT LAMP LAMP TYPES: 1.NON DIRECTIONAL (emits light in all directions –A, C, G, P, PS, S and T shapes, requires additional external elements for brightness, glare and distribution control) 2.SEMI DIRECTIONAL (silver bowl or white bowl lamps, coating on inner side of bulb, reduce filament glare) 3.DIRECTIONAL (complete optical systems: source, reflector, lens or filament shield, R, AR, MR, PAR built-in beam control)
  41. 41. INCANDESCENT LAMP
  42. 42. INCANDESCENT LAMP Semi Directional
  43. 43. INCANDESCENT LAMP Left: Reflector lamp with soft glass bulb and ellipsoid reflector with moderate focusing power. Right: PAR reflector lamp with pressed glass bulb and powerful parabolic reflector. Directional
  44. 44. INCANDESCENT LAMP
  45. 45. What ? Selected gas of the halogen family How ? Halogen gas combines with tungsten molecules that sputter of the filament deposits tungsten back on the filament and emits constant level of light TUNGSTEN -HALOGEN
  46. 46. A halogen bulb has a filament of tungsten, which glows when electricity is applied, same as a regular incandescent bulb. The halogen gas removes the carbon deposits on the side inside of the bulb, caused by the burning of the tungsten filament, and redeposits it back on to the filament, resulting in a bulb which can be burned at a higher TUNGSTEN -HALOGEN
  47. 47. TUNGSTEN -HALOGEN High operating temperature (500C), high Colour temperature Quartz instead of glass Equipped with outer bulb, glass cover, mesh screen
  48. 48. TUNGSTEN -HALOGEN Advantages 1.High Colour temperature make them “whiter” than standard incandescent lamps 2.Longer life time 3.Great efficiency 4.Compact in shape and size They come in many shapes and sizes, some directional others note, some quite small other the size of regular bulb, some fit into normal sockets other require special sockets and voltage to work.
  49. 49. TUNGSTEN -HALOGEN There are many different type of (single ended) TH lamp, the most common ones are the G9 capsule lamp, GU10 spot lamp and linear halogen lamps which are all domestic mains voltage, and g4 capsule lamp, (integral reflector) MR16, MR11 spot lamps which are low voltage lamps.
  50. 50. LOW –VOLTAGE LAMPS •Low-voltage lamps –incandescent and tungsten halogen lamps that operate between 6V and 75V. •Standard building current of 115V-125V must be stepped down by the use of transformer. •Low-voltage luminaries with integrated transformers are larger in size and bulkier. •Practical system is line-voltage equipment.
  51. 51. LOW –VOLTAGE LAMPS
  52. 52. COLOUR LIGHT BULBS
  53. 53. COLOURED FILTERS
  54. 54. GELATIN FILTERS (“GELS”) Thin transparent colored plastic sheet in vide variety of Colour, as well as multicolored and diffused sheets. Short servise life –Colour fades rapidly.
  55. 55. INTERFERENCE FILTERS One or more layers of ultrathin film coating on clear glass that reflects rather then absorb unwanted wavelength. They transmit one Colour, and reflect the complementary Colour.
  56. 56. What ? Gas, phosphor, cathode, discharge How ? Light is produced by passage of an electric current through a vapor of gas, rather than through a tungsten wire as in incandescent lamp. DISCHARGE LAMPS
  57. 57. FLOROSCENT LAMP
  58. 58. FLOURESCENT LAMP The Classic fluorescent lamp design, which has fallen mostly by the wayside, used a special starter switch mechanism to light up the tube. The conventional starter switch is a small discharge bulb, containing neon or some other gas. The bulb has two electrodes positioned right next to each other. When electricity is initially passed through the bypass circuit, an electrical arc jumps between these electrode to make a connection. This arc lights the bulb in the same way a larger arc lights a fluorescent bulb.
  59. 59. FLOURESCENT LAMP
  60. 60. FLOURESCENT LAMP Advantages: Heatisrelativelylow Energyefficient Rangefromlowgradetohighgrade Longlamplife UsuallyCoolsource Controlgears Disadvantages: Colourtemperature Requireballast:preheat,instant-start, rapid-start Requirescontrollingelementsforglarecontrol
  61. 61. FLOURESCENT LAMP Types: 1.ColdCathode 2.HotCathode Shape: 1.U-BentShape 2.CirculineShape 3.CompactFluo-Lamp
  62. 62. SHAPES
  63. 63. BALLAST/DRIVER Integrated Ballast (CFL) Magnetic Ballast (Traditional) Electronic Ballast
  64. 64. HIGH INTENSITY DISCHARGE LAMP Typeofelectricalgas-dischargelampwhichproduceslightbymeansofanelectricarcbetweentungstenelectrodeshousedinsideatranslucentortransparentfusedquartzorfusedaluminaarctube. Thistubeisfilledwithbothgasandmetalsalts.Thegasfacilitatesthearc’sinitialstrike.Oncethearcisstarted,itheatsandevaporatesthemetalsaltsformingaplasma,whichgreatlyincreasestheintensityoflightproducedbythearcandreducesitspowerconsumption.High-intensitydischargelampsareatypeofarclamp.
  65. 65. HIGH INTENSITY DISCHARGE LAMP
  66. 66. HIGH INTENSITY DISCHARGE LAMP
  67. 67. Whenenergyefficiencyand/orlightintensityaredesired. Theseareasincludegymnasiums, largepublicareas,warehouses,movietheatres,footballstadiums,outdooractivityareas,roadways,parkinglots, andpathways. Ultra-HighPerformance(UHP)HIDlampsareusedinLCDorDLPprojectionTVsetsorprojectiondisplaysaswell. HIGH INTENSITY DISCHARGE LAMP
  68. 68. LED LIGHT Redand Infrared LEDs are made with gallium arsenide Bright Blue is made with GN -gallium nitride WhiteLEDs are made with yttrium aluminium garnet There are also orange, green, blue, violet, purple, ultraviolet LEDs.
  69. 69. LED LIGHT
  70. 70. BENEFITS OF LED
  71. 71. LEDlightsareusuallyaround3mm-8mmlong. ThesmallsizeandprofileoftheLEDlightsallowthemtobeusedwhereotherlightbulbsmaynotfit. 1.SizeofLED BENEFITS OF LED
  72. 72. Whereotherlightsgiveoffmoreenergybyshinningindifferentareas,LEDlightsonlyshineinaspecificdirectionbecomingmoreefficient. 2.Efficiency BENEFITS OF LED
  73. 73. 35,000to50,000hours,comparedto750to2,000hoursforanincandescentbulb,8,000to10,000hoursforacompactfluorescentand20,000to30,000hoursforalinearflorescentbulb. 3. Life BENEFITS OF LED
  74. 74. LEDsremaincool.Inaddition,sincetheycontainnoglasscomponents,theyarenotvulnerabletovibrationorbreakagelikeconventionalbulbs. LEDsarethusbettersuitedforuseinareaslikesportsfacilitiesandhigh-crimelocations. 4. Temperature BENEFITS OF LED
  75. 75. LED LIGHTING
  76. 76. LED REFLECTORS
  77. 77. LAMPS Halogen MR16 GU 5-3 Incandescent Stan. E27 Halogen OR111 G53 Halogen PAR E27
  78. 78. PLC compact fluorescent lamp CFL compact fluorescent lamp E27 Fluorescent CFL spiral E27 Fluorescent megamun liliput E27 LAMPS
  79. 79. Fluorescent TL T5 Fluorescent TL T8 LED MR16 GU5-3 LED Tubular Lamp LAMPS
  80. 80. LED LED Strip LED Strip LED Flexi Light LED Strips (Plat) LAMPS
  81. 81. LED Linesta LED Tape LAMPS
  82. 82. Fiber Optics LAMPS
  83. 83. Cold Cathode LAMPS
  84. 84. THANK YOU

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