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Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences

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Increasing student engagement has been one of the main focus to improve the quality of a learning experience. In this talk we cover two aspects that can contribute to this increase: flipped learning, and feedback.

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Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences

  1. 1. Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences A/Prof Abelardo Pardo (@abelardopardo)
 Faculty of Engineering and IT slideshare.net/abelardo_pardo INED/MASTER Seminar 14 February 2017 SanAndreasflickr.com
  2. 2. Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 2 Kontramaxflickr.com Flipped Learning Feedback Student Engagement
  3. 3. Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 3 Kontramaxflickr.com Student Engagement
  4. 4. Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 4 Simple information transfer is not working Mazur, E. (2009). Farewell, lecture. Science, 323(5910), 50-51. Krugazorflickr.com
  5. 5. Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 5 JuantanKwonflickr.com Unprecedented amount of learning opportunities:
 resources, spaces, formats, devices, etc.
  6. 6. Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 6 HungarianSnowflickr.com More complex decisions Unlimited choices • Recorded lectures • Lecture notes • Collections of previous questions/answers • etc.
  7. 7. Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 7 Philhearingflickr.com Gawronski, B., & Creighton, L. A. (2013). Dual Process Theories. In D. E. Carlston (Ed.), The Oxford handbook of social cognition (pp. 282-312). New York, NY: Oxford University Press. CarstenTolkmitflickr.com RationalAutomatic
  8. 8. Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 8 Beware of technology pushing us 
 away from rational thinking JenRflickr.com
  9. 9. Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 9 "There is no such thing as a neutral design" JeremyBrooksflickr.com Thaler, R. H., & Sunstein, C. R. (2008). Nudge. Great Britain: Yale University Press.
  10. 10. Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 10 Thaler, R. H., & Sunstein, C. R. (2008). Nudge. Great Britain: Yale University Press. “People make good choices in contexts in which they have experience, good information, and prompt feedback" DerekBruffflickr.com
  11. 11. Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 11 TomHawkflickr.com • Approach the design as if you were a choice architect. • Help students to make the right decisions. • Every small detail counts!
  12. 12. Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 12 Kontramaxflickr.com Flipped Learning Student Engagement
  13. 13. Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 13 Bonwell, C. C., & Eison, J. A. (1991). Active Learning: Creating Excitement in the Classroom ASHEERIC Higher Education Report No. 1. Washington, DC, USA: George Washington University. Active Learning Any instructional method that engages students in the learning process. Active learning requires students to do meaningful learning activities and think about what they are doing.
  14. 14. Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 14 Active Learning Works
  15. 15. Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 15 -NACH-flickr.com Understanding Applying Analysing Evaluating Creating InLectureTutorial/Assignments Revised Bloom’s Taxonomy Pohl, M. (2000). Learning to think thinking to learn: Models and strategies to develop a classroom culture of thinking. Hawker Brownlow Education. Cognitive Skills Remembering
  16. 16. Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 16 -NACH-flickr.com Understanding Applying Analysing Evaluating Creating PrepareLecture/Tutorial Revised Bloom’s Taxonomy Pohl, M. (2000). Learning to think thinking to learn: Models and strategies to develop a classroom culture of thinking. Hawker Brownlow Education. Cognitive Skills Remembering
  17. 17. Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 17 SamAbrahamflickr.com Blended Learning Frontier between physical and virtual spaces is blurring
  18. 18. Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 18 1. Think in three spaces Towards higher order skills
  19. 19. Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 19 2. Keep the outcome in mind while designing After this lecture/week
 students should… CCSUNZ2013flickr.com
  20. 20. Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 20 trainingpahflickr.com 3. Design previous activities (Be Prepared!)
  21. 21. Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 21 Available: bit.ly/elec1601 (Only Australian Universities)
  22. 22. Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 22
  23. 23. Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 23 Preparation
  24. 24. Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 24 Preparation
  25. 25. Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 25 Preparation: Summative assessment
  26. 26. Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 26 hijukalflickr.com Think outside of the box 4. Design face-to-face activities
  27. 27. Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 27 In class activities
  28. 28. Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 28 Schell, J. (2012). Can you flip large classes? https://blog.peerinstruction.net/2012/04/06/can-you-flip-large-classes/ Used in large classes
  29. 29. Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 29 1.Use the theatre areas (five) 2.Assign an identifier to each area 3.Assign a digital gate to each area 4.Show input values. Students raise hand if output is 1 5.Acknowledge the fastest area in the theatre 6.Repeat from step 3 changing the assignments Outcome: Understand how digital gates work
  30. 30. Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 30 Kontramaxflickr.com Flipped Learning Feedback Student Engagement
  31. 31. Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 31 Hattie, J. A. (1999). Influences on student learning. Inaugural professorial address, University of Auckland, New Zealand If you could choose one… • More than 500 meta-analyses of student achievements • 100 factors with potential influence • Feedback in top five • (74 meta-analyses) Most effective form: video, audio, computer-assisted instructional feedback, and/or related goals
  32. 32. Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 32 Krause, K.-L., Hartley, R., James, R., & McInnis, C. (2005). The First Year Experience in Australian Universities: Findings from a decade of National Studies. University of Melbourne: Centre for the Study of Higher Education. Eleafflickr.com The feedback question gets systematically lower values in student surveys
  33. 33. Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 33 Hattie, J., & Timperley, H. (2007). The Power of Feedback. Review of Educational Research, 77(1), 81-112. doi:10.3102/003465430298487 ChrisBallardflickr.com Feedback Levels 1. Task Level (understanding, performance) 2. Process Level (what to do to understand, perform) 3. Self-regulation level (detecting and directing effort) 4. Self level (personal evaluation and affect)
  34. 34. Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 34 Students are less likely to engage in pre-class activities if they are not interactive, do not provide formative feedback, and not coherently linked with the face-to-face activities O'Flaherty, J., & Phillips, C. (2015). The use of flipped classrooms in higher education: A scoping review. The Internet and Higher Education, 25, 85-95. doi:10.1016/j.iheduc.2015.02.002 DanKlimkeflickr.com
  35. 35. Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 35 Tracking
  36. 36. Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 36 1.Task level(understanding,perform ance)
  37. 37. Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 37 No statistically significant difference in the rating of feedback (2013 edition, M=3.25, SD=0.97; 2014 edition, M=3.35, SD=1.03); t(389.78) = -0.97, p <0.17
  38. 38. Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 38 You should take a more careful look at how symbols are encoded in the video. Would you be able to encode/ decode UAL symbols without looking at the video? Good initial work. However, did you understand the trick to handle encoding with a variable number of bits? Would you be able to provide an example? Good work. Would you be able to come up with your own machine language and your encoding scheme? Remember that it has to be unambiguous. Thorough work with the task about machine language encoding. Give it a quick review before the midterm. Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Instructor
  39. 39. Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 39 Algorithm
  40. 40. Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 40 Automatic Email 2.Process Level(w hatto do to understand)
  41. 41. Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 41 Helpful feedback Effect size (Cohen’s d) = 0.49. Medium positive effect Midterm Scores Effect size (Cohen’s d) = 0.21. Small positive effect
  42. 42. Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 42 Liu, D. Y.-T., Bartimote-Aufflick, K., Pardo, A., & Bridgeman, A. J. (2016). Data-driven Personalization of Student Learning Support in Higher Education. In A. Peña-Ayala (Ed.), Learning analytics: Fundaments, applications, and trends: A view of the current state of the art. In preparation: Springer. • Upload student listing • Upload indicators per student • Write filters or rules • Contact selected students with personalised email
  43. 43. Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 43 What if I tell you…
  44. 44. Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 44 ontasklearning.org
  45. 45. Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 45 IF [video 3.9.5 not watched] THEN “…." ontasklearning.org
  46. 46. Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 46 • Support instructors to create personalised feedback • Simple rule-base knowledge encoding • Provide appropriate view of data sources • Scale to large and highly diverse cohorts • Open-source project • First pilots in Q1/2 2017 • Tutorial in LAK 2017 • Contact us if interested ontasklearning.org
  47. 47. Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 47 Jayneanddflickr.com • Be aware of how technology affects engagement • There is no neutral design. Choice architect. • Think in blended space • Prepare, Interact, Repeat • The power of feedback
  48. 48. Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences A/Prof Abelardo Pardo (@abelardopardo)
 Faculty of Engineering and IT slideshare.net/abelardo_pardo INED/MASTER Seminar 14 February 2017 SanAndreasflickr.com

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