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SlideShare utilise les cookies pour améliorer les fonctionnalités et les performances, et également pour vous montrer des publicités pertinentes. Si vous continuez à naviguer sur ce site, vous acceptez l’utilisation de cookies. Consultez notre Politique de confidentialité et nos Conditions d’utilisation pour en savoir plus.
Marie Bashkirtseff Marie Bashkirtseff (born Maria Konstantinovna Bashkirtseva, Russian: Мария Константиновна Башкирцева; 24 November 1858 — 31 October 1884) was a Ukrainian- born diarist, painter and sculptor.Self-portrait 1880 2
Marie• Bashkirtseff Born Maria Konstantinovna Bashkirtseva in Gavrontsi near Poltava, to a wealthy noble family, she grew up abroad, traveling with her mother across most of Europe. Educated privately, she studied painting in France at the Académie Julian, one of the few establishments that accepted female students. The Académie attracted young women from all over Europe and the United States. One fellow student was Louise Breslau, who Bashkirtseff viewed as her only rival. Bashkirtseff would go on to produce a remarkable body of work in her short lifetime, the most famous being the portrait of Paris slum children titled The Meeting and In the Studio, (shown here) a portrait of her fellow artists at work. Unfortunately, a large number of Bashkirtseffs works were destroyed by the Nazis during World War II.• From the age of 13, Bashkirtseff began keeping a journal, and it is for this that she is most famous. Her personal account of the struggles of women artists is documented in her published journals, which are a revealing story of the bourgeoisie. Titled, I Am the Most Interesting Book of All, her popular diary is still in print today. The diary was cited by an American contemporary, Mary MacLane, whose own shockingly confessional diary drew inspiration from Bashkirtseffs. Her letters, consisting of her correspondence with the writer Guy de Maupassant, were published in 1891.• Dying of tuberculosis at the age of 25, Bashkirtseff lived just long enough to become an intellectual powerhouse in Paris in the 1880s. A feminist, in 1881, using the nom de plume "Pauline Orrel," she wrote several articles for Hubertine Auclerts feminist newspaper, La Citoyenne. One of her famous quotes is: Let us love dogs, let us love only dogs! Men and cats are unworthy creatures.• She is buried in Cimetière de Passy, Paris, France. Her monument is a full- sized artist studio that has been declared a historic monument by the government of France. 3
Marie Bashkirtseff• Until recently the accepted date of Bashkirtseffs birth was November 11 [Nov. 23, New Style+, 1860. However, after the discovery of the original manuscript of Bashkirtseff‘s diary in the Bibliothèque nationale de France, it was found that her diary had been abridged and censored by her family. Her date of birth (1858 not 1860) was also falsified by her mother. The unabridged edition of the diary, based on the original manuscript, was published in France in 16 volumes, and excerpts (years 1873-1876) translated into English (see Reference).• I was born the 11th [elsewhere given as the 12th of November, 1859. Actually born November 12, 1858, by the Russian calendar; November 24, 1858, by the Gregorian calendar, which is twelve days ahead of the Russian. The family celebrated her birthday each year on the day they claimed she would have been born if she had been a full-term baby— January 12 by the Russian calendar, January 24 by the western calendar. She learns later—in Book 83, December 29, 1878—from her father (but does not apparently accept his statement, as she ignores it here in her preface) that she was a full-term baby, suggesting that she was conceived before her parents had married and that all the mystification about her date of birth was intended to cover up that embarrassment.] Its horrifying just to write it, but I console myself by thinking that I certainly will not have any age when you read me.• --I Am the Most Interesting Book of All: The Diary of Marie Bashkirtseff , Authors preface with comment of translator, p. 1 The grave of Marie Bashkirtseff 5
Portrait of the Princess Yuliya Pavlovna Samoilova Retiring from the Ball with theAdopted Daughter Amaciliya Pachchini (not later then 1842) Siege of Pskov by Poland King Stefan Batoriy in 1581’(1843) 27
• Look at this painting! It illustrates the rootedness of Russian Orthodoxy. Greek Orthodoxy (and the other smaller groups, too) is rooted just as solidly. Russian Orthodoxy has always been more “multi-cultural” than any other expression of Orthodoxy. Many peoples, many languages, and many expressions of faith are found within it. Can you believe that the Syosset apparat is passing the lie that the MP is going to dismiss all American-born priests? What utter delusion and prelest! Which would you want to belong to? A world-wide, powerful, and vibrant Church of many nationalities or to an impotent sect that limits itself to one ethnos and one region? 36
by O. O. Kokel *Алексея Афанасьевича Кокеля+ (1880 - 1956). 37
The Unity of the Russian People [Mikhail Khmelko, 1948] 38
Capture of a French regiments eagle by the cavalry of the Russian guard at Austerlitz 39
Vasnetsov Viktor Mikhailovich (1848 — 1926) 41
Boim, Solomon Boris Olshansky. Berendei. 1997 42
The life-asserting power and beauty of images created by Zinaida Serebriakova ascend tothe best traditions of Russian and West European realistic art; whereas her pure andcrystal-clear talent was inherited from the famous artistic dynasty of the Lanceray-Benoisthat she belonged to. Her all-embracing love of art and her native land with its infiniteexpanses and simple people from times immemorial living and working on it, determinedthe spiritual essence of the creative path of this outstanding artist. 43