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NET NEUTRALITY
B Y :
A L I F I Y A H U S S A I N
Presentation on
Internet Today
 The internet stands as a collection of privately owned servers and
end hosts.
 ISPs have the ability to deny their customers access to the
internet, or even specific parts of it.
 This is because big cable and telephone companies, want to
charge content providers for having more bandwidth and
priority.
An Introduction to Net Neutrality
 WHAT IS NET NEUTRALITY ?
• It is a principle that all Internet Service Providers(ISPs) should
enable access to all contents and applications regardless of the
source and without favoring or blocking particular products or
websites.
• This means, Net Neutrality is about:
– No gateways, censorship or selection,
– No speeding up of specific websites,
– No “zero rating” or making some sites free over others.
 HOW IT STARTED ?
• The term was coined by Columbia University media law
professor Tim Wu in 2003.
• Comcast’s interference with Bittorent traffic on its network lead
to the investigation and creation of “Open Internet Rules”.
• Involved “transparency and prohibiting, blocking and
unreasonable discrimination to protect Internet openness”.
• The debate on net neutrality in India gathered public attention
after Airtel, in December 2014 announced additional charges for
making voice calls (VoIP) from its network using apps like
Whatsapp, Skype, etc.
 WHY DO TELECOM COMPANIES DON’T WANT NET
NEUTRALITY ??
 They spend lot of money
 They are losing traditional voice call or text message revenues
because of alternatives like Whatsapp, Viber etc.
 but OTT is eating into revenues making it impossible to earn
their investment back
 Comcast, Verizon, AT & T, Time Warner, Cox, Airtel, Idea.
How the Net is today ?
How ISP’s want it to be
What did TRAI do about it ?
 In March 2015, Telecom Regulatory Authority of
India (TRAI) released a formal consultation paper
on ”Regulatory Framework for Over-the-top
(OTT)services”, seeking comments from the public.
 The consultation paper was criticised for being one
sided and having confusing statements. It received
condemnation from various politicians and Indian
Internet users.
PROS
 A basic freedom will be lost.
 A blow to creativity and innovation.
 Preferential treatment.
 Higher fees for sites they don’t like
 No capitalism.
 Allowing a level market
 No restrictions.
 No censorship.
 No bandwidth throttling.
 ISP’s may be doing some kind of filtering to your traffic to lower the
load which is straining their bandwidth
 No “Pay to Play”
Cons
 Net neutrality regulations make it illegal for broadband
providers to offer “fast lanes" to those who are willing to pay
extra. It neglects cases in which “fast-lanes" can help save lives.
 No ease of access to certain sites.
 Stifling creativity and innovation.
 It puts everyone in the same boat
 Anti- Competition
 Choosing a favorite
 Restrictions or censorship
 ISP’s along with government can decide what can be accessed.
 Throttling
 ISPs can decide what types of services have prefer transfer
rates.
 Monitoring.
 WHAT HAS BEEN DONE TO PROTECT NET
NEUTRALITY ?
• Two large neutrality websites: savetheinternet.org and
saveoutnet.ca
• The have held rallies and they release a weekly blog to
boast people.
• Google, Microsoft, Amazon have supported net neutrality
• Other Indian companies like Cleartrip, NDTV pulled out
of Internet.org
• Flipkart withdrew from Airtel Zero.
CONCLUSION
 The internet is basically neutral now
 A free flow of uncensored information is in the
marketplace
 There is an opportunity for new developers to
share their ideas with the world by not crippling
them financially.

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Net neutrality

  • 1. NET NEUTRALITY B Y : A L I F I Y A H U S S A I N Presentation on
  • 2. Internet Today  The internet stands as a collection of privately owned servers and end hosts.  ISPs have the ability to deny their customers access to the internet, or even specific parts of it.  This is because big cable and telephone companies, want to charge content providers for having more bandwidth and priority.
  • 3. An Introduction to Net Neutrality  WHAT IS NET NEUTRALITY ? • It is a principle that all Internet Service Providers(ISPs) should enable access to all contents and applications regardless of the source and without favoring or blocking particular products or websites. • This means, Net Neutrality is about: – No gateways, censorship or selection, – No speeding up of specific websites, – No “zero rating” or making some sites free over others.
  • 4.  HOW IT STARTED ? • The term was coined by Columbia University media law professor Tim Wu in 2003. • Comcast’s interference with Bittorent traffic on its network lead to the investigation and creation of “Open Internet Rules”. • Involved “transparency and prohibiting, blocking and unreasonable discrimination to protect Internet openness”. • The debate on net neutrality in India gathered public attention after Airtel, in December 2014 announced additional charges for making voice calls (VoIP) from its network using apps like Whatsapp, Skype, etc.
  • 5.  WHY DO TELECOM COMPANIES DON’T WANT NET NEUTRALITY ??  They spend lot of money  They are losing traditional voice call or text message revenues because of alternatives like Whatsapp, Viber etc.  but OTT is eating into revenues making it impossible to earn their investment back  Comcast, Verizon, AT & T, Time Warner, Cox, Airtel, Idea.
  • 6. How the Net is today ?
  • 7. How ISP’s want it to be
  • 8. What did TRAI do about it ?  In March 2015, Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) released a formal consultation paper on ”Regulatory Framework for Over-the-top (OTT)services”, seeking comments from the public.  The consultation paper was criticised for being one sided and having confusing statements. It received condemnation from various politicians and Indian Internet users.
  • 9. PROS  A basic freedom will be lost.  A blow to creativity and innovation.  Preferential treatment.  Higher fees for sites they don’t like  No capitalism.  Allowing a level market  No restrictions.  No censorship.
  • 10.  No bandwidth throttling.  ISP’s may be doing some kind of filtering to your traffic to lower the load which is straining their bandwidth  No “Pay to Play”
  • 11. Cons  Net neutrality regulations make it illegal for broadband providers to offer “fast lanes" to those who are willing to pay extra. It neglects cases in which “fast-lanes" can help save lives.  No ease of access to certain sites.  Stifling creativity and innovation.  It puts everyone in the same boat  Anti- Competition  Choosing a favorite  Restrictions or censorship  ISP’s along with government can decide what can be accessed.
  • 12.  Throttling  ISPs can decide what types of services have prefer transfer rates.  Monitoring.
  • 13.  WHAT HAS BEEN DONE TO PROTECT NET NEUTRALITY ? • Two large neutrality websites: savetheinternet.org and saveoutnet.ca • The have held rallies and they release a weekly blog to boast people. • Google, Microsoft, Amazon have supported net neutrality • Other Indian companies like Cleartrip, NDTV pulled out of Internet.org • Flipkart withdrew from Airtel Zero.
  • 14. CONCLUSION  The internet is basically neutral now  A free flow of uncensored information is in the marketplace  There is an opportunity for new developers to share their ideas with the world by not crippling them financially.