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QUALITY ASSURANCE OF ONLINE,
OPEN AND FLEXIBLE HIGHER EDUCATION
CONCEPTUAL ISSUES
ANTHONY F. CAMILLERI – KNOWLEDGE INNOVAT...
Open Educational Resources (OER)
describe any kind of digital media
media which are released under
licenses which allow fo...
WHAT IS OPEN EDUCATION?
Social Openness Technical Openness License Openness Financial Openness
most participative least re...
WHAT ABOUT MOOCS?
MOOC is defined as:
 massive: with theoretically no limit to
enrolment
 open: allowing anyone to
parti...
EDUCATIONAL CHANGE IS INEVITABLE
TECHNOLOGICAL TRENDS
Ubiquitous Computing
access to computing
power any time
anywhere
Open Data
access to any
information ...
SOCIAL CHANGES MEAN INCREASED DEMANDS FROM
EDUCATION
 provide graduates to supply the
knowledge economy
 increase effici...
RESULTING TRENDS IN ONLINE, OPEN AND FLEXIBLE HIGHER
EDUCATION
Growing
Role of OER
Unbundling
of
EducationEmergence
of Non...
GROWTH IN OPEN EDUCATIONAL RESOURCES
April 2014:
3045 learning
repositories – 7%
growth year-on-year
with 12 million
learn...
GROWTH IN MOOCS
March 2015:
1139 European
MOOCs
220% Year-on-Year
Growth
Source:
openeducationeuropa.eu
QA-RELATED ISSUES TO CONSIDER
How to adapt teacher
performance metrics to
consider use/re-use of
their resources?
How does...
UNBUNDLING OF EDUCATION
A Higher Education Experience is
a gateway to a multitude of services
explicit and implicit
THREE SCENARIOS FOR UNBUNDLING
QA ISSUES LINKED TO UNBUNDLING
increases student choice (link to SCL)
allows for increased specialisation of
functions of ...
EMERGENCE OF NON-TRADITIONAL PROVIDERS
‘Hybrid Providers’
mergers of HEIs and Technology
companies collaborating on
course...
QUALITY ISSUES TO CONSIDER
none of these models are explicitly
regulated
especially not at international level
Quality Sys...
RESPONDING TO TECHNOLOGY THROUGH COLLABORATION
University Networks
publishing courses
under a single
brand
University –Bus...
TECHNOLOGY-NETWORKS AS QUALITY NETWORKS
 EdX and Coursera only
admit ‘world class’
universities
 OpenupEd is linked to a...
INCREASED DEMAND FOR RECOGNITION
 Badges
 Certificates of
attendance
 Certificates of
completion
 ECTS
 Diplomas and
...
CHALLENGES FOR QA
Equivalent Quality
across all qualification
types
Quality of the
Qualification itself
(recognition & por...
OPEN DATA & QUALITY
TECHNOLOGY GIVES RISE TO NEW EXPECTATIONS FROM THE QUALITY ECOSYSTEM
Assure Minimal
Quality
Standards
...
THANK YOU FOR
YOUR ATTENTION
ANTHONY F. CAMILLERI
ANTHONY@KNOWLEDGEINNOVATIONEU
Download this presentation at:
www.slidesh...
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Quality assurance of online, open and flexible education

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Presentation giving a brief overview of changes and trends in open education, and the quality related challenges linked to each.

Presented at :
- the 9th European Quality Assurance Forum in Barcelona
- the SEQUENT / Openup Slovenia Seminar on QA in e-learning in Ljubljana, Slovenia
- the NCFHE Seminar on e-learning in Rabat, Malta

Publié dans : Formation
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Quality assurance of online, open and flexible education

  1. 1. QUALITY ASSURANCE OF ONLINE, OPEN AND FLEXIBLE HIGHER EDUCATION CONCEPTUAL ISSUES ANTHONY F. CAMILLERI – KNOWLEDGE INNOVATION CENTRE ROUNDTABLE ON THE ACCREDITATION OF BLENDED AND DIGITAL LEARNING MARCH 2015, RABAT, MALTA.
  2. 2. Open Educational Resources (OER) describe any kind of digital media media which are released under licenses which allow for:  use and reuse/repurposing/modification WHAT IS OPEN EDUCATION? Depending on the definition, OER may include: • digital resources only, or a mix of digital and ‘traditional’ resources • resources produced with an explicit educational aim, or any resource used as part of an educational process • resources which are in the public domain, or resources which allow use and reuse merely for educational purposes
  3. 3. WHAT IS OPEN EDUCATION? Social Openness Technical Openness License Openness Financial Openness most participative least restrictive least restrictive most affordable Student, lecturer & Broader Community Student Centred Lecturer Centred Open Proprietary/Open Proprietary Public Domain Limited-Public Copyrighted Free Opportunity Cost Low Cost Charged increasinglevelsof openness Hodgkinson-Williams, C., & Gray, E. (2009). Degrees of openness: The emergence of open educational resources at the University of Cape Town. International Journal of Education and Development Using ICT, 5(5). Retrieved from http://www
  4. 4. WHAT ABOUT MOOCS? MOOC is defined as:  massive: with theoretically no limit to enrolment  open: allowing anyone to participate, usually at no cost  online: with learning activities typically taking place over the web  course: structured around a set of learning goals in a defined study area don’t miss the forest for the trees
  5. 5. EDUCATIONAL CHANGE IS INEVITABLE
  6. 6. TECHNOLOGICAL TRENDS Ubiquitous Computing access to computing power any time anywhere Open Data access to any information any time anywhere Learning Analytics ability to base teaching decisions on data Semantic Search ability to talk and converse with machines Collaboration Technologies ability to collaborate with anybody in real-time Personalisation Technologies move away from traditional massification concepts
  7. 7. SOCIAL CHANGES MEAN INCREASED DEMANDS FROM EDUCATION  provide graduates to supply the knowledge economy  increase efficiency of processes  extend reach of programmes  adapt content to ever- changing priorities do more, better, with
  8. 8. RESULTING TRENDS IN ONLINE, OPEN AND FLEXIBLE HIGHER EDUCATION Growing Role of OER Unbundling of EducationEmergence of Non- Traditional ProvidersCollaboration to keep up with Increasing demand for recognition & portability
  9. 9. GROWTH IN OPEN EDUCATIONAL RESOURCES April 2014: 3045 learning repositories – 7% growth year-on-year with 12 million learning objects Source: repository66.org
  10. 10. GROWTH IN MOOCS March 2015: 1139 European MOOCs 220% Year-on-Year Growth Source: openeducationeuropa.eu
  11. 11. QA-RELATED ISSUES TO CONSIDER How to adapt teacher performance metrics to consider use/re-use of their resources? How does open resources affect concepts of efficiency?
  12. 12. UNBUNDLING OF EDUCATION A Higher Education Experience is a gateway to a multitude of services explicit and implicit
  13. 13. THREE SCENARIOS FOR UNBUNDLING
  14. 14. QA ISSUES LINKED TO UNBUNDLING increases student choice (link to SCL) allows for increased specialisation of functions of HE stimulates innovation and quality through increased attention on niche activities implicit functions of Higher Education not necessarily specifically covered by criteria is the whole of an HE qualification more than the sum of its parts?
  15. 15. EMERGENCE OF NON-TRADITIONAL PROVIDERS ‘Hybrid Providers’ mergers of HEIs and Technology companies collaborating on course provision, e.g. Coursera Teaching & Examination Centres teach HE level qualifications using licensed content from universities RPL Universities institutions offering recognition, credentialisation and add-on teaching for RPL Exam-Only Companies designing and/or providing examinations (incl. automated assessment) Publishers providing not only books but online learning communities
  16. 16. QUALITY ISSUES TO CONSIDER none of these models are explicitly regulated especially not at international level Quality Systems will need to enable innovation protect students
  17. 17. RESPONDING TO TECHNOLOGY THROUGH COLLABORATION University Networks publishing courses under a single brand University –Business collaborations for joint-provision of education Living Labs’ to develop OE content, technology and pedagogy
  18. 18. TECHNOLOGY-NETWORKS AS QUALITY NETWORKS  EdX and Coursera only admit ‘world class’ universities  OpenupEd is linked to a Quality Label
  19. 19. INCREASED DEMAND FOR RECOGNITION  Badges  Certificates of attendance  Certificates of completion  ECTS  Diplomas and Degrees easily mapped to Qualifications Framework Hard/Impossible to map to Qualifications Framework
  20. 20. CHALLENGES FOR QA Equivalent Quality across all qualification types Quality of the Qualification itself (recognition & portability as elements of quality)
  21. 21. OPEN DATA & QUALITY TECHNOLOGY GIVES RISE TO NEW EXPECTATIONS FROM THE QUALITY ECOSYSTEM Assure Minimal Quality Standards Offer Various Ranking Methodologies Allow for User Review and Rating Give Access to Data
  22. 22. THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION ANTHONY F. CAMILLERI ANTHONY@KNOWLEDGEINNOVATIONEU Download this presentation at: www.slideshare.net/anthonyca milleri

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