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Smart City or Urban Science?

Smart City or Urban Science?

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Keynote at the 24th International Conference on Urban Planning and Regional Development in the Information Society
GeoMultimedia 2019, 2-4 April 2019
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany

Keynote at the 24th International Conference on Urban Planning and Regional Development in the Information Society
GeoMultimedia 2019, 2-4 April 2019
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany

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Smart City or Urban Science?

  1. 1. Beniamino Murgante School of Engineering, University of Basilicata beniamino.murgante@unibas.it http://oldwww.unibas.it/utenti/murgante/Benny.html https://unibas-it.academia.edu/BeniaminoMurgante https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Beniamino_Murgante Smart City or Urban Science? 24th International Conference on Urban Planning and Regional Development in the Information Society GeoMultimedia 2019, 2-4 April 2019 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany
  2. 2. Beniamino Murgante Smart City or Urban Science? 24th International Conference on Urban Planning and Regional Development in the Information Society, GeoMultimedia 2019, 2-4 April 2019 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany
  3. 3. Beniamino Murgante Smart City or Urban Science? 24th International Conference on Urban Planning and Regional Development in the Information Society, GeoMultimedia 2019, 2-4 April 2019 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany
  4. 4. Beniamino Murgante Smart City or Urban Science? 24th International Conference on Urban Planning and Regional Development in the Information Society, GeoMultimedia 2019, 2-4 April 2019 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany
  5. 5. Beniamino Murgante Smart City or Urban Science? 24th International Conference on Urban Planning and Regional Development in the Information Society, GeoMultimedia 2019, 2-4 April 2019 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany Ten commandments for the city (Hanzl, 2014) https://www.facebook.com/photo.php? fbid=10204196347015718&set=pb.1438171327.- 2207520000.1403434139.&type=3&theater
  6. 6. Beniamino Murgante Smart City or Urban Science? 24th International Conference on Urban Planning and Regional Development in the Information Society, GeoMultimedia 2019, 2-4 April 2019 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany Cities are the economic heart of America http://www.was hingtonpost.co m/blogs/the- fix/wp/2014/02/ 19/you-might- not-like-big- cities-but-you- need- them/?tid=sm_f b
  7. 7. Beniamino Murgante Smart City or Urban Science? 24th International Conference on Urban Planning and Regional Development in the Information Society, GeoMultimedia 2019, 2-4 April 2019 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany http://blogs.wsj.com/economics/2012/07/20/u-s-cities-with-bigger-economies-than- entire-countries/tab/interactive/
  8. 8. Beniamino Murgante Smart City or Urban Science? 24th International Conference on Urban Planning and Regional Development in the Information Society, GeoMultimedia 2019, 2-4 April 2019 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany Cities play a central role for humanity, offering the opportunity to learn from each other face to face.
  9. 9. Beniamino Murgante Smart City or Urban Science? 24th International Conference on Urban Planning and Regional Development in the Information Society, GeoMultimedia 2019, 2-4 April 2019 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany Cities have the capability of providing something for everybody, only because, and only when, they are created by everybody. (Jane Jacobs) All of us articulate our understanding of the city in different ways, thus implying that cities are kaleidoscopes of plurality, a multiplicity of ideas, perceptions, theories, models. (Batty, 2013)
  10. 10. Beniamino Murgante Smart City or Urban Science? 24th International Conference on Urban Planning and Regional Development in the Information Society, GeoMultimedia 2019, 2-4 April 2019 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany http://www.smartcity-planning.co.jp/en/outline/index.html
  11. 11. Beniamino Murgante Smart City or Urban Science? 24th International Conference on Urban Planning and Regional Development in the Information Society, GeoMultimedia 2019, 2-4 April 2019 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany Percentage of EU population living in urban areas, 1950-2050 (forecast) Source: UN (2009)
  12. 12. Beniamino Murgante Smart City or Urban Science? 24th International Conference on Urban Planning and Regional Development in the Information Society, GeoMultimedia 2019, 2-4 April 2019 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany
  13. 13. Beniamino Murgante Smart City or Urban Science? 24th International Conference on Urban Planning and Regional Development in the Information Society, GeoMultimedia 2019, 2-4 April 2019 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany
  14. 14. Beniamino Murgante Smart City or Urban Science? 24th International Conference on Urban Planning and Regional Development in the Information Society, GeoMultimedia 2019, 2-4 April 2019 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany
  15. 15. Beniamino Murgante Smart City or Urban Science? 24th International Conference on Urban Planning and Regional Development in the Information Society, GeoMultimedia 2019, 2-4 April 2019 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany Connections Sensors (Open) Data Governance, regulation Smart cities: the pillars (Murgante and Borruso, 2013)
  16. 16. Beniamino Murgante Smart City or Urban Science? 24th International Conference on Urban Planning and Regional Development in the Information Society, GeoMultimedia 2019, 2-4 April 2019 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany
  17. 17. Beniamino Murgante Smart City or Urban Science? 24th International Conference on Urban Planning and Regional Development in the Information Society, GeoMultimedia 2019, 2-4 April 2019 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany
  18. 18. Beniamino Murgante Smart City or Urban Science? 24th International Conference on Urban Planning and Regional Development in the Information Society, GeoMultimedia 2019, 2-4 April 2019 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany Michael Goodchild • Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI) • Citizens as Voluntary Sensors
  19. 19. Beniamino Murgante Smart City or Urban Science? 24th International Conference on Urban Planning and Regional Development in the Information Society, GeoMultimedia 2019, 2-4 April 2019 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany Matera and OpenStreetMap
  20. 20. Beniamino Murgante Smart City or Urban Science? 24th International Conference on Urban Planning and Regional Development in the Information Society, GeoMultimedia 2019, 2-4 April 2019 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany Potenza and OpenStreetMap 07/01/2015 30/05/2015 Scorza F., Las Casas G., Murgante B., Amato F., (2019) "City Dashboards for Urban Planning" Journal of Urban Technology
  21. 21. Beniamino Murgante Smart City or Urban Science? 24th International Conference on Urban Planning and Regional Development in the Information Society, GeoMultimedia 2019, 2-4 April 2019 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany Scorza F., Las Casas G., Murgante B., Amato F., (2019) "City Dashboards for Urban Planning" Journal of Urban Technology
  22. 22. Beniamino Murgante Smart City or Urban Science? 24th International Conference on Urban Planning and Regional Development in the Information Society, GeoMultimedia 2019, 2-4 April 2019 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany http://resultmaps.neis-one.org/osm-typhoon-haiyan-2013- contributors http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2013/nov/15/online-volunteers-map-philippines- after-typhoon-haiyan
  23. 23. Beniamino Murgante Smart City or Urban Science? 24th International Conference on Urban Planning and Regional Development in the Information Society, GeoMultimedia 2019, 2-4 April 2019 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany Saganeiti L., Amato, F.; Nolè, G.; Murgante, B., “VGI and crisis mapping in an emergency situation. Comparison of four case studies: Haiti, Kibera, Kathmandu, Centre Italy” Geomedia Volume 3 pp 26- 29, 2017
  24. 24. Beniamino Murgante Smart City or Urban Science? 24th International Conference on Urban Planning and Regional Development in the Information Society, GeoMultimedia 2019, 2-4 April 2019 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany Google maps Amatrice OSM Amatrice Saganeiti L., Amato, F.; Nolè, G.; Murgante, B., “VGI and crisis mapping in an emergency situation. Comparison of four case studies: Haiti, Kibera, Kathmandu, Centre Italy” Geomedia Volume 3 pp 26- 29, 2017
  25. 25. Beniamino Murgante Smart City or Urban Science? 24th International Conference on Urban Planning and Regional Development in the Information Society, GeoMultimedia 2019, 2-4 April 2019 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany http://faculty.washington.edu/kstarbi/TtT_Hurricane_Map_byEvent.html
  26. 26. Beniamino Murgante Smart City or Urban Science? 24th International Conference on Urban Planning and Regional Development in the Information Society, GeoMultimedia 2019, 2-4 April 2019 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany http://http://www.cs.colorado.edu/~starbird/TtT_Irene_map_byEvent.html
  27. 27. Beniamino Murgante Smart City or Urban Science? 24th International Conference on Urban Planning and Regional Development in the Information Society, GeoMultimedia 2019, 2-4 April 2019 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany
  28. 28. Beniamino Murgante Smart City or Urban Science? 24th International Conference on Urban Planning and Regional Development in the Information Society, GeoMultimedia 2019, 2-4 April 2019 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany Murgante B. (2012) Wiki-Planning: The Experience of Basento Park In Potenza (Italy)” In Borruso G., Bertazzon S., Favretto A. Murgante B., Torre C. (eds.) “Geographic Information Analysis for Sustainable Development and Economic Planning: New Technologies” pp. 345-359. Information Science Reference IGI Global, Hershey, PA DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-1924- 1.ch023.
  29. 29. Beniamino Murgante Smart City or Urban Science? 24th International Conference on Urban Planning and Regional Development in the Information Society, GeoMultimedia 2019, 2-4 April 2019 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany Murgante B. (2012) Wiki-Planning: The Experience of Basento Park In Potenza (Italy)” In Borruso G., Bertazzon S., Favretto A. Murgante B., Torre C. (eds.) “Geographic Information Analysis for Sustainable Development and Economic Planning: New Technologies” pp. 345-359. Information Science Reference IGI Global, Hershey, PA DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-1924- 1.ch023. 1. economically active population does not have enough time to attend meetings, consequently only children and elderly people's opinions are collected; 2. people consider physical participation as a waste of time, because the final decision will be taken by technicians and politicians; 3. often the participatory phase begins when decisions have already been taken, just to build consensus about the choice; 4. people may be inhibited in speaking in public; 5. in a public meeting citizens not always have an immediate idea or a ready answer; 6. often the person who screams is right; 7. screams are often instrumental to boycott new ideas.
  30. 30. Beniamino Murgante Smart City or Urban Science? 24th International Conference on Urban Planning and Regional Development in the Information Society, GeoMultimedia 2019, 2-4 April 2019 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany David Estlund Hobbits Hooligans Vulcans
  31. 31. Beniamino Murgante Smart City or Urban Science? 24th International Conference on Urban Planning and Regional Development in the Information Society, GeoMultimedia 2019, 2-4 April 2019 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany
  32. 32. Beniamino Murgante Smart City or Urban Science? 24th International Conference on Urban Planning and Regional Development in the Information Society, GeoMultimedia 2019, 2-4 April 2019 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany
  33. 33. Beniamino Murgante Smart City or Urban Science? 24th International Conference on Urban Planning and Regional Development in the Information Society, GeoMultimedia 2019, 2-4 April 2019 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany
  34. 34. Beniamino Murgante Smart City or Urban Science? 24th International Conference on Urban Planning and Regional Development in the Information Society, GeoMultimedia 2019, 2-4 April 2019 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany
  35. 35. Beniamino Murgante Smart City or Urban Science? 24th International Conference on Urban Planning and Regional Development in the Information Society, GeoMultimedia 2019, 2-4 April 2019 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany
  36. 36. Beniamino Murgante Smart City or Urban Science? 24th International Conference on Urban Planning and Regional Development in the Information Society, GeoMultimedia 2019, 2-4 April 2019 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany
  37. 37. Beniamino Murgante Smart City or Urban Science? 24th International Conference on Urban Planning and Regional Development in the Information Society, GeoMultimedia 2019, 2-4 April 2019 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany
  38. 38. Beniamino Murgante Smart City or Urban Science? 24th International Conference on Urban Planning and Regional Development in the Information Society, GeoMultimedia 2019, 2-4 April 2019 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany
  39. 39. Beniamino Murgante Smart City or Urban Science? 24th International Conference on Urban Planning and Regional Development in the Information Society, GeoMultimedia 2019, 2-4 April 2019 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany 66405 inhabitants 11.713 signatures 17,6%
  40. 40. Beniamino Murgante Smart City or Urban Science? 24th International Conference on Urban Planning and Regional Development in the Information Society, GeoMultimedia 2019, 2-4 April 2019 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany Amato F., Botonico G., Graziadei A., Sassano G., Murgante B., Scorza F. ”Innovation, technologies, Participation” International Journal of Electronic Governance 11(1):1 2019 DOI:10.1504/IJEG.2019.10018374
  41. 41. Beniamino Murgante Smart City or Urban Science? 24th International Conference on Urban Planning and Regional Development in the Information Society, GeoMultimedia 2019, 2-4 April 2019 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany Walk, Count, Map, Draw, look for traces, Photograph, annotate on a diary Amato F., Botonico G., Graziadei A., Sassano G., Murgante B., Scorza F. ”Innovation, technologies, Participation” International Journal of Electronic Governance 11(1):1 2019 DOI:10.1504/IJEG.2019.10018374
  42. 42. Beniamino Murgante Smart City or Urban Science? 24th International Conference on Urban Planning and Regional Development in the Information Society, GeoMultimedia 2019, 2-4 April 2019 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany 1. WALKABILITY 2. GREEN AREAS 3. ACTIVITIES AND USE OF SPACE Amato F., Botonico G., Graziadei A., Sassano G., Murgante B., Scorza F. ”Innovation, technologies, Participation” International Journal of Electronic Governance 11(1):1 2019 DOI:10.1504/IJEG.2019.10018374
  43. 43. Beniamino Murgante Smart City or Urban Science? 24th International Conference on Urban Planning and Regional Development in the Information Society, GeoMultimedia 2019, 2-4 April 2019 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany WALKABILITY: walkability is a measure of how friendly an area is to walking pedestrian network: sidewalks, porticoes, footpaths, flight of steps, road crossings, discontinuity and not accessibility, Maintenance and conditions, interruptions of the sidewalks
  44. 44. Beniamino Murgante Smart City or Urban Science? 24th International Conference on Urban Planning and Regional Development in the Information Society, GeoMultimedia 2019, 2-4 April 2019 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany
  45. 45. Beniamino Murgante Smart City or Urban Science? 24th International Conference on Urban Planning and Regional Development in the Information Society, GeoMultimedia 2019, 2-4 April 2019 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany
  46. 46. Beniamino Murgante Smart City or Urban Science? 24th International Conference on Urban Planning and Regional Development in the Information Society, GeoMultimedia 2019, 2-4 April 2019 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany Amato F., Botonico G., Graziadei A., Sassano G., Murgante B., Scorza F. ”Innovation, technologies, Participation” International Journal of Electronic Governance 11(1):1 2019
  47. 47. Beniamino Murgante Smart City or Urban Science? 24th International Conference on Urban Planning and Regional Development in the Information Society, GeoMultimedia 2019, 2-4 April 2019 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany Henri Cartier- Bresson - Bridge near Potenza, Basilicata, Italia 1973
  48. 48. Beniamino Murgante Smart City or Urban Science? 24th International Conference on Urban Planning and Regional Development in the Information Society, GeoMultimedia 2019, 2-4 April 2019 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany
  49. 49. Beniamino Murgante Smart City or Urban Science? 24th International Conference on Urban Planning and Regional Development in the Information Society, GeoMultimedia 2019, 2-4 April 2019 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany
  50. 50. Beniamino Murgante Smart City or Urban Science? 24th International Conference on Urban Planning and Regional Development in the Information Society, GeoMultimedia 2019, 2-4 April 2019 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany ! !
  51. 51. Beniamino Murgante Smart City or Urban Science? 24th International Conference on Urban Planning and Regional Development in the Information Society, GeoMultimedia 2019, 2-4 April 2019 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany
  52. 52. Beniamino Murgante Smart City or Urban Science? 24th International Conference on Urban Planning and Regional Development in the Information Society, GeoMultimedia 2019, 2-4 April 2019 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany ! !
  53. 53. Beniamino Murgante Smart City or Urban Science? 24th International Conference on Urban Planning and Regional Development in the Information Society, GeoMultimedia 2019, 2-4 April 2019 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany
  54. 54. Beniamino Murgante Smart City or Urban Science? 24th International Conference on Urban Planning and Regional Development in the Information Society, GeoMultimedia 2019, 2-4 April 2019 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany Energy village in Calvello
  55. 55. Beniamino Murgante Smart City or Urban Science? 24th International Conference on Urban Planning and Regional Development in the Information Society, GeoMultimedia 2019, 2-4 April 2019 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany Energy village in Calvello
  56. 56. Beniamino Murgante Smart City or Urban Science? 24th International Conference on Urban Planning and Regional Development in the Information Society, GeoMultimedia 2019, 2-4 April 2019 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany Energy village in Calvello
  57. 57. Beniamino Murgante Smart City or Urban Science? 24th International Conference on Urban Planning and Regional Development in the Information Society, GeoMultimedia 2019, 2-4 April 2019 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany Energy village in Calvello
  58. 58. Beniamino Murgante Smart City or Urban Science? 24th International Conference on Urban Planning and Regional Development in the Information Society, GeoMultimedia 2019, 2-4 April 2019 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany Energy village in Calvello
  59. 59. Beniamino Murgante Smart City or Urban Science? 24th International Conference on Urban Planning and Regional Development in the Information Society, GeoMultimedia 2019, 2-4 April 2019 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany In order to understand cities we must view them not simply as places in space but as systems of networks and flows. To understand space we must understand flows, and to understand flows, we must understand networks—the relations between objects that compose the system of the city. Complexity sciences, social physics, urban economics, transportation theory, regional science, and urban geography, can support theories and methods that reveal the deep structure of how cities function.
  60. 60. Beniamino Murgante Smart City or Urban Science? 24th International Conference on Urban Planning and Regional Development in the Information Society, GeoMultimedia 2019, 2-4 April 2019 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany
  61. 61. Beniamino Murgante Smart City or Urban Science? 24th International Conference on Urban Planning and Regional Development in the Information Society, GeoMultimedia 2019, 2-4 April 2019 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany “there is no such thing as participatory planning without a situational context”
  62. 62. Beniamino Murgante Smart City or Urban Science? 24th International Conference on Urban Planning and Regional Development in the Information Society, GeoMultimedia 2019, 2-4 April 2019 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany
  63. 63. Beniamino Murgante Smart City or Urban Science? 24th International Conference on Urban Planning and Regional Development in the Information Society, GeoMultimedia 2019, 2-4 April 2019 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany
  64. 64. Beniamino Murgante Smart City or Urban Science? 24th International Conference on Urban Planning and Regional Development in the Information Society, GeoMultimedia 2019, 2-4 April 2019 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany

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