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Open publication and creative commons licenses for academics (ITB PlanoCosmo 2018)

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This slide first appeared in my blog post http://dasaptaerwin.net/wp/2018/04/open-publication-and-creative-commons-license-for-academics-itb-planocosmo-2018.html .

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Open publication and creative commons licenses for academics (ITB PlanoCosmo 2018)

  1. 1. Open publication and Creative Commons licenses for academics Dasapta Erwin Irawan Hilman Fathoni 03.04.18
  2. 2. And “open” publication 2 Acade mia Part 1
  3. 3. Have you experienced (one) or all of these things? ● You like an article but you can’t find the online version. 3
  4. 4. Have you experienced one or all of these things? ● You like an article but it’s hard to re-use the element in it. 4
  5. 5. Have you experienced one or all of these things? ● You want to share your work but afraid someone would steal it. 5
  6. 6. What did you do? ● Whatever you did, never repeating the same mistake as those authors. 6
  7. 7. Some examples 7 I published this paywalled article (link).
  8. 8. Some examples 8 If people want to read it, but don’t have the access, they can go to my full dissertation on Figshare (English version), or ThesisCommon (Indonesian version).
  9. 9. Some examples 9 Try to compare it with this one. An OA article about stunting and obesity in children published in PLOS.
  10. 10. So what’s wrong here? ● Who owns your research? 10
  11. 11. So what’s wrong here? ● Who owns your research? ● It’s you. 11
  12. 12. So what’s wrong here? ● Who owns your research? ● Not your university, nor your supervisor. 12
  13. 13. So what’s wrong here? ● But yes, by “you”, we mean you and your supervisor as a team by abiding the university’s rule. ● But a good supervisor and good university would give you the freedom to publish your work. 13
  14. 14. So what’s wrong here? ● Should you publish all of it? ● I would say why not. 14
  15. 15. So what’s wrong here? ● Where to publish it and how? 15
  16. 16. So what’s wrong here? ● What are the exceptions? 16
  17. 17. So what’s wrong here? ● What are the exceptions? ● If you have a “data release or publishing” agreement with your research funder that refrain you to publish it. ● If you have “sensitive data”. 17
  18. 18. So what’s wrong here? ● What is your rights? 18
  19. 19. Rights Copyright License 19 Bits about Part 2
  20. 20. Copyright protection only works when… Declarative It is prevailed when works are published under ones name 20
  21. 21. Copyright protection only works when… Tangible Must be created in tangible forms 21
  22. 22. When it works… Exclusive It is exclusively owned by Creator (Authors) and/or Right Holders 22
  23. 23. How it works? Copyright = Right to Copy Governs bound parties rights on using and sharing the copyrighted works. 23
  24. 24. Subjects of copyright 24 PENCIPTA PEMEGANG HAK CIPTA PENGGUNA CIPTAAN
  25. 25. How it works? Moral rights • Rights to be acknowledged as original author of copyrighted works • Rights to be respected in every format of works usage or sharing • Have no time limits of protection.. except rights on remixing the works. 25
  26. 26. How it works? Economic rights • Rights to prohibit others to use the works for commercial purpose without permission. • It is used to control royalties collecting. • It is limited to 50-70 years of protection. 26
  27. 27. Let’s talk more about the Authors An author(s) is someone who: 1. Name(s) are mentioned as “Creator” and/or “Rights holder” of the copyrighted work(s) when it is published; 2. Or, also mentioned in every legal document when the copyrighted works are recorded in National Copyright Office (optional) 27
  28. 28. Let’s talk more about the Authors 1. If the creation include 2 or more people, the ones who act as the leader shall be acknowledged as the “Author” and/or “Right holder”; 2. If the leader are not yet decided, the ones who muster the copyrighted work shall be acknowledged as the “Author” and/or “Right holder”; 3. Or, the ones who design the copyrighted works shall be acknowledged as the “Author” and/or “Right holder”. 28
  29. 29. Let’s talk more about the Authors 1. If it’s not decided, copyrighted works that are a product from a “work for hire”, the ones who create the work shall be acknowledged as the “Author” and/or “Right holder”; 2. If the ones who create the copyrighted works are not decided, the institution who publish the works shall be acknowledged as the “Right holder”. 29
  30. 30. Scope of Protection Copyrighted works are every form of creation from fields like science, art, or literature that are incorporate aspect of inspiration, ability, idea, imagination, cleverness, skills and/or expertise and created in tangible forms. (Long list -> Arts No. 40 Law No. 28 Year 2014) 30
  31. 31. What is a copyright license? Written Permission ● To perform some type of works usage that permitted. (Private license/contracts) ● As a form of disclaimer that are addressed to copyrighted work’s users so they know what they can or can’t do on licensed copyrighted works. (Public license) 31
  32. 32. Why would we need one? It is optional, but important, because: ● To simplify provisions that are stated in the regulations. ● To form a space of dialogue between author and user of the works. ● To differ the differences between giving permission and giving up one’s copyright (copyright transfer) 32
  33. 33. Closed vs open license Closed “Traditional” license “All Rights Reserved” Every users must ask direct permission from the authors. Fair use and public domain provision applied. 33
  34. 34. Closed vs open license Open license ● “Some Rights Reserved” ● Usually grants user permission to copy and distribute works. ● Usually equipped with additional provisions that can be chosen either by author or users. ● Fair use and public domain provision still apply. 34
  35. 35. Closed vs open license Open license FREE OPEN ● “Some Rights Reserved” ● Usually grants user permission to copy and distribute works. ● Usually equipped with additional provisions that can be chosen either by author or users. ● Fair use and public domain provision still apply. 35
  36. 36. Creative Commons License 36
  37. 37. General provisions ● Every CC licensed works directly grants user permission to copy and distribute works. ● It is irrevocable once applied to a work. ● Must be performed by original author, or someone who already given a written permission to perform the licensing. 37
  38. 38. ● From “Most Freedom” to “Least Freedom”, no “No Freedom” ● One of six applied depend on licensee motives. ● Licensor will be able to chose works that are licensed under certain type of licenses that match their needs. 38 The scope of CC licenses
  39. 39. ● To acknowledge author moral rights as creator of the works or source of the usage. ● To remind user that they are obliged to give proper attribution. 39 CC licenses BY (Atribution) Obligation to attribute author/source in every works usage. Obligation to explain changes when it’s applied.
  40. 40. ● Proper attribution according to CC ○ T = Title ○ A = Author ○ S = Source ○ L = Licenses 40 CC licenses BY (Atribution) Atribusi Kewajiban untuk menyebutkan nama pencipta dan sumber ciptaan. Menyatakan perubahan yang dilaksanakan terhadap ciptaan.
  41. 41. ● To maintain royalties stream to the rightful parties. ● When SA (ShareAlike) applied, the derivative works will also apply the NC provision. 41 CC licenses NC NonCommercial To prohibit user on using the work in commercial purpose Non-profit activities are exempt by this provision
  42. 42. ● To prevent irresponsible work usage. ● To prevent user using the work out of respect of the author or the work itself. 42 CC licenses ND NonDerrivatives To prohibit remix or derivatives making of the work (Personal use are exempt by this provision)
  43. 43. ● Usually applied on works that are provided as remixable works in remixable forms. ● This also include the platforms used are also support act of remixing. 43 CC licenses SA (ShareAlike) Obligation to apply same type of license on every remix and/or derivatives work
  44. 44. Which CC license we recommend and why? So more people can easily: ● Reproduce your work, to test validity ● Re-use your work, for their own purpose ● Create more awesome stuff ● To omit unnecessary restriction for user of your work 44
  45. 45. Still not convinced? ●If you like numbers, you would love what we about to tell you. 45
  46. 46. Still not convinced? What if we tell you that ● If people can do all sorts, bigger chance they might cite you. ● The more your work get cited, the more H-index you. ● The more H-index, the higher chance you get a grant. 46
  47. 47. Thank you Contact details for further questions: ● Dasapta Erwin Irawan (@dasaptaerwin) ● Hilman Fathoni (hilman.fathoni@wikimedia.or.id) 47

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