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Education in GreeceMinistry for Education, Lifelong Learning and Religious A • National education budget (2010) 12,08 billion € (public) 4% of GDP • Literacy Total 98% Male 99% Female 97% • Enrollment Total : 1,426,175 Primary : 786,025 Secondary : 360,248 Post Secondary : 276,902
Three LevelsThe Greek educational system is mainly divided into three levels:• primary,• secondary and• tertiary, with an additional post- secondary level providing vocational training.
Three Levels• Primary education is divided into kindergarten lasting one or two years, and primary school spanning six years (ages 6 to 12).• Secondary education comprises two stages: Gymnasio (variously translated as Middle or Junior High School), a compulsory three-year school, after which students can attend Lykeio (an academically- oriented High School) or Vocational training.• Higher Tertiary education is provided by Universities and Polytechnics, Technological Educational Institutes and Academies which primarily cater for the military and the clergy.
Primary EducationElementary schools are called" Dimotiká " (demotic, meaningmunicipal), a carryover term from atime when such schools were run bylocal communities. The name remainsalthough it has been obsolete fordecades.In the first two years pupils are notofficially graded, and parents obtainfeedback about their performance viaoral communications with teachers.
Primary EducationGrading begins in Year 3, and writtenexams are introduced in Year 5.Years are called "classes", from firstto sixth: Year 1 : age 6 to 7 Year 2 : age 7 to 8 Year 3 : age 8 to 9 Year 4 : age 9 to 10 Year 5 : age 10 to 11
Primary EducationAdditional Subjects:•Physics (2 hours/week years 5 and 6)•Geography (2 hours/week years 5 and 6)•History (2 hours/week years 3-6)•Religion (2 hours/week years 3-6)•Social & Political Studies (2 hours/week years 5 and 6)•Second Foreign Language (2 hours/week years 5 and 6)Grading System:•1st Year: no grades•2nd Year: no grades•3rd Year: A-E•4th Year: A-E•5th Year: 1-10•6th Year: 1-10
Secondary EducationGymnasium - Middle / Secondary School (compulsory education) – 1st grade, age 12 to 13 – 2nd grade, age 13 to 14 – 3rd grade, age 14 to 15Starts on September 11th and ends on June 15th to 18th. Thelessons end in the second week of May so that the students willbe able to study for their examinations between May and June.The classes start at 8.15 and end from 13.45 to 14.15 accordingto the type of school. Classes last from 30 min. to 45 min. andthere are breaks of 10 and 5 minutes between them.Every month each school is obliged to take the students for awalk (περίπατος) and an educational excursion to a museum ortheater etc. In the end of the year each school is obliged toorganise 3 school trips, one for the students of the 2nd year for3-4 days, one for the students of the 3rd year for 3-5 days andfor all of the students which lasts one day. The schools usuallyorganise trips to islands like Santorini, Crete, Rhodes, Corfu orabroad in European cities like Paris, London, Barcelona,Lemesos, Valetta, Rome, Milan, Vienna, Berlin , etc.
Secondary EducationThere are 6 types of gymnasiums in Greece:• General Gymnasium (entering there from the primary school is automatic)• Athletic Gymnasium (to enter this type of school students must pass certain exams on a sport like basketball, football, volleyball, gymnastics, polo, swimming etc)• Musical Gymnasium (to enter this type of school students must pass certain exams on a musical instrument)• Art Gymnasium• Experimental Gymnasium• Church Gymnasium
Secondary EducationThere are much more subjects in the Greek Gymnasiums:• Modern Greek Language (2 hours/week)• Modern Greek Literature (2 hours/week)• Ancient Greek Language (3 hours/week)• Ancient Greek Literature (Homer Odyssey-1st Year, Homer Iliad-2nd Year, Euripides Helen- 3rd Year), (2 hours/week)• Mathematics (4 hours/week)• Physics (2 hours/week and only for years 2 and 3)• Chemistry (1 hour/week and for years 2 and 3)• Biology (2 hours/week and for years 1 and 3)• Social and Political Studies (2 hours/week and for year 3)
Secondary Education• Physical Education (2 hours/week)• Art (1 hour/week)• Music (1 hour/week)• History (2 hours/week for years 1&2 and 3 hours/week for year 3)• Religion (2 hours/week)• Computer Studies (1 hour/week)• Technology (1 hour/week and for years 1&2)• English (2 hours/week)• 2nd foreign language (German, French and Italian ) 2 hours/week)• School Vocational Guidance (1 hour/week)• Economics (1 hour/week for year 1 and 2 hours/week for year 2)• Geography (2 hours/week)
Secondary EducationGeneral Lyceum - High SchoolOn April 2011, the Minister of Education, Lifelong learning and Religious affairs officially announced the recreation of the General Lyceum. On September 12th 2011 the new system was introduced to the new students of the 1st grade of General Lyceum.1st grade, age 15 to 16The subjects:• Greek Language (Ancient Greek, Modern Greek Literature and Composition - 9 hours/week)• Religion (2 hours/week)• Ancient History (2 hours/week)• Maths (5 hours/week)• English (3 hours/week)• Physical Sciences (Physics, Chemistry, Biology - 6 hours/week)• PE (3 hours/week)
Private SchoolsThere is a wide range of private schools inGreece. 6% of students who attendcompulsory education (the highest percentin the European Union) study in PrivateSchools.Tuition fees start from 1.500 euros to13.000 euros according to the school andthe year.