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SUSTAINABILITY - THE DEFORESTATION OF THE AMAZON BASIN

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SUSTAINABILITY - THE DEFORESTATION OF THE AMAZON BASIN

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SUSTAINABILITY - THE DEFORESTATION OF THE AMAZON BASIN

  1. 1. SUSTAINABILITY 04 THE DEFORESTATION OF THE AMAZON Case Study and Activities
  2. 2. The Amazon is the world’s largest rainforest and the largest river basin on the planet. More species are found here than anywhere else. The region is the home to 10% of known species on Earth. Of plant species found in this region, 75% are unique to the Amazon (endemic), and there are 3,000 species of fish, the largest number of fish species in the world. Today, the Amazon is facing a multitude of threats as a result of unsustainable economic development; 20% of the Amazon biome has already been lost and the trend will worsen if gone unchecked. DEFORESTATION
  3. 3. Amazon is the biggest deforestation front in the world and interventions are urgently needed to prevent a large- scale, irreversible ecological disaster. WWF estimates that 27 per cent – more than a quarter – of the Amazon biome will be without trees by 2030 if the current rate of deforestation continues. BIGGEST DEFORESTATION FRONT
  4. 4. Deforestation rates in the Amazon have declined over the last decade, but continue at an alarming rate. Brazil is responsible for half of the deforestation in the Amazon, but deforestation in the Andean Amazon countries – namely Bolivia and Peru – is increasing. Deforestation is concentrated in 25 “sub- fronts” that span across multiple countries.
  5. 5. The areas showing the greatest deforestation rates are those that have more roads. There is a strong correlation between the location of deforestation fronts and the presence of existing roads or projections of new roads. DEVELOPING ROADS = DEFORESTATION
  6. 6. Other factors exacerbating pressure in the region include: - an increase in cattle ranching and soy plantations, particularly in Bolivia; - the South American energy and transport integration that was started with banks and a group of governments; - hydropower dams. PRESSURE FACTORS IN THE REGION
  7. 7. Amazon deforestation is no longer an issue for individual countries to tackle in isolation. It is essential to have integrated policies and concerted action across the region and beyond, as many of the pressures – oil and gas exploration, mining etc. – are global. DEFORESTATION - A WORLDWIDE PROBLEM
  8. 8. POSSIBLE MEASURES OF AMAZON GOVERNMENTS Amazon governments to: - design and implement “zero net deforestation” plans - create awareness of the issues around deforestation - recognise indigenous peoples and local communities’ rights.
  9. 9. POSSIBLE MEASURES OF AMAZON AND OTHER GOVERNMENTS Amazon and other governments to: - facilitate cross border dialogue, - review how incentive mechanisms can contribute to the reduction in the rate of deforestation - establish and support the establishment of different types of conservation spaces (e.g. protected areas and indigenous territories).
  10. 10. POSSIBLE MEASURES OF FINANCE AND PRIVATE SECTOR Finance sector and private sector: - to open dialogues with civil society organizations, local communities, scientific institutions and governments to ensure that appropriate measures are taken to safeguard investments in terms of their potential social and environmental impacts.
  11. 11. 1. Read the following article and explain how Norway was able to become the first country to ban deforestation. This is the link to the CNN article: https://edition.cnn.com/2016/06/08/eur ope/norway-deforestation/index.html. 2. The main international concerns grow over deforestation surge since president Jair Bolsonaro took power in Brazil. Read the article from the “Guardian” and summarise these concerns. This is the link to THE GUARDIAN article: https://www.theguardian.com/world/20 19/aug/16/norway-halts-amazon-fund- donation-dispute-brazil-deforestation- jair-bolsonaro. ACTIVITIES

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