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Tackling fake news wut approach

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Open Education Weekpresentation, 9 March 2018, Timisoara, UPT

Publié dans : Formation
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Tackling fake news wut approach

  1. 1. TACKLING fake news Workshop “Educația deschisă” #OEWeek #OEWeekTimisoara
  2. 2. Laura MALITA laura.malita@e-uvt.ro @lmalita Gabriela GROSSECK gabriela.grosseck@e-uvt.ro @ggrosseck- Twitter, Instagram, Slideshare etc. -
  3. 3. Why this subject now?
  4. 4. Fake News Types 1. satire or parody ("no intention to cause harm but has potential to fool") 2. false connection ("when headlines, visuals or captions don't support the content") 3. misleading content ("misleading use of information to frame an issue or an individual") 4. false context ("when genuine content is shared with false contextual information") 5. imposter content ("when genuine sources are impersonated" with false, made-up sources) 6. manipulated content ("when genuine information or imagery is manipulated to deceive", as with a "doctored" photo) 7. fabricated content ("new content is 100% false, designed to deceive and do harm") Claire Wardle
  5. 5. FactCheck.Org PolitiFact.com Snopes.com
  6. 6. https://ec.europa.eu/digital-single-market/en/fake-news
  7. 7. We are at WAR. An Information War
  8. 8. Fake Information on Academia?? Foto: : Coralia Sulea
  9. 9. Spotting fake / bad scholars 1. PREDATORY PUBLISHING (journals or conferences): “predatory” for-profit open access publishers • In some cases criminal actors go so far as to create fake incarnations of real journals to steal submission fees. • Even the peer review process itself is increasingly under attack with fake reviewers and even “peer review rings.”
  10. 10. Spotting bad scholars 2. ACADEMIC FRAUD: Even in publications that are not predatory, some academic publications still contain false or misleading information. * sometimes even fake papers slip through the supposedly rigorous peer-review process 3. MISLEADING STATISTICS. Data Leaks (real data mixed with untrue or biased data). When statistics are manipulated or misused, they can make fake news even more powerful (See the MOOC from Future Learn, Making Sense of Data in the Media)
  11. 11. Spotting bad scholars 4. FAKE POLL. If there isn’t something on the website that tells why the pollster is conducting the poll, something is probably up. 5. ACADEMIC INACURANCIES. Review process is been hijacked by fake reviewers ->Diluting academic literature See also Beall’s list of predatory journals and Caltech Library’s list of predatory conferences.
  12. 12. approach in tackling …
  13. 13. A1. TACKLING FAKE NEWS IN A DIGITAL LITERACY CURRICULUM the first Romanian academic study on students’ perceptions about fake news to be presented at the 14th International Scientific Conference “eLearning and Software for Education”, Bucharest, April 19-20, 2018 (PILOT)
  14. 14. The purpose of the study was to gather information on ways in which students perceive what fake news are and to identify their habits and practices when they have encountered doubtful content. • October-December 2017 • WUT LMS (online questionnaire // ONLY 10 questions) • 250 respondents, 1st year (39 M, 211 F) • Two specializations: Communication Studies and Psychology short bio-data
  15. 15. Is there a need for training students on this topic? How students perceive and understand the concept of doubtful content? (clickbaits headlines, false or biased information online, deceptive advertising, satirical websites etc.)? How well the students can research? Do they know how to evaluate such information? Do they distinguish between real and fake news? What are they research skills and abilities? Research questions:
  16. 16. A2. Increased information / digital literacy education (training) New specialization starting 2018-2019 academic year WUT offers the programme “Digital Media” at bachelor level Transversal disciplines “Evaluating information credibility and fighting against fake news and content”
  17. 17. A3. Organization of different events on fake news topic (workshops, lectures, conferences etc.) Denisa RIFAI 16 May 2017 Moise GURAN 30 January 2017 International student event approaching the topics of DIGITAL CITIZENSHIP and FAKE NEWS in European context.12 December 2017
  18. 18. A4. Awareness of fake news topic through the WUT promotional materials (newsletter, Facebook page)
  19. 19. Bogdan Nadolu, The Sociology of politics (Sociologia politicului) A5. Integrating fake news topic in the syllabus of different disciplines (piloting the transversals) Political life in the digital era – from google to fake news Laura Malita, The evaluation of information credibility and online content (Evaluarea credibilității informațiilor și a conținutului online) The universe of fake online content: who and why is producing it, which contexts
  20. 20. A6. Encouraging academic writing on fake news in master / doctoral thesis Master thesis
  21. 21. A7. Integrating MOOCs about fake news in academic courses See Holotescu et al. (2014) Integrating MOOC in Blended Courses https://www.coursera.org/learn/news-literacy https://classroom.google.com
  22. 22. B. Next steps • Academic Fake News Observatory (research, reports, studies, guides etc.) • OER library • Short courses f2f for teachers • Opening the MOOC on fake news this spring • Partnership with industry • Students’ high school specific activities: (online)courses, workshops, camps etc. https://west-university-timisoara.teachable.com/p/fake-news
  23. 23. Thank you for your attention! With the support of the ERASMUS+, 575370-EPP-1-2016-1-RO-EPPJMO-MODULE This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This communication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.