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The Psychology of Sharing: Why do People Share Online?
The Psychology of Sharing: What Is This Study About?A first-of-its-kind inquiryinto the motivations behind why we share Understanding the motivational forces behind the act of sharing will help marketers get their content shared
Why do consumers share content online? What motivates Are there distinct How can consumers to personalities understanding share content? with different why people motivations? share help advertisers?
OverviewMethodology Motivations Online Sharing Key Guidelines Consumer for Sharing Personas for Getting Categories Shared
MethodologyWe worked with LatitudeResearch to conduct athree-phase study tounderstand why peopleshare content online
MethodologyPHASEEthnographies●In-person interviews in New York,Chicago and San Francisco
In the past, people shared at lunchwith their girlfriends when they sawsomeone with something cool. We stillshare things when it’s relevant… wejust share more and online.– Ethnography participant, female
Sharing is not new, its human nature Self- actualization Self- actualization Love/ Esteem Belonging Esteem Love/Belonging Safety Safety Physiological
We now live in the Information AgeWe share From With MORE MORE MORE MORE MOREcontent sources people often quickly
I have a hard time imagining how muchmore to-the-minute information canbecome. With twitter, instant FBupdates, e-mail updates, what wouldhave been considered fast even fiveyears ago is obsolete.– Deprivation participant, female
From Broadcasters to Sharecasters Mashing upReceiving Redistributing Creating and recreatingCombining
Sharing acts as “information management” 73% say they process information more deeply, thoroughly and thoughtfully Sharing information when they share it helps me do my job. I remember products and information sources better when 85% I share them and am say reading other more likely to usepeople’s responses them. helps them understand and – Deprivation participant, maleprocess information and events
To bring valuable and entertaining content to others 49% say sharing allows them to inform others of products they care about and potentially change opinions or encourage action 94% carefully consider how the [I share] to enrich information they the lives of thoseshare will be useful around me. to the recipient - Immersion participant, female
To define ourselves to others 68% share to give people a better sense of who they are and what they care about I try to share only information that will reinforce the image I’d like to present: thoughtful, reasoned, kind, interested and passionate about certain things. - Deprivation participant, male
To grow and nourish our relationships 78% share informationonline because it letsthem stay connected to people they may 73% not otherwise stay share information in touch with because it helps them connect with others who share their interests I miss the companionship and conversations on Facebook. I feel like I’m probably missing out on some things without the connection. - Deprivation participant, male
Self-fulfillment 69% share information because it allows them to feel moreinvolved in the world I enjoy getting comments that I sent great information and that my friends will forward it to their friends because it’s so helpful. It makes me feel valuable. - Ethnography participant, female
To get the word out about causes or brands 84% share because it is a way to support causes or issues they care about I forwarded an article about Proposition B to Everyone in my union. I wanted them to learn about the issue and rally against it.- Ethnography participant, male
Six personas of online sharers 1Altruists 5 SEGMENTS ARE Connectors DEFINED BY: ● Emotional 3 motivations Hipsters ● Desired presentation of self 6 ● Role of sharing Selectives in life 2 ● Value of being Careerists 4 first to share Boomerangs
Altruists I sent a couple of articles on nutrition and wellness to a friend with health issues. She e-mailed me to thank me; she appreciatedthat I had been thinking about her. – Ethnography participant, female
HipstersSharing is actually part of who I am. – Deprivation participant, male
LESS LIKELY TO E-MAILCUTTING EDGECREATIVEIDENTITYYOUNGPOPULAR
BoomerangsWhen I post controversial things, it makes me look engaged and provocative, and I want to be perceived that way. If I don’t get a response then I know I’ve missed my mark. - Ethnography participant, male