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The global classroom: Towards an open 1st year of study

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Presentation prepared for Curtin University 2016 Festival of Learning

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The global classroom: Towards an open 1st year of study

  1. 1. Festival of learning Anthony Mackintosh Wayne Mackintosh The Global Classroom: Towards an Open 1st Year of Study (A little unplugged)
  2. 2. 2 Confirming sources pavlova n.(Cookery) a meringue cake topped with whipped cream  and fruit [named after Anna Pavlova (1885­1931), Russian  ballerina] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Christmas_pavlova.jpg Wikipedia logo is a Tradmark of the WIkimedia Foundation Country of origin: New Zealand E CollabOERate http://www.flickr.com/photos/ofsmallthings/7834790174 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Christmas_pavlova.jpg Wikipedia logo is a Tradmark of the WIkimedia Foundation
  3. 3. Don't mention the “R” word G Wilson https://flic.kr/p/AHm8Kd Marc Mongenet https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:New_zealand_flag_300.png Wanna cuppa? Marc https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Cardiff_Castle_rugby_ball_2015_RWC.jpg A Massie https://www.flickr.com/photos/amassie/21391939030/ G Wilson https://flic.kr/p/AHm8Kd
  4. 4. Australian OERu leaders Public domain flags sourced from http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:SVG_sovereign_state_flags Institutional logos are all rights reserved and used under provisions of fair dealing during live presentation.
  5. 5. Thought experiment ... If all the courses you teach were available as free, high- quality online courses on the Internet with options for formal academic credit …. – How would that impact on your institutional strategy and teaching practices at Curtin University?
  6. 6. Introduction ...
  7. 7. The OER Foundation The Open Education Resource (OER) Foundation is an independent, not-for-profit organisation that provides leadership, networking and support for educators and educational institutions to achieve their objectives through open education. “OER is a sustainable and renewable resource”
  8. 8. Creative Commons New Zealand Creative Commons Aotearoa New Zealand (CCANZ) is the guardian of the New Zealand Creative Commons licences that enable the voluntary sharing of copyright material in Aotearoa. CCANZ is a kiwi remix on an international movement toward open access licensing and are here to support the use Creative Commons licences in New Zealand.
  9. 9. A return to tradition? WE MUST BE FREE WE MUST BE OPEN Woodleywonderworks, http://www.flickr.com/photos/wwworks/1291468732/ Share, Remix, Reuse “Legitimate plagiarism? ”
  10. 10. A few observations about the future ...
  11. 11. Crossroads for online futures Dominic Alves http://www.flickr.com/photos/dominicspics/1127762669/ It's dangerous to predict the future but … Slide
  12. 12. The risky business of predictions “Thirty years from now the big university campuses will be relics. Universities won't survive. It's as large a change as when we first got the printed book.” Peter Drucker image is all rights reserved and used for illustration purposes during live presentation – See https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Drucker-portrait-bkt_1014.jpg Peter Drucker, Forbes, 1997 How many universities are going to be around in 2027?
  13. 13. Crossroads for online futures Dominic Alves http://www.flickr.com/photos/dominicspics/1127762669/ Researching the the future is hard but … Slide
  14. 14. Scenario planning and predictability
  15. 15. Should we in HE buy into the disruptive innovation rhetoric …?
  16. 16. Disruptive innovation? WE MUST BE FREE WE MUST BE OPEN The fundamentals stay the same … just the way we do business changes.” Kungfuman http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Kodachrome_200.jpg June 22, 2009, Kodak announced Kodachrome would no longer be manufactured. Findicons http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Camera_Icon.png
  17. 17. ElementaryTechTeacher, http://www.flickr.com/photos/7855946@N08/3264547221/ Innovation & new technology Ice harvesting Once the largest industry in America In 1850 – invention of “artificial” ice makers Open Education Ice harvesting or new innovation?
  18. 18. Is HE poised for a Napster moment …? i.e. the moment we realise all the content needed for learning is openly accessible for all
  19. 19. Growth isn't a sustainable model Mathew Bedworth https://flic.kr/p/eGLy7V Eric Kounce - Public domain http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:West_Texas_Pumpjack.JPG Jon Radoff http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Koru_Unfurling.JPG Recycle Reduce Reuse Demand Price Success Public funding
  20. 20. #Feesmustfall Free Education Do only the rich deserve education?
  21. 21. #Millionstudentmarch Tuition­free public college Cancellation of all student debt $15 Minimum wage for campus workers
  22. 22. Our resonant value proposition ...
  23. 23. The OERu value proposition
  24. 24. “It was also quite freeing not to be tied to a textbook and able to follow what I wanted to learn about and what I wanted to write about”
  25. 25. Absurdity of copyright in a digital world ...
  26. 26. Copying is not theft “If I steal your bicycle you'll have to take the bus. But if I make a copy, there is one for both of us! Question Copyright: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IeTybKL1pM4
  27. 27. Appropriating the public domain Your copyRIGHT Statute of Queen Anne 1709 © University of Auckland, Department of Anthropology, Anthropology Photographic Archive Al +3000 years old
  28. 28. Sharing knowledge freely 2008 Bourewa excavations Directed by Prof Patrick Nunn P. Nunn
  29. 29. Unpacking the “open” in open education ... “The opposite of open is not closed, the opposite of open is broken.” Cable Green
  30. 30. Can I mention the “M” word? Credible credentials? DS106 “Day of the MOOC Poster” by David Kernohan No Academic Credit “You agree not to accept credit for completing a course unless you have earned a Course Certificate (or other equivalent Coursera credential) for that course.” Specialisations on the new platform “If you do not earn your Course Certificate within 180 days, your registration will expire and you will need to pay to re-register for the course.” Fiscally sustainable?
  31. 31. Open education https://pixabay.com/en/summertime-summer-umbrella-vacation-875473/ Open learning Open Educational Resources (OER) Open Educational Practices (OEP) Open Access (OA) Open Policy Open licensing Open philanthropy Open source software https://pixabay.com/en/umbrella-rain-weather-colorful-681892/
  32. 32. Defining OER Pink Sherbet Photography: http://www.flickr.com/photos/pinksherbet/233228813/ Fdecomite: http://www.flickr.com/photos/fdecomite/2361500377/in/photostream/ Free PLUS 5R permissions Retain Reuse Revise Remix Redistribute
  33. 33. The problem ...
  34. 34. Unsatisfied demand for HE http://www.flickr.com/photos/jamescridland/613445810/sizes/m/in/photostream/ 100 million additional places By 2025 Slide 10
  35. 35. BIG vision for a small charity juicyverve http://www.flickr.com/photos/juicyverve/2531105062/ But what if ... Institutions assembled only 2 courses from OER Francisca Uloa http://www.flickr.com/photos/alosojos/346887379/ Jimmy Flink http://www.flickr.com/photos/jimmyroq/146827389/ bucklava http://www.flickr.com/photos/9229859@N02/2762432629/ Agreed to provide assessment services for formal credit
  36. 36. The OERu model ...
  37. 37. Smart philanthropy Luis Argerich http://www.flickr.com/photos/lrargerich/3029485203 James Cridland http://www.flickr.com/photos/jamescridland/2272701122James Cridland http://www.flickr.com/photos/jamescridland/2272701122 Asenat29 http://www.flickr.com/photos/72153088@N08/6510934443/ Giving is receiving Parallel learning universe|New business
  38. 38. The OERu concept Adapted from Taylor 2007 Free learning opportunities for all students worldwide
  39. 39. OER & the sustainable disaggregation of services Traditional tertiary education package OERu package
  40. 40. The business of open
  41. 41. Cost levers for OERu Luis Argerich http://www.flickr.com/photos/lrargerich/3029485203 James Cridland http://www.flickr.com/photos/jamescridland/2272701122 Marginal Cost = ZERO Collaborative development = Cheaper the going it alone
  42. 42. Open business models Images Money https://flic.kr/p/a2Y6J8 401(K) 2012 https://flic.kr/p/brd1ja Images Money https://flic.kr/p/9kMUQb OERF OERu Partners Market Public HE institutions Learners excluded from formal sector Revenue Membership fees Social capital Assessment fees Value Affordable education Community service Long tail
  43. 43. OERu fiscal sustainability
  44. 44. OER is a renewable & sustainable resource Jason Scragz http://www.flickr.com/photos/scragz/132300147/ James Woolley http://www.flickr.com/photos/xtrato/6159728957 How do we achieve sustainable OER projects? How will your institution remain sustainable without OER?
  45. 45. OERu free 1st year of study …
  46. 46. Nascent landscape of the free 1st year of study
  47. 47. The OERu free 1st year of study 14 Confirmed OERu courses for MVP Learning in a digital age Creating sustainable futures Principles of Management Principles of Marketing Corporate communication Introduction to Psychology 1 Regional relations in Asia and the Pacific Indigenous Australia Art appreciation and techniques Introduction to Critical Reasoning Introduction to research methods in Psychology Introduction to business Introduction to operations management Introduction to customer centred business Certificate of General Studies Certificate of Higher Education
  48. 48. Unplugging this prezi ...
  49. 49. Open planning
  50. 50. The OERu planning framework
  51. 51. Next steps … Recurrent cost recouped No new money required OERu is low cost, low risk But high IMPACT innovation Hugiene Matters http://www.flickr.com/photos/hygienematters/4273036775/ Next steps …Calibrating sustainable innovation … Slide 20 Dongio: Watercolour painter dedicated to the public domain
  52. 52. Free learning for all students worldwide “This is not theoretical speculation, it is entirely viable.” Jim Taylor AM You are free to join us ... Paul (Dex) http://www.flickr.com/photos/dexxus/3146028811/ Compilation: Chad Miller, James Almond, Wayne Mackintosh See: http://wikieducator.org/File:OER-University-concept.png