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Solutions advanced wb

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Solutions advanced wb

  1. 1. p3 p11 EIAm 1 p19 EXAfl 2 EIAM 3 Memories Compound What'son adiectives the box? . Reading . Useof English . Speaking oWriting Relationships Friends oTheorigins of English ArthurMilter andAllmy sons olnheritance @ Describing an event Review oDiscussion oPhrasal verbs oSporting oflgrn5 . Listening Marriagein theUK Lotdofthe Narrative Flies tenses Loveconquers all A new direction laques-Yves Cousteau Sweetdreams? Photo comparison Negotiation AnartlcleVerb patterns Protest songs Iife changes P27 p29 PJ7 p47 p55 Descdblng change o Reading . Speaking Warand peace oUseof English . Listedng oWriting Family Fightingfor tensions equality Conditionals Discussion Eltipsis Adding empasis Modalverbs Passive structures Complex sentences Dlscurslve essay Presentation Article: describinga Person Photo Story-wrlting comparison Presentation Letterof complaint Stimulus-based Areport discussion Dnwing Oplnlon conclusions essy Lookinginto Themeanlng TheEuropean the future of dreams dream? . Reading . Useof English . Listcning . Speaking eWrlting Reporting structures Tnvelling p57 about Fashlon Thetravel Earlymigration bug to Australia Time travel Foodof the future Foodor fuel? . Reading . Useof English . Listenlng oSpeaking . writing Gossip In confidence Thesecret agent Youth culture qm4 P65 p77 Threatsto ourplanet HaPPY endings? . Listenlng lmmortatity Presentation Opinlon essay EXAN 5 p83 p91 . Reading o Useof English . Speaking . Writing EXAMGHALIENGEAilD CuMUtaflvEREvrEwsp93 tuilcrrol{s BANKp1o2 WRrrrxc PHRASESBAI{Kp104 WRrrrNGBAIK p107 WoRDHsr p111 ,l- Whereveryouseethissymbol,youwillfindinteractive ' I - practiceinthecorrespondingsectionoftheMultiR0M lx vouRCDpL,qvER Track 1 1BSpeaking,page4 2 1FSpeaking:Discussion,page9 3 2FSpeaking:Stimulus-baseddiscussion,page77 4 2FSpeaking:Stimulus-baseddiscussion,page17 5 Getreadyforyourexam1,page20 6 38Speaking,page22 7 3FSpeaking:Discussion,page27 8 4FSpeaking:Discussion,page35 9 Getreadyforyourexam2,page38 10 5BSpeaking,page40 77 5FSpeaking:Presentation,page45 72 6FSpeaking:Stimulus-baseddiscussion,page53 73 6FSpeaking:Stimutus-baseddiscussion,page53 74 Getreadyforyourexam3, page56 75 7BSpeaking:Discussion,page58 76 7FSpeaking:Presentation,page63 77 8FSpeaking:Stimulus-baseddiscussion,page7L 18 Getreadyforyourexam4, page74 79 98 Speaking,pageT6 20 9FSpeaking:Stimulus-baseddiscussion,page8L 27 10FSpeaking:Presentation,page89 22 Getreadyforyourexam5, page92
  2. 2. Memories I can talk about cLtLIdhtod ynzyntrtes. W o D S T R A U G H T B K A A D I c R H c R o V E R W H E L M E D E X F M T S Y N G o P R T B W R R E 0 N E N S E E E E o C D S o A M E N D E W T z V o T c U S F S X a H P R E o c c U P E D L D S o R I E N T A ,T E D R A c A S S T o S c E A N c N J M W W E o T o R W H o T L U N E z R X T E N U M M E R U E D S G z D 1 findeightadiectivestodescribefeelings1- 1.t:,). Whichofthewordsfromexercise1 describehowyoumight feelinsituationsT-7? 1 Youwakeupafteradeepsleepandhavenoideawhat timeitisorwhereyouare. 2 Youarrivelateattheairportanddiscoveryoudon'thave yourpassport._ 3 You'retryingtochooseadishfromamenu,butthereareso manytochoosefromyoudon'tknowwheretostart. 4 Yougethomeworkfromfourdifferentteachers.Theyatt wantyoutohandinthehomeworktomorrow 5 You'reata partywhereyouhardlyknowanybody.You feeltooshytosaymuch. 5 You'reworriedaboutanexamyou'retakingtomorrow andareunabletoconcentrateonanythingelse. 7 Youwanttoconfrontaclassmatewhoyoususpectofsteating moneybutneedtobeverycarefulhowtogoaboutit.- Completethesentenceswiththewordsintheboxand matchthebeginningsofthesentenceswiththeirendings. 7 2 3 4 5 5 with Asl hisflatisonthethirdftoor. ofmeetingher. avery- smell. aboutoldtimes. inmymemory. I shouldneverhavegone therealone. Shelovesto A woodfirehas I haveno Thatsongis now 4 Rewritethesentencesusingthewordsinbracketssothat thesecondsentencehasthesamemeaningasthefirst. 1 I'veaskedyourepeatedlytokeepthenoisedown.(time) 2 Sherecognisedhim immediatety.(once) 3 He'sworkingat hisfather'sshopfornow.(being) 4 They'tlbehereverysoon.(any) 5 Everybodymakesmistakesoccasionally.(while) 5 Mybrotherwasstilla babythen.(at) a b c d e f Writetheadiectivesinthecorrectboxtomakethem negative. 6 CompletethesentenceswithprefixesfromAandwords 1 | usedto workfora companybut nowI'm-. 2 Shegotfoodpoisoningaftereatingsome- chicken. 3 Standin a circleandpassthe ballroundin an- direction. 4 Don'tmentionheraccent.She's- aboutit. 5 What'sthe nameoftheactorwho- withJohnny Deppin SweeneyTodd? 6 | thoughthe saidsomethingrudeto mebutI might have-. un tn tm dis tr it -rcryp Unit1eBeginnings
  3. 3. Inheritance I cawtalk about tnhertted charactertJttu. Q Of tistentoAnnietalkingaboutsimilaritiesbetween herselfandherparents.Arethesentencestrueorfalse? WriteTorF. 1 Facia[[y,Annieandhermotherarefairlyalike.- 2 Annieandhermotherhaveidenticalhairstyles.- 3 Anniethinksherfaceisverysimilartoherfather's.- 4 Annieandherfatherbothhavearelaxedattitudetolife.- 5 Annie'smotherknowswhatkindofclothesAnnie likes.- O,gt, ListenagainandcompletethephrasesAnnieuses. 1 Welt,physically, I suppose. 2 We're ofeachother. 3 Peoplesaytheycansee mydadandme. 4 I'vegota ln me. 5 Whenit taste,I reckonI'vegot 5 Writelogicalresponsestothesentencesusingwillorwould. 1 Theteacherconfiscatedmyphone. ulell.vouwillkecotattinoin claos. 2 |foundit reallyhardtogetupthismorning. 3 I'mfreezing. 4 Mygrandmother'sbeensuspendedfromdriving. 5 Joewasexpelledfromhislastschool. 5 BeforeIwentona dietlweighed75kilos. withmymum. 5 lsitsomething behaviour? orisitlearned Rewritethesentencesusingthewordsin bracketssothat thesecondsentencehasthesamemeaningasthefirst. 1 lt'seasytoseethatPaulandJoearefromthesame family.(strong/ resemblance) There 2 Youcan Phobias 3 Intermsofpolitics,Edwardandhisdadhavesimilar views.(common) When 4 Luke Luke 5 Mypersonalityis Personality-wise, verysimilarto mymum's.(after) Choosethecorrectwordstocompletethetext.Oneorboth answersmaybecorrect. inheritphobiasfromyourparents.(geneticatty) looksextremelysimilartoMattDamon.(image) Beinganidenticaltwinhasitsupsanddowns.0nthe positiveside,whenMaxandIwereyoungerwelwould never/ neverusedto feelalonebecausewe2would afways/ alwaysusedto haveeachotherto relyon. | 3usedto / wouldbequitereservedandhewas outgoingsohetvouldhelp/ helpedmeoutinsocial situations.Unlikesometwins,we5didn'tuseto/ wouldn'thaveourownlanguagebutwealwaysknew whattheother6usedto think/ wasthinking.Even nowwewilloftenfinishoffeachother'ssentences. OnethingthatlfounddifficultisthatI Tdidn'tuse / usednottofeellikeanindividualandlsusedto resent/ wasresentangthatsometimes.Peopleused to seeusasa unitandcallus'thetwins'. WhatreallygetsonmynervesasIgetolderisthat peopleeareforevermistaking/ forevermistake meforMax.Inmyfirstyearatsixth-formcollege peopleusedtolothink / werethinkingIwasrude because| (orinreality,Max)11didn't,/didn'tuseto sayhellotothemaroundtheschool.Now| 12say / will sayhellotoeveryonewhosayshellotomesothat they13don't / won'tthinkmybrother'srude.Butthe mistakenidentitythingcanbeusedto ouradvantage- likewhenI laborrowed / wouldborrowMax'sdriving licencebeforeI hadpassedmytest. Unit1. Beginnings
  4. 4. I cqw qvLartlcle understandand reqctto qbout the ortgtw of Engltsl+. heoriginsofEnglis 1 Completethesummarywithwordsfromthebox. WhenBritainwasinvadedbyGermanictribesinthefifth century,ittookonthelanguageoftheinvaders,knownas 1- orOldEnglish.Manymodemdaywordsconnected with2- comeftomthisphase.OtdEnglish3- certainwordsfromtheRomansandalsoitsa-. lt latertookwordsftomt..----.-----------thelanguageofViking invaders. Aftertheeleventhcentury,MiddleEnglishbegantoo ltsgrammarbecamesimpleraswordinflections7 -. ManyFrenchwordswereintroducedfollowingtheNorman 8- in1066.Thethirdphase,ModernEnglish,began withtheinventionofthee- inthefifteenthcentury. Thefirst10-were usedinthe1700sandasaresult the11- ofwordsbecamemorestable.Thelanguage continuestoevolve,andisstrongly12- bythe IntemetandbytheEnglishspokenby13- speakers. 2 Readthetextquickly,ignoringthegaps.Whichthreewords arebeingdescribed? A- B- C Completethetextwithsuitablewords. Arethestatementstrueorfalse?WriteTorF. 7 Honeymoonusedto havemorepositiveconnotations thanit doestoday.- 2 lnahoneymoonperiod,mistakesaretolerated.- 3 InRomantimessoldierswerepaidwithsalt.- 4 Salarychangeditsmeaningduringthetransitionfrom Anglo-Normanto modernEnglish.- 5 Poshhasa popularexplanationthathasnotbeen substantiated.- 5 finOwordsinthetextwhichmatchthesedefinitions. 1 2 3 4 5 totakenonoticeof becamewider averysmallamount reasonableandtikelyto betrue , t [l tvmoloevis the study of word origins. It is | ' / a subiectwhich seemsto hold a remarkable fascination for people,as can be seenfrom the numerousblogsand Internet sitesdedicated1- lengthy discussionsand speculations 2- the origin of a given word. Below are a few examplesof words that are of particular etymologicalinterest. @According to the lexicographer,SamuelJohnson, the original meaningof this word suggestssomewhat cynically that marriage begins with the sweetnessand tendernessof honey,but soonwanes 3 - the moon. It still retains thoseconnotationstoday in the expression honeymoon periodwhich refers to the first stagea- a new activity - a government'sfirst term in office,for example- when peopleare prepared temporarily to ignore 5- imperfections.Nowadays,in the context of marriage, the pessimisticimplications have faded and the word simply refers to a holiday taken by a newly married couple. @ fnis word.originated from Latin, where salarium, a derivative of sa-lmeaning'salt', referred to 'an allowance given to soldiersto buy salt'. In former times salt was a valued commodity,over which wars were 6-. It *u" not taken for 7 - as it is today.Use of the word soon broadenedout to the current meaning of'fixed periodic payment of work done'and passedin this sensevia Anglo-Norman into English. @ fnis word describessomethingstylishly luxurious. In Britain it alsomeanssomebodyor somethingtypical 8 the upper classes.It first appearedin the early twentieth g- and was widely 10- to be an r acronym for 'Port Out, Starboard Home', referring to the locationof the more desirablecabinson passenger shipstravelling 11- Britain and India. Thoseon the port Oeft)sideon the way out, and the starboard kight) on the return trip, benefited from the seabreeze and shelterfrom the s.,n.12- it providesa very neat explanation,there isn't a shredofevidencefor it. A more plausible solution is that the modern adjective, posh, is the sameword as the now obsoletenoun posh, meaning'dandy'(a man who caresa lot about his clothes) a slang term current in the late nineteenth century. nolongerused Unit1oBeginnings
  5. 5. 'Tr-" portingorigin Quicklyreadthetextaboutthreeextremesports.Inwhich countrydideachsportoriginate? A_B_C_ Readthetexts.AnswerthequestionsA,BorC. Whichsport 1 wasinventedbypeoplewhofoundtifedull?- 2 hetditsfirstinternationalchampionshipsin1982?- 3 beganona mudtrackandmadeitswaytotheworld stage?- discouragesparticipationincontests?- isnamedafterthedifferentcategoriesofthesport?- wasmadefamousbya programmewhichwasprimarily abouta differentsport?- usesa saferformofequipmentforparticipantsthan before?- 8 trainsitspractitionerstodealwithlife'sproblems?- 9 wasinventedasa low-costalternativeforanother soort?- 10 involvesa setofbeliefs?- 77 isshowninafamousfeaturefitm?- 72 isoftenperformedillegally?- I cawunderstqndatLarticle aboutthz ortgLwof dffirew sports. 4 Arethesentencestrueorfalse?WriteTorF. 1 ThemainaimofParkouristogetfromonepointto anotherasquicklyaspossible.- 2 SometraceurspractisedtheirsportintheParis underground.- 3 BASEjumpingismoredangerousthanskydiving.- 4 CartBoenishwasthefirstpersontoaccomplishallfour typesofBASEjump.- 5 WhenitfirstbecamepopularintheUSA,youngpeople wantedtoparticipateinmotocrossbutcouldn'taffordit. 6 Stingraybikeswerespeciallydesignedforcycling offroad.- Findwordsorphrasesinthetextwhichmatchthese definitions. 1 a fencemadeofverticalmetalbars(textA) 2 jumpoverina singlemovement,usingyourhandsto pushyou(textA) 3 4 5 6 7 8 braveacts(textA) a dishonestwayof behaving(textB) achieves(textB) becamepopular(textC) imitating(textC) a suddenincrease(paragraphC) 4 5 6 Completethesentencesusingappropriateadverbsor adverbialphrasesfromthebox. 1 Shestuck- toherargumentdespitebeing challengedbytheinterviewer. 2 3 I agreedwithwhathewassaying. WhenI realisedI hadputmyfootinit,l- changedthesubiect. t 4 Thenovelwas- basedonthewriter'sown tife. He- deniedreadingatherdiary. Thelawcasewas reportedinthepress. Sheis- opposedtocapitalpunishment. Flashphotographyis prohibitedinthis museum. Becarefulwhenpickingwildmushrooms.Certain typescanmakeyou- ilt. 5 6 7 8 Whatdoyouthinkmotivatespeopletotakeupextreme sports?Writea paragraphandgiveexamples. Unit1r Beginnings
  6. 6. Runnlng free f, tntneearly1990s,inthetownofLisses,50minutessouthof f,aris,agroupofboredteenagerswouldhangouttogetherinapark afterschool.Uninterestedinfootballorotherconventionalgames, :neywouldentertainthemselvesbydaringeachotherto dostunts :singbenches,railings,wallsandotlrcrparkfurniture.Fromthe carktheymovedintothestreets,whereeveryobjectwasviewed assomethingtobeclimbedup,vaultedoverorswungfrom.Their groupleaderwastheexceptionallyathleticseventeen-year-old,David 3elle,whohadbeeninspiredbytheheroicexploitsofhisfather,a 'enownedmilitaryfirefighter,andbythemartialartsfilmsofBruce -ee.ThisgroupbecamethefoundersofParkouror Free-Running althoughpuristswillinsistthatthereisadifferencebetweenthetwo). rJorethanjustasport,Parkourisadisciplineandartwhichaimsto developthebodyandmindto beabletoovercomeobstacleswith 'urdity,efficiencyandspeedandtoapplytheseskillstothemental aswellasthephysicalchallengesinlife.Inthelatenineties,Parkour attracteda hugeundergroundfollowingin France,andgradually emergedacrosstheworldandlaterenteredthemainstreamafter 'eaturingin themid-2000sin variousdocumentariesandfilms, -otablyCasinoRoyale,starringSebastienFoucan,anotherParkour 'lunder,asa free-runningterroristbeingchasedoverrooftopsby JamesBond.Manytraceurs(practictionersofParkour)campaign againstitspopularisation,fearingthatitwillleadtocommercialism andcompetition,whichgoesagainstits inherentphilosophy. liuing onthe edge Ej BASEjumpingis anadventuresportwhichusesa parachute to jumpfromfixedobjects,whichmayeitherbenaturalfeatures or man-madestructures.'BASE'is anacronymforthefourtypes of objectsfromwhichonecanjump;Building,Antenna,Span(or bridge),andEarth(thewordusedfor a cliff).BASEjumpsdiffer fromtraditionalskydivingsincetheyaremadeat loweraltitude withonlya few secondsto deploythe parachute,andthey takeplaceincloseproximityto theobjectservingasa jumping platform.Ownersof structuresaregenerallyreluctantto allow themto beusedasjumpingplatforms,so manyBASEjumpers resortto subterfugeinordertogettothem.Modernbasejumping wasinventedin 1978by CarlBoenish,whofilmeda groupof friendsjumpingfromElCapitan(averticalrockface)inYosemite NationalPark,California.Theywereusinga typeof parachute whichwasmoresecurethanearliermodelsandeveryonelanded unharmed.Carlandotherpioneersof thesportsooncameup withtheBASEacronymanddevelopedtheBASEnumbersystem whereanyonewhoaccomplishesajumpof eachtypeisassigned a BASEnumber,insequenceof thepeoplewhohavecompleted all fourtypesbefore.CarlwasBASEnumber4. ln 1984,he diedafterhittinga rockoutcropwhileBASEjumpingin Norway. Extreme bilfing @ Motocross,or 'off-roadmotorcycleracing',originatedin Britaininthe1920s.Whenthesportfinallytookoff intheUSA inthe1960s,manyteenagershadthedesirebutnotthemeans to participate.Soinsteadtheystartedemulatingtheirmotocross heroesontheirbicycles,wearingfullmotocrossgear.In 1971, a motorcycleracingdocumentary,0n AnySunday,is generally thoughttohaveinspiredamovementwhichbecameknownasBMX (bicyclemotocross).Initsopeningscenesit showedteenagekids ridingtheirStingrays,themostpopularbrandofcustombike,on anoff+oaddirttrack,handlingthemwithextraordinaryskilland dexterity.Therelativelylowcostofparticipatinginthesportcoupled withthewideavailabilityofplacesto rideanddotricksmeantthat BMXbecameaninstanthitnationally.lt sweptacrossEuropein thelate70sandin 1981theInternationalBMXFederationwas founded,withthefirstworldchampionshipsbeingheldthefollowing year.In2003,theInternationalOlympicCommitteevotedtoinclude BMXracinginthe2008SummerGames,inwhich32 menand sixteenwomenparticipated.Asa resultitenjoyedanothersurgein popularity.TodaythereareoveronethousandBMXtracksaround theworldandparticipationin BMXracingis at anall-timehigh. Unit1oBeginnings
  7. 7. Phrasalverbs Gonstrrrction of new DNA laboratory to go ahead -m-outa"at go dor'r-n :-*itt new4gryry Scientistscome up with w?y r_togenerati syntheticbtood twinbrother tipsthemoff to mentalarithmetic' claimsresearch 'Elephantsclevererthan humanswhenit comesI Plansfor National ID card fall through rGenetics to bring about medical breakthroughs' predict scientists 1 ldentifythephrasalverbsinthenewspaperheadlinesand writetheminthecorrectcolumnofthetablebelow. Writethephrasalverbsfromexercise1 nexttotheir meanings. 7 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 tocausetohappen to notbecompleted towarnsbaboutsomethingillegal tofindananswer tohappen,tobedone tobecomeillwith to relatetoa particularsituation tothinkthatsbissomebodvelse Rearrangethewordsto makesentenceswithphrasalverbs. 1 place/at/down/ Manchester/offeredla lbutlwasI she/ turnedI itI LauralUniversity people/are/Whitstlin lfavourI do laway/ of/the monarchy,/ others/ some/ thinkI withI itI we lshould meaning/keep/ never/out/ butI SetI | / my/ photos / round/to / sortI itI | | to some/ boughtI AfterI new/ourI toI myselfI upI myI boyfriend/ broke/ clothes/ off/ retationship/ l/ cheer father/ was/ decidedI itI notI My/ over/ toI goI in/ New York/ but/ afterI forI itI iobI offered/ a/ thinking/ he Completetheseirtenceswiththeactive,passiveor infinitiveformsoftheverbsintheboxandanobiect pronounwherenecessary. 1 2 3 4 5 I don'ttrustheranymore.She's toooften. I can'tfindtheletter.lt mighthave-. Hewasbornand inSydney. Thatnoiseisdifficult She'tl- byhergrandparentswhilstherparentsare onholiday. Couldyou atthetrafficlights,please? Thecompanywasforced- staff. Howmanypeople tothegig? 4 6 7 8 Two-partverbswithno object 7 2 Two-partverbwherethe objectcanbecomebetween orafterthetwoparts,but comesbetweenthepartsif theobiectisa pronoun 3 4 Two-partverbswhose obiectcannotcome betweenthetwoparts 5 6 Three-partverbswhose objectcannotcome betweentheparts 7 8 Unit1oBeginnings
  8. 8. Discussion I I cavtupress vnyopLwow on ethLcalissnes, Completethe textaboutgeneticatly-modified(GM)food with wordsfromthe box. Areyoufor or againstthe ban? When GM food first hit British supermarketshelves in 1996this major revolution in food technology passedby virtually unnoticed. It wasnt until 1999 that a 1- experimentwhich suggested that GM potatoesmight causeindigestion in rats sparkeda major 2-. Although the experimentwas subsequently 3-, it led to a massiveEuropeananti-GM food a- which resultedin an unofficial ban on the growth and import of GM s in Europe.Public opinion on GM cropsremains divided today.Somefeelsuspiciousabout the 6 - effectsit may have on health and the environment in the long 7-. Others believe it could solvethe world's food 8 6)Oz ListentotwopeoplediscussingthesubjectofGM food.Whichofthefoltowingtopicsarementioned? a solutionstowortdhunger b monopolyofthemarketbylarge GMtechnologycompanies c solutionstomalnutrition d environmentaldamagecausedbyGMproducts e dangerstohumanhealth f theethicsofinterferingwithnature t Soz Listenagainandcompletethephrasesthe speakersuse. 1 lt's territory. 2 Anychangehasitspotential 3 Cropswhichcan agriculturalconditions. 4 Surelyyoucan't - that? 5 Notifweendup poisoningpeopleinthe- 6 We'regoingto haveto agree 4 ()oz tvtatctr1-8 witha-h toformexpressionsfor reactingtoanopposingview.Whichdoyouhearinthe discussion?Listenagainandcheck. 1 | don'tagree 2 There'snoevidence 3 That'sa fair 4 | seewhat 5 Thatargumentdoesn't 6 Youtakethingstosuch 7 Youcan'tbe 8 Wherewittit Completethesentencesbychoosingthecorrectwordto completethecommonadverb-adjectivecollocations. 1 | alwaysavoidenvironmenta[[yunkind/ unfriendly oroducts. 2 Annwasreallyoffended.Shecouldn'tbelievehow potiticatlyfalse/ incorrectthespeakerwas. 3 Ben'sbehaviourwascompletety/ fullyunacceptable. 4 Somethinkcigaretteadvertisingistotally/ widelyunethica[. 5 TheGMindustryarguesthattheirworkisperfectty/ virtuallyjustifiable. 6 Manypeoplethinkcloningismorallywrong/ incorrect. 7 Banningresearchintothisisroughly/ virtuallyimpossible. 8 Aredesignerbabieswidely/ highlyimprobable? Writea paragraphagreeingordisagreeingwiththe statementbelow.Usetheideasinexercise2 andinclude somecollocationsfromexercisest and5. Atlfoodcontaininggenetically-modified products shouldbebanned. T tr T tr tr I a youmean. b makesense. c anextreme! d point,I suppose. e to proveit. f serious! g end? h withthatargument. Unit1. Beginnings
  9. 9. Describinganevent Preparation 1 Completethedescriptionofaneventusinglike,asorasif. Findatleastoneexampleinthestoryof: 1 a shortsentenceusedforemphasisorsuspense. 2 a synonymthathasbeenusedto avoidrepetition. 3 a simileusedtocreatea cleardescription. I can,wrLteavt,efu.tLve descrLpttovtof an evew. 3 Replacetheadjectivesin italicswithawordwitha similar meaningfromthebox.Therearetwowordsthatyoudonot need. 1 Hewasreluctanttoanswermyquestions. 2 |wasnervousaboutdrivingabroad. 3 Theplay'erwasbaffledbythereferee'sdecision. 4 Sheadmittedguiltbutdidn'tseemveryrepentant. 5 He'ssotense.Heneedsto relaxa bit. 6 She'sterrifiedofrats. Youhavebeenaskedtowriteabouta memorableeventin yourlife.Makenotes. 1 Whereandwhendidit happen? 2 Whoelsewasinvolved? 3 Howdidyoufeel? 4 Whathappenedintheend? Useyournotesfromexercise4 to writeadescriptionofthe eventfollowingthewritingguidebelow.Write200-250words. LastsummerlwentroundFranceinacampervanwitha groupoffriends.Headingtowardstheferryterminalwe felttotallyelatedasthiswasourfirstrealtasteoffreedom. Noneofushadtravelledwithoutourparentsbefore.Wehad brilliantfuncruisingalong,listeningtomusic,playinggames andtakingturnstodrlvethevan. A[[wentwetluntilwereachedthesuburbsofParisat aboutthreeinthemorning.Iwasdriving,whileArchie navigatedustowardsa campsite,andtheothertwoslept 1- logsintheback.Iwasgettingincreasingly annoyedwithArchiewhokeptgettinguslost.Eventually, I gotsoirritatedthathethrewthemapatme,toldmeto findthecampsitemyself,andthenpromptlyfellasleep. FeelingdrowsymysellI decidedto abandonthecampsite ideaandparkontheroadside.MomentslaterI came acrosswhatlooked2-an emptycarparkand pulledinforthenight. AfewhourslaterIwokeupfeelingdisorientated,andwith thesensationthatsomethingwasamiss.Iopenedthe door.WhatIthensawwillbeingrainedin mymemoryfor ever:hundredsofchildrenstaringatme3- |was acompletefoolasIstoodtherewearingjustmypyjama bottoms.I hadparkedinaschoolplayground!|stood motionless,myface red5- a beetroot, thenIsheepishlyctimbedintothefrontofthevan,anddrove away5- quicklyandcalmly7- |could,whilemy friendssleptonintheback,oblivioustotheentireepisode. 4 WritingGuide Explainthegeneralcontext,givingbriefdetailsofwhereand whentheeventhappened. Describetheeventsleadinguptothemainevent.Usethe modelinexercise1 asa guide. Describetheeventitsetlgivingdetailsofhowyoufelt. Roundoffyourstorybyexplaininghowtheeventaffected youortheotherpeople. . followedtheparagraphptan? o usedatleastoneshortsentencetoaddemphasisor buildsuspense? . includedatleastonesimile? . usedsynonymstoavoidrepetition? o checkedthenumberofwordsandmadechangesif necessary? . checkedyourworkformistakes? 3 4 I Unit1r Beginnings
  10. 10. Readthecluesanddothecrossword. Across 1 willingtoacceptbehaviourthatisdifferentfromyourown: --minded 2 petrifying:--raising 3 calm,abletomakesensibledecisionsindifficult situations:--headed 4 havingconfidenceinyourself:self-- 5 notcarryinganything:empty-- 7 abletothinkquickly,inteltigent:quick-- 8 oversensitiveto criticismorinsults:thin-- Down 1 showingnofeelingsorpityforotherpeople:cold-- 2 caringandgenerous:kind-- 5 fullofexcitingeventsandactivity:--packed CompletethesentenceswithwordsfromAandthepresent orpastparticipleformofwordsfromB. Stepbrothersisa- filmabouttwofull-grown menthatactlikekids. Everydayshemanagesto loseorforgetsomething. She'sso Thechildrenwatchedthecircustricksin amazement. InNewSouthWales(Australia) peopleare prohibitedfromusingsolariums. A absent fair tight rong time wide Sompoundadjective B consume eye heart last mind skin I cavLtalk aboat varLow aspectsof storLes. 1 Thetortewasdeliciousbutrather- to make. 2 lt'sworthinvestinginsome energy-efficient lightbulbs. Choosethecorrectwordsto comptetethesentences. 1 Thechildrenwerepromisedthatiftheywerewell-behaved / welt-behavingtheycouldhaveanicecream. 2 Theterroristattackwillhavefar-reaching/ far-fetching implications. 3 Thereweresomestrange-sounded/ strange-sounding dishesonthemenu. 4 lt'simportantfora companyto haveaneye-catching / sight-catchinglogo. 5 Thestarting/ openingsequencewasawesomebut thefilmwentdownhillfromthenon. 6 Thefilmwasmadeonastdngtight/ shoe-stringbudget. 7 ThenewfilmstarsMexicanheart-throb/ heartbeat GaelGarciaBerna[. 8 Menin Blackwasoneofthebiggestblockbreakers/ blockbustersofthe1990s. - blurb [bb:b] noun a shortdescription ofa book, a new product, etc., written by the peoplewho haveproduced it, that is intended to attract your attention and make you want to buy it Inventthestoryofa filmandwritetheblurbforit using asmanyofthewordsintheboxasyoucan.Alternatively, writeoneforafilmyouknow. Unit2r Stories
  11. 11. What'sonthebox? can dtscws the effectt of 'M on chLldrew. 1 Completethesentencesinthechatforumwiththewordsin thebox. Comptetethesentenceswithos,likeorunlike. I Cansomeoneopenthewindow?lt's- a sauna inhere! 2 |wasbornintheStates, wasmyfather. 3 Davewas-, 'Whatareyoutalkingabout?' 4 Stopbehaving a chitd! 5 Shelovesspicyfood- curry. 5 Hefoundaiob- a hotelreceptionist. 7 Listencarefullyanddo I tetlyou. 8 - mysister,whoisa briltiantpianist,I'vegotno musicaltalent. Rewritethesentencesusingthewordsin bracketssothat thesecondsentencehasthesamemeaningasthefirst. 1 | sometimesdomyhomeworkinfrontofthery.Sodoes mybrother.(as) Shetatksaboutsoapoperacharactersasiftheywere realpeopte.(tike) 3 Herfather'saTVproducer.(as) 4 Katelovesrealityshows,butI don't.(unlike) 5 | loveanimatedfilms,tikeRotatouille.(as) 6 UntikeSteve,I don'twatcha lotoftelevision.(tike) Writea paragraphcomparingyourtelevisionviewinghabits andpreferencesnowwithfiveyearsago.Uselanguage fromexercises1 and3. 4 Hasanybodybeenwatchingthelatestseriesoftheteenagedrama,Skfii? Whatarevourviewsonit? Youbetll'mcompletelyhooked.lt'ssucharefreshingchangefromallthe otherr- onTVatthemomentl Yes.Ithinkit'sbrilliant.Ihecharactersares02- andthe3 arereallygripping.Ithinkit'sgotalottod0withthefactthat4 m0$dramaswhicharesupposedlyaimedatteens,thisonesactually writtenbyteensanddealswithissues,5- drugsandeating disorders,whicharereallyrelevanttous. Ireckonit'sreallycool,reallyedgy,andIthinkthecharactersare 6-realisticallyandnotstereotyped7- theyareinalotof dramas. l'menjoyingit,butIdon'tthinkit'squiteasgoodE-the first .lthinkthat'sreflectedintheviewingfigures.Apparently,this serieshasabout' asmanyviewersasthefirst. Yeah,lovingit,especiallybecauseit's11- inBristol,my hometown! l'dratherl2 1l infrontofanepisodeofSkrnsratherthansome rom-comanyday! Unit2 . Stories
  12. 12. ArthurMillerandAllmvSons I cawundersto{ndand react to avtextractfrorw a play. 3 4 1 Comptetethetextwiththewordsinthebox. The1- ArthurMitlerwasthesonofanAustrian whowasdrawntotheUSAbvtheGreat AmericanDream.Milte/sfamilylater3- severe financial4-. Hismostfamousplay,Deothofa Salesman,wasanattackontheAmericansystemand its5- onmoneyandsocial6-.The ptay wonseveral7 -literary 8-. However, Millerwasfounde- bytheUn-AmericanActivities Committeeof 10- theAmeiicanwayoflife becauseofhiscommunist11-. That12- waslateroverturned. Readthetext,ignoringthegaps.WhatdoesJoecometo understandattheendoftheptay? Completethetextwithsuitablewords. Answerthequestionsinyourownwords. 1 Whydidthe21pitotsdie? 2 HowdoesJoeexplainhisdecisiontosendthefaultyparts? Whydoesthewriterusethewordironicallyinthethird paragraph? 4 HowdidJoe'ssonsfeelabouttheirfather'sdeed? WhatsimilaritiesaretherebetweenthisptayandDeoth ofaSalesman? Findwordsinthesecondandthirdparagraphsofthetext whichmatchthesedefinitions. 1 2 3 4 5 maincharacter foundto befreefromblame dishonestbehaviour workthatprovidesthemoneyyouneedtolive thequalityofbeinghonestandhavingstrongmoral principles repeatedoremphasised ALL IvtY SONS AIIMySonswasArthurMille/s firstcommerciallysuccessful ptay.Publishedtwoyears beforehismostpopular play,DeathofASalesman,it markedthebeginningofthe dramatist'smostfruitfulperiod ofcreativity.Theplayis1- inthemid-westofthe USAiustaftertheendoftheSecondWorldWarand 2- thestoryoftheKellerfamity,astheytrytocome totermswithateniblesecret. JoeKeller,theplay'sprotagonist,hasseeminglyachieved the'AmericanDream'.Hehas3-his fortunesetling aeroplanepartstothearmyo-the war.Hiseldest sonLarryismissing,presumeddeadinthewar,andhehas oneremainingson,Chris,5- isdestinedtotake 6- hisbusiness.Welearnthattwoyearseartier,|oe hadbeenaccusedofknowinglyallowingfaultyengineparts tobeshippedoutofhisfactory,causingthedeathsof21 pilots.Hewasarrestedbutthenexoneratedafterfalsely denyingallknowledgeoftheincident,layingtheblame instead7 - hisbusinesspartner,whoisnowin prison.WhenJoe'sdeceitisrevealedduringthecourseof theptay,hejustifieshisactionsayinghediditforthesake ofhisfamily'sprosperityandChris'sfuturelivelihood. ThecentralthemeoftheptayisJoeKeller'sconflictbetween hisresponsibilitytohisfamilyandtowidersociety.By shippingthefaultyparts,hehadfaitedinhisresponsibility tothemenwhodepended8- theintegrityofhis work,menwho,ironically,werepreparedtogivetheirlives intheserviceoftheirsociety.Chris,whoisessentiallya -spokesmane- theptaywright,stronglybelievesin people'sresponsibilitytoothermembersofsocietyandis honifiedbyhisfather'scrime.ltisnotuntillaterintheplay 10- Joe,onlearningthatLarryhadtakenhisown lifeafterreadingabouthiscourtcase,finallyrealisesthat hehasbeenresponsiblenot11- forthedeathof onesonbutthatthesoldierswere'al[mysons',atheme reiteratedbythetitteoftheptay. Theanti-capitalistsentimentunderlyingtheptaywasone reason12-the ptaywrighthadtoappearbeforethe Un-AmericanActivitiesCommitteeduringthe1950s. Unit2r Stories
  13. 13. Lordofthe Flies t0cawunderstandand react aw utract frovwa wvel. 4 5 WhyisSimonattacked? WhatarethereasonsforRalph'semotionalbreakdown onthebeach? Findwordsorphrasesinthetextwhichmatchthese definitions. 1 discoverunexpectedly(paragraph1) 2 asksomebodytocometoyou(paragraph1) stronglyrecommend(paragraph2) a stateofgreatactivityandstrongemotionthatisoften violent(paragraph3) 5 waitingsomewheresecretly(paragraph4) 6 showthatsomethingisnottrue(paragraph4) gotsmaller(paragraph6) follows(paragraph5) a cruelandviolentperson(paragraph7) 3 4 7 8 9MatchsentencesA-Hwithgaps1-7 inthearticle.Thereis onesentenceyoudon'tneed. A Theotherboysstartsobbingtoo. B Ralphcallsthegrouptogetherandgivesa speech intendedto restoredisciptine. C Hispresencebringsthechildren'sfightingtoan abrupthalt. D Jack,ontheotherhand,exploitstheirfearandlures themoverto hissidewiththepromiseofprotectionfrom thebeast. E Onceassembted,theboys,allwell-to-dosonsof aristocraticfamilies,setaboutelectingthemselves a leader. F Theboysfinda pig,whichJackpreparesto slaughterbut can'tfindthecouragetostabit. G EvenRalphandPiggyhavejoinedin. H lthasbeenplacedthereearlierbyJackandhishunters asanofferingtothebeast. Readthearticte.Answerthequestions. 1 Whywastheaeroplanethatcrashedfutlofyoungboys? 2 OnwhatbasisisRalphelectedleader? 3 Whataretheyoungerboysafraidof? 4 HowdoesJackpersuadetheboystojoinhistribe? Completethesentenceswiththecorrectformofthe wordsinthebox. Shehadagreatholidaydespitetherather- weather. Thedoghasa- barkbuthe'sperfectlyfriendty. Theyoungchildsittinginfrontofmeonthebus - throughouttheentirejourney We- upthehittonourhandsandknees. Ithinkitwasrather- ofhertoputthephone downonmelikethat. Hereyemake-upwas- intherain. Myeyelidstartedto- uncontrollably. Joshisbriltiantat- otherpeople'svoicesand accents.Heshouldbeacomedian! LordoftheFliesisanallegoricaltale:astoryinwhich characters,settingandplotrepresenta meaningoutside thestoryitself.Whatdoyouthinkarethethemes underlyingthestory? Unit2 r Stories
  14. 14. LORD oFrHEF'I,IES I S.t cluring the Cold War, the story of fuird ol'the Flies takes place on an isolated tropical island. A plane evacuatinga group of British schoolboys frorn a war zone has crashed and it soon lrccornes evident that there iue no adult sun'ivors. Two ol'thc boys, Ralph and Piggy,stumble upon a conch shell and Pigg' suggeststJratRalph use it asa hom to summon any other sun'ivors rl,ho might be nearby. 1 As the holcler ol'tlte conch, which is perceived asa syrnbol of authoriry, Ralph is appointed to this role. Their new chiefappoints iurother older lxrl',Jack, to lrc in chargeof the boys rvlxr u,ill hunt for Ibod lirr tlrc entiregroup. @ Rr. a tiure the boys revel in their adult-liee lil'e, splashing itr the water and playing garnesuntil Ralph urges everyone to rr'ork togedrer towards buikling a shelter and attracting dre attentiou of passingships by creating a constant fire sigral, lit lx'fcrcussing sunlight through Piggy'sglasses.How.ever,the fire gctscorrstiurtlvoverlooked assome o[the boys,led byJack, lbcus t]reir energy on hunting the wild pigs on the island. @ Ut"" a ship passesby on the horizon one day, Ralph iurd I'ig6n'are furious to discover that the signiil fire, which has been Iack's and the hunters' responsibility to maintain, has burned out. Ralph cor.rfronts.fack, but he hasjust returned q'ith his hrst kill, ;urd all the hunters seem possessedby a strangefrenz.v,re- enacting the chasein a kind of wild dance. Piggycriticises.fack, n lto responds by slapping hirn acrossthe [ace. @ ' At the rneeting, it soon becomes clear that sorne of the younger boys are troubled by the belief that there is sorne sort of beastlurking on the island. The children begin to split into two separatetribes, based on the existence of the lleast.'l'he rational Ralph attempts to disprove its existence. 3 @ Str,rtrJvafterwards, Simon, from Ralph's tribe, comes acrossa pig's head buzzing with flies, whilst he is wandering tlrr<>ughthe forest. 4 He begins to hallucinate about the head, which he seesas'The l-ord of the Flies', and believes that it is communicating with him, telling him that the lxrvs have created the beast,and that the real beastis inside thenr all. Simon returns to the beach to report to the others u'hat he has seen,but finds them in the midst of a lienzied litual f'east.5 On seeingSimon's shadowyfigure ernerge fiorn the jungle, they attack him and kill him with their bare hands and teeth. lQl Ralph's tribe has now du'indleclto just hinrselt, Piggy,and twins Sarnand Eric. They go toJack's tribal stronghold with the dual airn of tr_vingto persuade.]ack to see reas<>nand to retrieve Pigg-v'sglasses,which rnernbers of.fack's tribe have stolen and without which Piggl' can't see. Hou'ever, a battle ensues,during which a large rock is thrown by a bo1',Roger, knocking Piggy over the cliff to his death and shattering the conch into rnillions of pieces.Eric and Sam are kidnapped into.fack's tribe, and Ralph is n<>wleft by himself. E ttr the final sequenceof the book,.fack and his friend Roger lead the tribe on a hunt for Ralph. They set the entire island on lire in order to smoke hirn out of his hiding place, which attractsthe attention of a nearby wzrship, Driven out of the hrning forest onto the beach, Ralph is on tJrepoint of being attacked by the savageswhen a British naval offrcer appears. E 5 Stunned by the savageand bloorlthirsty spectacle,the officer asksRalph to explain. Overwhelmed by the loss of Piggy,Sirnon, and of his own innocence, he breaks down and cries. E 7 The officer hrrns his back so that they may regain their composure. In the hnal line of the book, the ofticer looks out to seaat his 'trim cruiser in the distance', an ironic reminder that while the boys may have been savedfrom savageryby the adults, the world is still at war.
  15. 15. - @ Narrativetenses 1 Namethetensesin italicsin 1-5 below. 7 2 3 4 5 6 I had beenreodingfor hours... I reada chapterof mybook... I wasreadinga book ... I wosgoing to stoy in and read... I had atreadyreadthe book... I usedtoreadavidly... Matchsentencebeginnings1-6 in exercise1 with endingsa-f. a I whenIwokeup. b !whenlwasyounger. c f, UutI decidedtogoout. d ! somyeyeswerehurting. e f tnistimeyesterdayevening. f ! tneteacherrecommended. Choosethecorrectoption. 1 WhenSamandJessiedecidedtogetengagedtheyhad onlyseen/ beenseeingeachotherforsixmonths. 2 ,|ohnwastogo/ havegoneskiingonSaturdaybuthe brokehislegandhadtopullout. 3 Thefoodshewasmakingwaslooking/ lookeddelicious. 4 Thecarbatterywasdeadbecausemydadhadforgotten / beenforgettingtoturnofftheheadtights. 5 Hetook/ wastakingthedogforawalkwhenhebumped intoCharlotte. 6 WhenI arrivedhomemysisterwassittingoutside. Shehadwaited/ beenwaitingthereforoveranhour becauseshehadforgotten/ beenforgettingherkeys. Findtenerrorsintheuseofnarrativetensesinthefabte andcorrectthem. Thewolfinsheep'sclothing Therewasoncea wolfwho usedto wanderouteverynight in searchof a lambforhisdinner.Butrecentlythiswolf hasbeenhavingdifficuttygettingenoughto eatbecause the shepherdsin the areawereparticularlyvigilant.One dayhewascomingacrossa sheep'sfleecewhicha sheep shearerhadbeenthrowingonthefloorandforgotten. It hadgiventhewolfa cunningidea.Hedecidedthatlater he isgoingto putonthefleece.Thusdisguisedhewould beableto sneakup onthesheepwithouttheshepherd noticinghim.Sothatevening,iustasthesunhadbeen settinghewentoutin hisnewdisguise.Hewasstrolling confidentlyintoa fieldwheresomesheepgrazed. Hehadspotteda juicy-tookinglambandwaslustgoingto pounceon it,whena shepherd,who lookedfora sheep to slaughterforhisowndinner,quicklywasgrabbingthe wotf,thinkingit wasa sheep,andkitledit. 5 Writea moralforthefable. Orderthesentencestocompletetheoutlineoftheancient GreeklegendofKingMidasandtheoss'sears. ! a HeawardedtheprizetoPan. ! U Oeepinthecountryheduga holeandwhisperedthe secretintoit. I c KingMidaswasaskedtojudgea musiccontest betweenPanandApollo. ! a miOasworea purpleturbantohidehisshame. ! e Thegossipybarberfounditimpossibtetokeepthesecret. I f Ontyhisbarberknewtheterriblesecret. ! g Apotlopunishedhimbygivinghimtheearsofanass. ! tr Hecovereduptheholeandreturnedhome. ! i Withtheirrustlingleavestheywhisperedthesecret: 'Midashasass'sears.' tr i Thefoltowingspring,reedsandgrassessprangup fromthehole. Usetheoutlineinexercise6 towritethemyth.Usea varietyofnarrativetensesandmakeanynecessary changestothesentences.BeginTherewasonceo ... I can we a varLef of narcatLvetewes. 6 4 7 Unit2 . Stories {c r;.,.,
  16. 16. Photocomparison cancampare,coErast and reactto photor. 1 Completethe sentenceswith the correctformof the verbs 4 in the box. get trangGii.''ltftittga.skiir sleep"',rt;i1i::l'r' 1 Shewassusoendedfor- school. 2 Thefreezingcoldweatherbeganto --- himdown aftera while. 3 | gotreallyboredjust- aroundat homewith nothingto do. 4 Miriam outaftera massiverowwith,|ack. 5 Didhe leavehisjoborwashe-out? 5 Shefoundit hardto hersmokinghabitbut managedto giveup in theend. 7 Therearea lotof homelesspeople roughin thatpartof thecity. 8 Heusedto- outwithp.opi. whowereintodrugs. Lookat photosA andB.Continuethe sentencesto describe the mainsimilaritiesanddifferencesbetweenthem. 1 Thephotosaresimilarin that 2 Themostobviousdifferencebetweenthe photosisthat 3 Also,in thefirstpicture, whereasin theother 3 C)or Listenandcompareyourideaswiththeonesyou hear. Makenotesto answerthe questionsaboutthe firstphoto. Whatadjectivesdescribehowthe manmightbefeeling? Whatchatlengesdoyouthinkheisfacing? Whatcircumstancesdovouthinktedto thissituation? floa tistento the secondpartofthe description.How manyof yourideasarementioned? () O+ Completethe speculativephrasesfromthe description.Youcanusemorethanonewordin a gap. Thenlistenagainandcheck. 1 Themanin thefirstphoto havea huge amountof tuggage... 2 | heis planningto stayfora longtime. 3 He bewildered... 4 lt feellonely... 5 He's feelinganxious... 6 | he missinghisfamilytoo. 7 | if he hasemigratedbecause... 8 Orhe bean economicmigrant... Writeaboutthe secondphoto.Usethe headingsin exercise 4 to structureyourdescription.Usethe languagefor speculatingfromexercise5. 6 A Unit2. Stories
  17. 17. Review I cqvL a book wrtte revLew. Preparation 1 Completethereviewwiththewordsinthebox. Oneofmy1 favouritebooksisAtonement,by the2 Britishnovelist,lanMcEwan.ltisquitea complexnovel,whichis3 intothreepartsand toldfromdifferentcharacters'perspectives. Thea beginsinEnglandinthesummerof 1935,whena precocious,upper-classthirteen-year-otd girt,Briony,witnessesa sceneinthegarden5 heroldersister,Ceciliaanda childhoodfriend,Robbie. Hernaivetyandoveractiveimaginationleadherto misinterpretwhatsheseesandaccuseRobbieofa crime hedidn'tcommit,anaccusationwhichhasdramatic o forCecitiaandRobbieandwhichBriony mustspendtherestofherlifehavingtoatonefor. Thebook's7 liein itsexceptionallywett- observeddepictionofcharactersandevents,particularly thedescriptionsofwarscenesinthesecondsectionof thenove[,whereRobbie,nowa soldierinWorldWarll,is desperatelytryingto reachDunkirk.Theauthor's 8 to builduptensionisabsotutelysuperband thebookisa realpage-turnerate . Aswe[[ asbeingwell-crafted,it isalsothought-provokingin its explorationoftopicssuchasguiltandforgiveness,andthe futilityofwar.Withoutspoilingtheptot,I havetosaythat myontyreservationaboutthebookisits10 which,in myview,leavesthereaderfeetingstightly cheated.However,thisismorethancompensatedforby whatisotherwiseafantasticread. Atonementisnota bookforthosewholovefast-moving plots,butfor11 ofdetailedandwetl-observed prose,I wouldthoroughty12 it. 2 Lookatthemodifyingadverbsfromthereview.Replace themwiththesynonymsinthebox.. 7 2 3 4 5 quitea complexnovel exceptionaItywell-observed absolutetysuperb stightlycheated thoroughlyrecommend Findwordsinthereviewwhichmatchthedefinitions. 1 pointsofview 2 actinawaythatshowsregretforwhatyouhavedone 3 recognisablefromreallife 4 averyexcitingbook 5 oointlessness 4 Writea reviewofa bookyouhavereadrecently. WritingGuide Paragraph1 Givethenameofthebookandanybackgroundinformation. Paragraph2 Givea briefoutlineofthestoryandthecharacters. Paragraph3 Describethestrengthsandweaknessesofthebook. Paragraph4 Saywhetheryouwouldrecommendthebookandtowhom. I . followedtheparagraphptan? i . inctudedsomerfrodifyingadverbs? i . written2OO-250words? ' .h..k.d yourworkformistakes? Unit2 r Stories
  18. 18. Readthearticlebelow.Completethetextbymatchingthe sentences(A-G)thatbestfitthegapsinthetext(1-5). Thereisonesentencewhichyoudonotneedtouse. tatinginsects? Eatinginsectsmighthetpfighthungerandpromote :iodiversity,butonlyifWesternerscangetoverthe'yuck' ractor.Althoughpeopleworldwidehaveenioyedeating insectssinceancienttimes,theirnutritionalvalueisoften cvertookedbythe modernWesternworld.1 Anestimated2,000insectspeciesareconsumedaround :heworld,andpeopledo notjusteatinsects,theyretish :hemasdelicacies.2- Grasshoppersandbeelarvae seasonedwithsoysaucearea favouriteinJapanandin DapuaNewGuineasagogrubs,beetlelarvaethatinhabit 3eadsagopalmtrees,arehonouredat annualfestivats. ' Plustheyhavea higherenergyvaluethanmanyother 'oodstuffs.Accordingto a 2004UnitedNationsFoodand AgricultureOrganisationrepoft,caterpillarsof manyspecies arerichin mineralsaswelIasB-vitamins.InsomeAfrican 'egions,childrenfightmalnutritionbyeatingflourmadeout cfdriedcateroillars. - Dramaticincreasesin farmingyieldsachieved :hroughtheGreenRevolutionofthe 1940sand1970s relpedto fittbetliesin developingcountries,butthese :ropsalonedid notprovidea fullcomplementof nutrients. Additionalty,biltionsof dollarsarespentworldwideto 3rotectnutritionatlyinferiorcropswithchemicalsthatkitt rerfectlyedibleinsect'pests'. -herearenofewerthan34 reasonsto exploreinsectsasa roodsource,includingtheirimpressivenutritionalvalue, easeof breedingin captivityandhighbiomass.Indeed, someresearchersproposeenrichingconsumerfoodswith rsectflourto makethemmorenutritious. ' In north-easternIndia,forexample,ediblesilkworm oupaeareprizedmorethanthesitktheyproduce,and someMexicanrestaurantschargea hefty$25fora plate cf butterflylarvae.Chineseconsumersspendabout$100 n illionperyearonedibleantsalone. Theavailabilityof high-qualityedibleinsectsiscloselytied :o intactforests.Withouttreesandfoliageto munch,insect copulationsplummet,sotriggeringinterestin preserving insectsasfoodsourcesmightbeonewayto protect sivathesof forestsandthe biodiversitywithinthem. ' Butwisemanagementof naturalresourcescould achievetwovitalgoals:raisinglivingstandardsand :onservingbiodiversity. A Yetnutritionallyimportanttraditionalfoodssuchas insectshavebeenandcontinueto beignoredby agriculturaI aid efforts. B In somecultures,edibleinsectsareconsidereda hot commodity. C InAfrica,caterpillarsandwingedtermitesarefriedand eatenasroadsidesnacks(afterwings,legsandbristles areremoved),andareoftenconsideredtastierthanmeat. D Cteartythereisa linkbetweenenvironmentaIprotection andimorovednutrition. E Insectsoftencontainmoreprotein,fatandcarbohydrates thanequalamountsof beeforfish. F AndbecauseWesterntastesareso globattyinfluential, peopleelsewheremaybeginto shuninsectsasan importantfoodsource. G In manyregionswhereforestdegradationis acute, residentsaretoo preoccupiedwithday-to-daysurvival to considertheluxuryof protectingtheenvironment. Completethe paragraphwith the correctwordsa-d. Iwasleavingtheclassroomandfeelingverytired.Thetime was2:36p.m.andschool1 . I wasreallyeagerto leave thecampus:first,becauseI wasn'tveryhappyaboutbeing at schooland,second,mymumhadsaidshe2 . I had triedto protest,but3 vain.Sheo on drivingme home.I knewshewouldcomeinthemostterriblevan t , andI didn'twantanyoneto seeit.ButI wastoo late.WhenI cameoutof school,shewasalreadythere.Of course,beingthegreatmothersheis,shehadparkedthe vanin frontofthe schoolwhereit could6 byeveryone. So,embarrassed,I decidedtheonly7-- ofactionwasto getintothevanasquicktyaspossible.I openedthesliding door,butit didnotstop.ltiustkeptonstidingandintheend ,itfetloffitshingesaltogetherandclunkedontotheground. I wished| 8-- invisible.Instead,I hadto goto the woodworkroomandaskfora screwdriverto fixit.What e - ifyouhadbeenin myplace?Tothisveryday,this story10 mewhenI steep. 1 a wouldhaveiustended 3 a b was.justended b c hadiustended c d hasjustended d 2 a wittpickmeup 4 a b woutdpickmeup b c picksmeup c d pickedmeup d Dy tn of to promised insisted wanted agreed Getreadyforyourexam1
  19. 19. 16)05 Readthetask.Youwitlheararecordingaboutthe developmentofwriting.Choosethebestanswera,b,cord accordingtowhatyouhear. 1 lnthebeginning,writingwas a inventedmainlyforagriculturalpurposes. b onlyfoundinSyria. c rarebecausethetokenshadto bedecorated. d difficuttbecausetheclaywaslumpy. 2 Accordingtotherecording a theSemiticalphabetconsistedofbothlettersand numbers. b thePhoeniciansystemdidn'tcoverallthesoundsin thelanguage. c theLatinandCyrillicalphabetsarenotretatedtoone another. d thefirstalphabetthatweknowofisabout3.000 yearsold. 3 TheCyritticatphabet a baseditsappearanceonLatinsymbols. b consistedonlyofsymbotsforconsonants. c isdescendedfromtheGreekalohabet. d wastheofficialatphabetofByzantium. 4 TheearlyRomanscript a quiteclearlyresembledhandwriting. b distinguishedbetweensmallandcapitalletters. c wasintroducedbyAtdusManutius. d wasdesignedto beeasiertowriteonhardsurfaces. aoaaooaaaoaaooooaaaaao i Pnrmnmroil:Writing Chooseoneofthewritingtasksbelowandwrite200-250 words. 1 Thereisa competitioninyourschootmagazineand thewinningentrywillbepubtished.Youareinvitedto describeanimportanteventthathappenedduringyour childhoodandexplainhowit influencedyour[aterlife. Inyourarticle,youshould: . includeatitle . explainwhattheeventwas . explaintheinfluenceit hadonyourlaterlife. 2 Writea reviewofa filmwhichwasanunsuccessful adaptationofawell-knownbook.Inyourreview,you should: . inctudeinformationaboutthetitleandmainactors o outlinetheplot . saywhyyoudidn'ttikethefitm. aaaaaaooooaaoaaaaaaoao 3 lnrmmnoil: Speaking Part2 - Sustainedlongturn Lookatthesetwopicturesinordertocompareand contrastthem. Theseideasmayhelpyou: . modernandold-fashionedcartoons . cartoonsforchildrenandadults . theappealofcomicbooksforadults Part4-Roleplay Workinpairsandrole-playthefollowingsituation. RoleA:YouareB'schild.Youarea student.You arefinishingsecondaryschoolandyouhavebeen acceptedata'universityin Britain.Nowyouneed to decidewhetheryouwanttostayinuniversity accommodationorwitha family.Discusstheoptions withyourparentandtryto reachanagreement. RoleB:YouareA'sparent.He/Sheisfinishing secondaryschoolandhasbeenaccepted ata universityin Britain.Nows/heneedsto decidewhethers/hewantsto stayinuniversity accommodationorwithafamily.Discusstheoptions withyourchildandtryto reachanagreement. Youmayusetheseideas: a imaginary b imagined c imaginative d imaginable a beseeing b see c havebeenseen d beseen a line b case c class d course a canbe b hadbeen cam d was a doyoudo b witlyoudo c wouldyoudo d wouldyouhavedone a reminds b recalls c haunts d dreams 10 . cost . thingstodo o culturaldifferences . freedom . language o commuting RoleAstartstheconversation.Whenyouhavefinished, changerolesandpractiseagain. UsetheFunctionsBankonpage103to helpyou. UsetheWritingBankonpage107to helpyou. Getreadyforyourexam1
  20. 20. 'l{w,* B an honest a blazing a Keen ctose a Iasting 3 Comptetethesentenceswith I cantaLkaboutdffireW ktndsof relattowLtLps. Relationships Readthesentencesandcompletethepuzzlewithaverbor adiective. '1 z Hedoesn'tfindit easyto closerelationships. (across)Couldyouhelpmewiththishomework?| promiseto - thefavoursometimel (down)Didtheymanageto theirdispute? Somebodyneedsto controlof thesituation. Thecompanysuffereda - setbacklastyear. Pupilsweregivenan opportunityto their opinionsaboutthe newtimetab[9. Tofuttyappreciatethesong,youhaveto pay attentionto the lyrics. She'snotafraidto -, hermind. z 3 4 q CombinewordsfromA, B andCto formverb+ adjective + nouncollocations. fromexercise2. 1 Justgiveme . I won'tbeoffended. 2 WhenI walkedin theywerehaving 3 4 I ontymetheroncebutshemade Wemetat primaryschoolandwe eversince. 5 Heshowed intheplayIwasperformingin. ],.,,]:,,,,,:i:,,r,]],,CXAtimGil Correcttheerrorsinthewordsinbold. 1 Thatrypresentergetsonmynerve. 2 We'tlhavetocallthepoticeifthingsgetoutofourhands. ''3 Theyweresittingsidetosideona parkbench. 4 Wehavea mutuallysupportingrelationship. I triedto givehim someconstructiveadvicebut hesawit the wrongway. 5 | lovebeingan actor.lt'sa greatwayto makea life. on me. haveremained --t,^td Nc remaln nave show grve c impression friends answer row interest adjective+ nouncollocations Makethesentencesmoregraphicbyreplacingthe wordsinbold.Thefirstletterhasbeengiven. 1 | droppedmycameraina puddleanditgotverywet. S 2 | triedtowakehimupbuthewasdeeptyasleep. f_ 3 Therewasnota starinthesky.ltwastotallyblack. o 4 | burnedmytongueonthesoupbecauseitwas extremelyhot.b 5 Mygrandfather'sninety-fiveandreallyfit! 6 | don'tfeeIreadytogotobedyet.I'mstillverymuch AWAKC.W 7 TheproblemwithBenis hehardlydoesanywork- he'sincrediblyidte.b 8 | can'tbelievethesesunglasseshavebrokenalready. They'recompletelynew.b Unit3 . Partners
  21. 21. I cavLducws the rnzouivg and Lvnportaweoffrtendshtp. 1 O,oa Listentofourpeopledescribingafriend.Which categoryoffriendshipdoeseachonefallinto?Choosefrom thewordsinthebox. 1 Jordan 2 Ruth 3 Jacob 4 Gitt 2 $OS tistenagainandcompletetheseexcerptsfromthe e t Withfororsince,describinghowlonganactionhasbeen in progress Withfororsince,whentheverbisnotcommonlyusedin thecontinuousform Describinga recentactionwhichisnowcomplete Describinga recentactionwhichisongoing 5 Completethee-mailwiththepresentperfectorpresent continuousformoftheverbin brackets. descriptions. 1 Sherealty 2 She'stheonethatI'llalways allthat. ofneed. 3 Sheknowsshe 4 Hewouldhelome duringthistime. 5 | canalwaysrelyonher Rewritethesentencesusingthewordsin brackets.Youmay needto changetheformofthewordinbrackets. 1 TimandFionahavehadsomegoodtimesandbad times.(ups) 2 Jennaknowseverythingaboutme.(inside) SteveandJesshavehadanargumentandaren't speakingtoeachother.(falD MattandI havefaceda lotofdifficultsituationstogether. Go) 5 BeckyandI havebeenfriendsforeightyearsorso.(back) 6 I'veconfidedin hera lotovertheyears.(open) Underlinetheperfectstructuresinsentences1-6.Thenmatch eachsentencewithusesa-f. 1 I'vejusteatenawholechillil 2 He'sdrivenvansbefore. 3 She'shadavirusforthelastfewdays. 4 I'vebeenwaitingoveranhourfora bus.I'mgoingtowalk. 5 I'vebeenrevisingforthelasttwohours. 6 He'sbeenspendingmoretimewithhisfamilylately. a Describingsomethingwhichhasbeenhappening repeatedlyintheveryrecentpast b Describingsomethingwhichhashappenedonseveral occasionsandmayhappenagain tn prUfuRcplyAtlcf,rorvaro. * I I 1A' HiSophia, | 1- (try)to ringyoubut| 2- (notbe) abletogetthroughsoIthoughtI'de-mailinstead.I r- Get)mysetfintoa slightlytrickysituation andIwashopingthatI couldturntoyoufora bitof advice. | 4- (share)myflatwithagirlcalledHannah. Basically,she'safriendofafriendofmyboss's.She s-only recently (arrive)inLondon soI offeredto letherstaywithmeforashorttimejust whileshefindsherownaccommodation.Wetl,she 6-(stay) hereforovera monthnowandshe 7 - (notshow)anysignsofmovingout!She's reallyfriendlyandeasytogetonwith,butshejust 8- (notshow)muchinitiativewhenit comesto findingsomewhereto live. Theotherthingisthatshehardlyeverleavestheflatso shee- (notmade)manyfriends,whichmeans thatshe (hang)outwithmeandmyfriends a [ot.That'sallverywellbutasa resu]t|11- (have)verylittle'qualitytime'withmyfriendsrecently. You'reprobablywonderingwhy|12- (not kick)herout,butsheisafriendofmyboss'ssothat compromisesmeslightly.You'realwayssodiplomatic inthesesituations.WhatdoyouthinkI shoulddo? Speaksoon! Phoebe Unit3oPartners
  22. 22. t 1 Completethesentenceswiththewordsinthebox. 7 87o/oofwomencontributefinanciallytowardstheir Weddingsusuallyconsistofa- followedby a_. Couplesareoptingincreasinglyfornon-traditional Aboutfivepercentofpeoplegetmarriedina - office. Womenare- tosacrificespendingon weddingcakestohaveamoree{pensivewedding dress. Couplesarewaitinglongerbeforetyingthe 39%ofcoupleshavea- wedding. Tenpercentof- helppayfortheir - ring. Readthefirsttwoparagraphsofthetext.Whatisa 'hag night'?Whyisit calledthat? Completethetextwithappropriatewords. Arethesesentencestrueorfalse?WriteTorF. 1 Stagandhennightstakeplaceovera longerperiodthan theyusedto.- 2 Hagnightsarepopularwithyoungercouples.- 3 Mostofthepeopleinterviewedhadbeentoa hagparty. Itissuggestedthathagnightsarepopularasthebride- to-bedoesn'twantto beseparatedfromthegroom.- Hagweekendsarelessactivethanstagweekends.- Thepublichasbecomeaccustomedtothebehaviourof stagandhengroups.- I cawexpressrwy opLwowowrnarrLage. MarriageintheUK Pre-wedding celebrations ln Britainthereis a long-heldtraditionfor coupleswhoareabout 1- getmarriedto celebratetheirlastfew days2 being singlewithahennightforthebride-to-beandherfemale friends,andastagnightforthegroomandhisfriends. Oftencharacterised3- raucousbehaviour,these pre-weddingcetebrationshavedevelopedintoafull weekendofrevelry,withmanygroupsheadingto European destinationsa- Amsterdam,PragueandBarcelona. However,inthelastyearanda halftherehasbeena growingtrendaway5- thesesingle-sexevents.With theexceptionoftheyoungestcouples,manyarenow optingformixedoutingstowhichfriendsofboththebride andgroomareinvited. 5- toa recentsurveyof4,000youngBritishadults, aquarterofpeopleintheirthirtieshavealreadybeentoa iointparty.Mostofthosewhohadattendedthemclaimed topreferthe'hagnight',astheseeventshavebecome known,7 -the traditionalstagandhennights.Venue ownersalsowelcomethetrend.Recently,citiessuchas DublinandEdinburghhavepointedthefingerattraditional stagandhennightsforasignificantescalationinthe incidencesoffightingandvandalismintheircitycentres. CarryMarlowofRedtownLeisure,acompany8- organisespre-nuptialentertainment,explainsthatonhag nightstheemphasisisonfriendshipratherthanexcess. Shebelievesthatthenewtrendhasbeenbroughtabout e - anincreaseintheaverageageofmarriage.Asa result,manyofthecoupte'sfriendsarealreadyinlong- termrelationshipswithpartnerswhoareequallykeento joininthecelebrations.Ahagweekendisa10- more velaxingaffairthanthetraditionalstagweekend.During thedaythemenmighttakeina roundofgolf11- the womengoofftoindulgeinsomepamperingata health spabeforeeverybodymeetsupagainintheeveningtogo toa restaurantoraclub. Thisshifttowardscelebrationsthatintegratethesexes shoutdalsocome12- awelcomereliefforthegeneral publicwhoarebecomingeverlesstolerantoftherowdy stag-andhen-nightcrowds,identifiabteamileoffbytheir matchingoutfits,badgesandwigs,thatinvadetheirtowns everyweekend. 7 8 3 I 5 5 Unit3 ePartners
  23. 23. Whatthggdidfor lov9,...Twotrug,lovgstorigs He posteda plea Hepuzzledher por Patrick Moberg, 21, it was love at first sight when he I exchangedglanceswith a pretty woman while taking the subwayto Brooklyn one Sundayevening.Taking a deepbreath, he plucked up his courageand headedher way. Justthen the train pulled into a station.The doorsopened,a rush of humanity srvarmedin, andthen suddenly,shewas gone. He consideredgiving chase,but there'sa fine line betweenblind love and stalking.He thought of plasteringthe stationwith posters.Then a brainstorm: the Internet.'It seemedless encroaching,'hesays.'I didn't ant to punctureher comfort zone.' That night, he setup a website: n1girlofmydreams.com.On it, Patrickdeclared,'I Saw the Girl of My Dreamson the Subway Tonight.'He drew a picture of the girl, along with a portrait of himselfwith thisdisclaimer pointedat his head:'Not insane.' The websitespreadvirally, and soonhe had lots of leads.Some s-erecranks,and somewere omen offering themselvesin !-asehe failed in his mission. Then he got an e-mail from someoneclaiming to know the girl. He even supplieda photo.It s asher.Shewas anAustralian interningat a magazine,and her namewas Camille.And she $'anted to meet too. Their first meetingwas awkward. It was set upby Good Morning Arnerica. Like the rest of the media, GMA saw a great love story andpounced.But being suckedinto a mediamaelstrom isn't necessarilyconduciveto a nascentlove affair. 'We were uncertainhow to act aroundeachother,'Patrick said.And in the back of Camille's mind, a naggingthought:Who is this guy? The media circuseventuallymoved on, giving the two a chance to talk in private. 'Everything I found out abouther was anotherwonderful thing,' saysPatrick.Shewas smart,funny and a big personality,a nice fit for this shy guy. 'And,'he continuesquietly, 'we've been hangingout togetherevery day since.' "-flric Egmontknew he hadto calm down or he would blow it. I f If he didn't relax,he was sureto clue his girlfriend,Jennie, into the fact that this was no ordinary SundayBoston Globe newspaper.This was his marriage proposal. The two, both29, had datedfor four yearsand never seriously discussedmarriage.Why messup a goodthing?went thethinking. But Aric hadsecondthoughts.And sincethey werefanatics,he says,proposingvia the boxesof a crosswordpuzzle'was a more natural idea than it might seemto others.' So lastJunehe contactedthe Globe andtold them about his idea.They bit. Aric fed Globe pttzzlewriters personal information to be turned into clues,thenhe waited...for four torturous months. On the morning of September23, having not slept the entire night before,Aric nonchalantly asked Jennie,'Want to do thecrossword puzzle?'He bolteddownstairs, grabbedthe paper,then ran up to their bedroom. Climbing back into bed, the two assumedtheir normalpuzzle-solvingpose,with Jennieleaningagainsthim. Almost immediately, shewas struck by the numberof cluesthatmatchedup with people and placesin her life. For example,twenty acrossasked: 'Lover of Theseus.'The answer wasAriadne, which also happened to b_ethe nameof a good friend of Jennie's.Ninety-one across: 'NASCAR racingcar driverAlmirola,'whose first nameis Aric. Aric beganscanningaheadto where the big clue was. 'I knew themomentwascoming,'he said.And thereit was.Onehundred elevenacross:'Genericproposal.'Cleveqhe thought,a wordplay on JenandAric. 'Look at that,'saidAric. 'Will you marry me, Jennie?'Hewaited for a reaction. He didn't get one. Jennieis a smartperson,smart enoughto know all aboutGreek mythology, but this was information overload. SoAric produced a ring and asked'Will you marry me, Jennie?'After tearsand shrieksand lots of 'I love you's,'Jenniesaidyes.'I'm not themostromanticperson,'admits Aric. 'I think I wasplaying abovemy headon this one.' T SrwrneGtPtoF rql DBEAI6 TS tAE sutWAYToNlcrHT+ ol $lu#- uuLiJ tL@!'"h {lr|F J r***-i
  24. 24. Verbpatterns 1 Writetheseverbsandverbalphrasesinthecorrectplacein thetable. Lookattheverbsincolumnthree.Underlinethosewhose meaningchangesdependingontheformthatfollowsit. Completethetextwiththeinfinitive,baseform(infinitive withoutfo),pastparticipleor-ingformoftheverbsin brackets. I cqwwe a varLef of verb patterw. 4 Rewritethesentencesusingtheverbsinbracketsinthe correctform. 1 Shedoesn'tsmokeanymore.(giveup) 2 DoyouknowKaren'se-mail,byanychance?(happen) 3 Hedidn'tbreaktheworldrecord.(fail) 4 | thinkfie'sfeelingbetter.(seem) He 5 | don'tthinkthey'ttarrivebeforemidnight.(anticipate) 6 lt lookstiketheroofwasdamagedinthestorm.(appear) Theroof 7 Heshouldn'tbeallowedtogetawaywithit.(tet) We 8 SomebodystoleMike'swalletyesterday.(have) Mike 5 Completethesentenceswithasuitableverbinthecorrect activeorpassiveform. 1 |tried itoffandonbutI stillcouldn'tgetthe printertowork. 2 Shedoesn'tappreciate whattodo.She prefersdoingthingsherownway. 3 Ohno!|thinkthishomeworkwasmeant- in 2 verbsfollowedby -ingform verbsfollowedby infinitive verbsfollowedby either Oneofthemostfamousfictional duosinhistoryisthedetective SherlockHotmesandhis assistantDrWatson. Theymadea perfect partnership.ltwas . Watson'smedical knowledgethatoften allowedthe great detective 1- (come)to someof hislogical conclusions.Watson occasionallytried 2- (solve)crimes himselfbutfailed 3- (do)so since helackedHolmes' acutepowers ofobservation anddeductive reasoning. ThecharacterswerecreatedbyArthurConanDoylewhohad originaltychosen4 ' (become)adoctor.Hedidn'tmanage s- (attract)manyclients,sousedtospendmanyhours in hisemptysurgery6- (create)thecharactersthatwere soontobecomesopopularthatthepublicrefused7- (betieve)theyweren'trealpeopte.Lettersaddressedto 'SherlockHolmes,ConsultingDetective'arriveddailyattheir fictionaIaddressinBakerStreetandScotlandYard,asking him8- (takeon)realcases.Eventua[ty,Doylebecame fedupwithe-(write) aboutHolmessohedecided 10- (have)himtt- (kill)offinoneofthestories. ThepublicwereoutragedandeventuallyDoytewas persuaded12- (bring)himbacktolife. Hewenton13- (write)morebooksincludingthefamous HoundoftheBoskervilles. yesterday. 4 Hepretendednot- meandwalkstraightpast. 5 | remembet- toeatliverwhenIwasyounger eventhoughI hatedit. Unit3 r Partners
  25. 25. Negotiation can ducws stggestLonsand nryottatea covLrseof actLon. Completethedescriptionsoftheweddingvenuesusingthe :orrectformofthewordsinbrackets.Whichvenueappeals :ovoumost? -: GrandHotel,a sptendidexampte9f neo-classical (architect)and2- (arguabte)the .':ndest buildingin southLondon,providesa' ':rn) locationforyourweddingandreception. -e RiversideHotelprovidesa uniqueandperfect (set)forbothintimateandgrand-scale .'.:ddings.ltsgardensoffer5 (spectacle)views, -e idealbackdropforyourweddingphotos. ',iakeyourweddinga truly6 (forget)dayby :etebratingit 135metresabovethe beautifulcityof -ondonon boarda privatecapsuleonthe LondonEye. vouwillexchangeyourvowsatthetop andduringthe (descend)youandyourguestswiltbeserved :hilledchampagne. 4 f) OZ tistentoa couplediscussingtheweddingvenues. Whichdotheychoose?Whyweretheothertworeiected? GrandHotelE RiversideHotelI Londonfye E $'O7,' Rearrangethewordsto makesentencesfor negotiating,asusedinthedialogue.Listenagainandcheck. 7 haslitlnV lquite/itlfor la lin lgoing/opinion/lot 2 canI are/thinklyoul drawbacks/thereI anyI that/of 3 isI what/ me/ location/ off/ slightty/ puts/ the 4 | / worth/ think/ one's/ consideringI thisI definitety 5 there| | | that/ around/ supposeI waysI are 5 option/ we/ on/ reject/shoutd/ reflection/ maybe/that 7 alongI thatI I'll/ with/ go Writea paragraphoutliningtheargumentsinfavourofyour preferredvenuefromexercise1,explainingwhatyoudon't likeabouttheothervenues. ryF Unit3oPartners
  26. 26. Preparation 1 Completethearticlewithwordsfromthebox. cawv,trLteaw arttcle qbout a popwlar towrut desttnattort. fashionableclothesfromthelatesixteenthcenturyto thepresentday,chosenfromthemuseLlm'scollection of30,000originalitems.Perhapsthemostfamousitem isa rareoutfitdating10-1660, thesilvertissue dress.Themuseum11-host totheannual'Dress oftheYear'contest,choseneveryyearsince1963by leadingexpertsto recordtheimportantdevelopments infashion.Forthosewho12- dressingup,there area numberofreproductiongarmentswhichvisitorsare invitedtotryon. 2 lmprovethearticlebyreplacingbasicvocabularywitha moreelaborateequivalentfromthebox. Makenotesabouttwovisitorattractionsinyourtown,or thenearesttowntowhereyoulive. Attraction1 r Introduction . Location o Whatvisitorscandoorsee(generat) . Thehighlightoftheexhibition . Practicalinformation Attraction2 r lntroduction o Location r Whatvisitorscandoorsee(general) . Themostfamousexhibit/ feature r Practicalinformation Useyournotesfromexercise3 towriteanarticle(200-250 words)abouttheattractions. WritingGuide 1 Followthestructureofthemodel. 2 Trytogobeyondthebasicvocabulary. 3 Incorporateasmanywordsfromtheboxinexercise1 as youcan. . followedtheparagraphplaninexercise3? . usedelaborateratherthansimplevocabulary? . usedappropriatephrasesfordescribingplaces? . usedthecorrectprepositions? . checkedyourworkformistakes? rll:l: tl Anarticle ThecityofBathinthesouth-westofEngland1- oneofthefinestexamplesofRomanremainsinEurope. Onthissitewhichis2- withtheonlyhotwater springsinBritain,standsa magnificenttempleand bathingcomplexwhichdate3-to 60AD.A huge proportionofthebathsextendsunderthemodernground level,beneathneighbouringstreetsandsquares,so peopleareoftensurprisedtodiscoverjusthowlargethe siterealtyis.VisitorscanwalkwheretheRomansonce walkedonthestonepavementsandlookatthelarge 4-of oldtreasuresrecoveredfromthesacred springwheretheywerethrownasofferingstothegoddess Minerva.Astone's5- fromthetrainandbus stations,thebathsareeasilyaccessibleforthosearriving inthecitybypubtictransport. lf fashion 6 rsmoreyour thenBathis also'- tothe MuseumofCostume. Situatedonthelowerfloor oftheimpressiveAssembly Rooms,thismuseumis 8- internationa[[y foritsinterestingcollection ofmodernandhistorical dress.The 9 with 150 dressedfigurestoillustrate thechangingstylesin roomsare 3 4 Unit3r Partners
  27. 27. Describingchange I cavLdercrtbethz procersof chavge. 1 Completethespidergramwiththeverbsinthebox. Completethesentenceswiththewordsintheboxin noun form. 1 Inorderto marryhim,sheunderwenta- to Judaism. 2 TheHighStreethasbeenpedestrianised.lt'sa complete _! 3 Thistermwe'regoingto bestudyingthe- from OldtoMiddleEngtish. 4 Theyfaceda longperiodof- beforetheygot usedtothenewmanagementteam. 5 MammaMiaisafilm- ofa musicalofthesame name. 5 Theywillacceptthecontractontheconditionthatwe makea fewminor-. 1 Theappointmentofa newheadteachershouldmeana changeforthe 2 Theyconvertedtheinsideoftherestaurantbutleftthe outside 3 Thereareplansto builda newrunwayto airtrafficcongestion. 4. Thetwocarcompaniesmergedintooneinorderto production. 5 Thenewwebsiteisnowupand Choosethecorrectwordstocompletethesentences. 1 Rob'shada changeofmind/ heart.Hedoesn'twant to movetotheUSAafterall. 2 Emmaneedstochangeherdirection/ waysif she wantsto keepthisjob. 3 |thinkmovingschoolswasachangeforthebetter/ best.I don'thavetotravelasfarnow. 4 Thecaf6haschangedhands/ headsseveraltimesin thelastyear. 5 | feelI needa changeofdirection/ way.Thiscourse isn'treallyworkingout. 6 Jane'schangedhertune/ heartsincehervegetarian days.I sawhertuckingintoa hugesteakyesterday. 7 There'sbeenachangeofplan/ arrangement.We're meetingatJoe'scaf6,notBrown's. 8 |wasgoingto buythoseshoes,butI changedmyidea / mindwhenI sawhowmuchtheycost. changeor make somethingchange intoa different formorsystem - to Catholicism/ lslam - poundsinto euros changesomething soit'ssuitable fora different situation - a bookforthe screen eyes- to bright light/ darkness a changeslighttyto makesomething thewayyouwantit - thevolume,the seat b getusedto a new situation - tothecold climate change completelychange theappearance orcharacterof somethingsothat it is better - yourlife - yourhome developgradually fromsomething simpleto somethingmore complicated humans- from apes makesomething morepureor better - oil/ sugar -alaw Comptetethesentenceswiththewordsinthebox. Unit4 oChanges
  28. 28. I cawtalk about changatthnt Lifechanges occurat dffirent stage^rofltf". 1 Completetheblogwithawordfromthebox. 4 Whichofthewordsorphrasescannotcompletethe sentences?Crossoutthosewhichareincorrect. 1 Teenagersare...moresensitivethanyoungerchildren. a a gooddeal b marginaltyc easilyd a farsight 2 Teenagersare...influencedbytheirparentsasyounger children. a a little b notquiteas c notsoeasily d rather 3 Money'is...themostcommoncauseofarguments. a miles b farandaway c easily d a longway 4 Beingateenageristhemostchallengingtimeinlifeby.... a a longway b anawfullot ca bit d miles Expandthesentencesusingcomparativeorsuperlative formsandmodifyingphrases. 1 Girls/ matureI dealI quickly/ boys 2 l/ quite/ confrontational/than/when/ a kid 3 | / quite/ self-centred/ as/when/younger 4 Mark/ tall/ in/ class/ longway 5 MyA levels/ far/ difficult/ otherexams/ taken Completethesentencessothatthemeaningofthe secondsentenceissimilartothefirst.Usefhe...theanda comparativeadjectiveoradverb. 1 lfyou'relate,he'llbemoreangry. Thc latarlouare.thcanoriorhc-llba. 2 3 4 5 6 lfI westartsoon,wecanfinishsoon. The lfshe'stired,shegetsmorebad-tempered. The lfyouworkhard,you'Ilearnmoremoney. The lf he'sfarfromhome,hefeelsmorehomesick. The lfthecomputerissophisticated,it'smorelikelytogowrong. The Writea paragraphaboutanaspectofyourllfethathas changedsincechildhood.Useavarietyofcomparativeand superlativeforms. o tattes in clothes o fiiends t eatinghabits l r opinlons Theendof anera.o. Welt,it'sthreedaystogobeforemy twentiethbirthday. I'mfindingit very difficultto cometo 1- with the factthat that word teenogerisnot goingto 2-to me for muchlonger:Teenagerscanget awaywith so muchwhereas'twentysomethings'are 3-to be a- more s-,Two yearsago I wasso excitedaboutturningeighteen.I couldn'twait to becomeindependentbut suddenlyI'vefoundmyself getting6- more nostalgicabout my7- childhooddayswhen nothingreallyseemedto matten I don't feelI canspendhoursin front of the television anymore becausethere'sa far 8- more pressure on me to stopbeinge- andget a part-timejob to saveup for my universityfeesnow. Therearesomeaspectsof beinga teenagerthat I'm definitelynot goingto missthough.I feelan 10- lot more self-confidentandemotionally11- than I usedto and I know I'm not 12- as13- as I was- | certainlywon't missallthoserowsthat I used to havewith my parentsandthe sheerla- of not beingunderstood,I'malsoreallylookingforward to goingto universitynext year:lt'll be the firsttime I've livedawayfrom home andthe firsttime that l'lltruly be leftto do my own 15-. /-il unit4ochanges
  29. 29. Protestsongs I cavLunderstandand reactt0 a pratesttan4. Completethesentenceswiththewordsinthebox. abotishcaptivitycondemneconomicenvironmental free performeis political significance 1 - likeBitlieHotidayweren'talways- to singthesongstheywantedto. 2 TheAmericanCivilWarstartedbecausesome southernstatesrefusedto- slaveryand releaseAfrican-Americansfromtheir-. 3 TheelectionofBarackObamaasoresidentwasa momentofgreat inthe- historyof theUSA. Thefirst- protestsongwascalledWoodman sparethattree,complainingabdutthecuttingdown oftreesforthe- benefitofthepaper-making industry. SalesofCDsbyUScountrymusicgroupDixieChicks fellwhenoneofthemdecidedtospeakoutand thelraowarataconcert. 2 neadthetextquickly,ignoringthegaps.Whatmotivated Simonetowritethesong,MississippiGoddam,andwhat didshesayinit? Thewide rangeof musicaIstylesthat NinaSimoneexcelled t , fromctassicatpianoto jazz,soul,gospeland pop music,makesit seemthat shecomposeda songfor everyoccasion.Unfortunately,however,noteveryoccasion thatshewrote2----- wasa happyone,and in 1964she recordeda songaboutthe raciatlymotivatedmurders 3 u civitrightsworkerin Mississippiand fourblack childrenat a churchin Atabama. WhenNinaSimonesatdownto writeMississippiGoddam, herprotestsongagainstthe racistattacks,shewasa woman Completethe textwith suitablewords. Readthe text.Answerthe questions. 1 WhatmusicaIskittsdid NinaSimonehave? 2 Whathappenedat NinaSimone'sfirstconcert? 3 Whydid NinaSimoneleavethe USA? Cnnllsncr! 3 4 Writea paragraphaboutthelyricsofasongthatimpressed you.Whatdoesthecomposerwriteabout? in * thirtiesand she hadalsoexperiencedracism. NinaSimonehad beena chitdprodigyand it was her incredibleabitityat playingthe pianothatfirstbrought herfaceto facewith bigotryat the tenderageof ten.On the occasionof herdebutperformance,Nina'sproud parentssatin the frontrowof the town hall5 -- - the concertwasto takeplace.This,however,wasoversixty yearsbeforethe USAwouldelectits firstAfrican-American presidentand herparentswerenotonlyaskedto giveup theirseatsto whitepeople" theywerealsototd to sit at the back.YoungNinaSimonemadeit clearthat therewouldbe no concertif herparentsweren'tgiven backthe seatsthey7 originatlyoccupied.The audienceteftthe hattthat eveningimpressedby Nina Simone'stalentandhercharacter. AlthoughNinaSimonecontinuedto standupto racism throughouthercareer,it wasn'tuntiIthoseracistmurders in 1,964thatshestartedto writesongsthatactually commentedonthesituationof African-Americans. e MississippiGoddamsherefersto the crimes committedandthe situationofthecivilrightsmovement. Shecriticisese ooinionofthetimethatAfrican- AmericansshoulddemandgraduaIchangesandnotexpect thingsto improvequickly.Shesingsabouttheslowpace of change,suggestingthatit causesmoretragedythanif thingschangedmorequickty.Andin a message10 - seemsaimedat whiteAmericansshesingsthatallshe wantsisequality. MississippiGoddamwasthefirstof tt- protestsongs aboutracialinequalitythatNinaSimonewouldsingduring therestof hercareer.However,it seemsthesongswerenot enoughandin7974, disgustedwithracism,sheleftthe USAto live12- -. Unit4 oChanges
  30. 30. NATURALBORNWINNERS EleanorSimmonds @ I-rtceanyotlrcrfiveyearold schoolglrl,EleanorSjmmonds wdsnotbestpleasedatthe ideaofnotbeingallowed to moveupto the'next {^/immirlo lpvpl rrrilh lrpr classmatesEleanorsparents tolcllrcrthatifshetrained twrceaslrard,sherniglrtbe ableto doit tleanoraccepted thcchallengearrdnotonly dlclslreimprorreherowrr swrmmingte,cltnrque,buit shestartedleavinghertaller .choolfriendsin herwakeNotbadforagirlwhowasbonrwith rclrondroplasla,amedlcalconditiontlratme'ansthatEleanorrs iinlikelytogrowto morethan123cm @ Eleanorsdesireto staywitlrherclassmatesrerrealedher rrotentralto beagreatswimmeranclthefanrilymovedto Swansea :rrWalessotlratEleanorcouldtrainintlrenrorecompetitive .'nvironmentoftheBritishDisabilityHig,hPerformanceCentre 3eforelongElearlorwasputtingin nrnetwo-hourtrainilrgsessionsa lr'eekbutallthehardworkstartedto payoffasslrebeganto notch ,ipvictoriesrninternationalcompetitiol'rsHowever,tlresevictories '.raledinconlirarjsonwith hertwo Olynrpicgoldnredaltrlumphs :t theParalymplcsin2008Thesuccesswhichsheearned1nBe;Jng lxllredjatelyturnedEleanorintoa mediastarinBritdin,rdisjrlg .rvarerlessandchangingalotofpeopleisattitudestowardsthe Jrsabled DavidWeir @ Withtwoolderbrothers whoweretrainingata boxingclubit isperhalrsnot surprlsingthatDavjclWeir war,ltedto beasportsman [)avic.lwashorrrwit]radefect in hisspina)corcl,however, andit mighthaveseemed thatdestirryhadreserved asedentarylifeforhim Butthanksto hisparents, Davldfeelsheisjustanother menrberofthefamilyand fromthestarthewas :ncouragedto getoutandplaysport;ustlikehisbrothersTheonly iorrcessionmadeto Davidisconditionwasthewideningofafew .loorsto accommodatethewheelclrairsthatgotbrggeraslredrd .sidefromthat,Davidwastreatedas'normal'andencouragedto get .rnwrthhislife @ Apartfronrtlrepracticalconstderatiol'ts,DavitiWeirhasnever consideredhimselfdisabledandhecantunderstandtheneedto makeadistinctionbetweenthetwogroupsHeremembersallother disabledboyatschoolwhoseparentsnrollycoddledhimsomuch thathewasn'tableto doanythingforhunselfThatwasn'ttheway Dar,rdwasbroughtupancilookingatWeirspowerfularmsand torsoitsharcito believethatanythingisbeyondhim Hesoneofthe fewathletestlratconlpeteineverydlstancefromlO0metrestothe marathonal'rdhedoesit exceptionallywellHesbeenvictoriousin fourLondonmarathons,hasgainedfourParalymprcmedalsandis tlteholderofrzariousworldrecordsfordifferentdistancesTlranksto I)avidisrefusalto beseenasdifferent.hehashadtheconfidenceto faceandoverconretheclrallengeofdisabilitSrAsfarashelsconcented, it-ssocietyanditsoutdatedwayofdealingwiththedisableclthat needstobeoverhaulecl EsterVergeer @ riglrtycaroldlsterVergeer waslravutgasnnmtling lessonwhenshefeltdizzy. Shedragge'dherselfoutof thepool,satdownonabenclr andtotheconstenrationof allthoscpresent,sucidenly lostconsciousnessItwasthe beglnningofanlghtnrare thatsawherconstantlyin hosprtal,undergolngtests tofindthe'rootcauseofthe problemFinally,doctorsdrscoveredthattlrcbloodcellsaroundher spinewereweakandtheyneedc-dto olrcrateurgently.Theope'ratjoll wouldentatlahighdegreeofrisk,huttlrerewasnoaltemativeIfthey didn'toperateEstercouldsufferirreparablebrairrdamageAfternine hoursofsurgerythedoctorswerepleasedwlththeoutcome,buttheir olltimisticl'noodsoondisappearedwlrentheyrealisedthatEstcrhad losttheuseofherlegs @ nlthoughEsterretlrrnedhomein awhe'e'lclrair,shelnitially thoughtit wasJustlrartoftherecoveryperiod,andthatsheclsoon beruuningaroundwith herfriendsagainThewheelchair,however, wasto becomeanlntegralpartofherlifeNotsurlrrisrngly,it took Estertimeto adaptasit gyaduallydawnedonherthatherlifewould neveFlretlresameShethenreahsedslrehadtwo options:shecould eitherspendherlifelookingoutofthewjndoworshecouldgiveit everythingshehadSheoptedforthelatter. @ tt wassportthatcal11eto therescueandhelpedEsterto changelierattjtudeto herwheelchairSportjsoftenusedto teach wheelchajrusersmobilrtybutEsterlearntto bemorethanmobile Shestoodoutasar1excellentsportswomanskilledatbothbasketball andtennjs However,afterplayingfortheDutchnatlonalbasketball team,shedecidedto focusexclusivelyontennisIt wasashrewd movebecauseshehasbeentheworldsnumberoneplayereversrnce andhasanimpressivehauJof Paralympicgoldmedalsprovingtlrat shemadetherightchoicewhenshedecjdedr,rotto spendherlife watchingtheworlcigoby. Unit4 . Changes
  31. 31. propJedchavgesto aitoilw ce6re. Writecompoundnounsto matchthedefinitionsof buitdingsandfacilitiesinatown. 1 Abuildingwithseveralfloorsforparkingcarsin 2 Astreetwhereyoucanwalkbutnotdrive 3 Ashopwhichisoneofa seriesownedbythesame company 4 Awayofenteringa placeforpeoplewitha physical disability 5 A metalbarforattachingbicyclesto 6 Aplacewherepeoplecancrossa roadsafely 7 Astructurewithwaterflowingthroughit createdto make a placeattractive 8 Anindoorareawithlotsofshops 9 Anareawheretrees,flowers,grass,etc.havebeen olantedto makeit moreattractive' Readthetextabouteco-townsandcompleteit withthe wordsinthebox.Doyouthinktheysoundlikeagoodidea? 3 Sffi Listento fourpeoplegivingtheirviewsonthe proposalsto buildeco-towns.Dothespeakersagree(/) or disagree(/r)withtheidea? Speaker1! Speaker2! Speaker3[ Speaker4 ! @ Listenagainandcompletethesephrases. 1 Tomy schemeslikethis...canonlybea- inthe- direction. 2 -, Ithinkitwouldbewonderfulto live... 3 Welt,that'snot- |- it atalt. 4 Thatwouldseemlikethe - me. 5 Formea- - thewholeideaisthat... 6 lthinkthat'sa--. 7 l'm- | don't- - withthatobjection. 8 So- in-, |- agree- withthe government'sproposals. Doyouagreeordisagreewiththeseopinions?Use expressionsfromexercise4 wherepossibleandgive examplestosupportyouranswer. 1 Thereisnothinggreenabouteco-towns. 2 Modernbuildingsaresoulless. 3 Graffitiisartnotvandalism. 4 Moreroadsinthecitycentreshouldbepedestrianised. Greenspaces,suchasparks,inurbanareasareessential toa person'sphysicalandmentaIwell-being. Eco-towns TheBritishgovernmenthasrecentlyannounced 1- tocreatea numberof'Eco-towns'acrossthe country,eachto bebuiltaccordingtostrictenvironmental 2-.The aimisthateachtownwillbecarbon neutral.Thismeansthatanyenergytakenfromthe nationalelectricitysupptywittbereplacedbyenergy producedfrom3- sourceswithinthecommunity. Eachtownshouldalsoexcelinoneareaofenvironmental technologysuchaswastemanagementorrainwater 4-.In eachtownthefacilitieswillbe5- watkingdistance,therebycuttingcaruseanditishoped thatatleast30%ofthehousingwillbe6- to peopleona lowincome.Wherepossiblethetownswill bebuiltonpreviously7 -or'brown field'sites, includingmilitaryandindustrialsites. Unit4 r Changes
  32. 32. t v{4 {1fil Readthearticlebelow.Thenforquestions1-5 choosethe bestanswerA,B,CorDaccordingtothetext. Helping the rnind to cope witlr novelty and overload In2005scientistssucceededincomparingthehuman genomewiththatofchimps.Theirastonishingconclusion wasthat98.77percentoftheinformationisidentical, andthatjust1.23percentisn't.Intriguingthoughthat is,it'shardtoimaginewhatitmeans,especiattyif, likeme,youhadtolookup'genome'inthedictionary. EntertheAmericansoftwaredesigner,BenFry.Hehas devisedacharminglysimple,butaccurate,waytoexplain thedistinction.Usingthe75,000lettersofcodingin thegenome,hehascreateda photographicimageofa chimp'sheadinwhichninelettersarEdepictedasred dotstoillustratethedifferencewithhumans. 'Humansvs.Chimps'isoneof200images,objects andconceptsinanexhibitionstartingonSundayat theMuseumofModernArtin NewYork.Theshowis orchestratedbyPaotaAntonelli,thecharismaticsenior curatorofArchitectureandDesignwho,in hertwelveyears there,hasemergedasthemostinfluentialdesigncurator ofourtime.Ratherthanptaysafebycelebratingwhatit nowseemsratherquainttocall'gooddesign'asmanyof herpeersdo,Antone[[ibreaksnewgroundbyinterrogating thechangingroleofdesignnowandinthefuture. There'snothingnewintheideaofdesignersinterpreting theworkofscientistsandtechnologistsfortherestof us.They'vedonesothroughouthistory,startingwith polymathslikeLeonardodaVinci,whocombinedaltof thoserolesinRenaissanceltaly,andtheseventeenth- centuryBritisharchitects-cum-scientistsRobertHooke andChristopherWren.Throughoutthetwentiethcentury, designerstranslatedtechnicat breakthroughsintothings wecoulduseeveryday.Withoutthem,theInternetcould stillbea labyrinthofindecipherablecode;and3Mwoutd ownthepatentforatypeofgluethatisn'tquitesticky enoughtostickpermanentlyonpaper,butwouldn'thave inventedthePost-it.Theexhibitionalsoexploreshow designersaretappingintofertilefieldsofscience,suchas nanotechnology,whichcouldeventuallyenabledesigners andarchitectstodevelopobjectsandevenbuildingsthat canadapttochangingconditions. Weneedftexibilitytoembracea[[thesechangesandthe unprecedentedspeedatwhichinnovationsareemerging. Ahugeproblemisdataoverload,andtheshowsuggests howdesigncanhelpustocopewithit. 1 Accordingtothefirstparagraph,BenFry A createda charmingimageofa chimp. B didn'tfullyunderstandwhatagenomeis. C hetpedtheauthorunderstandsoftwaredesign. D producedagraphicrepresentationofascientificfinding. 2 'HumansvsChimos' A isanexhibitionattheMuseumofModernArtin NewYork. B isbeingdisptayedatPaolaAntonelli'sshow. C focusesonthebrainsofchimps. D isoneofafewimagesinanexhibition. 3 PaolaAntonelli A hasaninnovativeapproachtodesign. B isaninfluentialarchitectinNewYork. C hasspecialmusicaIqualifications. D iswidetyappreciatedbyhercolleagues. 4 Whatinformationdoesthethirdparagraphprovide? A LeonardodaVinciwasagreaterdesignerthanHooke orWren. B TheRenaissancewasa oeriodwhenscience-based designdevetoped. C Designersptayeda crucialroleintheexpansionof thelnternet. D WhenPost-itnoteswereinvented,theyweretoo adhesive. 5 Inthetwentiethcentury,designers A firstinterpretedscientificandtechnological breakthroughsforthepublic. B ensuredpeoplebenefitedfromtechnologicaladvances. C beganto lookatnanotechnology. D inventeda newtypeofglue. Completethetextwithsuitablewords.Useonewordonly ineachgap. Newrolesforwomenandmeninthetwentiethcentury TheforceschangingAmericanwomen'slivesthat1- becomeevidentbythe1950sacceleratedinthe followingdecades.TheCivitRightsActof 7964outlawed discriminationnotonly2-racial minoritiesbutalso 3- thebasisofsex.Atthesametime,thewomen's liberationmovementledtoarethinkingofgenderroles. _Peopleofa- sexesincreasinglycametoseecareers forwomenasanalternativetowomenasfult-time homemakers.Bytheendofthe1980s,5-than hatf ofwomenoversixteenwereinthelabourforce.Public opinionbegantolookwithfavouronmen6- shared housekeepingandchildcarewiththeirwives.Thisincluded kitchenduties.Men7- cookingexpertisehad 8- limitedtogritlingbaconorboitinganeggbegan totakea deepere-in cooking.Simultaneously,the trendtowardconveniencecontinuedwiththespreadof gadgetstikefoodprocessorsandautomaticdishwashers, which10- nowstandardequipment. Getreadyforyourexam2
  33. 33. Warandpeace I can,taLkabout rwULtarycovt'lLct. 1 Completethetextwiththewordsinthebox.Changethe verbsif necessary. Theconflictin Afghanistanbeganin 2001,when forcesheadedbythe USA2-an attackonthe countryin responseto theSeptember11thterrorist attacks.Thepurposeofthe invasionwasto 3- OsamaBinLaden,anddestroyAl QaidaandtheTaliban regime.ByNovemberof the sameyear,the regime '-. However,a fewyearslatertherewasan increasein activitybyTaliban5--, including 5 -. severalthousand7 - fromthe USAand othercountriesremainin Afghanistanandareexpectedto be8- onlywhene- isfuttyestabtished. 2 writetheoppositesoftheunderlinedwords. 1 Thegovernmentsenta militarvforceto lraq.- 2 Hiselectionvictorvmayleadtocivilwar.- 3 Thearmybegantoadvance. 4 Thetwocountrieswereenemies.- 5 Thehostagewascapturedtwoweeksago.- 5 Theyplantoarmtherebelsoldiers 3 Completethesentenceswiththecorrectformofverbsfrom AandnounsfromB. A claim make give putup grind suffer B breakthroughorders casualties resistance halt victory 1 Thecity toa- yesterdayasit experiencedathree-hourpowercut. 2 Police a- intheirsearchfora missing paintingworthf 5 mitlion. 3 Theofficer toshootdowntheaeroplane. 4 Thearmywastooweakto any- tothe enemy'ssuperiorforce. 5 Theparty- intheelectioneventhough it shoutdhavegonetotheopposition. 5 lt isbelievedthattheorovince several afterbeinghitbyanearthquake. Completetheidiomsandmatchthemwiththeir meanings. 1 lfyoujumpthe-r 2 lfyou a bombshell, 3 lfyou.- yoursightsonsomething, 4 lfyou thehatchet, 5 lfyou toyourguns, 5 lfyoufighta- battle, 7 lfsomethingopensupold-, 8 lfyouburnyour-, a itremindsyouofsomethingunpleasantfromthepast. b youdosomethingwhichmakesitimpossibleto returntotheorevioussituationlater. c youdosomethingtoosoon. d yougivea pieceofnewswhichisunexpectedand unpleasant. e youdecidethatyouwantsomethingandtryveryhard to getit. f youtrytodosomethingthatyou'tlprobablynever managetodo. g youstopbeingunfriendlyandbecomefriendsagain. h yourefusetochangeyourmindaboutsomething. Unit5. Battles
  34. 34. .-....%:.: Familytensions I cavLtalk abowtfavwlly dt:putes and argurn+Ws. lSrc ListentoHannahtalkingaboutherretationshipwith hersister.Arethestatementstrueorfalse?WriteTorF. 1 Hannahandhersisterarebothnaturallyargumentative. 2 Hannahgetsonbetterwithhersisternowthansheused to.- 3 Hannah'ssisterrarelyrowswithherparents.- $ro Completetheexcerptsfromthelistening,then listenagainandcheck. 1 | ....avoidit likethe 2 therediduseto bea tittlebitof_ _ us. 3 Shesuddenlyhadto- ourparent's attention. 4 Sheclearly meto- now. 5 | raretyget- - withthem. 6 That's rivalryforyou! Completethee-mailwiththecorrectformofthewordsin brackets. 4 Rewritethesentencesusingfor+ noun/ pronoun+ infinitive. 1 lt'stimethattheystartedbeinghonestwitheachother. 2 lt'sessentialthatyoutostandyourgroundinanargument. 3 MyparentsareverykeenthatI shouldbea goodrole modelformybrother. 4 ltwoutdbeamiracleiftheymanagedadaywithoutarguing. 5 lt'scrucialthatyouapologiseforyourrudeness. 6 I'dbetternotgetintoarowwithTamsin- shehatesconflict. Writetruesentencesusin indicateattitude. 1 Tobeperfectlyhonest, g thediscoursemarkerswhich 2 Tomyutterastonishment, thankgoodness. Muchtomyannoyance, Oddlyenough, 3 4 5 tn ply ,ftnepty*ii & HiMark, Howareyoudoing?I'mfinebutI wantedtoaskyour adviceonanissuethat'sbeenbotheringmelately. It'saboutthedynamicbetweenparentsandme. t (raise)voices,prettymuchona dailybasis. Wealwaysseemto belockinghorns.Mysister,whois t (odd)enough,I feetquitegoodafteranargument threeyearsyounger,alwaysmanagesto havecalm, sometimes,althoughI havetosayit canbequite10 t (construct)conversationswiththem. (drain)too. Shesaysshefindsrows2 (upset)and Whatdoyoureckon,Mark?Doyouthinkit's ' (destroy).YetmyparentsandI justhave tt (respect)totalkto parentstikethisordoyou o (end)rowsabouthomework,taking thinkit can12 (strong)retationships? responsibitityroundthehouseandthatsortofthing. l'mnottatkingt ("nimate)discussions Givemea ca[[soon' here- I'mtatkingfull-scale6 (heat) Tilv argumentswith7 (slam)doorsand Writea replytoTilly'se-mailin exercise3.Includesomeof thevocabularyfromexercises2 and3. Unit5r Battles
  35. 35. Fightingforeguality I can,wnderstandand artlcle about cLwIrtgWs react to aw carwpaLgnzrs. 4 Readthetextagain.Answerthequestions. 1 HowdidMrsThatchelschancterhelohersucceedinoolitics? 2 WhatdidBoniSoneswriteabout? 3 HowmanywomenMPsweretherebeforethe 1997election? Whatdoesthefactthatyoucanbemoresexistin Parliamentthatinanofficesuggest? Whatdoyouthinktheoriginalsuffragetteswouldthink aboutwomen'spoliticalsituationtoday? 1 Completethesummarywiththewordsinthebox. Inthenineteenthcentury,theSuffragettes1- forthe2- tovoteforwomen.They3 meetings,senta andevencarriedoutacts ofcivil5 inctudingcommitting6-. Consequently,somewerearrestedbutonceiniaita fewwentonhunger7 -, whichwasended whentheywereforce Withthearrivalof theFirstWorldWar,theSuffragettese their campaignand10- womehtoworkinthe factoriesandfieldsasthemenwentofftofight. Thewomenwereto prove11 tothewar effort.Soonaftertheconflict,womenover30were allowedtovote.Thelawwas12 in 1928and womenfinallyhadthesamevotingrightsasmen. Writea paragraphaboutthepositionofwomeninyour country.Domorewomengoouttoworkthanbefore? Domenhelpwithdomestictasks?Doyouthinkthe situationcouldimprove?How? 2 3 Readthetextquickly,ignoringthegaps.Afterthe1997 elections,whatpercentageofBritishMPswerewomen? -7o Completethetextwithsuitablewords. THE NEW SUFFRAGETTES 'WhatBritainneedsisanlronLady', saidthecountry'sfirstwoman PrimeMinister,MrsMargaret Thatcher.Indeed,MrsThatcherwasfamousforthestrength ofherpersonatity,a characteristicsheusedtogreateffect in Parliamentarydebates,whichsheoftenwon1- by usingherfemininecharm,butbybeingdirectandoutspoken. Herewasawomanpotiticianbeatingthemenat2- owngame,somethingthatmanymalepoliticians3- bear.Theironlyanswertoherpoliticalsuccesswastocriticise herforbeingforcefuIandcombative,qualitiesthatmale politiciansareoftenpraised"-. Themessagewas thatbybecomingPrimeMinister,MrsThatcherhadlosther femininity. SinceThatcher,Britainhasseena riseinthenumberof womenpoliticiansandtheyarethemostvisiblesignthatthe suffragettes'fight5- thebeginningofthetwentieth centurywasa success,aswomenhavegoneonnotonlyto votebuttoalsotake6- importantpoliticalposts. Doesthismean,then,thatwomeninBritishpolitics achievedequality? Theanswerwouldseemto be'no'.Atleastthatisthe conclusionthatBoniSonescame7 - inherbook Womenin Parliament- theNewSuffragettes.Soneswrote abouttheresultsofthe7997Britishgeneralelectionandthe experiencesofwomenpoliticians. 8- thenumberofwomenMembersofParliament doubledafterthe1997elections,S2o/oofMPswerestitl maleandithasn'tchangedmuchsincethen.What'smore, thenewarrivatsintheHouseofCommons,knownasBlair's BabesasmostbelongedtoTonyBlair'sLabourParty,found morethaniusttheirprofessionalskittsbeingpute- themicroscooe. WhilstsomeofMrsThatcher'senemiestargetedwhatthey desc;ibed10- hermascutinecharacteristics,thenew MPsclaimedthattheirsupposedlymoreobviousfemininity becameanimmediatetargetfornegativepresscoverage.The media,theysaid,wasmoreinterestedintheirappearance thanintheirpolicies.Therewerealsoclaimsofstrongsexist remarksfrommalepoliticiansofallparties,a numberof whichwouldhavegota mansackediftheyhadbeensaidin anofficeinsteadofinParliament. NodoubttheSuffragettesweredelighted11- women finallygotequalvotingrightsin1928,butthey12- be disappointedtoseehowmodernfemalepoliticianshave theirsexusedagainstthem. Unit5r Baftles
  36. 36. Jacques-YvesCousteau Readthe article,ignoringthegaps.Completethe sentenceswiththecorrectnames. 1 Cousteauwona orizeatthe foran underwater documentary. 2 Cousteauattendeda conferenceorganisedbythe in SouthAmerica. 3 Cousteauwrotea bookandmadea filmcalled 4 exoresseda viewaboutCousteauthata lotof peopleagreedwith. 5 6 7 8 Hismobilefilmstudioandlaboratorvwascalled Anawardwaspresentedto Cousteauin fora fi[m. Cousteaucreatedtheaqualungwith wasthefirstunderwaterdocumentarymadein France. Unit5. Battles I can nnderttand and react to aw artLcLeabouta naturallst. MatchsentencesA-H withgaps1-7 in the article.Thereis onesentencethatyoudo notneed. A Cousteaubelievedtelevisioncouldeducateaswellas entertain,andheproducedfilmsandsuccessfulW seriesthatdid both. B Cousteauorganiseda campaignagainstthe government'splan. C Hisfirstfilm,EighteenMetresDeep,wasalsothe first underwaterdocumentaryto bemadein France. D Cousteaucreateda televisionchannelthatallowedpeople to followhisjourneysunderthesea24 hoursa day. E Andit is in partthanksto theseprogrammesthatour awarenessabouttheenvironmentandthe needto protectit hasgrown. F Cousteauhadcontributedto givingeverybodythe opportunityof becominga'manfish'. G Hewasseriousandknowledgeableabouthissubject, andthisfascinatedhisgrowingaudience. H Trave[[ingtheworld'sseasandoceans,hestartedfilming andwritingprofusely. Findwordsor phrasesin thetextwhichmatchthese definitions. 1 a basicthingthatis useda lot (paragraph1) atlthe plantsandanimatsin a place(paragraph1) a personwithoutspecialtrainingin a subiect (paragraph2) underwater(paragraph3) attachedandkeptin position(paragraph3) 6 getridof sornethingunwanted(paragraph5) ' ,,,,,,,,,,Culu.grcrl Writea paragraphexplainingtheworkofanotherperson ororganisationindefenceoftheenvironment.Explainwhat areasoftheenvironmenttheyfocusonandwhattheytry todo. 4 4 5 3 Matchthe verbswith the nounsto makecollocations. a business dead fameandfortune a heartmassage animage anincident mixedfeelings pain a risk Completethe sentenceswith the correctformsof the collocationsfromexercise1. 1 He- the- in public,butprivatelythe presidentis reallyworriedaboutit. 2 Thedoctorinspectedthevictimandaftera few moments --- him 3 Twocompanieswantto ourcomputer butwe reallydon'twantto sel[. 4 Dentistsalwayssay'Thiswon'thurt'andthenthey a lot of-! 5 Thecompanydoesn'tbelievein playingsafeand they'rewittingto a 5 Heworksbetternowbut it's goingto be difficuttfor himto hisbad 7 Oneofthe ambulancecrew a -. whichsavedhistife. 8 lt I wasgladto geta newjob but sadto leavemyoldcolleagues. 9 Despitebecominga popstarand shewasstillthe modestgirtI hadatwaysknown.
  37. 37. @ ruoUoay*hopicksuptheirremotecontrolandstarts zappingwill besurprisedto findvariousdocumentariesabout naturepoppingupontheir screensSuchdocumentaries havebecomeaTVstapleandthereareevenchannels entirelydevotedto ourplanetandthe floraandfaunathat it supports.1- Althoughwenowtakethesedocumentaries forgranted,in the 1950stelevisionwasamediumfor elltertainmentandnothingelse.It wasoneman,Jacques-Yves Cousteau,who sawits potentialasthe perfectplatformfor irTformingTVaudiencesaboutthe two-thirdsof the planet that werehiddenfrom their view:the sea @ 2- rtre films andprogrammeswereaccompanied byCousteausvoice,asheexplainedthe underwaterworld in layman'sterms SomescientistscriticisedCousteaufor simplifyingcomplexscientificconceptsin hisnarrations,but he replied:peopleprotcctandrespectwhatthcylike,andto make themlikethesea,theyshouldbefllledwith wonder.'Cousteau hadrealisedthatTVwasaninstrumentfor openingpeoples eyesto theworldaroundthemandwith timc hechanged theperceptionofwhattelevisioncoulddo Moreover,the foundationsfor hissuccessonTVhadbeencarefullylaidduring nventyyedrsofdedicationto hispassion,thesea3- @ AsayoungmanCousteauhadenlistedin the Frenchnavy but aswellasfulfillinghismilitarydutics,healsostarted to investigateandfilm the sea"- Makingsuchafilm wasincrediblydifficultthen asindividualoxygentankshad yetto beinvented,but Cousteaustillwon first prizeat the Congressof DocumentaryFilmin 1943Despitehissuccess, Cousteau'sexperiencesonEighteenMetresDeepledhim to the conclusionthat to progressin hischosenfield,heneededto finda wayof breathingwhensubmergedthat didn'trestrict hismovementsThereforealongwith Frenchengineer,Emile Gagnan,hesetaboutcreatingthehqualung',anoxygentank that couldbestrappedto adiver'sbackCousteausaidthat this inventionallowedhim to becomea'manfish'butwhat hedidn't realisewasthat the aqualullgwasto revolutionisepeople's relationshipwith the seaasscuba-divingtook off asa hobby.5- @ Rrmedwith hisaqualung,Cousteauleft the navy,acquired aboat,the Calypso,andturned it into a mobileresearch,fllm anddivingcentre6- HisbookTheSilentWorld,published in 1953,describedhisstudieson dolphinsandexplained histheorythat theypossessedsomekindofnatural radar system,abeliefthat otherscientistswouldlaterconfirm In 1956Cousteausfilm bearingthe sametitle ashisbook wonthe Cannesfilm festivalandhisnarnewasbeginningto becotnewell-knownoutsidescientificcirclesHorvever,itwas theTVseriesthat hehostedfrom the decksofthe Calypso that turnedhim into a householdnamethroughoutNorth AmericaandEurope @ etttroughnot interestcdin acquiringfameandfortune, Cousteaurealisedhewasin a uniquepositionto helpdefend the planetagainstthe excessesof mankind In October1960, onhearingofthc intentionofthe Frenchgovernmentto dumpradioactivewastein the MediterraneanSca,7 Thanksto hisintervention,publicopinionsoonopposed theproposeddumpingof nuclearwastein the seaand hundredsof peopleblockedthe railwaylinestoppingthe train carryingthe wastefrom reachingits destinationCousteau's environmentalwork,howcver,wasnot usuallythisdramatic, but it washighlyrespectedandhewasinvitedto the United NationsEarthSummitin RiodeJaneiroin 1992,whcreat a numberof meetillgshewasthe onlynon-headof state present.Onhisdeathinl997,TedTurner,thevicechairmanof TimeWarnertelevision,voicedanopinionthat manypeople shared:'lthink CaptainCousteaumight bethe fatherof the environmentalmovement' Unit5oBattles
  38. 38. cawwe dewces avoLdrepetLtLow. Eltipsis Match1-6 witha-f andcompletethesentenceswithan auxiliaryormodalverb. 1 Doyouevermissyourcountry? I 2 HaveyoueverheardTheStreetsptaylive? tr 3 Don'tforgettofeedthecatthisevening. tr 4 Laurahasn'thandedinherbiotogycourseworkyet. [] 5 Stevedidn'ttakeyourchequetothebank. I 5 Theshopsctoseearlytoday. tr a Don'tworry,I b Notnow,but|- when|firstgothere. c Oh,that'ssoannoying.Hepromisedhe-.^ d No,butmysister-. Shetovedthem. e Yes,I knowthey-. f That'sstrange.Shetoldmeshe Addthewordfotothesentenceswherenecessary. 1 Youcandeclinetheinvitationifyouprefer. 2 ShegotgradeA inallherexamsbutshedidn'texpect. 3 Youdon'thavetoopenthepresentnowifyoudon'twant. 4 Youcanmeetuslaterifyou'dtike. 5 | meantto buysomestampsbutI forgot. 6 Heaskedmetomakea speechathisbirthdaypartybutI don'twant. Completethedialogueswiththewordsinthebox.There aretwothatyoudon'tneed. 1 'Givemeashoutifyouneedanyhelpputtingthatshelfup.' 'Thanks,I-.' 2 'A[[myfriends'parentsletthemcomehomeatwhatever timethey[ike.' 'Perhapsthey-, butyou'renotgoingto.' 'l sawEddieintowntoday.' 'You-. He'sinMallorcawithhisfamily.' 'l wantyouto babysitforTrudythisevening.' 'Why- l?Abinevergetsaskedto babysit!' 'l haven'treceivedmyinvitationyet.' 'No-one .Theystillhaven'tbeensent.' 'l coutdgetFergusthisbookforhisbirthday.Doyouthink he'sreadit?' 'No,he lt'sonlyiustcomeout.' Completetheconversationbetweentwofriendsata concert.Usea reducedinfinitiveandaverbfromtheboxin thecorrectform. Matt Watchit!You'vejustspittyourdrinka[[overme! Jed Sorry,l1 Matt Didyoubuyanyofthemerchandisetheywere sellingbytheentrance? butitwas ridiculouslyexpensive. Comeon!Let'sgouptothestageatthefront.You don'thavetostayinyourseat,youknow. Matt Don'tworry,| 3 ! fed Shattweseeifwecangetthesinger'sautographa: the end? Matt No,I a- . I'mtooshy. Matt They'reptayingat the Leedsfestivalnextmonth. Whydon'twegoandwatchthemagain? led 15 6 butunfortunately,I becausewe'regoing on holidaythedaybefore. 4 2 3 Jed Jed Unit5. Battles

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