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Making a Mess with Situational Analysis

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Using situational maps when mapping ’the Nexus of Practice’ in a Nexus Analysis

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Making a Mess with Situational Analysis

  1. 1. Making a Mess with Situational Analysis<br />- Usingsituationalmapswhenmapping ’the Nexus of Practice’ in a NexusAnalysis<br />HCCI Wednesday seminar, May 12th 2010<br />
  2. 2. “Understanding Youth and Online Social Networking”<br />How do youth (aged 12-18) use SNSs as part of everyday life?<br />How do they account for their use and experiences?<br />Which strategies do they apply in order to be understood?<br />PhDproject<br />
  3. 3. Five years of virtual ethnography (participant observation) on SNSs – especially Arto and Facebook<br />Fieldnotes and screenshots<br />Informal conversations and interviews<br />2400 answers to an open-ended questionnaire<br />… and more<br />Data<br />
  4. 4. My ”data archive”<br />Inspired by Rapley (2007)<br />
  5. 5. NexusAnalysis (Scollon & Scollon, 2004)<br />“…a nexus analysis is the mapping of semiotic cycles of people, discourses, places, and mediational means involved in the social action we are studying.” <br />(Scollon & Scollon, 2004, p. viii)<br />Methodological and theoretical framework<br />
  6. 6. NexusAnalysis (Scollon & Scollon, 2004)<br />“…in some real sense just about everything we might know about can circulate through any particular moment of human action” <br />(Scollon & Scollon, 2004, p. 19)<br />Methodological and theoretical framework<br />
  7. 7. NexusAnalysis (Scollon & Scollon, 2004)<br />The problem of ’context’:<br />Too often ‘context’ is: ‘All that which we haven't studied yet at all but which we are quite sure we know something about.’<br />Context should be understood as ”pathways into and out of the research moment that we explicitly examine” <br />(R. Scollon, 2008)<br />Methodological and theoretical framework<br />
  8. 8. NexusAnalysis (Scollon & Scollon, 2004)<br />Analysing a ’Nexus of Practice”:<br />The field where social actions, actors and discourses meet and unfold<br />“a recognizable grouping of a set of mediated actions“<br />"a genre of activity and the group of people who engage in that activity“<br />(R. Scollon, 2001, p. 150)<br /> Analysing Danish youngsters’ use of SNSs as a nexus of practice <br />Methodological and theoretical framework<br />
  9. 9. NexusAnalysis (Scollon & Scollon, 2004)<br />Three central activitiesortasks in a NexusAnalysis:<br />Methodological and theoretical framework<br />
  10. 10. 1st step whennavigating the Nexus of Practice: <br />“you should make broad-stroke maps of the nexus of practice to begin with” <br />(R. Scollon & S. W. Scollon, 2004, p. 171)<br />“sketch out a map of the many semiotic or discourse cycles that are circulating through the moment of social action which we are studying” <br />(R. Scollon & S. W. Scollon, 2004, p. 87)<br />BUT HOW?<br /> Clarke’s (2005) Situational Analysis and Situational Mappings <br />Analysis (Navigating the Nexus of Practice)<br />
  11. 11. SituationalAnalysis<br />Map out “the complex situations of inquirybroadlyconceived” <br />(Clarke & Friese, 2007, p. 366)<br />”The conditions of the situation are in the situation. There is no such thing as “context”<br />(Clarke, 2005, p. 71)<br />”deeply situate research projects individually, collectively, organizationally, institutionally, temporally, geographically, materially, discursively, culturally, symbolically, visually and historically” <br />(Clarke, 2005, p. xxii)<br />Mapping the Nexus of Practice<br />
  12. 12. Three kinds of maps:<br />1. situational maps that lay out the major human, nonhuman, discursive and other elements in the research<br />2. social worlds/arenas maps that lay out the key collective actors and the arena(s) of commitment and discourse within which they are engaged<br />3. positional maps that lay out the major positions taken, and not taken, in the data <br />(Clarke, 2005)<br />Mapping the Nexus of Practice<br />
  13. 13. 1a. Messysituationalmap:<br />Reaveal “the stunningmessiness of social life”<br />(Clarke & Friese, 2007, p. 370)<br />Mapping the Nexus of Practice<br />Map created with www.mindmeister.com<br />
  14. 14. 1b. Orderedsituationalmap:<br />Mapping the Nexus of Practice<br />Map created with www.mindmeister.com<br />
  15. 15. 1c. Quick and dirtyrelationalanalysis:<br />Mapping the Nexus of Practice<br />Map created with www.mindmeister.com<br />
  16. 16. 2.Social worlds/arenasmap:<br />“groups with shared commitments to certain activities sharing resources of many kinds to achieve their goals”<br />(Clarke, 2005, pp. 45-46)<br />Mapping the Nexus of Practice<br />Map created with www.gliffy.com<br />
  17. 17. 3.Positionalmap:<br />“represent the positions articulated on their own terms” <br />(Clarke, 2005, p. 126)<br />Mapping the Nexus of Practice<br />Map created with www.lovelycharts.com<br />
  18. 18. How have situational maps helped me in my nexus analysis:<br />To gain an overview of my nexus of practice<br />To be aware of the ’context’<br />To take socio-cultural elements into account <br />To ’open up’ the analysis<br />To chose pathways to follow when navigating the nexus of practice<br />Or maybe I’m just making a mess...? :-)<br />Reflections<br />
  19. 19. Clarke, A. E. (2005). Situational analysis: Grounded Theory after the Postmodern Turn. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.<br />Clarke, A. E., & Friese, C. (2007). Grounded Theorizing Using Situational Analysis. In A. B. D. Bryant & K. Charmaz (Eds.), The SAGE Handbook of Grounded Theory (pp. 363-397). London: SAGE.<br />Jones, R. H., & Norris, S. (2005). Discourse as action/discourse in action. In S. Norris & R. H. Jones (Eds.), Discourse in Action. Introducing mediated discourse analysis (pp. 3-14). London: Routledge.<br />Rapley, T. (2007). Doing Conversation, Discourse and Document Analysis. The SAGE Qualitative Research Kit. London: Sage Publications.<br />Scollon, R. (2001a). Action and Text: Towards an integrated understanding of the place of text in social (inter)action, mediated discourse analysis and the problem of social action. In R. Wodak & M. Meyer (Eds.), Methods of Critical Discourse Analysis (pp. 139-183). London: Sage Publications.<br />Scollon, R. (2001b). Mediated discourse: The Nexus of Practice. London; New York: Routledge.<br />Scollon, R. (2008, January 28). Re: DOCTORAL WORKSHOP with Ron Scollon: Global Media and Local Perception.<br />Scollon, R., & Scollon, S. W. (2004). Nexus Analysis: Discourse and the Emerging Internet. London; New York: Routledge.<br />References<br />