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Biomass energy

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Bioenergy in Malaysia

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Biomass energy

  2. 2. WHAT IS BIOENERGY?  Bioenergy is energy contained in living or recently living biological organisms  Organic material containing bioenergy is known as biomass  Biofuels are renewable transport fuels including:  Bioethanol  Biodiesel  Biogas  Biobutanol
  3. 3. BIOMASS  Biomass is the largest renewable energy source in use today.  There are two main forms of biomass:  Raw biomass consists of forestry products, grasses, crops, animal manure, and aquatic products, such as kelp and seaweed.  Secondary biomass is material that comes from raw biomass, but has undergone significant changes.These would include items such as paper, cardboard, cotton, natural rubber products and used cooking oils.
  4. 4. BIOENERGY IN MALAYSIA  Malaysia has a goal for the share of renewable energy to reach 10% of the total by 2010 .  A National Biofuel Policy was announced by the Government in August 2005 to promote development of a biofuels industry in Malaysia.  The National Biofuel Policy entails a four-prong strategy:  the production of a biofuel blend of 5% processed palm oil and 95% diesel  encouraging the use of Biofuel among the public  establishing an industry standard for palm biodiesel quality  the setting up of biodiesel plants in Malaysia for exports. (source: MPOB )
  5. 5. WHY MALAYSIA COMMITTED IN BIOMASS RENEWABLE ENERGY?  Biomass in Malaysia is referring to plant waste being converted to energy. There are many ways for applying the biomass waste as renewable energy, now we are seeing more choices with better efficiency and effectiveness.  Pelleting is one of the process converting the biomass into more efficient pellet, such as efb pellet and saw dust pellet.
  6. 6. TARGET INCREASE OF BIOMASS ENERGY IN SOUTH-EAST ASIA  In overall South-East Asia, there are about 15% of electrical energy was derived from biomass, and we targeted the figure should rise to 25% by the year of 2020. The same trend also apply to Malaysia.  Malaysia,Thailand,Vietnam, Philippine and Indonesia are expanding their biomass development in it own country. Thailand is the South-East Asia country having the largest renewable energy derive from biomass energy. However biomass energy in Malaysia also project increase substantially for next 10 years.
  7. 7. BIOMASSTARGET IN MALAYSIA  For year 2010, the renewable energy in Malaysia achieve 510 MW, and biomass energy contribute 470 MW of energy. This has shown that the country is heavily rely on biomass for renewable energy. In year 2030, the biomass energy in Malaysia will increase to 1525 MW.  Taken the opportunity to expand our biomass production line from raw biomass material into pellet biomass product. We are very confident customer could select suitable biomass commodity from our comprehensive product
  9. 9. BASIC CONCEPT OF BIOMASS ENERGY PRODUCTION  Generating plant fuelled by biomass uses conventional steam turbine electricity generating plant as used in coal fired power stations with modifications to the combustion chamber and fuel handling systems to handle the bulkier fuel.
  11. 11. MALAYSIA’S PROSPECT OF BIOMASS ENERGY  Feedstock that available in Malaysia such as animal manure, solid municipal waste, forest residue and much more also can be used to make biomass energy. the scope of biomass energy prospect in Malaysia includes: 1. Biomass as energy includes conversion of biomass feedstock into solid biofuel (pellets, briquettes), biomass power plant projects (co-firing, methane capture), liquid biofuel such as diesel and ethanol. 2. Biomass as high value chemicals applies to the development of valuable chemical precursors such as sugar alcohols, ethanol, and lactic acid. 3. Biomass as eco-products refers to utilization of biomass feedstock in materials such as pulp and paper, biocomposite, and bioplastics as sustainable substitution for fossil- based materials.
  13. 13. CHEMICAL COMPOSITION IN BIOMASS  Biomass is carbon based and is composed of a mixture of organic molecules containing hydrogen, usually including atoms of oxygen, often nitrogen and also small quantities of other atoms, including alkali, alkaline earth and heavy metals. These metals are often found in functional molecules such as the porphyrins which include chlorophyll which contains magnesium.  Biomass can be converted to other usable forms of energy like methane gas or transportation fuels like ethanol and biodiesel. Rotting garbage, and agricultural and human waste, all release methane gas—also called “landfill gas” or “biogas.”Crops, such as corn and sugar cane, can be fermented to produce the transportation fuel, ethanol. Biodiesel, another transportation fuel, can be produced from left-over food products like vegetable oils and animal fats. Also, biomass to liquids (BTLs) and cellulosic ethanol are still under research.  There is a great deal of research involving algal, or algae-derived, biomass due to the fact that it’s a non-food resource and can be produced at rates 5 to 10 times faster than other types of land-based agriculture, such as corn and soy. Once harvested, it can be fermented to produce biofuels such as ethanol, butanol, and methane, as well as biodiesel and hydrogen.
  14. 14. THANKYOU!