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Open Science at IRD

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Institutional , european and french national policies for open access and open data at IRD (Institut de recherche pour le développement).

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Open Science at IRD

  1. 1. Open Science at IRD PascalAventurier (IST/MCST IRD) Jean-Christophe Desconnets (MIDN IRD) OLInFER'2018 UCI , La Habana,Cuba November 14th, 2018 @IST_IRD email : pascal.aventurier@ird.fr jean-christophe.Desconnets@ird.fr https://www.netvibes.com/doc_ird_de_montpellier#aides_a_la_publication http://horizon.documentation.ird.fr
  2. 2. IRD French National Research Institute for Sustainable Development dd/mm/yyy Menu insertion / En-tête et pied de page : pour modifier globalement + date 2 Multidisciplinary : pandemics, climate change, humanitarian and political crises equitable scientific partnership with developing countries 65 joint research units, 2100 IRD agents and 820 researchers
  3. 3. Open science OLInFER'2018. IRD Open Scienxe, nov 2018
  4. 4. Open Access (OA) refers to research outputs which are distributed online and free of cost or other barriers, and possibly with the addition of a Creative Commons license to promote reuse. Open access can be applied to all forms of published research output, including peer-reviewed and non peer-reviewed academic journal articles, conference papers, theses, book chapters, and monographs. [Wikipedia] https://www.hesge.ch/heg/infotheque/actualites/valorisez-vos-publications-grace-lopen-access OLInFER'2018. IRD Open Scienxe, nov 2018
  5. 5. Research Data  Recorded factual material commonly accepted in the scientific community as necessary to validate research findings."  Research data covers a broad range of types of information  and digital data can be structured and stored in a variety of file formats.  properly managing data (and records) does not necessarily equate to sharing or publishing that data. EXAMPLES OF RESEARCH DATA Some examples of research data: Documents (text,Word), spreadsheets Questionnaires, transcripts, codebooks Audiotapes, videotapes Photographs, films Protein or genetic sequences Spectra Test responses Database contents (video, audio, text, images) Models, algorithms, scripts https://www.lib.ncsu.edu/data-management/define
  6. 6. Open Science Policy at different levels Institutional Funders (include European Union) France : National plan for Open Science (2018) Loi sur le Numérique (2016) Others  International Aarhus convention, Nagoya protocol  Publishers 6OLInFER'2018. IRD Open Scienxe, nov 2018
  7. 7. Open Science at an Institutional level - IRD 1955 : the Library is responsible for preserving and distributing scientific and technical documentation related to institutional's activities" Objective and Performance Contract (2016-2020) / Action Plan 2016-2030 Contribute to free access to scientific information in developing countries IRD must step up its actions in favor of the dissemination of scientific information in open access. It will strengthen the skills and capacities of its partner institutions in developing countries creation of open repository digitization of scientific document collections… Strengthen the visibility of infrastructures and facilitate access of scientific data to research actors Since 2015 : creation of the mission MIDN (Mission for Digital Data Infrastructure) Research Data Management Open Science 7 For an equitable access to information in particular for South countries OLInFER'2018. IRD Open Scienxe, nov 2018
  8. 8. Open Science at Funders level 8 http://ec.europa.eu/research/participants/docs/h2020-funding-guide/cross-cutting-issues/open-access-data-management/open- access_en.htm Mandate On Open Access To Publications Open access becomes the default setting for research data generated in Horizon 2020 but with Opt out option European Commission- Horizon 2020. As open as possible, as closed as necessary Opt out option OLInFER'2018. IRD Open Scienxe, nov 2018
  9. 9. 9 http://www.agence-nationale-recherche.fr/missions-et-organisation/open-access// http://www.agence-nationale-recherche.fr/PA2019 http://www.agence-nationale-recherche.fr/en/project-based-funding-to-advance- french-research/ As a signatory of the "OpenArchives Partnership Agreement and the national HAL platform", the ANR relies on Article 30 of the law "For a Digital Republic“ and National Plan and recommends that all consecutive publications the projects it finances, will be deposited in • Full text in an open repository, directly in HAL or through a local institutional archive. • 2019 Mandate for Data management plan (action plan 2019) • S Coalition or S Plan, 11 national funders in 2020 will fund publication in OA journals OLInFER'2018. IRD Open Scienxe, nov 2018
  10. 10. 10 1- Generalizing Open Access to publications 2 Structure research data and make it available through Open Access 3- Be part of a sustainable European and international Open Science dynamic http://cache.media.enseignementsup-recherche.gouv.fr/file/Recherche/50/1/SO_A4_2018_EN_01_leger_982501.pdf OLInFER'2018. IRD Open Scienxe, nov 2018
  11. 11. 1- Generalizing Open Access to publications Roadmap –Make open access mandatory when publishing articles and books resulting from government-funded calls for projects. –Create an Open Science fund Investing in open publishing systems that remain under the control of the scientific community In line with the Appel de Jussieu preprints, short-format manuscripts, data articles, open peer review, etc. –Support the HAL national open repository compliant with the Article 30 of the law "For a Digital Republic. 7 October 2016 . Any version of the author’s manuscript Maximum of 6 month (STM), 12 months (SSH) embargo –Assessment based upon quality, not quantity – explicit reference to the San Francisco Declaration on Research Assessment (DORA) https://sfdora.org/ 11 National plan for open science Adapted from (Romary 2018) OLInFER'2018. IRD Open Scienxe, nov 2018
  12. 12. 14/11/2018 12https://jussieucall.org/jussieu-call/ • Development of innovative scientific publishing models : preprints, open review …. • Research evaluation system should be adapted OLInFER'2018. IRD Open Scienxe, nov 2018
  13. 13. 2- Structure research data and make it available through Open Access Roadmap –Make open access dissemination mandatory for research data resulting from government-funded projects. –Create the position of Chief Data Officer and the corresponding network within the relevant institutions. –Create the conditions for and promote the adoption of an Open Data policy for scholarly papers. Additional priorities –ANR FLASH call for project to accelerate the opening of research data access in France –Create a research data award for outstanding teams and projects in this field –Support the Research Data Alliance (RDA) and Software Heritage, the source code library. 13 National plan for open science Adapted from (Romary 2018) OLInFER'2018. IRD Open Scienxe, nov 2018
  14. 14. Others policies International conventions  Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources (2010) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nagoya_Protocol  Aarhus convention on environemental information. Public authorities must provide all the information required and collect and disseminate them and in a timely and transparent manner 2006 http://ec.europa.eu/environment/aarhus/index.htm Publishers (Elsevier, Nature, Springer, Wiley…)  An increasing number of journals are implementing policies and procedures that require published articles to be accompanied by the underlying research data  https://www.ands.org.au/working-with-data/publishing-and-reusing- data/data-journals/data-policies-and-journals 14OLInFER'2018. IRD Open Scienxe, nov 2018
  15. 15. IRDTools for Open Science 14/11/2018 15
  16. 16. Open repository Visibility New services To respond to the national plan requirements Reliable on the right to disseminate sustainibility Non for Profit Where users come from ? OLInFER'2018. IRD Open Scienxe, nov 2018
  17. 17. Horizon : A repository for increasing visibility 17 IRD LAB https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/ https://www.rechercheisidore.fr/ https://www.openaire.eu/ http://www.redalyc.org/home.oa http://openminted.eu/ EU internal OAI-PMH : protocol for metadata exchange HALThe national portal for open repositories OLInFER'2018. IRD Open Scienxe, nov 2018
  18. 18. Data repository project at IRD (Open mid-2019) A cross division project (Mission for data infrastructure, Mission for Computing services, juridical services and Libraries services) Open source tool Working with researchers.Collection of reactions on a panel of users Also a support for Data management Plan Issues  Visibility  Preservation  Good practices in data management  Connect the data repository with research information systems and Horizon  To have an idea of our data production  Enhance accessiblity of our data to south countries  Be a support of open science initiatives with partners in southern countries (technical help, training) OLInFER'2018. IRD Open Scienxe, nov 2018
  19. 19. Open source tool create by Harvard Use a local instance and participate to a French network of Dataverse (Cirad, INRA, Science Po…) Interoperability beetween Dataverses 19 https://dataverse.org/OLInFER'2018. IRD Open Scienxe, nov 2018
  20. 20. Conclusion 20  Various levels of policies : IRD, Funders, National Plan for Open Science, International that are a good background to move towards open science.  All french institutions are « at the same level » with the national plan  IRD will promote open science model with equity for South countries How to transform policies into actions ? o Use of national or european Infrastructures o Collaboration, pooling of ressources with other institutions o Exchanges with researchers, decision makers and computing o Research Assement should take into account Open Science. o Librarians are playing an important role for Research data management : advocacy, training, etc… OLInFER'2018. IRD Open Scienxe, nov 2018
  21. 21. References Brunet, Emilie. 2018. “Horizon, Archive Ouverte Institutionnelle de l’IRD.” Education presented at the Forum des AOI, Paris. https://www.slideshare.net/IST_IRD/horizon-archive-ouverte- institutionnelle-de-lird-emilie-brunet-forum-des-aoi-13062018. Desconnets, Jean-Christophe, Pascal Aventurier, Caroline Doucouré, and Stéphane Banon. 14:04:45 UTC. “Entrepôt de Données Ouvertes IRD. Un Service En Ligne Pour l’ouvertur….” Education. https://www.slideshare.net/IST_IRD/entrept-de-donnes-ouvertes-ird-un-service-en- ligne-pour-louverture-et-le-partage-des-donnes-scientifiques-au-sud-2018. FOSTER. n.d. “Introduction to Open Science (Video),.” FOSTER : Open Science Training for European Research. Accessed October 28, 2018. https://www.fosteropenscience.eu/content/introduction-open-science-video. Jones, Sarah. 2011. “How to Develop a Data Management and Sharing Plan,” 8. http://www.dcc.ac.uk/resources/how-guides/develop-data-plan Koulocheri, Eleni. 2018 « OpenAIRE. What Is the EC Open Research Data Pilot? » OpenAIRE. https://www.openaire.eu/what-is-the-open-research-data-pilot. “Data Management - H2020 Online Manual.” 2018. http://ec.europa.eu/research/participants/docs/h2020-funding-guide/cross-cutting-issues/open- access-data-management/data-management_en.htm. Romary, Laurent. 2018. “Open Access in France: How the Call of Jussieu Reflects Our Social, Technical and Political Landscape.” In . https://hal.inria.fr/hal-01881469/document. 21OLInFER'2018. IRD Open Scienxe, nov 2018