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Purpose of performance appraisal
In this file, you can ref useful information about purpose of performance appraisal such as
purpose of performance appraisal methods, purpose of performance appraisal tips, purpose of
performance appraisal forms, purpose of performance appraisal phrases … If you need more
assistant for purpose of performance appraisal, please leave your comment at the end of file.
Other useful material for you:
• performanceappraisal123.com/1125-free-performance-review-phrases
• performanceappraisal123.com/free-28-performance-appraisal-forms
• performanceappraisal123.com/free-ebook-11-methods-for-performance-appraisal
I. Contents of getting purpose of performance appraisal
==================
Companies use performance appraisals for evaluation and developmental purposes. A properly
executed appraisal acts as a basis for hiring new employees, training and development of current
employees, restructuring of workflow and employee motivation. Performance appraisals offer
evidence for pay increases or for terminations. Well-designed performance appraisals can start
dialogue between supervisors, direct reports and coworkers that may result in positive outcomes
for the individuals and the business.
Types
Businesses can choose from several types of performance appraisals. Traditionally, employee
evaluations take place one-on-one between supervisors and subordinates. Other type involves
management by objectives, or MBO, where employees and managers set objectives at the
beginning of the evaluation period and assess how well the employees meet those objectives at
the end of the period. Others include 360 degree feedback appraisals, performance ranking,
paired comparison analysis, behavioral observation scales, graphic rating scales and several
others. Companies must choose which type fits best with their company culture, budget and daily
operations.
Benefits
Performance evaluations can serve as effective tools for improving employee performance and
productivity as well as determining employee developmental needs. Implemented properly,
regular performance reviews can raise individual self-esteem and deepen the relationship
between supervisor and subordinate. People often perform better when they have an idea how
their supervisor views their work, knowledge and skill. They are more likely to initiate honest
conversation regarding goals and job-related issues as well.
Characterisitics
A quality performance appraisal scheme has a set of clearly defined parameters. The
documentation, whether electronic or written, includes ways to assess performance based on job-
relevant skills and knowledge. Evaluations should not include assessment of employees’
personality of work style, but should include a review of communication techniques and
behavior as it relates to interpersonal interaction.
Time Frame
A formal performance review should take place annually. In addition, managers must
communicate with employees between formal appraisals to keep them motivated and focused on
personal and company objectives. These regular communications serve as praise for good
performance and a means of stopping poor habits and behaviors before they affect the annual
review scores.
Issues
No appraisal system, regardless of how sophisticated, is completely objective. Problems arise
when evaluators tend to give overly lenient or overly strict ratings on a consistent basis. Personal
prejudices can skew results, as can poorly defined standards of measurement. Finally, employees
must view the system as fair and just for the results to impact their behaviors and job
performance. If employees do not see the process as a credible one, it loses validity and value
overall.
==================
III. Performance appraisal methods
1.Ranking Method
The ranking system requires the rater to rank his
subordinates on overall performance. This consists in
simply putting a man in a rank order. Under this method,
the ranking of an employee in a work group is done
against that of another employee. The relative position of
each employee is tested in terms of his numerical rank. It
may also be done by ranking a person on his job
performance against another member of the competitive
group.
Advantages of Ranking Method
i. Employees are ranked according to their performance
levels.
ii. It is easier to rank the best and the worst employee.
Limitations of Ranking Method
i. The “whole man” is compared with another “whole man”
in this method. In practice, it is very difficult to compare
individuals possessing various individual traits.
ii. This method speaks only of the position where an
employee stands in his group. It does not test anything
about how much better or how much worse an employee
is when compared to another employee.
iii. When a large number of employees are working, ranking
of individuals become a difficult issue.
iv. There is no systematic procedure for ranking individuals
in the organization. The ranking system does not eliminate
the possibility of snap judgements.
2. Rating Scale
Rating scales consists of several numerical scales
representing job related performance criterions such as
dependability, initiative, output, attendance, attitude etc.
Each scales ranges from excellent to poor. The total
numerical scores are computed and final conclusions are
derived. Advantages – Adaptability, easy to use, low cost,
every type of job can be evaluated, large number of
employees covered, no formal training required.
Disadvantages – Rater’s biases
3. Checklist method
Under this method, checklist of statements of traits of
employee in the form of Yes or No based questions is
prepared. Here the rater only does the reporting or
checking and HR department does the actual evaluation.
Advantages – economy, ease of administration, limited
training required, standardization. Disadvantages – Raters
biases, use of improper weighs by HR, does not allow
rater to give relative ratings
4. Critical Incidents Method
The approach is focused on certain critical behaviors of
employee that makes all the difference in the
performance. Supervisors as and when they occur record
such incidents. Advantages – Evaluations are based on
actual job behaviors, ratings are supported by
descriptions, feedback is easy, reduces recency biases,
chances of subordinate improvement are high.
Disadvantages – Negative incidents can be prioritized,
forgetting incidents, overly close supervision; feedback
may be too much and may appear to be punishment.
5. Essay Method
In this method the rater writes down the employee
description in detail within a number of broad categories
like, overall impression of performance, promoteability
of employee, existing capabilities and qualifications of
performing jobs, strengths and weaknesses and training
needs of the employee. Advantage – It is extremely
useful in filing information gaps about the employees
that often occur in a better-structured checklist.
Disadvantages – It its highly dependent upon the writing
skills of rater and most of them are not good writers.
They may get confused success depends on the memory
power of raters.
6. Behaviorally Anchored Rating Scales
statements of effective and ineffective behaviors
determine the points. They are said to be
behaviorally anchored. The rater is supposed to
say, which behavior describes the employee
performance. Advantages – helps overcome rating
errors. Disadvantages – Suffers from distortions
inherent in most rating techniques.
III. Other topics related to Purpose of performance appraisal (pdf download)
• Top 28 performance appraisal forms
• performance appraisal comments
• 11 performance appraisal methods
• 25 performance appraisal examples
• performance appraisal phrases
• performance appraisal process
• performance appraisal template
• performance appraisal system
• performance appraisal answers
• performance appraisal questions
• performance appraisal techniques
• performance appraisal format
• performance appraisal templates
• performance appraisal questionnaire
• performance appraisal software
• performance appraisal tools
• performance appraisal interview
• performance appraisal phrases examples
• performance appraisal objectives
• performance appraisal policy
• performance appraisal letter
• performance appraisal types
• performance appraisal quotes
• performance appraisal articles

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Purpose of performance appraisal

  • 1. Purpose of performance appraisal In this file, you can ref useful information about purpose of performance appraisal such as purpose of performance appraisal methods, purpose of performance appraisal tips, purpose of performance appraisal forms, purpose of performance appraisal phrases … If you need more assistant for purpose of performance appraisal, please leave your comment at the end of file. Other useful material for you: • performanceappraisal123.com/1125-free-performance-review-phrases • performanceappraisal123.com/free-28-performance-appraisal-forms • performanceappraisal123.com/free-ebook-11-methods-for-performance-appraisal I. Contents of getting purpose of performance appraisal ================== Companies use performance appraisals for evaluation and developmental purposes. A properly executed appraisal acts as a basis for hiring new employees, training and development of current employees, restructuring of workflow and employee motivation. Performance appraisals offer evidence for pay increases or for terminations. Well-designed performance appraisals can start dialogue between supervisors, direct reports and coworkers that may result in positive outcomes for the individuals and the business. Types Businesses can choose from several types of performance appraisals. Traditionally, employee evaluations take place one-on-one between supervisors and subordinates. Other type involves management by objectives, or MBO, where employees and managers set objectives at the beginning of the evaluation period and assess how well the employees meet those objectives at the end of the period. Others include 360 degree feedback appraisals, performance ranking, paired comparison analysis, behavioral observation scales, graphic rating scales and several others. Companies must choose which type fits best with their company culture, budget and daily operations. Benefits Performance evaluations can serve as effective tools for improving employee performance and productivity as well as determining employee developmental needs. Implemented properly, regular performance reviews can raise individual self-esteem and deepen the relationship between supervisor and subordinate. People often perform better when they have an idea how
  • 2. their supervisor views their work, knowledge and skill. They are more likely to initiate honest conversation regarding goals and job-related issues as well. Characterisitics A quality performance appraisal scheme has a set of clearly defined parameters. The documentation, whether electronic or written, includes ways to assess performance based on job- relevant skills and knowledge. Evaluations should not include assessment of employees’ personality of work style, but should include a review of communication techniques and behavior as it relates to interpersonal interaction. Time Frame A formal performance review should take place annually. In addition, managers must communicate with employees between formal appraisals to keep them motivated and focused on personal and company objectives. These regular communications serve as praise for good performance and a means of stopping poor habits and behaviors before they affect the annual review scores. Issues No appraisal system, regardless of how sophisticated, is completely objective. Problems arise when evaluators tend to give overly lenient or overly strict ratings on a consistent basis. Personal prejudices can skew results, as can poorly defined standards of measurement. Finally, employees must view the system as fair and just for the results to impact their behaviors and job performance. If employees do not see the process as a credible one, it loses validity and value overall. ================== III. Performance appraisal methods
  • 3. 1.Ranking Method The ranking system requires the rater to rank his subordinates on overall performance. This consists in simply putting a man in a rank order. Under this method, the ranking of an employee in a work group is done against that of another employee. The relative position of each employee is tested in terms of his numerical rank. It may also be done by ranking a person on his job performance against another member of the competitive group. Advantages of Ranking Method i. Employees are ranked according to their performance levels. ii. It is easier to rank the best and the worst employee. Limitations of Ranking Method i. The “whole man” is compared with another “whole man” in this method. In practice, it is very difficult to compare individuals possessing various individual traits. ii. This method speaks only of the position where an employee stands in his group. It does not test anything about how much better or how much worse an employee is when compared to another employee. iii. When a large number of employees are working, ranking of individuals become a difficult issue. iv. There is no systematic procedure for ranking individuals in the organization. The ranking system does not eliminate the possibility of snap judgements. 2. Rating Scale Rating scales consists of several numerical scales representing job related performance criterions such as dependability, initiative, output, attendance, attitude etc. Each scales ranges from excellent to poor. The total numerical scores are computed and final conclusions are derived. Advantages – Adaptability, easy to use, low cost, every type of job can be evaluated, large number of employees covered, no formal training required. Disadvantages – Rater’s biases
  • 4. 3. Checklist method Under this method, checklist of statements of traits of employee in the form of Yes or No based questions is prepared. Here the rater only does the reporting or checking and HR department does the actual evaluation. Advantages – economy, ease of administration, limited training required, standardization. Disadvantages – Raters biases, use of improper weighs by HR, does not allow rater to give relative ratings 4. Critical Incidents Method The approach is focused on certain critical behaviors of employee that makes all the difference in the performance. Supervisors as and when they occur record such incidents. Advantages – Evaluations are based on actual job behaviors, ratings are supported by descriptions, feedback is easy, reduces recency biases, chances of subordinate improvement are high. Disadvantages – Negative incidents can be prioritized, forgetting incidents, overly close supervision; feedback may be too much and may appear to be punishment. 5. Essay Method
  • 5. In this method the rater writes down the employee description in detail within a number of broad categories like, overall impression of performance, promoteability of employee, existing capabilities and qualifications of performing jobs, strengths and weaknesses and training needs of the employee. Advantage – It is extremely useful in filing information gaps about the employees that often occur in a better-structured checklist. Disadvantages – It its highly dependent upon the writing skills of rater and most of them are not good writers. They may get confused success depends on the memory power of raters. 6. Behaviorally Anchored Rating Scales statements of effective and ineffective behaviors determine the points. They are said to be behaviorally anchored. The rater is supposed to say, which behavior describes the employee performance. Advantages – helps overcome rating errors. Disadvantages – Suffers from distortions inherent in most rating techniques. III. Other topics related to Purpose of performance appraisal (pdf download) • Top 28 performance appraisal forms • performance appraisal comments • 11 performance appraisal methods • 25 performance appraisal examples • performance appraisal phrases • performance appraisal process • performance appraisal template • performance appraisal system • performance appraisal answers • performance appraisal questions • performance appraisal techniques • performance appraisal format • performance appraisal templates
  • 6. • performance appraisal questionnaire • performance appraisal software • performance appraisal tools • performance appraisal interview • performance appraisal phrases examples • performance appraisal objectives • performance appraisal policy • performance appraisal letter • performance appraisal types • performance appraisal quotes • performance appraisal articles