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Autonomouscars

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autonomous cars, legal issues, topics, sebastien fanti, conference in Shanghai

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Autonomouscars

  1. 1. L e x i n g ® | G l o b a l n e t w o r k o f a t t o r n e y s s p e c i a l i z e d i n d i g i t a l a n d e m e r g i n g t e c h n o l o g y l a w
  2. 2. L e x i n g ® Argentina | Belgium | Brazil | Canada | China | Colombia |Costa Rica| France | Germany | Greece | India | Israel | Italy | Japan | Lebanon | Luxemburg | Mexico | New-Caledonia | Norway | Portugal | Senegal| South Africa | Spain | Switzerland | Tunisia | United Kingdom | United States of America Autonomous cars SÉBASTIEN FANTI Attorney at law & Public Notary Data Privacy Commissioner of Canton du Valais sebastien.fanti@sebastienfanti.ch Shanghai, 2nd of June 2016
  3. 3. L e x i n g ® | SWITZERLAND| Sébastien Fanti | sebastien.fanti@sebastienfanti.ch SEBASTIEN FANTI SWITZERLAND Page 3 1. Context and perspective 2. International legal framework 3. Swiss legal framework 4. Expected evolutions 5. Conclusions 6. Questions and answers Sommaire
  4. 4. L e x i n g ® | SWITZERLAND| Sébastien Fanti | sebastien.fanti@sebastienfanti.ch SEBASTIEN FANTI SWITZERLAND Page 4 Autonomous cars are subject to permanent international developments reach their peak of maturity. China aims at the pole position! Ningbo group invested 1 billion dollars in company acquisitions abroad. LeEco company is the first to offer a free autonomous car. 1. Context and perspective
  5. 5. L e x i n g ® | SWITZERLAND| Sébastien Fanti | sebastien.fanti@sebastienfanti.ch SEBASTIEN FANTI SWITZERLAND Page 5 Car manufacturers will face a moral and algorithmic dilemma (equation of death): • How should the car be programmed to act in the event of an unavoidable accident ? • Has it to minimize the loss of life, even though this means sacrificing the life of the passengers, or has it to protect the passengers at all costs ? • Will it have to choose between such desperate measures? 1. Context and perspective
  6. 6. L e x i n g ® | SWITZERLAND| Sébastien Fanti | sebastien.fanti@sebastienfanti.ch SEBASTIEN FANTI SWITZERLAND Page 6 • The Vienna Convention on Road Traffic established the presence of a human driver who must be able to follow the car’s functions and to regain control at any time… China is not a party to the Convention! • The Convention was amended and since 23 June 2016, the automated driving systems are allowed with respect to these two requirements: 2. International legal framework
  7. 7. L e x i n g ® | SWITZERLAND| Sébastien Fanti | sebastien.fanti@sebastienfanti.ch SEBASTIEN FANTI SWITZERLAND Page 7 1. The systems can be easily controlled by or deactivated by the driver OR 2. They follow the regulationsof the United Nations (Regulation No. 79 related to automatic steering functions to driving conditions below 10km/h); new UN regulations are expected in 2017. China adopted its own regulations: Chongqing 2000 km test in Beijing of two cars by Changan manufacturer in April 2016. 2. International legal framework
  8. 8. L e x i n g ® | SWITZERLAND| Sébastien Fanti | sebastien.fanti@sebastienfanti.ch SEBASTIEN FANTI SWITZERLAND Page 8 • Switzerland is a party to the Vienna Convention. • On the 24th of April 2015 it allowed the testing of an autonomous car on a small track… • A study is being carried out in order to know which regulations need to be amended so that autonomous cars are allowed on Swiss roads. • Switzerland is testing autonomous public transportation as well. 3. Swiss legal Framework
  9. 9. L e x i n g ® | SWITZERLAND| Sébastien Fanti | sebastien.fanti@sebastienfanti.ch SEBASTIEN FANTI SWITZERLAND Page 9 • By Swiss law, the person responsible for a vehicle accident is the owner. • The owner is the person who has effectively and lastingly the ability and the right to use the vehicle and who uses it or makes it being used at their expenses and in their interests. • Provided some changes are made to this regulation, it could easily be applied to autonomous vehicles. 3. Swiss legal Framework
  10. 10. L e x i n g ® | SWITZERLAND| Sébastien Fanti | sebastien.fanti@sebastienfanti.ch SEBASTIEN FANTI SWITZERLAND Page 10 • Development of security standards to avoid hacking. • Privacy regulations regarding personal data that are collected thank to connected services when using the autonomous vehicle • Selection of a liability system that allocate risks between the different players (manufacturers, drivers, developer of the autonomous system...) when it comes to compensation. 4. Expected evolutions
  11. 11. L e x i n g ® | SWITZERLAND| Sébastien Fanti | sebastien.fanti@sebastienfanti.ch SEBASTIEN FANTI SWITZERLAND Page 11 • As usual, regulations will lag behind the technologies. • Now the regulations must be amended to allow the deployment of autonomous cars globally. • The regulatory restrictions will be taken care of later and according to each national law. 5. Conclusions
  12. 12. L e x i n g ® | SWITZERLAND| Sébastien Fanti | sebastien.fanti@sebastienfanti.ch SEBASTIEN FANTI SWITZERLAND Page 12 • The global economic issue is massive, and a regulation based on the Vienna Convention would be an adequate response. • However, there is a concern that each country – and especially those that host manufacturer’s headquarters – will take some steps in order to safeguard their economy and benefits. That would compromise the standardisation of the legal apprehension of the problems. 5. Conclusions
  13. 13. L e x i n g ® | SWITZERLAND| Sébastien Fanti | sebastien.fanti@sebastienfanti.ch SEBASTIEN FANTI SWITZERLAND Page 13 5. Q & A :
  14. 14. L e x i n g ® | SWITZERLAND| Sébastien Fanti | sebastien.fanti@sebastienfanti.ch SEBASTIEN FANTI SWITZERLAND Page 14 Thank you for your attention Follow me on: Twitter : @sebastienfanti Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/sebastien.fanti Linkedin: http://ch.linkedin.com/in/sebastienfanti/ Un grand homme est celui qui ne perd pas son cœur d’enfant (Mencius)
  15. 15. L e x i n g ® Argentina | Belgium | Brazil | Canada | China | Colombia |Costa Rica | France | Germany | Greece | India | Israel | Italy | Japan | Lebanon | Luxemburg | Mexico | New-Caledonia | Norway | Portugal | Senegal| South Africa| Spain | Switzerland | Tunisia | United Kingdom | United States of America GERMANY Beiten Burkhardt Andreas (Dr.) Lober & Tim Caesar Westhafen Tower, Westhafenplatz 1 60327 Frankfurta.M. T. +49 69 756095-0 F. +49 69 756095-512 bblaw-frankfurt@bblaw.com www.beiten-burkhardt.com BELGIUM Philippe & Partners Jean-François Henrotte jfhenrotte@philippelaw.eu www.philippelaw.eu Liege Boulevard d’Avroy, 280 4020 Liege T. +32 4 229 20 10 F. +32 78 15 56 56 Brussels Avenue Louise, 240 1050 Bruxelles T. +32 2 250 39 80 F. +32 78 15 56 56 CANADA Langlois avocats, S.E.N.C.R.L. Jean-François De Rico jean-francois.derico@langlois.ca www.langlois.ca Montreal 1002, rue Sherbrooke Ouest, 28th Floor H3A3L6 Montreal T. +15 148 42 95 12 F. +15 148 45 65 73 Quebec Complexe Jules-Dallaire, T3 2820, Laurier Bld, 13th Floor G1V 0C1 Quebec City T. +14 186 50 70 00 F. +14 186 50 70 75 SPAIN Lexing Spain Marc Gallardo Ronda General Mitre, 164 08006 Barcelona T. +34 93 476 4048 F. +34 93 476 4038 marc.gallardo@lexing.es www.lexing.es U.S.A Françoise Gilbert Palo Alto, CA 94303 USA T. +1-650-804-1235 gilbertf@gtlaw.com FRANCE Alain BensoussanAvocats Alain Bensoussan & Frédéric Forster 58, Boulevard Gouvion Saint-Cyr 75017 Paris T. +33 182 73 05 05 F. +33 182 73 05 06 alain-bensoussan@lexing.law frederic-forster@lexing.law www.alain-bensoussan.com ISRAEL Livnat, Mayer & Co Russell D. Mayer Jérusalem Technology Park Building 9, 4th Floor P.O. Box 48193 Malcha 91481 Jerusalem T. +97 226 79 95 33 F. +97 226 79 95 22 mayer@lmf.co.il www.lmf.co.il ITALY Studio Legale Zallone Raffaele Zallone 31 Via Dell’Annunciata 20121 Milan T. +39 229 01 35 83 F. +39 229 01 03 04 r.zallone@studiozallone.it www.studiozallone.it LUXEMBOURG Philippe & Partners Marc Gouden, François Cautaerts & Jean-François Henrotte 41 avenue de la Liberté 1931 Luxembourg T. +352 266 886 F. +352 266 887 00 luxembourg@philippelaw.eu www.philippelaw.eu MEXICO Langlet, Carpio y Asociados Enrique Ochoa Torre Punta Santa Fe ProlongaciónPaseo de la Reforma #1015, Torre B, Piso 3, Desp. 303 Col. Desarrollo Santa Fe C.P. 01376, México, D.F. T. +52 55 25 91 070 eochoa@lclaw.com.mx www.lclaw.com.mx NORWAY Føyen Advøkatfirma DA Arve Føyen Postboks 7086 St. Olavs pl. 0130 Oslo T. +47 21 93 10 00 F. +47 21 93 10 01 arve.foyen@foyen.no www.foyen.no U.K Preiskel & Co LLP Danny Preiskel 4 King’s Bench Walk Temple London EC4Y 7DL T. +44 20 7332 5640 F. +44 20 7332 5641 dpreiskel@preiskel.com www.preiskel.com SWITZERLAND Sébastien Fanti Avocat & Notaire 8B rue de Pré-Fleuri, CP 497 1951 Sion T. +41 27 322 15 15 F. +41 27 322 15 70 sebastien.fanti@sebastienfanti.ch www.sebastienfanti.ch SOUTH AFRICA Michalsons Attorneys John Giles john@michalsons.co.za www.michalsons.co.za Johannesburg Ground Floor Twickenham Building The Campus, 57 Sloane & Cnr Main Road 2021 Bryanston T. +27 11 568 0331 F. +27 86 529 4276 Cape Town Boyes Drive St James 7945 Cape Town T. +27 21 300 1070 F. +27 86 529 4276 TUNISIA Cabinet Younsi & Younsi Yassine Younsi 4, Rue Petite Malte 1001 Tunis T. +216 71 346 564 cabinetyounsi_younsi@yahoo.fr www.younsilawyers.com ARGENTINA Estudio Millé Rosario Millé Suipacha 1111 - piso 11 C1008AAW Buenos Aires T. +54 11 5297 7000 F. +54 11 5297-7009 estudio@mille.com.ar www.mille.com.ar BRAZIL Melchior, Micheletti e Amendoeira Advogados Silvia Regina Barbuy Melchior Rua do Rócio, 351 cj 102 Vila Olímpia 04552-000 São Paulo SP T./F. +55 11 3845-1511 melchior@mmalaw.com.br www.mmalaw.com.br CHINA Jade & Fountain Jun Yang jun.yang@jadefountain.com www.jadefountain.com Shanghai 31/F Tower B Far East International Plaza 317 Xian Xia Road, Zip code: 200051l T. +86 21 62351488 F. +86 21 62351477 Beijing Unit 803, Floor 8, Tower E1 Oriental Plaza, No.1 E.Chang An Avenue, Zip code: 100738 T. +86 10 85183285 F. +86 10 85183217 COLOMBIA Marrugo Rivera & Asociados Ivan Dario Marrugo Jimenez Cra. 52 No. 45-15 P. 1 La Esmeralda Bogotá T. +57 571 4760798 - 3158738 F. +57 571 3244200 imarrugo@marrugorivera.com www.marrugorivera.com LEBANON Kouatly & Associates Attorneys Rayan Kouatly 63, rue Amine Mneimné, BP 11 2242 Beirut T. +961 175 17 77 F. +961 175 17 77 info@kouatlylaw.com www.kouatlylaw.com JAPAN Hayabusa Asuka Law Offices Koki Tada 4ème étage Kasumigaseki Building 3-2-5 Kasumigaseki Chiyoda-ku Tokyo 100-6004 T. +81- ( 3 ) -3595-7070 F. +81- ( 3 ) -3595-7105 koki.tada@halaw.jp www.halaw.jp PORTUGAL Alves Pereira & Teixeira de Sousa RL João P. Alves Pereira Avenida da Liberdade 38 3º 1250-145 Lisbon T. +351 21 370 01 90 F. +351 21 382 90 03 jpereira@alvespereira.com www.alvespereira.com NEW-CALEDONIA Cabinet Franck Royanez Franck Royanez 15 rue Edouard Glasser Motor Pool 98800 Noumea T. +687 24 24 48 F. +687 20 24 24 49 fr.avocat@cabinetroyanez.com GREECE Ballas Pelecanos & Associates L.P.C George Ballas & Theodore Konstantakopoulos 10 Solonos Street, Kolonaki, 106 73 Athens T. +30 210 36 25 943 F. +30 210 36 47 925 george.ballas@balpel.gr theodore.konstantakopoulos@balpel.gr http://www.ballas-pelecanos.com INDIA Poovayya & Co Siddhartha George Dharani Polavaram siddhartha@poovayya.net dharani@poovayya.net www.poovayya.net Bangalore The Estate, Level One, 121, Dickenson Road, Bangalore 560 042 Karnataka, India. T. +91 80 4115 6777 F. +91 80 4115 6888 Mumbai Free Press House, 8th Floor, #83, Nariman Point, Mumbai, 400021, Maharashtra, India. T. +91 22 3072 2426 F. +91 22 3072 2437 SENEGAL SCP Faye et Diallo Cheikh FAYE 40, Avenue Malick SY, Résidence « Linguère », 4ème Étage Dakar Sénégal T. +221 33 823 60 60 fayetdiallo@orange.sn COSTA RICA Lex Investments & Services (Lexis Abogados) Gabriel Lizama Oliger Ofiplazadel Este, EdificioA , tercer piso Distrito de Mercedes Canton de Montes de Oca, Provincia de San José T. : +506 2253-1726 F. : +506 8378-6229 glizama@lexiscostarica.com www.lexisabogados.com
  16. 16. L e x i n g ® Argentina | Belgium | Brazil | Canada | China | Colombia |Costa Rica | France | Germany | Greece | India | Israel | Italy | Japan | Lebanon | Luxemburg | Mexico | New-Caledonia | Norway | Portugal | Senegal| South Africa| Spain | Switzerland | Tunisia | United Kingdom | United States of America

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