Western Political Thought            Dr. John Paul Tabakian                  Political Science 5        Fall 2012 – Power ...
COURSE LECTURE: WEEK #6Today’s Lecture Covers The Following:• The Red Scare #1• Mitchell Palmer’s “The Case Against The Re...
THE RED SCARE #1•The first “Red Scare” takes place after the labor strikes and raceriots of 1919. In 1917 the Bolshevik Re...
MITCHELL PALMER’S “THE CASE AGAINST THE REDS” (1)Notice the first phrase (“Like a prairie fire…”) is meant to underscore t...
MITCHELL PALMER’S “THE CASE AGAINST THE REDS” (2)•Notice the choice of words (connotative meanings) andcharacterizations h...
WILLIAM ALLEN WHITE’S “THE RED SCARE IS UN-AMERICAN”•A liberal response of a progressive reformer attackingPalmer’s positi...
THE RED SCARE #2The second Red Scare took place after the Second WorldWar as the Cold War began. America had an enemy: the...
THE RED SCARE #2During the 1950s, Senator Joseph McCarthy began a one-man crusade to root out the “Commies”. He used “name...
SENATOR JOSEPH MCCARTHY’S ACCUSATIONSOF DISLOYALTY – SPEECH”•Reading this speech accusing individuals of un-Americanactivi...
ELITISM – HOW INFORMATION FLOWSElite theory also argues that informationflows from opinion elites down to opinionleaders w...
MANIPULATION EXAMPLE: DUCK AND COVERGovernmental elites find itnecessary to manipulatethe masses if doing soserves a veste...
MANIPULATION & MIRROR MYTHNews media outlets possess agreat power. They are able to“decide what will be decided”. Biasis  ...
BIOLOGICAL WARFARE - MANIPULATIONHow     can     we    protectourselves against the threatsof germs and toxins? ColdWar Am...
PROPAGANDA – CINEMOCRACYGovernmental elites may believe thattheir national policies are so concretethat it is necessary to...
COLD WAR PROPAGANDAElite manipulation has existed inour country even prior to the daysof our founding. Masses aresusceptib...
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Political Science 5 – Western Political Thought - Power Point #6

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Political Science 5 – Western Political Thought - Spring 2013 - Power Point Presentation #6 - © 2013 Tabakian, Inc.

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Political Science 5 – Western Political Thought - Power Point #6

  1. 1. Western Political Thought Dr. John Paul Tabakian Political Science 5 Fall 2012 – Power Point #6
  2. 2. COURSE LECTURE: WEEK #6Today’s Lecture Covers The Following:• The Red Scare #1• Mitchell Palmer’s “The Case Against The Reds”• William Allen White’s “The Red Scare Is Un-American”• The Red Scare #2• Senator Joseph McCarthy’s Accusations of Disloyalty – Speech”• Information Flows Top Down• Messages And Manipulation• Mirror Myth
  3. 3. THE RED SCARE #1•The first “Red Scare” takes place after the labor strikes and raceriots of 1919. In 1917 the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia inspiredleftists who believed that a “world” revolution would be possible.Formation of the Third International (later dissolved by Stalin duringWWII). In fact, as a result of the success of the Bolsheviks, someAmerican radicals moved away from the Socialist Party and becameactive in the American Communist Party.In 1919, the post office intercepted 40 bombs, and a bomb explodedin front of the house of Attorney-General A. Mitchell Palmer.•This was the beginning of a series of “witch hunts” by thegovernment against radicals and aliens. Raids were conducted andmany people were deported. In 1920, a police sweep took 5000suspects into custody, many without arrest warrants..DampenedProgressive reforms which grew out of the grassroots reformmovements of the 19th century.
  4. 4. MITCHELL PALMER’S “THE CASE AGAINST THE REDS” (1)Notice the first phrase (“Like a prairie fire…”) is meant to underscore thespreading danger that the radicals posed. This phrase, ironically, waslater used in the 1960s to promote the revolutionary causes of theradicals of the New Left. Rhetoric of Demagogues:• {Discourse Analysis}No doubt, Palmer’s argument is based on therhetoric of pathos, the use a language of fear and patriotic emotion.•To the public, the “Reds” are the enemy, whether anarchist, socialists orcommunist, and Palmer makes no distinction among the various radicalpolitical philosophies. In fact, Palmer equates the politics of the left withcriminal activity, “the degenerate factor in society.”•He establishes his own “facts”: (“the Reds are criminal aliens”) and bythe government fighting the Reds, the government is fighting crime(“there could be no nice distinctions drawn between the theoretical ideasof the radicals and their actual violations of our national laws”).
  5. 5. MITCHELL PALMER’S “THE CASE AGAINST THE REDS” (2)•Notice the choice of words (connotative meanings) andcharacterizations he makes: (“clique of outcasts”);(“organization of thousands of aliens”); (“promises oflawlessness, of criminal autocracy to Americans”); (“purpose ofcommunism appears to be a mass formation of the criminals ofthe world to overthrow the decencies of private life”).•Palmer groups all the radicals together including individualshe calls “moral perverts” and “hysterical neurasthenicwomen.”
  6. 6. WILLIAM ALLEN WHITE’S “THE RED SCARE IS UN-AMERICAN”•A liberal response of a progressive reformer attackingPalmer’s position.•There is a Constitution and there are certain rights thatpermit debate, expression of unpopular ideas, and the rightto politically dissent.
  7. 7. THE RED SCARE #2The second Red Scare took place after the Second WorldWar as the Cold War began. America had an enemy: theSoviet Communists.•By the end of the 1940s, “loyalty oaths” were becomingcommon for people who worked in the government.•Hysteria arose about the possible presence of spies workingwithin the U.S. In some cases people’s reputations andcareers were ruined when they were accused of belonging toor sympathizing with the Communist Party.
  8. 8. THE RED SCARE #2During the 1950s, Senator Joseph McCarthy began a one-man crusade to root out the “Commies”. He used “name-calling” and “smear tactics” to attack people who disagreedwith him, claiming they were unpatriotic or worse, agents offoreign governments. “McCarthyism” is the term we still useto describe this type of political attack. We also refer to suchpolitical campaigns to investigate adversaries as “witch-hunts”.
  9. 9. SENATOR JOSEPH MCCARTHY’S ACCUSATIONSOF DISLOYALTY – SPEECH”•Reading this speech accusing individuals of un-Americanactivities, one becomes aware of the same use of the rhetoricof pathos that was apparent in Palmer’s 1920 statementabout the aliens in our midst.•The appeal of McCarthy’s attack is to characterize anindividual’s political position as irreligious (“engaged in a finalall-out battle between communistic atheism and Christianity”)and unpatriotic (describing the greatness of the nation andpromoting America as the great “beacon”).•McCarthy makes the wild claim that the government is“thoroughly infested with Communists.”
  10. 10. ELITISM – HOW INFORMATION FLOWSElite theory also argues that informationflows from opinion elites down to opinionleaders who are looked to the public forinformation. News is first “created” byopinion elites and then sent to opinionleaders to help disseminate theinformation. Those at the very top of theelite network decide what information isdeemed as necessary to offer society.These elites may be news makersthemselves or in charge of large mediacorporations. Opinion leaders may bethought of as journalists, news anchors,expert pundits or even celebrities whopossess legitimacy among those insociety.
  11. 11. MANIPULATION EXAMPLE: DUCK AND COVERGovernmental elites find itnecessary to manipulatethe masses if doing soserves a vested interest.Here is a great example ofhow a safety video canserve as a tool formanipulating the massesfrom childhood. Who doesthe monkey represent?
  12. 12. MANIPULATION & MIRROR MYTHNews media outlets possess agreat power. They are able to“decide what will be decided”. Biasis exhibited throughout themainstream press. This is also truefor nontraditional news sources aseveryone is biased in some way.Many in the news media stress thatthey are nonbiased since they onlyreflect reality. Even if the news ismerely reflected or reported, it istheir choice of subjects that provestheir bias. All news is biased. This isthe “Mirror Myth”.
  13. 13. BIOLOGICAL WARFARE - MANIPULATIONHow can we protectourselves against the threatsof germs and toxins? ColdWar America gears up tofend off threats fromunconventional bioweapons.This is another example ofhow propaganda is utilized tofoster fear within society.Enjoy the video.
  14. 14. PROPAGANDA – CINEMOCRACYGovernmental elites may believe thattheir national policies are so concretethat it is necessary to utilize variousforms of propaganda gage inpropaganda to incite specificreactions from its citizens. Variousforms of propaganda have beenutilized to drum up mass support tobetter assure elite legitimacy.Cinemocracy, the relationshipbetween motion pictures andgovernment is one way governmentalelites sell their agenda. Enjoy thisclassic cartoon, “The Ducktators”.
  15. 15. COLD WAR PROPAGANDAElite manipulation has existed inour country even prior to the daysof our founding. Masses aresusceptible to manipulation as theyare highly emotional. Elites utilizesymbolism to pull these emotionalheartstrings at will. Enjoy this 1952government sponsored film vilifyingcommunism.

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