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Labor Skill and Integration in Cambodia

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Labor Skill and Integration in Cambodia

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Labor Skill and Integration in Cambodia

  1. 1. PAÑÑĀSĀSTRA UNIVERSITY OF CAMBODIA Subject: ASEAN, Governments, Politics, and Economics Professor: Thun Buntheoun Room: Prasat Nearng Kmao Topic Labor Skill and Integration in Cambodia Group1 STUDENT: 1.TORN KEARA 2.MONG PISEY 3.CHHAT PUTHEANY 4.TONG TERANG 5.MOULSEM CHORMVIRAK
  2. 2. CONTENT I. Objectives of the topic 1. What is integration? 2. Why Cambodia join ASEAN? 3. How Cambodia prepare for ASEAN integration I. What is labor skill? 1. How the labor skill in Cambodia look like? 2. Does it has any effect on ASEAN integration? II. How can labor skill in Cambodia compete with other? III. What are the policy should Cambodia’s government have, to reinforce the labor skill? Presenter : Torn Keara
  3. 3. I. OBJECTIVES  The objectives of this topic are to:  Know the basic information of skilled labor in Cambodia.  Understand the situation of Cambodia skilled labour.  Analyze challenges of skilled labour.  Try to find solutions to this issue.
  4. 4. WHAT IS INTEGRATION?  ASEAN integration is the combination of cooperation of ASEAN member states.  Is the interrelationship among its member states in purpose of Asean Economic Community (AEC).  Is the collective cooperation of Asean Nation Presenter : Torn Keara
  5. 5. WHY CAMBODIA JOIN ASEAN? -To look for the development, modernization, and globalization. - “There is no doubt that the ASEAN membership brings Cambodia critical and promising opportunity to polish its reputation in global context, enhance human rights, and trace economic and tourism development.” http://www.lawteacher.net/free-law-essays/international-law/asean-and-history-of-cambodias- membership-international-law-essay.php Presenter : Torn Keara
  6. 6. HOW CAMBODIA PREPARE FOR ASEAN INTEGRATION? In Cambodia look very enlarge of education. But still not enough for integration such as English speaking will use informal in a whole members states. English is very useful for communication. In fact, only 30% of people that prepares well to show their abilities to fulfill their duties. Presenter : Mong Pisey
  7. 7. WHAT IS LABOR SKILL? Labor skill is generally any type of occupation that requires some degree of skill or training but does not require a college degree. Presenter : Mong Pisey
  8. 8. HOW THE LABOR SKILL IN CAMBODIA LOOK LIKE?  80% of labor in the economy is in rural areas, 50% of workforce has not finished primary school.  labor skill is very low because poor of education system to compare with another country in ASEAN member states : private school and public schools. 1. Quality of private education provider: • 5% excellent • 30% good • 40% averages • 20% poor • 5% extremely poor Presenter : Chhat Putheany
  9. 9. 2. Quality of public education provider: • 0% excellent • 20% extremely poor • 30% poor • 40% average • 10% good  quality of skill level: higher education and vocational training course can not compete with another country in ASEAN. • higher education ( from bachelor degree to PHD):29500-33000 graduates per year, female have11500-13000. 54% that have job. • Vocational training course: more than 1000 students, female 30%. Have 38 institutions that provider. Presenter : Chhat Putheany
  10. 10.  Skills gap: • 55% that employees did not perform their jobs • at the require level. • 26% not perform as expected. • 19% can accept.  Skills shortage: • Low number of applicant with the required skills 34%. • Arise in a situation in which employers face difficulties in recruiting staff with the skill needed. • Lack of work experience the company demands 33%. • Lack of qualifications the company demands 19%. Presenter : Chhat Putheany
  11. 11. CHALLENGING  Cambodian students fear losing jobs in ASEAN integration.  Our education systems : Cambodian students have less technical skills.  We don’t have many institutes to provide vocational skills.  The abilities of foreign languages, job specific task, and manual dexterity.  Economic crisis :  Cambodia economy is concentrated on narrow base.  Loss of import revenues when tariff reduce to 0%. Presenter : Chhat Putheany
  12. 12.  Cambodia population : 14.7m, 8.8m in the labor force.  Cambodia’s economy is dependent on four main sectors: tourism, construction, agriculture, and garment manufacturing. “What are the jobs flow in the ASEAN 2015 integration?” (engineers, architectures, doctors, lawyers , accountants)  BUT: the majority of Cambodian laborers are farmers, construction workers and factory workers who lack technical skills. Presenter : Tong Terang HOW CAN LABOR SKILL IN CAMBODIA COMPETE WITH OTHER?
  13. 13. COMPARISON LABOR SKILLS IN CAMBODIA Enrolment rates and returns on education Presenter : Tong Terang
  14. 14. COMPARISON LABOR SKILLS IN CAMBODIA Expanding but unskilled labor force Presenter : Tong Terang
  15. 15. COMPARISON LABOR SKILLS IN CAMBODIA  According to the HRINC 2011 survey, 501-1000 employers  73% of employers reported that university graduates do not have the right skills  62% of employers noted that vocational training graduates do not have the right skills  Deab Sophirak, deputy director for Chamroeun University of Poly-Technology, said 500 students graduate from his school every year. Only about 10 find jobs, he said.  Bun Chenda, 26, graduated Build Bright University with a tourism degree three years ago, says she can’t find work. “When I studied at school, I studied only theory, and did not practice, so I don’t have specific skills to find a job,” she said. Presenter : Tong Terang
  16. 16. COMPARISON LABOR SKILLS IN CAMBODIA “Graduates with the right skills is low” Here it come 2015, do you think we are ready for the ASEAN integration? Presenter : Tong Terang
  17. 17. CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION  Education  Scholarship  Job Opportunity and high salary  Training & Short-Course  Accessing information Presenter : Moulsem Chormvirak
  18. 18. REFFERENCE. • www.ilo.org/asia. • Pich Rithy, ministry of commerce, 16th September, 2014 at Dara Airport hotel, Phnom Penh. • According to the country officer for Thailand, Cambodia and Lao’s democratic republic.
  19. 19. THANK YOU FOR ATTENTION

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