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Ai in Education: Helping EU to thrive

A presentation at the Committee of Regions event for the Finnish EU-presidency. Panel discussion "Next Challenge: The Impact of Artificial Intelligence on education and knowledge creation"

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Ai in Education: Helping EU to thrive

  1. 1. The European Commission’s science and knowledge service Joint Research Centre Riina Vuorikari, PhD Unit Human Capital & Employment, Directorate Innovation and Growth European Commission, DG Joint Research Centre 
 To thrive in an AI-rich world: how EU could help building 
 student and teacher capacities? 

  2. 2. https://s3platform.jrc.ec.europa.eu/ artificial-intelligence Embodied AI (Robotics) on Child’s Development and Education Joint Research Centre: 
 The European Commission's science and knowledge service
  3. 3. European Commission: DG JRC (Joint Research Centre) • Internal science and knowledge service of the European Commission • Policy neutral: has no policy agenda of its own • JRC mission is to support EU policies with independent evidence throughout the whole policy cycle • Work for more than 20 EC policy departments Riina.Vuorikari@ec.europa.eu @vuorikari
  4. 4. AI will change occupations, automate tasks and processes. Source: adapted from OECD, 2019 TALIS, Table I.2.27 Average number of hours teachers in EU-22 report having spent on the following activities during the most recent 
 complete calendar week What about that of a teacher? 
 What are the activities 
 that might be 
 substituted or 
 even made obsolete 
 by AI?
  5. 5. AI in Education: What challenges in education are we solving? 
 Might we “routinise” old institutional problems or fix them? The latest OECD data show a worrying trend in teachers’ time allocation in an average lesson since 2013: • An overall decline in time spent on actual teaching and learning within single lessons (16/20 EU countries*) • Time spent on administrative tasks (including communication, paperwork and other clerical duties) has gone up in 12 EU countries. Source: TALIS, OECD, 2019, Table I.2.17 * Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, England (UK), Finland, Flemish Comm. (Belgium), France, Italy, Latvia, Netherlands, Portugal, Romania, Slovak Republic, Spain
  6. 6. What are the real challenges to solve to help learners? Can AI technologies 
 help teachers and education systems in delivering quality education? • When teaching larger classes teachers tend to spend less time in teaching 
 than other tasks • 30% of teachers have low efficacy in motivating student learning • 27% teach in classes with more than 10% of special needs students (e.g. 
 over 50% in BE) • 20% of teachers have more than 10% of students whose first language is different from the language of instruction (e.g. over 40% in Austria and Sweden) BUT only 41% very/well prepared for the use of ICT for teaching (e.g. 20% in FI and AT) Source: Adapted for EU from OECD (2019), TALIS 2018 Results (Volume I): Teachers and School Leaders as Lifelong Learners
  7. 7. AI in Education: Teaching and learning with AI. Teacher-facing AI can complement/augment/substitute Teaching methods and delivery, lesson planning Classroom management Assessment, evaluation and diagnosis Learner-facing AI can complement/augment Individual's learning and development Affective-motivational disposition (e.g. strategies
 to motivate learners, develop socio-emotional skills) Education System-facing AI complement/substitute/make obsolete
  8. 8. https://www.analyticsvidhya.com/blog/2018/06/china-school-facial-recognition-analyse-students/ Does this fit to our local needs, values and context? 
 What is the European vision for AI in education?
  9. 9. Create a common vision for AI in Education in Europe & 
 Allocate resources to build AI technologies that help teachers and 
 learners A Low hanging fruit driven by supply-side?
 AI-based personalised content platforms 
 & intelligent tutoring systems with a 
 half-hearted visions of learning & pedagogy What about a vision of AI in education 
 for empowering learning and the individual?
  10. 10. On-going work at JRC: Co-designing AI empowered tools with 
 teachers and for teachers Guidelines on how to involve learners, teachers, school heads and local education authorities in co-designing of AI-based tools with features t h e y find useful for their own use. How to offer training and otherwise support them so that they can effectively use these tools in their learning and teaching. Ethics of AI in education At all levels, policies of ethics and data protection should support learners, teachers, school principals, etc. to make informed decisions about the use of their data within their institution but also outside of it (e.g. game-based learning, informal learning)
  11. 11. Thank you Riina.Vuorikari@ec.europa.eu @vuorikari
  12. 12. Learning about AI. Examp 1: Citizens' education Focus on "AI literacy" to support critical citizens
  13. 13. Learning about AI. Example 2: Offerings by ed. authorities
  14. 14. Learning about AI. Example 3: by teachers in eTwinning