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Dharavi slums and Housing

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Describing Dharavi and Development of the City

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Dharavi slums and Housing

  1. 1. * Slums are a squalid and overcrowded urban street or district inhabited by very poor people * Illegal housing consists of hunts or shanties built on land not owned by the residents (i.e. squatting)
  2. 2. * According to the United States ,one billion people worldwide live in slums * Roughly one third of world’s poor population live in India * 55% of population of Mumbai , approximately 7 million ,lives in slums * Mumbai’s slums cover only 6-8% of the city’s land with 55% of it’s people
  3. 3. * Dharavi in Mumbai is one of the largest slums in the world * With span more than 500 acres and population between 3,00,000 to 1million
  4. 4.  In the 19th century , this area in Mumbai was mangrove swamp inhabited by Kohli fishermen  Soon swamp got filled in (by coconut leaves, rotten fish, and human waste) the kohli’s were deprived of their fishing grounds and soon shifted to bootlegging liquor. But room became for others
  5. 5.  The Kumbhkars from Gujrat established a potter’s colony  The Tamils opened tannaries  The people of Uttar Pradesh worked in booming textile industry  Dharavi is the most diverse neighbourhood in Mumbai
  6. 6.  With span more than 500acres and population of 3,00,000 to 1 million  33% are Muslims  6% are Christians  60% are Hindus  20% of the Hindu population works in animal skin production, tannaries, leather goods ,and the rest are involved in pottery, textile goods manufacturing, retail and trade,distilleries and other caste professions
  7. 7.  Dharavi has numerous mosques, temples, and churches. Badi masjid is the oldest structure in this area
  8. 8.  Dharavi is right between Western and Central railway  Dharavi has Mithi river to it’s north, Mahim and Bandra to it’s west and to it’s south and east it has Sion and Matunga  It’s location makes it vulnerable to floods during monsoon
  9. 9.  Per capita income of the residents of Dharavi ranges between Rs.31107 to Rs.124430
  10. 10.  As of November 2006 ,there is only one toilet per 1,440 residents in Dharavi  Mahim creek is used by the residents for urination and defecation, leading to contagious diseases  This area also suffers from inadequate drinking facilities
  11. 11.  First plague in Dharavi occurred in 1896  25 years later other epidemics also occurred like, dysentry, typhoid, cholera, leprosy, ameobiasis, and also polio through recent years  Also epidemic of drug resistant tuberclosis happened in the recent years
  12. 12.  Fire destroyed many slum properties and caused injuries in Januaury 2013  Massive floods occurred in 2006
  13. 13.  There have been many plans since 1997  Companies from around the world have bid to redevelop Dharavi, including Lehman Brothers, Dubai's Limitless and Singapore's Capitaland Ltd  The latest urban redevelopment plan proposed for the Dharavi area is managed by American-trained architect Mukesh Mehta
  14. 14.  The plan involves the construction of 2,800,000 square metres of housing, schools, parks and roads to serve the 57,000 families residing in the area, along with 3,700,000 square metres of residential and commercial space for sale  There has been significant local opposition to the plans, largely because existing residents are due to receive only 25.0 square metres of land each. Also, only those families who lived in the area before 2000 are slated for resettlement. Residents also fear that some of their small businesses in the "informal" sector may not be relocated under the redevelopment plan
  15. 15.  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dharavi  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Illegal_h ousing_in_India  http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/ 2007/05/dharavi-mumbai- slum/jacobson-text  http://www.theguardian.com/cities/2 014/apr/01/urbanist-guide-to- dharavi-mumbai
  16. 16.  Sakina Lokhandwala  Shoaib Mujawar  Zaid Shaikh  Mhd. Junaid