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Performance appraisal program
In this file, you can ref useful information about performance appraisal program such as
performance appraisal program methods, performance appraisal program tips, performance
appraisal program forms, performance appraisal program phrases … If you need more assistant
for performance appraisal program, please leave your comment at the end of file.
Other useful material for you:
• performanceappraisal123.com/1125-free-performance-review-phrases
• performanceappraisal123.com/free-28-performance-appraisal-forms
• performanceappraisal123.com/free-ebook-11-methods-for-performance-appraisal
I. Contents of getting performance appraisal program
==================
Employers develop performance appraisal programs based on what they perceive employees
need in terms of regular, constructive feedback. Appraisal also serves to recognize skills, talent
and the employee's interest in developing his expertise for future roles within the organization.
Not all appraisal programs are formal, sophisticated systems that produce pages of meaningless
narrative about goals and productivity. Many are well-constructed, straightforward
measurements that foster candid assessments of performance and positive workplace
relationships that support the organization's business goals.
Introductory Evaluation
An introductory evaluation is an effective way to determine if your company is making wise
hiring decisions. Since much turnover occurs early in the employment relationship, conducting
an evaluation within the first 60 to 90 days on the job ensures the employee is a good fit for the
job and the work environment. An introductory evaluation also gives the employee an
opportunity to express any concerns about her duties before minor issues become irresolvable
problems.
Supervisor Evaluation
Though supervisors typically evaluate employee performance, the nature of the supervisor-
employee relationship lends itself to two-way review and feedback. This type of appraisal
program enables managers to see how effective supervisors are and whether supervisors are good
at establishing themselves as organizational leaders. Employees who report to supervisors are the
best source of knowledge of supervisor actions and behavior because of the direct reporting
relationship and daily interaction. Employee reviews of supervisors can be done anonymously to
protect employees from potential retaliation by supervisors whose reviews contain comments
about poor behavior or deficient leadership skills.
Peer Evaluation
These may be the trickiest of all appraisal programs, because conducting peer evaluations
requires extensive training for employees. Subjectivity also can become a challenge; therefore,
employees must be reminded that only objective and constructive feedback is acceptable and
personal opinions about their peers are unacceptable. Peer evaluations shed light on whether
employees who work together in the same department are following consistent processes and
procedures. Peer evaluations also can help identify employees who demonstrate leadership skills
and are admired by their peers for their positive attitudes and teamwork.
Self-Evaluation
Employers may construct a performance appraisal program that combines elements of a
traditional supervisor-written appraisal with an employee self-evaluation. This type of appraisal
program produces supervisor-employee interaction during the appraisal meeting. Employers who
use employee self-evaluation benefit from the combination of two perspectives that involves a
negotiated approach to reaching a final performance rating. The employee's self-evaluation is not
simply a feel-good exercise for employees. It encourages supervisors to listen carefully to
employees' own perceptions of their strengths and weaknesses. The result is that the overall
performance appraisal program is well received by workers who appreciate that an employer
values their opinions.
==================
III. Performance appraisal methods
1.Ranking Method
The ranking system requires the rater to rank his
subordinates on overall performance. This consists in
simply putting a man in a rank order. Under this method,
the ranking of an employee in a work group is done
against that of another employee. The relative position of
each employee is tested in terms of his numerical rank. It
may also be done by ranking a person on his job
performance against another member of the competitive
group.
Advantages of Ranking Method
i. Employees are ranked according to their performance
levels.
ii. It is easier to rank the best and the worst employee.
Limitations of Ranking Method
i. The “whole man” is compared with another “whole man”
in this method. In practice, it is very difficult to compare
individuals possessing various individual traits.
ii. This method speaks only of the position where an
employee stands in his group. It does not test anything
about how much better or how much worse an employee
is when compared to another employee.
iii. When a large number of employees are working, ranking
of individuals become a difficult issue.
iv. There is no systematic procedure for ranking individuals
in the organization. The ranking system does not eliminate
the possibility of snap judgements.
2. Rating Scale
Rating scales consists of several numerical scales
representing job related performance criterions such as
dependability, initiative, output, attendance, attitude etc.
Each scales ranges from excellent to poor. The total
numerical scores are computed and final conclusions are
derived. Advantages – Adaptability, easy to use, low cost,
every type of job can be evaluated, large number of
employees covered, no formal training required.
Disadvantages – Rater’s biases
3. Checklist method
Under this method, checklist of statements of traits of
employee in the form of Yes or No based questions is
prepared. Here the rater only does the reporting or
checking and HR department does the actual evaluation.
Advantages – economy, ease of administration, limited
training required, standardization. Disadvantages – Raters
biases, use of improper weighs by HR, does not allow
rater to give relative ratings
4. Critical Incidents Method
The approach is focused on certain critical behaviors of
employee that makes all the difference in the
performance. Supervisors as and when they occur record
such incidents. Advantages – Evaluations are based on
actual job behaviors, ratings are supported by
descriptions, feedback is easy, reduces recency biases,
chances of subordinate improvement are high.
Disadvantages – Negative incidents can be prioritized,
forgetting incidents, overly close supervision; feedback
may be too much and may appear to be punishment.
5. Essay Method
In this method the rater writes down the employee
description in detail within a number of broad categories
like, overall impression of performance, promoteability
of employee, existing capabilities and qualifications of
performing jobs, strengths and weaknesses and training
needs of the employee. Advantage – It is extremely
useful in filing information gaps about the employees
that often occur in a better-structured checklist.
Disadvantages – It its highly dependent upon the writing
skills of rater and most of them are not good writers.
They may get confused success depends on the memory
power of raters.
6. Behaviorally Anchored Rating Scales
statements of effective and ineffective behaviors
determine the points. They are said to be
behaviorally anchored. The rater is supposed to
say, which behavior describes the employee
performance. Advantages – helps overcome rating
errors. Disadvantages – Suffers from distortions
inherent in most rating techniques.
III. Other topics related to Performance appraisal program (pdf download)
• Top 28 performance appraisal forms
• performance appraisal comments
• 11 performance appraisal methods
• 25 performance appraisal examples
• performance appraisal phrases
• performance appraisal process
• performance appraisal template
• performance appraisal system
• performance appraisal answers
• performance appraisal questions
• performance appraisal techniques
• performance appraisal format
• performance appraisal templates
• performance appraisal questionnaire
• performance appraisal software
• performance appraisal tools
• performance appraisal interview
• performance appraisal phrases examples
• performance appraisal objectives
• performance appraisal policy
• performance appraisal letter
• performance appraisal types
• performance appraisal quotes
• performance appraisal articles

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Performance appraisal program

  • 1. Performance appraisal program In this file, you can ref useful information about performance appraisal program such as performance appraisal program methods, performance appraisal program tips, performance appraisal program forms, performance appraisal program phrases … If you need more assistant for performance appraisal program, please leave your comment at the end of file. Other useful material for you: • performanceappraisal123.com/1125-free-performance-review-phrases • performanceappraisal123.com/free-28-performance-appraisal-forms • performanceappraisal123.com/free-ebook-11-methods-for-performance-appraisal I. Contents of getting performance appraisal program ================== Employers develop performance appraisal programs based on what they perceive employees need in terms of regular, constructive feedback. Appraisal also serves to recognize skills, talent and the employee's interest in developing his expertise for future roles within the organization. Not all appraisal programs are formal, sophisticated systems that produce pages of meaningless narrative about goals and productivity. Many are well-constructed, straightforward measurements that foster candid assessments of performance and positive workplace relationships that support the organization's business goals. Introductory Evaluation An introductory evaluation is an effective way to determine if your company is making wise hiring decisions. Since much turnover occurs early in the employment relationship, conducting an evaluation within the first 60 to 90 days on the job ensures the employee is a good fit for the job and the work environment. An introductory evaluation also gives the employee an opportunity to express any concerns about her duties before minor issues become irresolvable problems. Supervisor Evaluation Though supervisors typically evaluate employee performance, the nature of the supervisor- employee relationship lends itself to two-way review and feedback. This type of appraisal program enables managers to see how effective supervisors are and whether supervisors are good at establishing themselves as organizational leaders. Employees who report to supervisors are the best source of knowledge of supervisor actions and behavior because of the direct reporting
  • 2. relationship and daily interaction. Employee reviews of supervisors can be done anonymously to protect employees from potential retaliation by supervisors whose reviews contain comments about poor behavior or deficient leadership skills. Peer Evaluation These may be the trickiest of all appraisal programs, because conducting peer evaluations requires extensive training for employees. Subjectivity also can become a challenge; therefore, employees must be reminded that only objective and constructive feedback is acceptable and personal opinions about their peers are unacceptable. Peer evaluations shed light on whether employees who work together in the same department are following consistent processes and procedures. Peer evaluations also can help identify employees who demonstrate leadership skills and are admired by their peers for their positive attitudes and teamwork. Self-Evaluation Employers may construct a performance appraisal program that combines elements of a traditional supervisor-written appraisal with an employee self-evaluation. This type of appraisal program produces supervisor-employee interaction during the appraisal meeting. Employers who use employee self-evaluation benefit from the combination of two perspectives that involves a negotiated approach to reaching a final performance rating. The employee's self-evaluation is not simply a feel-good exercise for employees. It encourages supervisors to listen carefully to employees' own perceptions of their strengths and weaknesses. The result is that the overall performance appraisal program is well received by workers who appreciate that an employer values their opinions. ================== III. Performance appraisal methods 1.Ranking Method The ranking system requires the rater to rank his subordinates on overall performance. This consists in simply putting a man in a rank order. Under this method, the ranking of an employee in a work group is done against that of another employee. The relative position of each employee is tested in terms of his numerical rank. It may also be done by ranking a person on his job performance against another member of the competitive group. Advantages of Ranking Method i. Employees are ranked according to their performance
  • 3. levels. ii. It is easier to rank the best and the worst employee. Limitations of Ranking Method i. The “whole man” is compared with another “whole man” in this method. In practice, it is very difficult to compare individuals possessing various individual traits. ii. This method speaks only of the position where an employee stands in his group. It does not test anything about how much better or how much worse an employee is when compared to another employee. iii. When a large number of employees are working, ranking of individuals become a difficult issue. iv. There is no systematic procedure for ranking individuals in the organization. The ranking system does not eliminate the possibility of snap judgements. 2. Rating Scale Rating scales consists of several numerical scales representing job related performance criterions such as dependability, initiative, output, attendance, attitude etc. Each scales ranges from excellent to poor. The total numerical scores are computed and final conclusions are derived. Advantages – Adaptability, easy to use, low cost, every type of job can be evaluated, large number of employees covered, no formal training required. Disadvantages – Rater’s biases 3. Checklist method
  • 4. Under this method, checklist of statements of traits of employee in the form of Yes or No based questions is prepared. Here the rater only does the reporting or checking and HR department does the actual evaluation. Advantages – economy, ease of administration, limited training required, standardization. Disadvantages – Raters biases, use of improper weighs by HR, does not allow rater to give relative ratings 4. Critical Incidents Method The approach is focused on certain critical behaviors of employee that makes all the difference in the performance. Supervisors as and when they occur record such incidents. Advantages – Evaluations are based on actual job behaviors, ratings are supported by descriptions, feedback is easy, reduces recency biases, chances of subordinate improvement are high. Disadvantages – Negative incidents can be prioritized, forgetting incidents, overly close supervision; feedback may be too much and may appear to be punishment. 5. Essay Method
  • 5. In this method the rater writes down the employee description in detail within a number of broad categories like, overall impression of performance, promoteability of employee, existing capabilities and qualifications of performing jobs, strengths and weaknesses and training needs of the employee. Advantage – It is extremely useful in filing information gaps about the employees that often occur in a better-structured checklist. Disadvantages – It its highly dependent upon the writing skills of rater and most of them are not good writers. They may get confused success depends on the memory power of raters. 6. Behaviorally Anchored Rating Scales statements of effective and ineffective behaviors determine the points. They are said to be behaviorally anchored. The rater is supposed to say, which behavior describes the employee performance. Advantages – helps overcome rating errors. Disadvantages – Suffers from distortions inherent in most rating techniques. III. Other topics related to Performance appraisal program (pdf download) • Top 28 performance appraisal forms • performance appraisal comments • 11 performance appraisal methods • 25 performance appraisal examples • performance appraisal phrases • performance appraisal process • performance appraisal template • performance appraisal system • performance appraisal answers • performance appraisal questions • performance appraisal techniques • performance appraisal format • performance appraisal templates
  • 6. • performance appraisal questionnaire • performance appraisal software • performance appraisal tools • performance appraisal interview • performance appraisal phrases examples • performance appraisal objectives • performance appraisal policy • performance appraisal letter • performance appraisal types • performance appraisal quotes • performance appraisal articles