1. (1 : Hair : Material )
We can define material by Thickness and Genes.
● By thickness from Extreme straight to Extreme Curly.
● Now by genes is where it gets interesting and quite difficult ,Each different hair changes
differently with every single cut, everyway you cut it you get a different look, Some hair is
heavy and some is light, some lays flat and some stands out, Some is silky and sharp while
some is feathery and textured, some my seem very flat in the beginning and that encourages
you to cut even shorter but once you do.. It stands out.
You can think twice, but you only cut once so that’s why always cut carefully and try be as
sure as you can, specially with the length of the cut.
If you see huge changes after cutting some of the hair.. that doesn’t mean it’s the end of the
world, you can still reach the needed result but you have to change the way you are cutting,
so cut, watch and modify your technique based on the changes that you’ll see from the
2. (1 : Hair : Length )
More length means more options, more sectioning before you cut, more use of scissors, more
water needed and more envisioning, those are bunch of different things together that comes with
longs hair but it’s mainly positive stuff.
Sometimes hair looks longer than it is,
Sometimes hair options seem more than they are for short hair which means you can come up
with a lot of ideas for your clients if you have a good variety of haircuts to apply,
A good example is the Flattop haircut, A person might seem to have not enough hair at all for it but
it can still be done !.
3. (2 : Tools : Clippers)
You can achieve anything with any tool, But.. the shorter the haircut the
more you should use a clipper because that would give you more
accuracy, structure, and time and the longer the hair the most definitely
you will need scissors.
Clippers are essential for Fading, Shaping and Trimming the short
haircuts, that might seem a lot but that’s nothing compared to what the
scissors does, Scissors are everything.
4. (2 : Tools : Main and Thinning
● With the main scissors you can cut the length all the
way down to 15mm, shape, trim, control amount of
layers & graduation, soften, texture, create angles,
increase volume, create dimensions, fix bad haircuts,
and a lot more for both head and beard.
● With the thinning scissors you can reduce the density
of the hair (aka volume), blend different sections that
has different lengths together, blend different areas
with different densities of hair, smoothen the hair and
make it look as a one piece specially the top and
create details, They are usually used to finish up and
complete the haircut.
5. (2 : Tools : Trimmers)
The trimmer functions the same as the hair clipper but its
for different reasons and the blades get more closer to the
skin which cuts more length.
You can use this for forming, designing the beard and the
mustache, fading the shade right before the last, to outline
the haircut by creating borders and edges for the ears and
neck and cleaning the neck area.
Not to be used for removing dense or long hair basically.
As you can see the one in the picture has wide edges for it
to be able to get inside narrow places such as behind the
6. (2 : Tools : Balding CLippers AKA
It cuts the hair till the max leaving nothing but soft skin if the hair is
already trimmed down to 1-2 mm first, which means you need to use
the trimmer before that.
You gonna need this for skin fades, and clean the neck mostly but you
can still get someone bald or remove hair from the cheek with but
that’s preferred to be done with the blades.
Note: this doesn’t replace the shaving blades, and must be cleaned
and disinfected after every client while following the maintenance
manual that usually suggests changing the foils every few months.
7. (2 : Tools : CLips)
Clips are used to hold the hair wether in masses or after rolling the sections,
the Plastic with the teeth is kept on top while the stronger curved part is kept
under which will be applied on top of the skin.
In case it is applied after rolling the hair.. always try to be perpendicular to the
hair in order for it to slide under.
Cautions must be taken when applying these clips as they might scratch the
client or pull his hair if tried to be done fast or incorrectly.
You would need one with each section you create which means you might
need up to 7-8 Clips for long hair that needs a lot of sections.
8. (2 : Tools : 3 Main combs)
These cover most of the tasks needed to be done with the hair,
The basic comb : it is used for cutting, sectioning and changing direction of the
hair along few other things that you will find yourself doing with it such as fixing
mustaches before trimming them or dragging hair from the jaw line.
The large comb : it is used for cutting the hair with the clipper (Clipper over
comb), Dragging hair in bigger amounts and styling the hair at the end.
The blow drying comb : it is used for drying the hair for both head and beard to
add volume, shape and style the hair, it can pull the hair in few techniques that
can get you different results.
9. (2 : Tools : Shaving brush )
First and foremost, Shaving has more impact physically and sensationally on the client
than it does appearance wise, which means you can use shaving process to finalize the
beard trim or remove some hair but the material and sensational result that it has is
beyond that and it is what specific demographic of clients look for, that’s why you always
have those clients who repeatedly come back to have a smooth shave, relax a bit and
freshen up before they go out.
Some of these guys never even pay attention to how their hairstyle is, they might care
more about shave, skin, feeling, relaxing and time.
Hot water on the brush, swipe a little soap with it and mix it in the bowl and you’ll be able to apply to the hair on
the head or the face, making sure the brush is warm and brushed repeatedly on the hair that needs to be
shaved will allow you to shave more smoothly and easily with the cutthroat blades.
Some brushes are hard and some are soft, with soft ones you can apply more pressure on the face without
pushing the clients while hard ones are more effective on thick hair, a medium thickness brush is a good
Note: Taking care of the brush by rinsing it, drying it and hanging it upside down will allow it to live longer and
remain as it is.
10. (2 : Tools : Cut Throat Blades)
This tool is the stagnation point between Cutting hair and Shaving, with this
tool you can control the appearance of your work but together with shaving
soap it’ll allow you to remove all the hair from the face down to the skin
There are different ways of how you can install the blade inside the cutthroat
tool but it eventually should end up inside the last section circled in red.
There is a specific way to hold it and a specific way to drag the hair with it, it
can remove large masses with a one time swipe eliminating all the hair, it can
also be used to sharpening the borders of hair such as necklines, forehead
hairlines, parting lines ( which are inside some haircuts like the Pompadour
haircut), beard edges and much more.
It should be disinfected thoroughly and completely after each use to prevent
germs, viruses and other contagious diseases
11. (2 : Tools : Products)
You can categories products for two purposes, skin and hair.
● Skin products that you’ll involve in as hair cutter are such as before
shaving creams and oils and after shave lotions.
● Hair products are used to shave, cut, wash, care for and style the hair.
● Shaving products are such as shaving soap and/or cream.
● Cutting products are such as tonic which helps you smoothen and
straighten the curly and stuck hair and allow you to dry, cut and groom.
● Washing products are such as shampoo, conditioner and remover.
● Care for products are designed to care for your hair such as beard oil.
● Styling products is where it gets little sophisticated because you can
reach different results with different hair and you would always wanna
make sure you got at least two to three options of products so you satisfy
every client, they can vary based on the strength of the hold, the look,
and to the effect.