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  1. 1. Elena Garzón Q
  2. 2. Study Skills Workshop Memory Techniques
  3. 3. Memory The power and process of reproducing and recalling what has been learned and retained
  4. 4. Types of Memory  Semantic: Words and Symbols  Implicit: How to  Remote: Data collected over time  Working: Extremely short-term, lasting momentarily  Episodic: Recent experience
  5. 5. The way I learn affects how I remembered… Visual Learners  Write things down because you remember them better  Copy over your notes. Rewriting helps  Use color  Write vocabulary words on index cards. Use colors
  6. 6. The way I learn affects how I remembered… Auditory Learners  Try studying with somebody so you can talk and hear the information  Recite out loud what you want to remember  Write vocabulary words on index cards and review them frequently by reading them aloud
  7. 7. The way I learn affects how I remembered… Haptic Learner  To memorize, pace or walk around while reciting or looking at a list  Close your eyes and write the information in the air or on a desk.
  8. 8. You never forget…  Your brain never loses anything  Forgetting: it is either the inability to recall stored information or the failure to store information in the first place  The things that interest you
  9. 9. We Remember  10% of what we read  20% of what we hear  30% of what we see  50% of what we see and hear  70% of what we say  90% of what we say and do
  10. 10. Process of Memory  Attention and Selection  Encoding  Storage  Retrieval
  11. 11. Attention and Selection The first process of memory is attention. There is much more information in your environment than you can process at any given time. You must make choices (conscious and unconscious) regarding what you will attend to and store in your memory
  12. 12. Encoding = Receiving information  How are memories formed?  It refers to translating incoming information into a mental representation that can be stored in memory  You can encode the information on a number of different ways  According to sound (acoustic code)  What it looks like (visual code)  What it means (semantic code)
  13. 13. Storage = Retention of information  It is the process of holding information in your memory  Short-Term vs. Long-Term Memory  Transfer from Short to Long-term  Repeating the information  Practicing  Thinking about it deeply (elaborate) – drawing connections between what you are trying to remember and the other things that you are familiar to you
  14. 14. Retrieval = recall or recognition It is the process of actually remembering something when you want to
  15. 15. Memory Techniques 1. Learn from the general to the specific 2. Make it meaningful 3. Create associations 4. Learn it once, actively 5. Relax 6. Recite and repeat
  16. 16. Memory Techniques 7. Create pictures - draw diagrams, mind maps - create action - make pictures vivid - turn abstract ideas into concrete actions or images
  17. 17. Memory Techniques 8. Write it down (outline, 3x5 cards, summary) 9. Reduce interference 10. Over learn 11. Escape the short-term memory trap 12. Use daylight 13. Distribute Learning 14. Be aware of attitudes
  18. 18. Memory Techniques 15. Choose what not to store in memory 16. Combine memory techniques 17. Remember something else 18. Notice when you do remember 19. Use it before you lose it 20. Remember, you never forget. 21. Grouping by category, alphabet, chronological order
  19. 19. Memory Techniques 22. Create abbreviations 23. Visualize 24. Review  24 hrs after learning takes place  10 minute review reinforces one hour class  periodically to move material from short- to long-term memory
  20. 20. Mnemonics  Are methods for remembering information that is otherwise quite difficult to recall  A word or a sentence which is intended to be easier to remember than the thing it stands for.
  21. 21. MNEMONIC DEVICES  Acronyms – words created from the initial letters of a series of words  NASA : National Aeronautics and Space Administration  Acrostics – sentences that help you remember a series of letters that stand for something  “Every Good Boy Does Fine (E,G,B,D and F)
  22. 22. Mnemonic Devices  Rhymes and Songs – Make a rhyme or a song of the facts  Alphabet (Twinkle, Twinkle little Star)  Loci Systems – creates visual associations with familiar locations. It can also help you remember things in a particular order  Peg Systems – employs key words represented by numbers  Example 1=bun, 2=shoe, 3=tree, 4=door
  23. 23. Remembering Names  Recite and repeat in conversation  Ask the other person to recite and repeat  Visualize  Admit you don’t know  Introduce yourself again  Use associations
  24. 24. Remembering Names  Limit the number of new names you learn at one time  Ask for photos  Go early  Make it a game
  25. 25. Thank You  moncyvarghesek@gmail.com

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