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Week 1

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Week 1

  1. 1. MGMT 302-ELAGroups versus Teams
  2. 2. Groups vs Teams
  3. 3. Groups Exist for a purpose/goal-oriented Central communication process Structured relations Mutual Influence Composed of 2-2000 people
  4. 4. Teams Defined, structured groups Engaged in sports or work activities Applied functions 4-20 people who interact with one another directly
  5. 5. Organizations & Teams What is the purpose of teams in the workplace? ◦ Provide advice/deal with special problems ◦ Link different parts of the organization to solve problems/create processes ◦ Plan for future of the organization/manage transitions
  6. 6. Types of Work Teams Production Teams Service Teams Management Teams Project Teams Action or performing teams Parallel Teams
  7. 7. Types of Work Groups Traditional Work Group – hierarchical Traditional Teams – Some power & authority/somewhat independent of hierarchy Self-Managing – More power & authority/more independent of hierarch
  8. 8. Traditional Work Group AKA ‘scientific management ◦ Individuals perform separately to complete a task Conditions for traditional approach to be successful ◦ Same task for period of time ◦ Simple process for routine workers/activities ◦ Production-focused http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6qm _3saEo7o
  9. 9. Why use teams? Bring a diversity of knowledge to the table Increase support within an organization Bring multiple perspectives to complex tasks Create jobs that are more responsive to work environment
  10. 10. Team/Group History Structured/hierarchy -- Military-based Small group/family approach – Traditional farming/manufacturing guild system
  11. 11. Team Dynamics Industrial Revolution ◦ Jobs were simplified, minimizing advantages to skilled workers Human Relations Movement/Hawthorne Sociotechnical Systems Theory Quality Circles (TQM)
  12. 12. Group Dynamics Norman Triplett – ◦ Social facilitation Kurt Lewin – ◦ Group dynamics/Action research  Social Change