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Bnl 1st pre-participatory-brs-9-11-09

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Bnl 1st pre-participatory-brs-9-11-09

  1. 1. Introduction of the Project: concept, goal, objectives and outcomes Bhuwon Sthapit Bioversity International
  2. 2. Outline • Background rationale – Tropical fruit tree diversity – Threats – Needs • Project summary • Objectives • Conceptual framework of the project • Outputs • Expected outcomes/impacts
  3. 3. Tropical Fruit Tree Diversity
  4. 4. Rationale: A valuable resource Contribution to human well-being – Nutrition – Income – Foreign exchange – Source of medicines, timber, fuel, fodder – Ecosystem services (carbon sequestration, soil formation, nutrient cycling, carbon-rich farming, biotic regulation, etc.) Important in Asia – Asian TFT production = 60% of worldwide production – Both cultivated and wild • 55% of Asia’s fruit species are gathered, not cultivated • Located interdependently in agroforestry systems, orchards, home gardens
  5. 5. Context: Diverse production systems conserving tropical genetic resources! 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Natural forest systems-wild species Buffer zones in protected forests Community forestry/economic forest Home gardens Semi-commercial orchards Commercial orchards Field gene banks
  6. 6. Rationale: A threatened resource  Threats to cultivated species Monocultures of a few varieties, loss of forest habitats with pollinator species, market chains poorly organized for many species or varieties  Threats to wild species Habitat loss due to deforestation, climate change, urbanization, changes in land use patterns, shifting cultivation  Tropical fruit tree species present challenges Recalcitrant seeds Ex situ conservation expensive and fails to preserve ecosystem conditions Field genebanks subject to losses through diseases, pests Perennial species Production and availability can vary from year to year and by location
  7. 7. Rationale: Countering threats • In situ and on-farm conservation is needed to provide • • • • • • • • necessary complement to ex situ conservation Demonstration of benefits: In situ conservation possible only when farmers, national institutions perceive tangible benefits Need to test and adapt methodologies developed for annual crop species to TFT perennial species Because of complex interdependence between TFT in farms/home gardens and TFT in forests, they must be viewed and treated as components of larger agro-ecosystems Documentation and dissemination of traditional knowledge of TFT production and use is needed Need for capacity building in production and marketing processes Community empowerment should be driving force-precondition! CBM is a methodology to realize in situ/on-farm conservation of PGRFA Need for supportive policy environment
  8. 8. Relations between CBM, in situ conservation and Empowerment In-situ Conservation A methodology to realize in situ conservation Poverty reduction Pre-condition Community Social inclusion CBM Empowerment Empowering community
  9. 9. Conceptual Framework of CBM approach Creating Local Knowledge Varieties /skills Poverty reduction Participatory Plant Breeding (PPB) CBM Social inclusion Improve In-situ Social Conservation customs/practice s Farmers Rules/ empowerment institutions
  10. 10. Project Summary • Based on Bioversity’s previous work with TFT in Asia, funded by ADB, UNEP-GEF and other donors • Project partners India, Indonesia, Malaysia and Thailand have worked together in previous project • Regional nature of project maximizes both genetic and ecosystem diversity and enhances sharing and learning knowledge from regional partners
  11. 11. Target species-globally and regionally important GR
  12. 12. Selection of target species Mango, mangosteen, citrus, rambutan • Native species • Important for food culture and livelihoods in the 4 countries • Produced and consumed at national level • Large, unexploited genetic diversity is present • There is a threat of genetic erosion • They have potential as commodity crops for global market • The species have high nutritional value • The species are important for ecosystem services
  13. 13. Project Summary Project aims to provide: • An effective long-term basis for maintaining the genetic diversity and ecosystem functions of both cultivated and wild TFT • A foundation for development of environmental certification schemes to promote marketing and mainstreaming of TFT • Appropriate conservation procedures for TFT species that focus on management & use of diversity by local farmers, communities & institutions. • Generation and exchange of knowledge between institutions • A forum for establishing a regional agenda for TFT • A community-based management model for safeguarding TFT
  14. 14. The project will build on  Methodologies & practices proven effective for conservation of crop genetic diversity  Adapt their use for TFT species, & wild relatives  Test their relevance with farmers, local communities & user groups  It will consider factors such as Prevalence TFT in home gardens Uses of the wild resources & Underutilization of some due to market forces
  15. 15. It will also look at  Varieties, genotypes, or characters unique to home gardens &  How to translate such information into sustainable livelihood strategies?
  16. 16. Conceptual framework
  17. 17. Key Areas of good practices 1. Production and management of tropical fruit tree genetic resources 2. Linking farmers with markets (commercialization that support diversity maintenance and livelihood options) 3. Consolidating roles of communities and local institutions in management of TFTGR 4. Working modality with diverse communities, local institutions and policy makers
  18. 18. Project approaches  Build upon and link existing traditional and scientific knowledge  Participatory and community based sustainable livelihood approach is a methodology to realize in situ /on-farm conservation  Empowering communities and their local institutions is a precondition for effective in situ/on-farm conservation  Developing sustainable incentive mechanisms  Strong networking and information sharing  Creating an enabling environment that cultivate local level partnership
  19. 19. Cultivating partnership-3Ms Partners in Change and Innovation Implementing Institutions A new role in institutional & professional capacity building Research Institutes Farmers’ Organisations Development Agencies NGOs Extension Services Policy Bodies Environmentalist associations Agri-business Consumer organisations
  20. 20. Cultivated and Wild Tropical Fruit Tree Diversity: Promoting Sustainable Livelihoods, Food Security and Ecosystem Services (UNEP/GEF) Goal Improved livelihoods and food security of target beneficiaries through the conservation and use of tropical fruit tree genetic resources Immediate objective To conserve tropical fruit tree genetic resources in situ and on farm through strengthening capacity of farmers, user groups, local communities and institutions to sustainably apply good practices and secure benefits
  21. 21. Expected Outcomes Outcome 1: Diversity of tropical fruit tree genetic resources is conserved in situ and on-farm through improved knowledge of its value, use and sustainable management practices Diversity conserved Outcome 2: Rural communities benefit by using methodologies and good practices for the management and conservation of tropical fruit tree species and intra-specific diversity Stakeholders benefits Outcome 3: Stakeholders have the capacity and leadership skills to apply good practices for managing tropical fruit tree diversity for sustainable livelihoods, food security and ecosystem health Communities and local institutions empowered by enhancing capacity, leadership and partnership
  22. 22. Impact pathway
  23. 23. Outcome mapping Immediate impact Potential sites and spp. identified Assessment of genetic diversity Valuation of genetic diversity Market and non-market value identified Public awareness Good practices identification Policy issues (outputs 4 activities 9) TFTGR Positive deviation tool Identification of context Pilot GP at local levels Support CBM to scale up (outputs 5 activities 8) Diversity conserved Dev. goal Improved SL Fruit cons Capacity/partnership strengthened Intermediary impact Training in all aspects at all levels Create enabling environment for collective actions Cultivate partnership with local, national and global networks outputs 5 Activities 6) Stakeholders benefits Immediate impact
  24. 24. Expected global benefits  Global benefits • Conservation of globally-significant TFT diversity and • • • • its associated knowledge Set of good practices to sustain conservation and environmental certification Network of experts for up scaling beyond project life Dissemination of information through publications and web Demonstration of contributions of TFT to livelihoods, wellbeing
  25. 25. Expected domestic benefits  Domestic benefits • Documentation of local knowledge and linking it with • • • • scientific knowledge Increased production and income from TFT Enhanced capacity to implement good practices Increased food supply and better nutrition Increase land area planted to target species
  26. 26. Thank you very much