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"Transporte a pedido" - Médio Tejo (Portugal)

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Publié le

Sra. Maria do Céu Albuquerque
Presidenta de la Comunitat Intermunicipal de Médio Tejo

Publié dans : Technologie
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"Transporte a pedido" - Médio Tejo (Portugal)

  1. 1. The Intermunicipal Community Legal person of public right| Instance of local power and Intermunicipal cooperation| Consists of 13 municipalities Intervention Areas: Territory Management Tourism and Culture Education and Training Civil Defence Mobility and Transportation Professional Qualification Sports Entrepreneurship Administrative Modernization Community Funds Management Purchase Central Geographic Information Systems
  2. 2. The Médio Tejo Territory 13 municipalities 70 thousand job places 247 thousand inhabitants 3344 km2 23 thousand business units
  3. 3. The Médio Tejo Territory Population Structure  6 cities that concentrate nearly 30% of the population  About 60% of the population lives in places with less than 2.000 inhabitants, where the implementation of a regular transport service finds increased difficulties.  In the more rural areas, the access to equipment and services by the population presupposes, almost always, the travel to the polarizing urban centres.
  4. 4. The Médio Tejo Territory Regular Public Transport Network  Shortage of passenger transport services in areas of lower population density, where commercial operation is found unfeasible, causing social inequalities in access to public transportation;  Schedules adapted only to school transport, with very significant service breaks during the day, on weekends and holidays and during school holidays;  Defective interconnection amongst existing transport services
  5. 5. The pilot experience of the Transport on Demand The Problem…  In low-density areas the regular public transport, with schedules and fixed routes is uneconomical and unattractive The Goal…  Study new public transport solutions, adapted to areas of low population density, in a perspective to promote the basic right to mobility, in a logic of social inclusion The Solution…  Flexibility of the offer with a view to better adapt to the demand, reducing functioning costs and optimizing the service conditions => Transport on Demand Services Suppression Fewer Schedules More places without service Reduced and disperse demand Long distances and high travel times Unattractive offer High costs Increased operating deficits Offer reduction Social Exclusion
  6. 6. The pilot experience of the Transport on Demand From the project to the start in the field 2012 • Lack of legal framework for the implementation of flexible transport services in Portugal June 2012 • Order No. 7575/2012 of June 1, 2012 the Secretary of State for Public Works, Transport and Communications - Authorizes the Intermunicipal Community of the Médio Tejo to develop the pilot project of Transport on Demand January 2013 • Starts the implementation of the Transport on Demand service in the Médio Tejo (municipality of Mação) 2014 • The project Transport on Demand in the Médio Tejo is presented in the Strategic Plan of Transport and Infrastructures of the Portuguese Government, as experimental reference to the dissemination of flexible transport in Portugal 2015 • New Legal Regime of the Public Passenger Transport Service, which decentralizes Transport Authority powers to CIM’s and Municipalities and frames the flexible passenger transport public service
  7. 7. Transport on Demand Pilot Experience Fundamental Principles • Only works in places and times of the day without regular public transport supply • Routes and coordinated schedules with other existing transport services (regional services, railway,…) Complements the existing supply of public transport • Are available schedules and routes that meet the most common/general needs of the population Does not replace the Taxi • Connecting more rural places to their respective parish offices, to meet the travel needs for services that are located there and, from these, to the county seats and the nearest town Ensure mobility within the municipality • Ensures a minimum of 3 circulations/day to allow travel to the early morning to the county seat (near the services opening hours) and return around lunch time and in the evening Guarantees minimum levels of service
  8. 8. Transport on Demand Pilot Experience How does it works? The Transport on Demand has circuits, stops and defined schedules, like the regular transport. To use the service customers have to make a prior reservation to the schedule they want. The booking central, registers the reservations and organizes the transport supply according to the requests. Daily the vehicles only go to the stops where there are travel reservations. CIMT  Registo e Confirmação de Reservas / Reservas de última hora  Identificação das rotas a realizar (Listagem ordenada dos clientes a recolher por horário e paragem)  Relatórios de Estatísticas de Passageiros e de Linhas Rodoviária do Tejo / Táxis MaçãoVeículos aderentes
  9. 9. Transport on Demand Pilot Experience How does it works?  The service of reservation requests and operation management are ensured by CIMT, using a computer platform.  The transport service is provided mainly by local taxis.  The taxis adherent to the service are paid according to the number of km made, by deducting the received tariff revenues.
  10. 10. Transport on Demand Pilot Experience How does it works?  The tariffs are about 1.5 x regular routes price / corresponds roughly to the taxi trip value divided by 4 passengers (echelons depending on distance 1,60€ a 5,10€)  For more frequent travels a book of 10 pre-purchased tickets is available, with 30% discount.
  11. 11. Transport on Demand Pilot Experience Service Evolution January 2013 Start of the Experiment Médio Tejo ToD:  5 circuits  68 stops  4.000 people served September 2013 Widening to the entire municipality of Mação Médio Tejo ToD:  8 circuits  112 stops  7.300 people served May 2014 Widening to the municipalities of Abrantes and Sardoal Médio Tejo ToD:  13 circuits  245 stops  37.300 people served
  12. 12. Transport on Demand Pilot Experience Service Evolution March 2016 Widening to the municipality of Ourém Médio Tejo ToD:  27 circuits  446 stops  64.300 people served May 2016 Widening to the municipalities of Tomar and Vila Nova da Barquinha Médio Tejo ToD:  30 circuits  526 stops  75.100 people served
  13. 13. Transport on Demand Pilot Experience Partnerships Examples In Ourém municipality, the implemented circuits carry out on alternate days of the week (improving the demand aggregation), in combined schedules with health services (the days and hours of the Transport on Demand functioning match the schedules of medical appointments) Coordination of the Transport on Demand with Health Services
  14. 14. Transport on Demand Pilot Experience Partnerships Examples In the municipality of Vila Nova da Barquinha, it is functioning in a mixed solution: operation through the use of the available capacity of school transport + operation by taxi transportation. All schedules are coordinated with the inter-regional and inter- cities trains in the Entroncamento Train Station. Coordination of the Transport on Demand with the School Transport and Rail Services Route taken by school transport Route taken by taxi
  15. 15. Transport on Demand Pilot Experience Service Statistics 2013 2014 2015 2016 (Jan.-Apr.) 75% 80% 95% 100% % days with reservations 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2013 2014 2015 2016 (Jan.-Apr.) 4.600 passengers 0 2000 4000 6000 8000 10000 12000 14000 16000 18000 20000 2013 2014 2015 2016 (Jan.-Apr.) 51.000 km traveled
  16. 16. Transport on Demand Pilot Experience Service Statistics Travelled about 7% of the km that would be needed to accomplish through a regular service Progressive reduction in the operating deficit – currently in the order of 5€/passenger and 0,54€/km Income coverage rate of the total costs of 35% (2016) theoretical km - regular service km covered in Transport on Demand 0 € 5 € 10 € 15 € 20 € 25 € 30 € 35 € 40 € 45 € 2013 2014 2015 2016 (Jan.-Apr.) Total costs/passenger Total income/passenger 0 0,5 1 1,5 2 2,5 3 3,5 4 2013 2014 2015 2016 (Jan.-Apr.) Total costs/km Total income/km
  17. 17. Transport on Demand Pilot Experience Some Conclusions  Sharing problems and experiences creates better solutions.  Better structuring of the network and coordination between services.  Scale economies in the operation of services.  On average are made about 7% of the km that would be required to travel with a regular basic service.  67% of travels are made for health reasons.  It allows to give a qualified answer to mobility needs of the population living in areas of low population density, particularly for disadvantaged groups / most at risk of social exclusion. Social relevance of the project Importance of the regional approach Constitutes a more economical solution and greater environmental sustainability compared to the regular network
  18. 18. Transport on Demand Pilot Experience Some Conclusions  Since the beginning of the service the income coverage rate over the costs increased from 8% to 35%.  The demand knowledge elapsing from mandatory reserve is a key factor for the continuous improvement of the service.  72% of customer use the service more than once.  High levels of satisfaction (greater comfort, shorter travel times than regular service, …) There is a learning way to go / solutions optimization, aiming at the sustainability of the service Great flexibility to adapt to people’s needs Quality of service and high levels of satisfaction
  19. 19. Thank you! Maria do Céu Albuquerque President of the Intermunicipal Council of CIM Médio Tejo Portugal transporteapedido.mediotejo.pt

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