Ce diaporama a bien été signalé.
Le téléchargement de votre SlideShare est en cours. ×
Publicité
Publicité
Publicité
Publicité
Publicité
Publicité
Publicité
Publicité
Publicité
Publicité
Publicité
Publicité
Prochain SlideShare
Waller ch 04
Waller ch 04
Chargement dans…3
×

Consultez-les par la suite

1 sur 7 Publicité

Plus De Contenu Connexe

Diaporamas pour vous (20)

Similaire à Rationalism (20)

Publicité

Plus récents (20)

Publicité

Rationalism

  1. 1. Rationalism
  2. 2. Comparison – Rationalism & Empiricism
  3. 3. Rationalism EPISTEMOLOGY: Scottish philosopher James Frederick Ferrier to describe the branch of philosophy concerned with the nature and scope of knowledge. RATIONALISM: By contrast with empiricism and idealism, which centres around the epistemologically privileged status of sense data (empirical) and the primacy of Reason (theoretical) respectively, modern rationalism adds a third 'system of thinking‘. IDEA Source of Knowledge Justification of our Knowledge Source of Conceptual Apparatus (1596 -1650) Father of Modern Philosophy
  4. 4. René Descartes • Never accept anything except clear and distinct ideas. • Divide each problem into as many parts are needed to solve it. • Order your thoughts from the simple to the complex. • Always check thoroughly for oversights. "Cogito, ergo sum" Sensations and Passions Makes several observations about mind- body relation Primary seat Is pineal gland Soul makes a human body truly human “primary seat”, i.e., the place where the soul performs its primary functions All sensations depend on the nerves Animal spirits: Present in tube- like membranes CASE STUDY His last published work, Passions of the Soul provides accounts of how various motions in the body cause sensations and passions to arise in the soul.
  5. 5. Rationalism – Thinkers (Post – modern) Pythagoras (570–495 BCE) Plato (427–347 BCE) Aristotle (384–322 BCE) Pythagoras was one of the first Western philosophers to stress rationalist insight. He summed up the implied metaphysical rationalism in the words "All is number Plato also held rational insight to a very high standard, as is seen in his works such as Meno and The Republic. Aristotle's great contribution to rationalist thinking comes from his use of syllogistic logic.
  6. 6. CASE STUDY 1 - Rationalism How do we come to know objects, through the senses or through reason? Descartes brought some of the strongest arguments to believe that the latter option is the correct one. CONSIDER POLYGONS How do we come to recognize features of polygons. The senses here may seem to play a key role. But, now imagine to have two figures in front of you, the first with a thousand sides and the other with a thousand and one sides. Which is which? Well, presumably the senses will not suffice in providing an answer to this question: you will need reasoning (e.g. counting) in order to tell them apart.
  7. 7. CASE STUDY 2 – Rationalism in Architecture 1. In architecture, rationalism is an architectural current which mostly developed from Italy in the 1920s-1930s. 2. Vitruvius had claimed in his work De Architectura that architecture is a science that can be comprehended rationally. This formulation was taken up and further developed in the architectural treatises of the Renaissance. 3. The term structural rationalism most often refers to a 19th-century French movement, usually associated with the theorists Eugène Viollet-le-Duc and Auguste Choisy. Teatro Carlo Felice, designed by Aldo Rossi, who is considered the founder of neo- rationalism In the late 1960s, a new rationalist movement emerged in architecture, claiming inspiration from both the Enlightenment and early-20th century rationalists. The former Casa del Fascio in Como, Italy, designed by Giuseppe Terragni.

×