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Nicolas Balacheff 
CNRS - Laboratoire d’Informatique de Grenoble 
Nicolas.balacheff@imag.fr 
The MOOC effect: 
how mere ch...
From MOOC too mooc, 
the acronym becomes commonplace 
A little background: 
In 2008, G. Siemens and S. Downes taught a cou...
From MOOC to mooc, 
the acronym becomes commonplace 
Be they based on connectivist principles or just designed for the 
di...
Beyond “massive” to “social” 
Defining “massive” attendance 
>2000 is significant for a connectivist model involving the 
...
As regards universities… 
Moocs serve a wide range of purposes: 
 Basic learning (e.g. statistics) 
 Vocational training...
As regards universities… 
Shared missions 
1. Disciplinary and multi-disciplinary scientific research 
 The academic comm...
Connectivism? Yes and no… 
 Connectivism presents a model of learning that 
acknowledges the tectonic shifts in society w...
Connectivism? Yes and no… 
 Behaviorism, cognitivism, and constructivism are the three broad 
learning theories most ofte...
As regards knowledge… 
Knowledge 
property of a dynamic 
system of interaction 
subject/milieu under 
proscriptive constra...
As regards knowledge… 
Work is necessary to 
make knowledge 
 teachable 
 learnable 
Didactical distance 
 transpositio...
As regards knowledge… 
Learning is a process of 
adaptation under the 
combined constraints of 
 the new knowledge 
 the...
12
The MOOC effect, how mere chance could result in a new standard
The MOOC effect, how mere chance could result in a new standard
The MOOC effect, how mere chance could result in a new standard
The MOOC effect, how mere chance could result in a new standard
The MOOC effect, how mere chance could result in a new standard
The MOOC effect, how mere chance could result in a new standard
The MOOC effect, how mere chance could result in a new standard
The MOOC effect, how mere chance could result in a new standard
The MOOC effect, how mere chance could result in a new standard
The MOOC effect, how mere chance could result in a new standard
The MOOC effect, how mere chance could result in a new standard
The MOOC effect, how mere chance could result in a new standard
The MOOC effect, how mere chance could result in a new standard
The MOOC effect, how mere chance could result in a new standard
The MOOC effect, how mere chance could result in a new standard
The MOOC effect, how mere chance could result in a new standard
The MOOC effect, how mere chance could result in a new standard
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The MOOC effect, how mere chance could result in a new standard

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Contribution to the International Forum on open and online education / Forum international d’éducation ouverte et en ligne of the "Entretiens Jacques Cartier", 2-3 October 2014, University of Ottawa, Pavillon des Sciences sociales

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  • DOWNLOAD THIS BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (2019 Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book THIS can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer THIS is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story THIS Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money THIS the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths THIS Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
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  • DOWNLOAD THIS BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (2019 Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book THIS can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer THIS is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story THIS Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money THIS the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths THIS Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
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  • DOWNLOAD THAT BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (2019 Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book that can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer that is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story That Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money That the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths that Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
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The MOOC effect, how mere chance could result in a new standard

  1. 1. Nicolas Balacheff CNRS - Laboratoire d’Informatique de Grenoble Nicolas.balacheff@imag.fr The MOOC effect: how mere chance could result in a new standard Free translation of the ppt « L’effet MOOC, ou comment le fruit du hasard pourrait devenir un standard »
  2. 2. From MOOC too mooc, the acronym becomes commonplace A little background: In 2008, G. Siemens and S. Downes taught a course called Connectivism and Connective Knowledge, with 25 students in class and more than 2200 attending remotely. This “massive” participation was astounding. The acronym MOOC is coined. Massive Open Online Course / Dave Cornier / In 2011, S. Thrun taught an online course, introduction to A.I., taken by more than 160,000 students. This amazing result led to the creation of Udacity in 2012, followed by other companies. Major universities began to offer MOOCs. “MOOC” establishes itself in media. Nicolas Balacheff, EJC 2014, Ottawa, October 3, 2014 2 Free translation of the ppt « L’effet MOOC, ou comment le fruit du hasard pourrait devenir un standard »
  3. 3. From MOOC to mooc, the acronym becomes commonplace Be they based on connectivist principles or just designed for the dissemination of traditional courses, the mass appeal of the phenomenon grabbed attention and determined the name. The MOOC effect: a serendipitous phenomena Media discussion, public debate, and the emergence of a market (a product, a service, a demand, a price) impose a new word in the lexicon to name this new open, online educational tool. Mooc, noun [C][muːk] online learning tool that fully integrates social networks in a technological environment capable of accommodating a very large number of users. Acronym for Massive Open Online Course ( Dave’s Educational Blog, October 2008) Proposed definition based on the style of the Macmillan dictionary or the Cambridge Advanced Learner’s dictionary Nicolas Balacheff, EJC 2014, Ottawa, October 3, 2014 3 Free translation of the ppt « L’effet MOOC, ou comment le fruit du hasard pourrait devenir un standard »
  4. 4. Beyond “massive” to “social” Defining “massive” attendance >2000 is significant for a connectivist model involving the learners >160,000 is significant for an industrial model of interactive dissemination of learning content to students Shared aspects  Open strategy: impact, visibility, cost-effectiveness  Technological foundation: reliable, accessible, adaptive and adaptable  Social dynamic: interpersonal interaction, community of practice including cultural aspects, alliances and conflicts The heart of the innovation is the use of  Networking technologies and associated functions for information sharing, expressing preferences, and multi-channel communication  Tracing technologies for audience evaluation and recommendation and guidance systems Nicolas Balacheff, EJC 2014, Ottawa, October 3, 2014 4 Free translation of the ppt « L’effet MOOC, ou comment le fruit du hasard pourrait devenir un standard »
  5. 5. As regards universities… Moocs serve a wide range of purposes:  Basic learning (e.g. statistics)  Vocational training (e.g. digital manufacturing)  Personal development(e.g. intro. to entrepreneurship) The audience is potentially world-wide Providers have no specific origin The underlying models are based on  An ideology inspired by Ivan Illich  A liberal economic ideology The university is challenged as a dominant institution Examples taken from FUN Nicolas Balacheff, EJC 2014, Ottawa, October 3, 2014 5 Free translation of the ppt « L’effet MOOC, ou comment le fruit du hasard pourrait devenir un standard »
  6. 6. As regards universities… Shared missions 1. Disciplinary and multi-disciplinary scientific research  The academic community is organized to foster the collective and open advancement of knowledge, and to guarantee its validity 1. Dissemination of new knowledge  Communicate the meaning of knowledge and related skills beyond academic texts which expose it  Be accountable for the quality and validity of learning Today’s challenges 1. The “massification” of the student public 2. Economic and industrial development Universities vs Higher education 1. Differentiation of the missions (research/training) 2. Differentiation of knowledge (scientific/professional) Nicolas Balacheff, EJC 2014, Ottawa, October 3, 2014 6 Free translation of the ppt « L’effet MOOC, ou comment le fruit du hasard pourrait devenir un standard »
  7. 7. Connectivism? Yes and no…  Connectivism presents a model of learning that acknowledges the tectonic shifts in society where learning is no longer an internal, individualistic activity. (Siemens 2004) Yes: the family, the community, the village, the nation, the planet… the social environment of learning has grown throughout history  The starting point of connectivism is the individual. Personal knowledge is comprised of a network, which feeds into organizations and institutions, which in turn feed back into the network, and then continue to provide learning to individual. Yes: learning is a personal adventure related to and dependent upon the community Yes: the individual must be considered in the complexity of social relationships with the added potential of social networks Nicolas Balacheff, EJC 2014, Ottawa, October 3, 2014 7 Free translation of the ppt « L’effet MOOC, ou comment le fruit du hasard pourrait devenir un standard »
  8. 8. Connectivism? Yes and no…  Behaviorism, cognitivism, and constructivism are the three broad learning theories most often utilized in the creation of instructional environments. These theories, however, were developed in a time when learning was not impacted through technology. No: psychological theories are not invalidated by technological development; they help us understand its impact on learning and development. Connectivism is not in opposition with existing theories, rather, it is (potentially) complementary to them.  Learning and knowledge rests in diversity of opinions No: knowing, knowledge, opinion, and belief are distinct epistemic categories, subject to different rules of operation and legitimacy, which nevertheless interact in the subject’s development  The pipe is more important than the content within the pipe. Our ability to learn what we need for tomorrow is more important than what we know today. No: knowing is both a state and a process; the potential for growth depends on the quality of the knowledge available Nicolas Balacheff, EJC 2014, Ottawa, October 3, 2014 8 Free translation of the ppt « L’effet MOOC, ou comment le fruit du hasard pourrait devenir un standard »
  9. 9. As regards knowledge… Knowledge property of a dynamic system of interaction subject/milieu under proscriptive constraints of viability It is characterized by the domain of validity (or sphere of practice) the means of the action (or feedback) the representations (linguistic or non-linguistic) the validation and control systems action S M feedback constraints Situation Nicolas Balacheff, EJC 2014, Ottawa, October 3, 2014 9 Free translation of the ppt « L’effet MOOC, ou comment le fruit du hasard pourrait devenir un standard »
  10. 10. As regards knowledge… Work is necessary to make knowledge  teachable  learnable Didactical distance  transposition Pedagogical distance  the figure of the teacher Reference knowledge Didactical transposition learning a Content as stake Nicolas Balacheff, EJC 2014, Ottawa, October 3, 2014 10 Free translation of the ppt « L’effet MOOC, ou comment le fruit du hasard pourrait devenir un standard »
  11. 11. As regards knowledge… Learning is a process of adaptation under the combined constraints of  the new knowledge  the pedagogical strategy Nicolas Balacheff, EJC 2014, Ottawa, October 3, 2014 11 Free translation of the ppt « L’effet MOOC, ou comment le fruit du hasard pourrait devenir un standard »
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