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2 The method requires
students to translate
whole texts word by
word and memorize
rules and exceptions
as well as enormous
a foreign language
derived from the
classical method of
teaching Greek and
Method is not new. It has
had different names, but it
has been used by
language teachers for
many years. At one time it
was called Classical
Method since it was first
used in the teaching of
the classical languages,
Latin and Greek.
Earlier in 20th century,
this method was used
for the purpose of
helping students read
In the 18th century foreign
languages started to appear on
the school curricula, requiring a
systematic approach to teach
1- The teacher’s
role is to be the
authority in the
student’s role is
to do what the
2- Most of the
teacher to the
language and is
6- Written test
in which students
have to translate
to the target
language or vise
7- if students
make errors or
don’t know an
them with the
Be able to read literature written in
the target language.
2- teach grammar rules and vocabulary
of the target language.
1- Students are taught to translate
from one language to another.
2- They translate readings in target
language about some aspect of the
culture of the foreign language
3- Students study grammar
deductively, they have to memorize.
5- Students memorize native
language equivalents for foreign
language vocabulary words.
Students translate a reading passage from the target language into
their native language
Reading comprehension questions
Students answer questions in the target language based on
their understanding of the reading passage
Students are given one set of words and are asked to find antonyms in the
reading passage as well as synonyms for a particular set of words
are given a
• Students are given lists of target language
vocabulary words and their native language
equivalents and are asked to memorize them
Use words in sentences
• Students makes new sentences in
which they use the new words.
• The teacher gives the students a topic to write about
in the target language. Sometimes instead of
creating a composition, students are asked to prepare
a presentation of the reading passage.
Translation is the easiest
way of explaining meaning
or words and phrases
from one language to
Students are more familiar
with both languages ( the
target language and the
native language) by using
Teachers can ask and
also discuss about some
topics by the mother
Communication between the
teacher and learners does not
cause linguistic problems.
The grammar translation method
lays emphasis on reading and
writing. It neglects speech.
Speech is neglected for the
reason that grammar is the
principal skill used
Exact translation is not possible.
Translation is, indeed, a difficult
task and exact translation from one
language to another is not always
The person who have learnt a foreign or
second language through this method find
it difficult to give up the habit of first
thinking in their mother tongue and then
translating their ideas into the second
Situation In Pakistan 24
GTM is highly using in Pakistan. There are many
institutes in Pakistan that are using this method.
Mostly some primary schools are using this
method throughout educational career to train
their students. Some higher educational
institutes are using this method while teaching
subjects and also little bit in English subjects. For
instance all Govt. primary Schools are applying
this method to their students.
Some Govt. higher educational institutes are
applying this methods partially to their students
Students will learn
grammar by using
the target language
to the first
teacher’s help and
using long text,
phrases and then
translate to known