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Digital Citizenship: Information, Communication and Media Literacy

A new curriculum for schools.

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Digital Citizenship: Information, Communication and Media Literacy

  1. 1. From Digital Natives to Digital Citizens: Teaching Digital Citizenship as part of the School Curriculum INA SMITH ANNAMARIE GOOSEN
  2. 2. Agenda Transformation Charter & Ecosystem Approach Digital Citizenship Reading & Learning Information Technology in Research and Communication Information Technology in Schools Proposed curriculum integrating Information Literacy, Computer Literacy, Media Literacy
  3. 3. LIS Transformation Charter Framework of principles and mechanisms for LIS to contribute to: ◦ Elimination of illiteracy and inequality ◦ Promote information literacy ◦ Building a modern, efficient, equitable library and information (eco)system ◦ Building an informed and reading nation
  4. 4. Access to information Democratise information Distribute status, wealth & power Makes for better people, less dependent More efficient & effective (productive) workers More responsive & responsible citizens Less conflict & disturbances More developed country, economic growth, job creation
  5. 5. Ecosystem approach “The ecological approach encourages us to think of South African LIS in such a way that where the flows of resources diminish, for example to school libraries, we will recognise that because of our interdependence, the weakness of one component has the potential to weaken other components.”
  6. 6. Information literacy Research problem Methodology Collecting information Analysing, critically evaluating Represent Acknowledge resources
  7. 7. http://www.theatlantic.com/education/archive/2015/04/digital- natives-yet-strangers-to-the-web/390990/ Reuben Loewy, 55 year old US teacher
  8. 8. “Kids not only need to be proficient in how to use digital technology, becoming savvy coders and prolific ebook readers, he explains—they also need to deeply, holistically, and realistically understand how the digital world works behind the scenes. They are consuming and seeing so many things online that they don’t know how to put it into context or how to evaluate it."
  9. 9. “At the same time, "even schools that have called themselves very technologically advanced haven’t even begun to explore how they actually teach [about that technology]," he said. They may hand out iPads or laptops to students, but such education often stops at the hardware. "Curriculum is the microcosm of what’s going on in society; I think that curriculum needs to catch up with the reality."
  10. 10. Very High Human Development Index (HDI)
  11. 11. Medium HDI
  12. 12. http://www.sowetanlive.co.za/news/2016/05/25/pupils-don-t-understand-what-they-read- study?utm_campaign=shareaholic&utm_medium=facebook&utm_source=socialnetwork
  13. 13. Mother-tongue Language
  14. 14. Norms of appropriate, responsible behaviour with regard to technology use Digital access for all Digital consumers doing online business Digital communication Digital literacy for searching & processing information Digital etiquette Digital Citizenship (1)
  15. 15. Digital law (plagiarism, illegal downloads, hacking, creating and spreading worms, viruses, Trojan Horses, sending spam, stealing identity) Digital rights & responsibilities (right to privacy, free speech) Digital health & wellness (safety, self-care, cyber-bullying) Digital security (virus protection, back-up’s) http://www.digitalcitizenship.net/Nine_Elements.html Digital Citizenship (2)
  16. 16. To become an empowered digital citizen, with competency in various application software tools and the Internet. To become an effective downloader of content, but also an uploader of media and a contributor to the world of knowledge. To apply self-learning and to continuously grow in terms of using computer technology as a tool. Expected Outcomes
  17. 17. Adult learners Prefer sense of self-control, autonomy, self-direction Learning must be relevant, purposeful, to achieve goals Time limited Wealth of knowledge Results-oriented – expectations met Potential limitations Successful if internally motivated
  18. 18. Child learners Other-directed – depend on teachers, parents Perception of time different Learn what they are told Limited experience base Learn quickly, open to new information & to change views Expectations less well defined Externally motivated
  19. 19. Learning styles
  20. 20. http://www.stevecorbett.net/edtecportfolio/generations/index.htm
  21. 21. Communication Process
  22. 22. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FP06iB1qF8k
  23. 23. http://www.abc.net.au/news/2015-06-20/melbourne-man-receives-titanium-3d- printed-prosthetic-jaw/6536788
  24. 24. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M_1glPNV5PM
  25. 25. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SObzNdyRTBs
  26. 26. Chicago Public Library Makerspace
  27. 27. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DbY_grImwTo
  28. 28. Information Technology in Schools Should be addressed on different levels: IT Infrastructure Computer Centre Layout & Management School Web Page & Social Media Learning Management System (online) Policies Curriculum Content Assessment
  29. 29. IT Infrastructure Hardware ◦ Desktops/Laptops/Tablets, Printers, Scanners, Digital cameras, Data projectors, Whiteboard or Digital Visual Presenter ◦ Server & network ◦ External storage devices ◦ Upgrades ◦ Learners & Facilitators ◦ Security Software ◦ Microsoft Office (Word, Excel, PowerPoint, Paint etc.), Internet & Internet Browser (Chrome) ◦ Licenses ◦ Upgrades ◦ Back-up’s ◦ Digital preservation
  30. 30. New generation overhead projector (or digital visual presenter)
  31. 31. Computer Centre Layout & Management Classes per cycle, per week 30-45 min. periods Availability for extra research ◦ During school breaks ◦ After school Internet, MSOffice, other educational applications Sell paper, CDs, DVDs, Flash disks, other Printing costs
  32. 32. School web page & Social Media “If it’s not on the web, it doesn’t exist.” Web page – regularly updated & 24/7 accessible Social media e.g. Facebook, Blog newsletter: news out quickly Social media encourages feedback Marketing & Communication – display window to the world
  33. 33. Web page: WordPress (incl. Blog newsletter) Facebook: news clips, photos, feedback Dropbox: sharing of files, storing files Intranet: storage & preservation of digital content Flickr: photos Google Docs/Forms: where feedback required Etc.
  34. 34. Online Learning Management System
  35. 35. Policies Hardware & Software usage (Advertisements, Email disclaimers) Internet usage Protect users & school: ◦ Policy for learners ◦ Policy for educators
  36. 36. Policy for Learners Acceptable use & Unacceptable use Privileges Computer use/user rules Network etiquette Security Vandalism Personal damages
  37. 37. Policy for Educators
  38. 38. Curriculum Content *New* Namibian Information & Communication Curriculum 2016 Grades 4-7 only (private schools Grades 1-7) Includes Media and Information Literacy, Computer Literacy etc. Paint, Word, Excel, PowerPoint, Internet, etc.
  39. 39. IC aims to …. Develop critical thinking and a problem solving attitude Develop skills to search for and use information through classroom tasks and assignments Enhance a lifelong learning attitude through reading Provide awareness of HIV and AIDS, democratic principles, population growth, ecological sustainability, ICT, and improvement of quality of life for all Namibians Provide the learner with a basic working knowledge of ICT tools, mainly computer hardware and software Make the learner aware of the ways in which ICT is used in practical and school-related situations
  40. 40. About the Curriculum (1) Forward looking, forward thinking Present trend: convergence of radio, television, Internet, newspapers, books, digital archives, libraries into one platform Holistic approach to Media (incl. Information, Communication and Computer) Literacy Cross-curricular themes addressed: environmental learning, HIV/AIDS, population education, education for human rights and democracy, information and communication technology and road safety
  41. 41. About the Curriculum (2) Learner-Centered Education (LCE) Approach - active participation, contribution, production by learners Find, critically evaluate, communicate & share information Active digital citizens – respond to problems/questions & build a better, just, democratic society Lifelong learners, always curious - learn new things all the time
  42. 42. Approach All learners – different skills levels Each learner unique – adapt Simplify text where English is the 2nd language Adapt level of difficulty Change topic to be more relevant Rearrange lessons/activities Adapt existing activities Add to existing lessons & activities
  43. 43. Schools without computer centres – cover theory & encourage community library visits Individual, Pair, Group, Class Work – encourage to collaborate Engage with other schools – also internationally Invite experts to do virtual presentations through Skype
  44. 44. Examples of new learning ….
  45. 45. Assessment Continuous assessment Formative assessment Diagnostic assessment No examinations
  46. 46. Continuous Assessment (individual)
  47. 47. Practical Investigation (10 marks)
  48. 48. Continuous Assessment (class)
  49. 49. Support for Educators User-friendly manuals Minimum preparation & expertise required Planning & preparation all in one E-mail support (response within 24 hours) Facebook page: new ideas, lessons – to complement existing lessons Mailing list to share ideas Downloads http://kidsinthecloud.wordpress.com Workshops
  50. 50. Support
  51. 51. Tips … Remember that everything is connected Observe, learn and get ideas from others Analyse, ask questions, think critical Explore, experiment, dare, take chances Follow an agile approach – don’t resist change, but think about how it can be to the benefit of society in general Nobody will ever know everything Learn something new every day! Change cannot be avoided ….
  52. 52. Thank you! Questions? Ina Smith & Annamarie Goosen Kids in the Cloud (Pty)Ltd http://kidsinthecloud.wordpress.com kidsinthecloud@gmail.com