The Argentine ant (Linepithema humile) is one of the world’s worst invasive species. We used various analyses to determine its invasion pattern on the Provence coast, confirming the presence of a second supercolony. Chemical and behavioral analyses of worker interactions on the supercolony border identified a peaceful border zone. When biological invasion occurs, biotic resistance is often ecosystems’ last defense. Could a dominant ant from Tapinoma genus resist L. humile invasion? To demonstrate this possibility, we conducted both laboratory and in natura experiements. Besides the invaded Mediterranean coast, we selected four nearby islands, two of which were found to contain both L. humile and Tapinoma spp. Identification of Mediterranean Tapinoma being controversial, we used both morphological and chemical analyses to ensure reliable discrimination. On the coast, we found T. erraticum, T. madeirense and T. nigerrimum. In natura, on Ratonneau Island, two-year field monitoring showed a slow rate of Argentine ant invasion and even retreat, faced with T. nigerrimum. T. nigerrimum colonies seem to block L. humile invasion. Laboratory behavioral studies between nests of T. nigerrimum and L. humile confirm T. nigerrimum’s ability to stand up to Argentine ants: T. nigerrimum workers protect and defend their territories better, even taking over Argentine ant nests.