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  1. 1. Perception, Cognition and Worldviews...Or, everything you ever needed to know about Reality, yourBrain and Learning but were afraid to ask.
  2. 2. Frontal Lobe: Parietal Lobe: Sensory Perception Spatial perceptionAbstract Reasoning AmygdalaConceptualMemoryLong-rangeplanningPersonality Emotional reactionsSocial Behavior Fight-Flight Response
  3. 3. … And sever old ones
  4. 4. ...when students interact with the worldand synthesize information obtained bytheir senses, neurons receive input fromeach other and are altered, creating newelectrical patterns between networks ofneurons. During learning, changes mayneuronsoccur in the way neurons communicatewith each other; in the efficiency ofconnections between neurons; in thenumber of neurons involved in thenetwork; in the amount of energy requiredfor communication to be initiated; and inhow often communication occurs.New neural connections are formedconstantly, while others are eitherstrengthened or eliminated. A large body ofresearch confirms that humans exposed tomore enriched environments have larger, largerheavier brains with increased branchingand connecting of neurons.
  5. 5. Enriched Environments:Novelty:Multiple Modalities: iesHigh Motivation & Focused AttentionSignificant Emotional ReactionBut not too much emotion !!!
  6. 6. Perception is Variable: Position, Perspective, Variable Attention, Filters and Framing all affect your perception.Perception is Unreliable: Scientists Unreliablerely upon objective standards andmathematics to test a hypothesis.Perception is driven by the Mind asmuch as by the Senses: You see in part Senseswhat you expect. You don’t hear much ofwhat you dislike.FRAMING by others and your own WORLDVIEW create bias- a distortion of your perceptions. perceptions
  7. 7. “Right-Wing”
  8. 8. What is a “Worldview” anyway? A worldview supplies a particular community with the following: •Basic assumptions about what is real and what is unreal, true and false; •Values - moral and ethical standards •Historical and cultural examples including myths, legends, rituals, traditions • Rule sets to guide behavior and punish wrongdoers
  9. 9. Worldviews are shaped by the culture around you
  10. 10. Every society changes values and customs slowly over along period of time.Individuals and organizations react to their environment whenthey OBSERVE, ORIENT, DECIDE and ACT. This creates asteady flow of small changes in a worldview. Cataclysmic events or earth shaking discoveries can rapidly and dramatically change people’s worldviews -ex. Pearl Harbor
  11. 11. 1492 1776 2006 Human culture evolves in response to changes in the environment -be it social, economic, technological or physical changes.
  12. 12. Paradigm: A dominant pattern of thought or model in a particular field (ex. Physics,Government, Art, Law etc.)Worldviews are generally larger concepts that contain multiple paradigms but some peopleuse the two terms interchangeably
  13. 13. VS.Ideas are Reality Physical World is RealityObjects are Illusions Objects are Real One WorldTwo Worlds FreedomOrder ChoiceFateAbsolute values Relative valuesSpiritual-Utopian Scientific-RealistMoralist Logical