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United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
■ UNCTAD is a permanent intergovernmental body established by the
United Nations General Assembly in 1964.
■ Headquarters are located in Geneva, Switzerland, and have offices in
NewYork and AddisAbaba.
■ UNCTAD is part of the UN Secretariat.
■ UNCTAD is the principal organ of the United Nations General
Assembly dealing with trade, investment, and development issues.
■ The organization's goals are to: "maximize the trade, investment and
development opportunities of developing countries and assist them in
their efforts to integrate into the world economy on an equitable basis.
■ It function as a forum for inter-governmental deliberations.
■ It undertakes research, policy analysis and data collection for
debates of government representatives and experts.
■ It provides technical assistance tailored to the specific requirements
of developing countries, with special attention to the needs of the
developed countries and of economies in transition.
■ Trade and Commodities.
■ Investment,Technology and Enterprise Development.
■ Macroeconomic Polices, Debt and Development Financing.
■ Transport, Customs and InformationTechnology.
■ Special programme for least developed, landlocked developing
and small island developing countries.
Trade and Commodities
■ Formulating policies for diversifying production of various
■ Provides analysis and advice for capacity-building to meet competition.
■ Assists developing countries in all aspects of their trade negotiations
■ Provide trade analysis and information system.
■ Provides information regarding the impact of environment on the
Investment,Technology and Enterprise
■ To participate more actively in international investment rule making at
bilateral, regional and multilateral level.
■ To familiarize governments and the private sector with the investment
environment and policies of a given country.
■ in investment analysis capacity building.
■ In developing science and technology reviews and upgradations.
■ In promoting entrepreneurship and the development of small and
Macroeconomic Polices, Debt and
■ In formulating policy analysis and research on issues concerning
global economic interdependence, the international monetary and
financial system, and macroeconomic and development policy
■ In providing technical and advisory support.
■ Providing computer-based debt management and financial
analysis system specially designed to help countries manage their
Transport, Customs and Information
■ Integrated customs system that speed up customs clearance
procedures and helps Governments to reform and modernize their
customs procedures and management.
■ Computerized cargo tracking system installed in 20 developing
countries of Africa and Asia.
■ Building training networks and organizes training in all areas of
international trade to enable developing countries to increase
Special programme for least developed,
landlocked developing and small island
■ Identifying the specific needs of these particularly vulnerable countries
and tailors technical assistance to these needs.
■ Examining the links between developed strategies and poverty
■ Coordinating assistance to LDC’s in their negotiations for accession to
the World Trade Organization, and in building greater capacity for future
trade negotiations, along with capacity-building on trade and investment
It consists of
Trade and Development board
The highest decision-making body of UNCTAD is the quadrennial
It is a subsidiary organ of the United Nations GeneralAssembly.
it serve an important fuction.
TheTrade and Development Board
■ UNCTAD’s works is guided by theTrade and Development board.
■ Board membership is open to all members of UNCTAD, and accredited
inter-governmental and non-governmental organizations.
■ TheTrade and Development Board currently consists of 3
■ UNCTAD secretariat also services the Commission on Science and
Technology for Development
■ It allows governments to exchange views on policy issues in their
Commission onTrade in Goods and Services Commodities.
Commission on Investment, Technology and related Financial
Commission on Enterprise, Business Facilitation and
■ The work of the commission is supported by discussions among
specialized technical experts.
■ Up to 10 meetings are conducted in every year.
■ Allows the government representatives attending the
The Secretariat Structure
■ Headed by a Secretary-General
■ Subsequent to the departure of Mr. Rubens Ricupero (Brazil), who was
the Secretary-General of UNCTAD until 14th September, 2004, the
officer-in-charge of UNCTAD is Mr. Carlos Fortin (Chile).
■ Current UNCTAD Secretary-General is Mr.Mukhisa Kituyi and he took
office on 1 September 2013
Marthoma College of Management
andTechnology (MCMAT), Perumbavoor