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16 TKG EDU.pptx

  1. Educational Avenues for Children with Developmental Disabilities (COURSE II -1.5) Presented by Tufan Kumar Ghosh
  2. Definition • Developmental disabilities are a group of conditions due to an impairment in physical, learning, language, or behavior areas. These conditions begin during the developmental period, may impact day-to-day functioning, and usually last throughout a person’s lifetime.
  3. Educational Avenues • a way of approaching the problem making progress towards Education
  4. Early childhood education
  5. • Early childhood education consists of activities and/or experiences that are intended to effect developmental changes in children prior to their entry into elementary school. • Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE) in the Indian context is generally defined as the care and education of children from birth to eight years. It includes: a) Early stimulation programmes through crèches/homes stimulation for 0-3 year olds. b) Early childhood education (ECE) programmes for 3-6 year olds (as seen in anganwadis, balwadis, nurseries, preschools, kindergartens, preparatory schools, etc.). c) Early Primary Education Programmes as part of schooling for 6-8 year olds.
  6. • A play school is an informal type of school for very young children where they learn things by playing.
  7. • Inclusive education means all children in the same classrooms, in the same schools. It means real learning opportunities for groups who have traditionally been excluded – not only children with disabilities, but speakers of minority languages too.
  8. Special School
  9. • Special school concept is an accepted model of education for persons with disabilities throughout world. As on today, more than 3000 special schools and institutions for the disabled children are functioning in India. Among them, approximately 900 are institutions for hearing impaired childre 400 for children with visual impairment, 1000 for mentally retarded and there maining 700 for children with other physical disabilities (UNIISED Report 1999).
  10. Govt. Service
  11. • Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (Hindi: सर्व शिक्षा अशियान, lit. 'Education for all campaign'), or SSA, is an Indian Government programme aimed at the universalisation of Elementary education "in a time bound manner", the 86th Amendment to the Constitution of India making free and compulsory education to children between the ages of 6 to 14 (estimated to be 206 million children in 2001) a fundamental right (Article- 21A). The programme was pioneered by former Indian Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee. It aims to educate all children between the ages 6 to 14 by 2010. However, the time limit has been pushed forward indefinitely
  12. Evaluation 1. An example of a Developmental Disorder is: a) ADHD b) Dyslexia c) Intellectual Disabilities d) Autistic spectrum disorder 2.Full form of a) ICDS b) SSA 3.SSA Launched in the year of ………………….. under the Ministry of …………………….