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Online assignment

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1
ONLINE ASSIGNMENT
SUBMITTED TO
MISS. SALLY PAUL
SOCIAL SCIENCE TEACHER
SUBMITTED BY
VARSHA P G
SOCIAL SCIENCE OPTIONAL
2
ACTION RESEARCH IN
SOCIAL SCIENCE
3
INDEX
SL NO CONTENT PAGE NO
1 INTRODUCTION 4-7
2 ACTION RESEARCH 7
3 IMPORTANCE OF ACTION RESEARCH 7-8
4 STEPS OF ACTION...
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Online assignment

  1. 1. 1 ONLINE ASSIGNMENT SUBMITTED TO MISS. SALLY PAUL SOCIAL SCIENCE TEACHER SUBMITTED BY VARSHA P G SOCIAL SCIENCE OPTIONAL
  2. 2. 2 ACTION RESEARCH IN SOCIAL SCIENCE
  3. 3. 3 INDEX SL NO CONTENT PAGE NO 1 INTRODUCTION 4-7 2 ACTION RESEARCH 7 3 IMPORTANCE OF ACTION RESEARCH 7-8 4 STEPS OF ACTION RESEARCH 8 5 ACTION RESEARCH IN SOCAL SCIENCE 9-10 6 IMPORTANCE OF ACTION RESEARCH IN SOCIAL SCIENCE 10 7 GOALS OF ACTION RESEARCH IN SOCIAL SCIENCE 11 8 CONCLUSION 11 9 REFERENCES 12
  4. 4. 4 INTRODUCTION Social science is a major category of academic disciplines, concerned with society and the relationships among individuals within a society. It in turn has many branches, each of which is considered a "social science". The main social sciences include Economics, Political science, Human Geography, Demography and Sociology. In a wider sense, Social Science also includes among its branches some fields in the Humanities suchas Anthropology, Archaeology, History, Law and Linguistics. The term is also sometimes used to refer specifically to the field of Sociology, the original 'science of society', established in the 19th century. Positivist social scientists use methods resembling those of the natural sciences as tools for understanding society, and so define science in its stricter modern sense. Interpretive social scientists, by contrast, may use social critique or symbolic interpretation rather than constructing empirically falsifiable theories, and thus treat science in its broader sense. In modern academic practice, researchers are often eclectic, using multiple methodologies (for instance, by combining the quantitative and qualitative techniques). The term social research has also acquired a degree of autonomy as practitioners from various disciplines share in its aims and methods. According to Charles Beard’s perception regarding it is: ‘Social Science are a body of knowledge and thought pertaining to human affairs.’
  5. 5. 5 Community resources are a group of services and/or assisted programme that are provided to the members of a community for free or at an affordable price. Each resources is made available to community members to help them become self reliant and maintain their human rights and well being. A community can be many things; it is people who live in the same neighborhood or city, people with the same interest or background, or even organizations or communities that have something in common. Resources tangible and intangible, meet the need of the community by providing assistance, ideas and solutions. Depending on the community, whether it is a geographic area or a group with common goals or characteristics. Resources can cover a wide range of services or provided limited specialized assistance. Community experiences can enrich social studies in instructions in ways more than one. To achieve the purposes of social studies, the child must, become a real part of the community in which he lives, interact with it and contribute to it. To become an effective citizen, the child must become a responsible member of community with civic attitudes and ideals compatible with the spirit of democracy. There is no more effective way of becoming this kind of person than through practicing what such a person will do. A variety of community experiences offer the child the laboratory in which he may experiment with life in the community and begin to find his place in it.
  6. 6. 6 Again, venturing into the community, gives children an opportunity to observe and sometime to participate in the basic human activities that characterize living in the social group. Children can go almost everywhere under the careful guidance of the school and of cooperating community groups – asking questions, gathering data and pooling information. They can investigate many phases of human activity in the community. Visits to radio and television stations, telephone, newspaper and telegraph offices clarify ideas about communication, study trips to airports and other transportation centre as well as rides in a variety of vehicles, show how people and goods are moved about. Production and consumption can be understood better when pupils see the stores, the markets and factories of the community. Education, government, religious activities, protection and conservation are all there for children as they venture forth, hearing, seeing and sometimes taking part in the life of the community. Traffic problems, protection of public property, community beautification, conservation and law of observation are but a few to which children can actually make a contribution appropriate to their level of development. A problem shared builds interest, concern and a feeling of kinship, the principle works well when pupils and community are thrown together in the consideration of vital problems. Pupils develop a sense of belonging and the community is benefited because of the sense of responsibility develop in the pupils. Thus, the social studies classroom is as big as the
  7. 7. 7 community if teachers and pupils take advantages of all that the world outside the school has to offer. The wise use of community resources is a boon for vitalizing the teaching of social studies. Here we are going to discuss about Action Research in Social Science. Action is the state or process of acting or doing. Research is a scientific discovery which practitioner’s attempt to study their problems scientifically in order to guide correct and evaluate their decisions and actions in a number of people have called Action Research. ACTION RESEARCH Kurt Lewin is generally considered the ‘father’ of Action Research. Kurt Lewin describes Action Research as:  Planning  Action  Searching IMPORTANCE OF ACTION RESEARCH  Action Research has developed from fundamental research. Hence, in the field of research, it is a new concept.  Action Research can be conducted by a teacher, manager and education officer without any special training.
  8. 8. 8  Action Research is conducted by the teachers, managers and administrators.  It is delimited to school only.  Its objective is to improve the school working by finding a practical solution to the educational problems and to enhance the knowledge of administrators and to develop curriculum and progress of teachers.  This improves the activities and working system of the school. STEPS OF ACTION RESEARCH  Identification of the problem.  Defining and delimiting the problem.  Analyzing probable causes of the problem.  Formulation of Action Hypothesis.  Base Line data collection.  Tools for collecting data.  Formulating of Action Design.  Evaluation of the results of Action Research using questionnaire, interview, test, rating scale, checklist, observations, collection of opinion, statistical method.
  9. 9. 9 ACTION RESEARCH IN SOCIAL SCIENCE Social research is research conducted by social scientists following a systematic plan. Social research methods can be classified along a quantitative/qualitative dimension.  Quantitative designs approach social phenomena through quantifiable evidence, and often rely on statistical analysis of many cases (or across intentionally designed treatments in an experiment) to create valid and reliable general claims. Related to quantity.  Qualitative designs emphasize understanding of social phenomena through direct observation, communication with participants, or analysis of texts, and may stress contextual subjective accuracy over generality. Related to quality. While methods may be classified as quantitative or qualitative, most methods contain elements of both. For example, qualitative data analysis often involves a fairly structured approach to coding the raw data into systematic information, and quantifying intercoder reliability.Thus, there is often a more complex relationship between "qualitative" and "quantitative" approaches than would be suggested by drawing a simple distinction between them. Social scientists employ a range of methods in order to analyse a vast breadth of social phenomena: from census survey data derived from millions of individuals, to the in-depth analysis of a single agent's social
  10. 10. 10 experiences; from monitoring what is happening on contemporary streets, to the investigation of ancient historical documents. Methods rooted in classical Sociology and Statistics have formed the basis for research in other disciplines, such as Political Science, Media Studies, Program Evaluation and Market Research. IMPORTANCE OF ACTION RESEARCH IN SOCIAL SCIENCE Scientific research tells us how things work, helps to understand why things are the way they are, and sometimes just informs society about problems that exist. According to the late Columbia University Sociologist Dr. Robert Merton, “The function of social science research, then is not simply to supply information useful in remedying problems already known, it serves to make the problems known.” Social science research provides many different kinds of information that influence the economic welfare of individuals and aggregates of individuals. Social science research in many disciplines (including Economics, Sociology, Anthropology, and Psychology) has led to innovations that enable household members to function more effectively in both the workplace and the home. To the extent that the “general education” role of social science research allows individuals to function more effectively within existing institutional arrangements, it can be viewed as having its initial incidence on household productivity.
  11. 11. 11 THE GOALS OF ACTION RESEARCH IN SOCIAL SCIENCE  Identifying general patterns and relationships  Testing and refining theories  Making Predictions  Interpreting culturally or historically significant phenomena  Exploring Diversity  Giving Voice  Advancing New Theories CONCLUSION Action Research is either research initiated to solve an immediate problem or a reflective process of progressive problem solving led by individuals working with others in teams or as part of a “community of practice” to improve the way they address issues and solve problems.
  12. 12. 12 REFERENCES 1. Technology of teaching – N.R Swarup Saxena, Dr. S.C Oberoi – page : 309-317 2. International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), India Online ISSN: 2319-7064 3. http://www.ehow.com/facts_5415604_define-community- resources.html 4. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?search=DEFINITION+OF+S OCIAL+SCIENCE&title=Special%3ASearch&go=Go 5. http://www.ask.com/world-view/meaning-community-resources- 2b45b4e375ace737 6. http://www.esrc.ac.uk/about-esrc/what-is-social-science/ 7. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Social_science
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