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The Bailique Community Protocol

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This presentation was made by Carlos Potiara Castro at the 21st Conference of the Parties (COP21) in Paris on 7 December, 2015.

It was made in a side event on 'Supporting poor, vulnerable and indigenous communities'.

More details: http://www.iied.org/brazils-first-community-protocol-bailique-experience

Publié dans : Environnement
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The Bailique Community Protocol

  1. 1. 1111 The Bailique Community Protocol Carlos Potiara Castro
  2. 2. 2222 Community Protocols Project developed by the Grupo de Trabalho Amazônico Network – GTA. A confederation of more than 600 formal and informal associations, cooperatives, and other representative institutions of indigenous people and traditional communities present in all 9 states of the Amazonia region.
  3. 3. 3333 Community Protocols  Community protocols are the systematization of internal rules developed by the community  Such rules reflect their own traditional character, the manner in which the community relates both to itself and externally, and also define some procedures, criteria, and tools for territorial management and the use of natural resources.  Community protocols are relevant for indigenous people and traditional communities which count for 8 million persons in Brazil occupying around 40% of the national territory
  4. 4. 4444 The Bailique Region  A territory of 1700 km2 – at the mouth of the Amazon river, the access by boat only, on a journey of 12h to 14h  Human Development Index 40% lower than the national average  The main economic activities are fishing, non-timber forest products extraction, small livestock and agriculture production, beekeeping, woodworking and furniture making and services  The Bailique Archipelago has 10.000 inhabitants, living in 52 communities distributed among 7 different islands
  5. 5. 5555 New Methodology to construct community protocols  Phase 1: Construction the Community Protocol  Phase 2: Putting the protocol in practice: technical assistance, improve the quality of products and search for new markets  Phase 3: Socio- participative certification of products identified by the communities.
  6. 6. 6666 The Bailique Community Protocol o Workshop 1: Socioeconomic, cultural and environmental analysis. This is the moment communities will look into their customary norms and internal governance structure. This will form the basis of their protocol o Workshop 2: Definition of concepts found in national and international legislation such as the CBD, Nagoya Protocol and ILO 169. This is also when they start to look at the public policies that they have the right to have access.
  7. 7. 7777 The Bailique Community Protocol o Workshop 3: Understanding about the process of ABS according to the national legislation o Workshop 4: Communities start to negotiate the terms of their protocol.
  8. 8. 8888 Consultation Document o The project will visit every household to discuss the answers given by their leadership. o Communities are given the opportunity to agree or disagree on the leaders’ answer. o The Bailique Community Protocol is not a result of the answers of leaders, but it is a reflection of the answers of over 70% of the population Polos Number of families % do documento consulta % do pós encontrão Polo 1 105 44% 76% Polo 2 241 33% 77% Polo 3 325 37.5% 64% Polo 4 239 32% 78%
  9. 9. 9999 Some results to date Process of land regularization Empowerment of communities to talk to any external actor: for example the Creation of Association of Traditional Communities of Bailique: new leadership (breaking up with local political powers) Strengthening of local institutions
  10. 10. 10101010 Next Steps o Replicate the project in other regions o Improve the methodology to adapt the model to different local realities o Set new forms of community empowerment o Shorten the capacity gap between Traditional People and Communities and other stakeholders
  11. 11. 11111111 Further information Rede Grupo de Trabalho Amazônico - GTA Rubens Gomes rubens@oela.org.br Roberta Ramos Ramos. r.p.ramos@lse.ac.uk Carlos Potiara Castro carlospotiara@unb.br Supporting institutions: