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COLLECTIF POUR LA DEFENSE DES TERRES
MALGACHES
– TANY -
http://terresmalgaches.info
patrimoinemalgache@gmail.com
Zone économique spéciale :
tendances globales et enjeux à Madagascar
-
Special Economic Zones and Land Tenure:
Global Trends and Local Impacts in Madagascar
21 septembre 2022
______________________________________________________________________________________
http://terresmalgaches.info patrimoinemalgache@gmail.com 2
21/09/2022
Selon un responsable syndical :
 La création des Entreprise Franches
(EF) à Antananarivo a provoqué des
évictions forcées
 Dures conditions de travail. Emploi
précaire
+ toute déviation => exclusion
+ emplois saisonniers et journaliers.
+ non-respect du code du travail par
certaines entreprises
+ salaire minimum légal.
 Les salariés eux paient des impôts.
According to a trade union official:
 The creation of Free Enterprises
(FE) in Antananarivo has led to
forced evictions
 Harsh working conditions.
Precarious employment
+ any deviation => dismissal
+ seasonal and daily jobs
+ non-respect of the labour code by some
companies
+ legal minimum wage.
 Employees do pay taxes.
______________________________________________________________________________________
http://terresmalgaches.info patrimoinemalgache@gmail.com 3
21/09/2022
 2015, soutien du Collectif TANY aux
habitants expulsés par la création de
la ZIA d’Ibity
 Inégalité d’information : villageois
non informés de l’égibilité des
associations et ONGs comme
investisseurs dans le projet de ZIA.
 Au moment de l’étude, les paysans
n’avaient toujours pas reçu les
terrains promis
 Echanges avant ce webinaire, 10 ha
obtenus par l’association de paysans
 2015, support of the TANY Collective
to the inhabitants evicted by the
creation of the Ibity AIZ
 Inequality of information: villagers
not informed of the eligibility of
associations and NGOs as investors
in the AIZ project.
 At the time of the study, the farmers
had still not received the promised
land
 Exchanges before this webinar, 10
ha obtained by the farmers'
association
______________________________________________________________________________________
http://terresmalgaches.info patrimoinemalgache@gmail.com
4
21/09/2022
Video sur ZIA (Ibity)
_____________________________________________________________________________________
http://terresmalgaches.info patrimoinemalgache@gmail.com
5
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XeIgOxy20uY
Les futures ZES
 2017, le projet de ZES de
Diégo = nouveau port;
extension de l’aéroport ;
promotion du tourisme, de
l’énergie renouvelable et de
l’agrobusiness » sur 2.000 ha
 Que représentent les 400
hectares mentionnés ?
 Inquiétude pour les droits
fondamentaux des familles qui
vivent actuellement sur les
terrains prévus pour ce projet
 2017, the Diégo SEZ
project = new port; airport
extension; promotion of
tourism, renewable energy
and agribusiness" on 2,000
ha
 What do the 400 hectares
mentioned represent?
 Concern for the fundamental
rights of the families
currently living on the land
planned for this project
_____________________________________________________________________________________
http://terresmalgaches.info @CollectifTany patrimoinemalgache@gmail.com
6
Future SEZ
Conclusion
La meilleure nouvelle de cette étude :
La performance des associations
paysannes est meilleure que
celle des entreprises sur les ZIA
du Vakinankaratra
Merci pour votre attention
Mamy Rakotondrainibe
The best news from this study:
The performance of
farmers' associations is
better than that of
companies in the IAZ of
Vakinankaratra
Thank you for your
attention
Mamy Rakotondrainibe
_____________________________________________________________________________________
http://terresmalgaches.info patrimoinemalgache@gmail.com
7

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Collectif por la defense des terres malgaces

  • 1. COLLECTIF POUR LA DEFENSE DES TERRES MALGACHES – TANY - http://terresmalgaches.info patrimoinemalgache@gmail.com Zone économique spéciale : tendances globales et enjeux à Madagascar - Special Economic Zones and Land Tenure: Global Trends and Local Impacts in Madagascar 21 septembre 2022
  • 2. ______________________________________________________________________________________ http://terresmalgaches.info patrimoinemalgache@gmail.com 2 21/09/2022 Selon un responsable syndical :  La création des Entreprise Franches (EF) à Antananarivo a provoqué des évictions forcées  Dures conditions de travail. Emploi précaire + toute déviation => exclusion + emplois saisonniers et journaliers. + non-respect du code du travail par certaines entreprises + salaire minimum légal.  Les salariés eux paient des impôts. According to a trade union official:  The creation of Free Enterprises (FE) in Antananarivo has led to forced evictions  Harsh working conditions. Precarious employment + any deviation => dismissal + seasonal and daily jobs + non-respect of the labour code by some companies + legal minimum wage.  Employees do pay taxes.
  • 3. ______________________________________________________________________________________ http://terresmalgaches.info patrimoinemalgache@gmail.com 3 21/09/2022  2015, soutien du Collectif TANY aux habitants expulsés par la création de la ZIA d’Ibity  Inégalité d’information : villageois non informés de l’égibilité des associations et ONGs comme investisseurs dans le projet de ZIA.  Au moment de l’étude, les paysans n’avaient toujours pas reçu les terrains promis  Echanges avant ce webinaire, 10 ha obtenus par l’association de paysans  2015, support of the TANY Collective to the inhabitants evicted by the creation of the Ibity AIZ  Inequality of information: villagers not informed of the eligibility of associations and NGOs as investors in the AIZ project.  At the time of the study, the farmers had still not received the promised land  Exchanges before this webinar, 10 ha obtained by the farmers' association
  • 5. Video sur ZIA (Ibity) _____________________________________________________________________________________ http://terresmalgaches.info patrimoinemalgache@gmail.com 5 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XeIgOxy20uY
  • 6. Les futures ZES  2017, le projet de ZES de Diégo = nouveau port; extension de l’aéroport ; promotion du tourisme, de l’énergie renouvelable et de l’agrobusiness » sur 2.000 ha  Que représentent les 400 hectares mentionnés ?  Inquiétude pour les droits fondamentaux des familles qui vivent actuellement sur les terrains prévus pour ce projet  2017, the Diégo SEZ project = new port; airport extension; promotion of tourism, renewable energy and agribusiness" on 2,000 ha  What do the 400 hectares mentioned represent?  Concern for the fundamental rights of the families currently living on the land planned for this project _____________________________________________________________________________________ http://terresmalgaches.info @CollectifTany patrimoinemalgache@gmail.com 6 Future SEZ
  • 7. Conclusion La meilleure nouvelle de cette étude : La performance des associations paysannes est meilleure que celle des entreprises sur les ZIA du Vakinankaratra Merci pour votre attention Mamy Rakotondrainibe The best news from this study: The performance of farmers' associations is better than that of companies in the IAZ of Vakinankaratra Thank you for your attention Mamy Rakotondrainibe _____________________________________________________________________________________ http://terresmalgaches.info patrimoinemalgache@gmail.com 7