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Voice and accent

Voice and Accent Basics

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Voice and accent

  1. 1. Effective Communication Through the art of phonetics
  2. 2. What are we going to learn ???By the end of the session you’ll be able to… Define Accent. State the elements of Speech Sounds. Identify your own communication style. Demonstrate effectiveness of using a neutral accent. Explain the benefits of sentence and word stress. Identify the right intonation pattern Demonstrate effective communication with an Accent.
  3. 3. Objective… To the learn the art of Effective Communication using phonetics… There are four key components to make learning effective…  Participate  Pay attention  Prepare  Practise
  4. 4. Activity…
  5. 5. What is the importance of using an Accent?...
  6. 6. Let’s take an example…Your Opinion…
  7. 7. What is a comprehensible Accent…? A combination of three main components: Intonation (Speech Music) Liaisons(Word Connection) and Pronunciation (the spoken sounds of Vowels, Consonants and Combinations)Example: Would you like some brown bread and butter? Wouldju like somebraumbreadnbutter?
  8. 8. English Speech Sounds … All the sounds produced in English are typically classified into consonants and vowels. English alphabet (26): Consonants- 21 Vowels-5Phonetically speaking the number of sounds required to speak with Received Pronunciation requires 44 sounds Consonants: 24 Vowels: 20
  9. 9. Consonant Sounds Plosives Aspirated Sounds: /p/: Pot, Peter, Department, Perfect /t/: Talk, Time , distinct, Turn /k/: Kitten, Cot, hacker, Calling, honk /b/: Baker, Boston, tub, bark, Basket/d/: Develop,Pardon, Discover, Demolish /g/: Glorified, Gaggle,Mug, Garments
  10. 10. Fricatives /f/: Graph, Cough, Fan, Leaf /v/: Dove, Victor,Divine/θ/: thin, thought, bath, anything /δ/: the,father,mother /∫/: sugar,shrimp,shove,hush /Э/: pleasure,measure,treasure /h/ hungry,hot /s/ some,Susie,sorted /z/: please,zip,scissors
  11. 11. Affricates:/t∫/: Church, chip, chuck, chair/dЭ/: John, jump,jungle, jockey Nasals /m/: Mat, mother, mum /n/: Nap,naughty,naughty/ŋ/: Nothing,something,king,ring
  12. 12. Laterals /l/:Love, language Semi Vowels /j/: your, yak /w/: Water, wine /r/: Rip, roar, terror For Consonants, there is a three-term description:Voiced/Voiceless, place of articulation, and manner of articulation
  13. 13. Let’s play the /v/ & /w/ gameViper WiperVeil WhaleVia WireVine WineVent Went
  14. 14. Short Vowels/∂ /: attention, another/∧ /: Butter, shut, money /æ/: Hammer, apple /ɪ /: English, Wilson /Ɔ /: offer, potter /u/: good, put, foot /e/: Bed, twelve, net
  15. 15. Long Vowels /i:/: eat, senior /3:/: shirt, bird /Ɔ :/: origin, four /u:/: Moon, Fool/a:/ : Farmer, aunty, arm
  16. 16. Diphthongs /eɪ /: Gate, make,wait,vain/aɪ /: Like,fine,kind,bright,guide /Ɔɪ /: boy,toy,ploy,oil /au/: Cow,plough,crouch/∂ u/: Toad,ghost,moan, post code /ɪ ∂ /: Ear,fierce,fear,hear /u∂/ : Fewer, cure /e∂ /: Tear,careful,scare
  17. 17. Pronunciation Checker Executive  However Would  Verify Apologize  Convenient First  Free phone Application  Issue Yellow  Temporary Authorization  Government Development  Schedule
  18. 18. Use your Voice…… “..There’s an Elephant walking down the street. He’s carrying Betty, Emma® and Lisa along with two(w)otherson his back. I think they may be part of the Circus that came to town…”
  19. 19. Use your Voice…… Repeat aloud using one of the following voice characteristics. (One at a time)…  Very Excited  Frightened  Like a gangster  With a very Old Man/Lady’s voice  Like a radio Announcer
  20. 20. Syllable Stress The syllable is the unit of rhythm. It tell us about the number of beats in a wordWe have 4 types: Monosyllabic (run, in, out) Bi-syllabic (heavy, auto, lancer) Tri-syllabic (Infosys, intellect, consonant) Polysyllabic (examination, alteration, extinguisher
  21. 21. Stress cont…Stressing is the process of emphasising certainsyllables in a word.Accordingly we have 3 types: Initial (stress the first syllable) e.g. ‘heaven Medial (stress the second syllable) (stress the last syllable) e.g. warren’tee
  22. 22. Syllable Stress Example… Photograph Executive However Theatre Particular Content Laboratory Informative
  23. 23. IntonationThe music of the language
  24. 24. Statements I’m John. You’re next. It’s raining. She lost the race.It costs 10 pounds 50.
  25. 25. Questions Are you going there tomorrow? Where are you going?Exclamations/Observations Aren’t you here yet?! I don’t like carrots! He’s here!
  26. 26. Use your Voice…… Read the following aloud, emphasising the word in BOLD each time…  I like it when you sing  I like it when you sing  I like it when you sing  I like it when you sing
  27. 27. Passage Reading
  28. 28. THE RAINBOW PASSAGEWhen the sunlight strikes raindrops in the air, they act as a prism and form a rainbow. The rainbow is a division of white light into manybeautiful colors. These take the shape of a longround arch, with its path high above, and its two ends apparently beyond the horizon. There is ,according to legend, a boiling pot of gold at oneend. People look, but no one ever finds it. Whena man looks for something beyond his reach, his friends say he is looking for the pot of gold at the end of the rainbow.
  29. 29. Luke…Luke and Jack were close pals. Luke would lock the liquor in the locker room, which quite irked Jack. So to get back at Luke, Jack closed his ducks in a dark room. When Luke got to know about this, he went to Zachary, to complain. Zachary was cool, and a calm person, but Zachary concluded by saying that Jack is right. When Zachary cascaded the sequence of his conversation with Luke to Jack, Zachary and Jack decided to teach Luke a lesson. They locked Luke with his ducks in the dark, closed room, and drank his liquor, sitting on his sofa, the whole night.
  30. 30. Communication hitch... Sentence shaping/Pitch raise…  Refers to the movement in pitch across a sentence. If the pitch goes up at the end of a sentence, mistrust and uncertainty are created in the listener. This often results in sounding as though a question is being asked. Energy Drop  Energy and enthusiasm slumps when ending sentences. Speeding  Talking too quickly, creating an impression of nervousness, irritation or even dishonesty. Braking  Punctuating sentences with inappropriate pauses, creating impression of uncertainty and even irritation. Content Dilution  Meaning someone who waffles or uses mitigation, neutral and unnecessary words unconsciously. Word Drag  Over-elongates the vowel sound of a word.
  31. 31. What have you learnt????? You should now be able to…… Define Accent. State the elements of British Speech Sounds. Identify your own communication style. Demonstrate effectiveness of using a neutral accent. Explain the benefits of sentence and word stress. Identify the right intonation pattern Demonstrate effective communication with an Accent.