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Alexandre Moatti "Einstein tirant la langue, une figure de clown ?"

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Communication d'Alexandre Moatti lors du colloque "Des clowns et des sciences" le 21 juin 2012 organisé par Traces, Les Atomes Crochus et L'île logique.

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Alexandre Moatti "Einstein tirant la langue, une figure de clown ?"

  1. 1. Traces – Atomes Crochus Des clowns et des sciences Alexandre Moatti www.moatti.netEinstein tirant la langue, une figure de clown ? (jeudi 21 juin 2012) 1
  2. 2. ¡ Ingénieur en chef des mines¡ Chercheur-associé à l’université Paris-VII (UMR SPHERE 7219)¡ Einstein, un siècle contre lui (Odile Jacob 2007) → Les représentations d’Einstein © A. Moatti – 21 juin 2012 – Des clowns et des sciences – ESPCI ParisTech 2
  3. 3. ¡ Photographe UPI (United Press) Arthur Stasse¡ 14 mars 1951 → 72 ans d’Einstein, à Princeton © A. Moatti – 21 juin 2012 – Des clowns et des sciences – ESPCI ParisTech 3
  4. 4. 1. Histoire d’une photo et ses interprétations 4
  5. 5. L’histoire d’une photographie¡ Photo d’origine : Einstein à l’arrière d’une voiture → entre le Dr Frank Aydelotte (Institute for Advanced Study) et sa femme, repartant de la célébration IAS de son anniversaire¡ Une photo de… paparazzo → Einstein avait déjà posé en sortant - assis dans la voiture, « just one more », il aurait dit « çà suffit ! » → À une ultime requête « Ya, Professor, shmile for your birthday picture, Ya ? », il aurait tiré la langue è un photographe (Arthur Stasse) a appuyé au bon moment → L’agence de presse a hésité à utiliser la photographie (indécence – crainte qu’E ne s’offusque)¡ Une photo mal interprétée → Rire ou fantaisie ? Provocation ou… exaspération ? © A. Moatti – 21 juin 2012 – Des clowns et des sciences – ESPCI ParisTech 5
  6. 6. L’histoire d’une photographie (2)¡ Einstein a demandé 9 exemplaires à l’agence, en isolant son portrait → 1953 : Il en dédicace une à Howard K. Smith (1914-2002), un grand reporter CBS qu’il admirait. → Smith avait était le dernier Américain à interviewer les dignitaires nazis en 1941 ; il voyage en Europe en 1946 et publie The State of Europe (1949)¡ Statut juridique de la photo → Elle est utilisée en Fair Use sur Wikimedia Commons (US) → La photo dédicacée a une forte valeur marchande è vendue aux enchères 74 000$ en juin 2009 © A. Moatti – 21 juin 2012 – Des clowns et des sciences – ESPCI ParisTech 6
  7. 7. Interprétations possibles d’une photographie¡ Gradation interprétative → À l’origine: exaspération… photo indécente (agence de presse) 1. Gag, plaisanterie 2. Ironie, provocation 3. Non-conformisme, rébellion 4. Savant fou, démence → Le clown : que 1, ou 3 aussi ?¡ Interprétation d’Einstein, sa dédicace de 1953 à H. Smith → "This gesture you will like, because it is aimed at all of humanity. A civilian can afford to do what no diplomat would dare. Your loyal and grateful listener, A. Einstein ’53". © A. Moatti – 21 juin 2012 – Des clowns et des sciences – ESPCI ParisTech 7
  8. 8. Interprétations possibles d’une photographie (2) – par Einstein → "This gesture you will like, because it is aimed at all of humanity. A civilian can afford to do what no diplomat would dare. Your loyal and grateful listener, A. Einstein ’53". → “You can tell by his inscription that (Einstein) fully understood the power of the image, and that what he was doing was quite dangerous, considering that the government was forcing intellectuals to name names." (dir. marketing de RR Auction, 2009)¡ Lutte contre le maccarthysme ? → E: « la méthode révolutionnaire du refus de coopérer, à l’exemple de Gandhi. Tout intellectuel convoqué par un de ces comités devrait refuser de déposer » (lettre à Frauenglass, publiée par NYT du 12 juin 1953) → E : « un incorrigible anticonformiste dont le non-conformisme dans le vague champ de la physique théorique n’a pas encore attiré les foudres de quelque commission sénatoriale » (ibid.) © A. Moatti – 21 juin 2012 – Des clowns et des sciences – ESPCI ParisTech 8
  9. 9. ¡ "This gesture you will like, because it is aimed at all of humanity. A civilian can afford to do what no diplomat would dare. Your loyal and grateful listener, A. Einstein ’53 " ¡ La dédicace concerne peut-être plus la politique internationale – Einstein auditeur et lecteur de Smith© A. Moatti – 21 juin 2012 – Des clowns et des sciences – ESPCI ParisTech 9
  10. 10. 2. Intermède – clowns gais, clowns tristes 10
  11. 11. Une autre image de clown ? ¡ Auguste… (un auguste = un clown) ¡ … Comte ¡ Peut-être l’exact opposé du clown rouge Einstein → Le « clown blanc, digne et autoritaire », le « Pierrot » © A. Moatti – 21 juin 2012 – Des clowns et des sciences – ESPCI ParisTech 11
  12. 12. Einstein, un clown triste…aussi © A. Moatti – 21 juin 2012 – Des clowns et des sciences – ESPCI ParisTech 12
  13. 13. 3. Avatars, parodies& surinterprétations de laphotographie d’Einstein 13
  14. 14. Avatars¡ Jürgen Goertz : Einstein- Brunnen 1981–1983 (fontaine à Ulm, ville de naissance d’Einstein)¡ Cc-by-sa auteur Nono vlf (Wiki Commons)¡ Droit de panorama en Allemagne¡ Utilisée sur la page wi:es Risa (rire) è pourtant il ne rit pas, à l’origine ! © A. Moatti – 21 juin 2012 – Des clowns et des sciences – ESPCI ParisTech 14
  15. 15. Avatars – les représentations clownesques¡ À clown, clown et demi (le sculpteur)¡ Juming Museum, Taiwan (WikiCommons Bernard Gagnon)¡ Ju-Ming, sculpteur taïwanais (né en 1938) © A. Moatti – 21 juin 2012 – Des clowns et des sciences – ESPCI ParisTech 15
  16. 16. Avatars¡ Jürgen Goertz: Einstein- Brunnen 1981–1983, Ulm¡ Cc-by-sa auteur Nono vlf (Wiki Commons)¡ Droit de panorama en Allemagne¡ Utilisée sur la page wi:es Risa (rire) è pourtant il ne rit pas, à l’origine! © A. Moatti – 21 juin 2012 – Des clowns et des sciences – ESPCI ParisTech 16
  17. 17. © A. Moatti – 21 juin 2012 – Des clowns et des sciences – ESPCI ParisTech 17
  18. 18. © A. Moatti – 21 juin 2012 – Des clowns et des sciences – ESPCI ParisTech 18
  19. 19. Einstein faisant le clown… bien avant¡ Image BundesArchiv (Allemagne) (bild 102- 11307)¡ Prof. Einstein, wie er als Indianer-Häuptling der Hopi-Indianer im grossen Schmuck aussehen wird.¡ « Foto-Montaje » è 1931 (avant Einstein tirant la langue) è déjà image- objet © A. Moatti – 21 juin 2012 – Des clowns et des sciences – ESPCI ParisTech 19
  20. 20. FIN© A. Moatti – 21 juin 2012 – Des clowns et des sciences – ESPCI ParisTech 20
  21. 21. © A. Moatti – 21 juin 2012 – Des clowns et des sciences – ESPCI ParisTech 21

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