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Ecole d'autrefois

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  • DOWNLOAD THAT BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (2019 Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { http://shorturl.at/mzUV6 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { http://shorturl.at/mzUV6 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { http://shorturl.at/mzUV6 } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { http://shorturl.at/mzUV6 } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { http://shorturl.at/mzUV6 } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { http://shorturl.at/mzUV6 } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book that can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer that is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story That Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money That the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths that Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
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Ecole d'autrefois

  1. 1. En 1881, le ministre Jules Ferry a fait voter pour que l'école soit gratuite. Puis, en 1882, il fait rendre l'école obligatoire : de 6 ans et jusqu'à 12 ans. Manuel…
  2. 2. L’école habite un coin de notre esprit, avec les bons et mauvais souvenirs de l’enfance. Si vous avez quelques souvenirs semblables à ces images, vous avez déjà beaucoup d’expérience, sinon vous êtes encore jeune…
  3. 3. L'école d'autrefois ...
  4. 4. Découverte de l'école d'autrefois
  5. 5. Le maître sait se faire écouter par tous, car même les cancres n'osent chahuter. Impressionnant dans son tablier gris, la voix autoritaire, notre instituteur se promène dans sa classe.
  6. 6. Le bureau du maître
  7. 7. Le cartable du maître
  8. 8. Vêtus de leur tablier, ces petits élèves d'un jour, assis à leur banc, se tiennent bien droit les bras croisés.
  9. 9. Le livre de lecture
  10. 10. Petite dictée à la plume Comme en 1932, avec une plume trempée dans l'encrier rempli par le maître!
  11. 11. Dictée
  12. 12. Un pupitre en bois à deux places, certains étaient peints en noir comme celui-ci, d’autres entièrement cirés. “ La corvée de cirage était réservée aux élèves moins méritants”
  13. 14. Le cartable en cuir était souvent utilisé par plusieurs enfants de la même famille
  14. 15. La trousse en cuir permettait de ranger ses "outils" de façon rigoureuse et méthodique.
  15. 16. Le plumier en bois, le premier élément indispensable de l'équipement de l'élève Les porte-plumes les plus répandus dans les écoles étaient souvent en bois, car peu de fantaisies étaient autorisées dans la panoplies du parfait écolier
  16. 17. Les plumes les plus utilisées dans les écoles, parmi les quelles on se souvient de la célèbre Sergent major
  17. 18. La grande bouteille d’encre que le maître sortait, de temps à autre pour faire le plein d’un encrier d’élève.
  18. 19. Les encriers étaient en faïence, verre, bakélite ou même pour les plus anciens en étain.
  19. 20. L’ardoise d’abord simple ardoise rectangulaire, se perfectionne dans le temps avec son cadre en bois et son trou permettant d’y attacher un petit chiffon pour l’essuyer. Les craies carrées puis rondes “les craies Robert sont les plus célèbres” et le cayons à ardoise en sont les instruments d’écriture adaptés.
  20. 21. La connaissance de la géographie tenait du réflexe conditionné ! On pouvait même demander aux enfants de réciter le liste des départements, avec préfecture et sous-préfectures bien sûr. La qualité des cartes est remarquable.
  21. 22. Faisant partie du fond scolaire, les mesures en fer blanc témoignent de l’importance qu’était à la fin du XIX é siècle de l’apprentissage du système métrique.
  22. 23. Le règlement intérieur
  23. 24. Un peu de calcul mental
  24. 25. Le bon vieux poêle
  25. 26. La leçon de morale
  26. 27. Les manuels scolaires
  27. 31. La cour de récréation
  28. 32. On jouait… … à la marelle. … aux billes. … à saute-mouton
  29. 33. Bons points et belles images étaient les récompenses de bons élèves… … et bonnet d’âne pour les mauvais élèves.
  30. 34. Dés l’apparition de la photographie les écoles furent, à la fin du XIX e siècle, un sujet de prédilection pour les photographes ambulants. Prévenus de leur passage les parents mettaient un point d’honneur à ce que leurs enfants soient bien habillés
  31. 35. Photo de groupe ... un beau souvenir.
  32. 38. Le calendrier souvenir
  33. 39. Dans l’esprit de Jules Ferry, le certificat d’études primaires devait, comme son nom l’indique, permettre à chaque élève de justifier l’acquisition d’un bagage scolaire normalisé.
  34. 41. Des élèves de l’école d’aujourd’hui découvrant le cadre de l’école d’autrefois…
  35. 42. Musique : Yesterday The Beatles Images du Net Fin Jean-Claude SORET

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