Series “Towards a nonviolent civil defence”
Slides n° 5
Conditions and preparation
of nonviolent civil defence.
Trans-arma...
Conditions and preparation of nonviolent defence
Contents
The Conditions for a nonviolent civil defence (NVCD)
Providing t...
I - The conditions for a nonviolent civil defence
(NVCD)
1. Providing the population with relevant
information on nonviole...
2 – Citizens’ involvement
The civic passivity of so many French people is due to a deep
feeling of powerlessness and disgu...
3 - Fighting against exclusion and inequalities
Exclusion of entire strands of the population and disparity
in living cond...
Reinforcing democracy
The best way to prepare for the defence of
democracy in time of crisis is to reinforce it and
make i...
Improving social consultation
The objective is to allow an organic consultation
between the various political and socio-ec...
4 - A foreign policy oriented at disarmament
and sustainable development
- Real participation to disarmament : unilateral
...
II - Preparing nonviolent civil defence (NVCD)
1. Research
- Institutionalising research and giving it the means to
develo...
Research
Improve institutes collaboration (CES, EHESS, IEP, IFRI,
IHEDN, IRIS, IRNC*)
and create specific structures in ch...
Fundamental research (I)
- Continue historical research on civil resistance experience and
what can be drawn from it for t...
Fundamental research (II)
- Study the possibilities offered by new technologies
(namely digital) to operate micro and disc...
Applied research
- Analyse the existing measures of defence in each socio-
economic sector and their insufficiencies with ...
2 - Education and training (I)
That is the most important axis : ideological preconceptions,
still widespread, lack of com...
Education and training (II)
- Introduce the hypothesis of nonviolence in
already existing training centres :
IHEDN, milita...
3 – Sensitizing and informing (I)
Objectives :
- sensitize large sectors of the population to concepts
of civil defence, i...
Sensibilisation et information (suite)
- organise sensitization days in various administrative or
socio-economic sectors.
...
Sensitizing and informing (III)
- lead sensitization, information and training actions in
institutions where citizens get ...
III. Trans-armament
1 - Pure and simple disarmament ?
Disarmament is necessary, but it can only be achieved
under certain ...
2 - Simultaneous multilateral disarmament ?
Multilateral, “universal, simultaneous, progressive,
balanced and controlled” ...
Trans-armament
That is why we suggest trans-armament as
alternative solution.
Trans-armament means going from a system of
...
An alternative
Trans-armament is a strategy aiming at simultaneously :
- demilitarise society
- de-specialise defence
- al...
Choosing another system of defence
Trans-armament in not in opposition with unilateral
disarmament. It makes it possible.
...
Transition
1. Transition from a system of military defence to
a nonviolent and civil dissuasion system.
Both systems can c...
Transfer
2. Transfer of means and credits from military
defence to the preparation of the nonviolent civil
defence.
If onl...
Transformation
3. Transformation of the strategy and tools of
defence,
namely the reconversion of military industries.
An added value
Already, the preparation and organisation of a
nonviolent civil defence would constitute an added-
value to...
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NCD. — 09. Conditions and preparation of nonviolent defence. Trans-armament

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NCD. — 09. Conditions and preparation of nonviolent defence. Trans-armament

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NCD. — 09. Conditions and preparation of nonviolent defence. Trans-armament

  1. 1. Series “Towards a nonviolent civil defence” Slides n° 5 Conditions and preparation of nonviolent civil defence. Trans-armament. Etienne Godinot Translation : Claudia McKenny Engström 26.06.2017
  2. 2. Conditions and preparation of nonviolent defence Contents The Conditions for a nonviolent civil defence (NVCD) Providing the population with relevant information on nonviolence Citizens’ involvement Fight against exclusion and inequalities Foreign policy aimed at disarmament and development Preparing NVCD Research Training Sensitizing and informing Trans-armament Making unilateral disarmament possible An alternative Transition, transfer and transformation
  3. 3. I - The conditions for a nonviolent civil defence (NVCD) 1. Providing the population with relevant information on nonviolence : - Theoretical knowledge (philosophy, history, principles, strategy of nonviolence) - Practical knowledge (training on a diversity of techniques, resisting to provocation) This training must start at school, and continue in high schools, universities and lifelong learning. Cf. Slides “Preparing NVCD”
  4. 4. 2 – Citizens’ involvement The civic passivity of so many French people is due to a deep feeling of powerlessness and disgust in politics. Because it generates efficient means of action, nonviolence gives politics back its real meaning and nobility, thus becoming a powerful tool for citizens’ training. - Individuals and communities regain control of a great part of their responsibilities today abandoned in the hands of the State. - Maximal decentralisation : of politics, administration, economy (agriculture, energy, industry, etc.)
  5. 5. 3 - Fighting against exclusion and inequalities Exclusion of entire strands of the population and disparity in living conditions, access to employment, housing, education and culture, are major obstacles to the establishment of a NVCD. Without waiting for society to reach perfection before establishing civil dissuasion, it is fundamental to fight against social disintegration : exclusion, discriminations, unemployment, poverty, disparities and the crying injustice that threats our democracy and national cohesion. Nonviolence, here again, gives the poorest ones the means to fight in social and political struggles.
  6. 6. Reinforcing democracy The best way to prepare for the defence of democracy in time of crisis is to reinforce it and make it more efficient in time of peace. The more the citizens of a country feel they live in a just society, the more motivated they will be to defend their society against the threats that weigh on it.
  7. 7. Improving social consultation The objective is to allow an organic consultation between the various political and socio-economic actors of civil defence, in order to decide and coordinate the actions of resistance that will best suit the field. Polls show the French population, although still ignorant of everything in matter of nonviolent action, yet agrees in majority our society should make significant investments for it.
  8. 8. 4 - A foreign policy oriented at disarmament and sustainable development - Real participation to disarmament : unilateral nuclear disarmament (France) - Halt to the most violent aspects of globalization (corporate land grabbing of natural resources in the South), actions in favour of food sovereignty, development aid, etc. - Limitation and end to weapon trade - Civil intervention for peace in conflict zones* - Humanitarian aid * cf. Slides on the topic (www.irnc.org)
  9. 9. II - Preparing nonviolent civil defence (NVCD) 1. Research - Institutionalising research and giving it the means to develop and coordinate - Fundamental research : history and sociology of conflicts, economy, administrative law, international law. Study the population’s spirit of defence and its will to resist in case of breach to democracy - Applied research: design civil dissuasion: what means should be put in place?
  10. 10. Research Improve institutes collaboration (CES, EHESS, IEP, IFRI, IHEDN, IRIS, IRNC*) and create specific structures in charge of implementing different means of civil dissuasion. * French Institutions : CES : Centre des Études de Sécurité; EHESS : École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales; IEP : Instituts d’Études Politiques; IFRI : Institut Français des Relations Internationales; IHEDN : Institut des Hautes Études de la Défense Nationale; IRNC : Institut de recherche sur la Résolution Non-violente des Conflits.
  11. 11. Fundamental research (I) - Continue historical research on civil resistance experience and what can be drawn from it for today - Study the psychological laws regulating human group behaviour of those exercising repression and those enduring it (in case of armed resistance, nonviolent resistance) - Classification of economic fields of activity depending on their interest for the aggressor or dictator - Study the means to reduce food, economic and energetic dependence.
  12. 12. Fundamental research (II) - Study the possibilities offered by new technologies (namely digital) to operate micro and discrete sabotages, preventing third parties from taking control over vital sectors. - Legal studies clarifying the status of fighting international civil populations under international law and defining a status of civil resistant, one who only uses nonviolent means of action. - Study defining the different axes of foreign policy and diplomacy reinforcing the credibility of a policy of civil dissuasion.
  13. 13. Applied research - Analyse the existing measures of defence in each socio- economic sector and their insufficiencies with regard to civil defence: * food * energy * banking systems, etc. - Lead experimental studies on some of the suggestions made here in a limited sector of State or social institutions (Prefect, Police, Telecommunication, etc.) Ask civil servants to elaborate themselves a complete plan regarding their own activities in case of occupation by an illegal power.
  14. 14. 2 - Education and training (I) That is the most important axis : ideological preconceptions, still widespread, lack of competence in the field of nonviolent action strategy. - Educate the people who are already motivated (activists and nonviolence supporters) - Train politicians, civil servants, scientists, technicians, to develop working teams with a double competence : people with a specific competence (legal, historical, sociological, technical, etc.) confront this knowledge to nonviolent approaches and strategies.
  15. 15. Education and training (II) - Introduce the hypothesis of nonviolence in already existing training centres : IHEDN, military schools, for regular and reserve soldiers, etc. - Organise training sessions for civil servants in administrative or technical services, making them capable of training in turn.
  16. 16. 3 – Sensitizing and informing (I) Objectives : - sensitize large sectors of the population to concepts of civil defence, inform the population via written media (flyers, cartoons, press, etc.), television, radio, conferences followed by debates, etc. - clarify nonviolence from the confusion and ambivalence that weighs on it and restricts its potential. - explain the problematic, give historical examples.
  17. 17. Sensibilisation et information (suite) - organise sensitization days in various administrative or socio-economic sectors. - integrate a pedagogy of nonviolent civil defence in civic education courses (in school) : reach out to the students’ intelligence and not teach them a doctrine. - lead sensitization actions in municipalities where representatives are convinced of their necessity
  18. 18. Sensitizing and informing (III) - lead sensitization, information and training actions in institutions where citizens get together to share their convictions and act together : political movements trade unions associations of civil society Churches
  19. 19. III. Trans-armament 1 - Pure and simple disarmament ? Disarmament is necessary, but it can only be achieved under certain conditions. 1. Total and unilateral, pure and simple disarmament is dangerous (so long as the system we are abandoning is efficient, of course, which is not the case of the nuclear weapon…). It would leave a strategical void, and would therefore be politically unsustainable. It is a project that would fail if it were not combined with an alternative defence. No people can accept living without a defence system.
  20. 20. 2 - Simultaneous multilateral disarmament ? Multilateral, “universal, simultaneous, progressive, balanced and controlled” disarmament is a pious hope we have been talking about for the past 50 years. It would mean, that at the same time, international forces would stop and allow negotiation, that all stop together, in good faith, which is of course never the case. It is an illusion, a pretext to do nothing since “the others don’t either”…
  21. 21. Trans-armament That is why we suggest trans-armament as alternative solution. Trans-armament means going from a system of defence (armed defence) to another one (civil nonviolent defence and civil dissuasion). Trans-armament does not mean abandoning the will to defend oneself, but the will to defend oneself using other means, adapted to danger yet more efficient, democratic, ethical, and more adapted to dangers.
  22. 22. An alternative Trans-armament is a strategy aiming at simultaneously : - demilitarise society - de-specialise defence - allow larger and larger strands of society to adopt nonviolence. NVCD breaks with the militarised system is its whole and not only with military devices : * objectives : what do we defend ? * actors : who does defend ? * modalities : how do we defend ?
  23. 23. Choosing another system of defence Trans-armament in not in opposition with unilateral disarmament. It makes it possible. It allows society to defend itself all through the process of disarmament and social transformation: - progressive demilitarisation of society - implantation of non-armed means to resist against aggression or oppression. This process will need time and suppose fighting strong resistances : the military structure and weapon lobby will do everything to stop its own disappearance.
  24. 24. Transition 1. Transition from a system of military defence to a nonviolent and civil dissuasion system. Both systems can cohabitate, but with independent structures and funding. Photo : Political left-right cohabitation in France (Jacques Chirac and Lionel Jospin).
  25. 25. Transfer 2. Transfer of means and credits from military defence to the preparation of the nonviolent civil defence. If only 5% or even 1% of the defence budget was allocated to research on nonviolent civil defence and the preparation of such a defence, we would be galloping forward.
  26. 26. Transformation 3. Transformation of the strategy and tools of defence, namely the reconversion of military industries.
  27. 27. An added value Already, the preparation and organisation of a nonviolent civil defence would constitute an added- value to our defence system and global dissuasion of our country - by reinforcing or generating a will to defend against an aggression or dictatorial, authoritarian regime - by increasing the population’s capacity of resistance against contemporary threats. ■

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