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OSTÉOLOGIE DU TRONC
Section :
TECHNICIEN DE
RADIOLOGIE
Elaboré par:
Mr BENAHMED
Royaume du Maroc
Ministère de la Santé
Institut Supérieur des Professions Infirmières et Techniques
de Santé
OUJDA
q
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Ostéologie du rachis
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Vertèbre type
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rachidien cervical
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Vertèbre cervicales (C3-C7)
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Atlas (C1)
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Axis (C2)
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Articulation Atlanto-Axoïdienne
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Atlas (C1) et axis (C2)
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Vertèbre thoracique (T1-T12)
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Vertèbre lombaires (L1-L5)
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Système ligamentaire rachis
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Système ligamentaire rachis
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Vertèbre lombaires (L1-L5)
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Moelle épinière
Méninges
Vertèbre
Disque
intervertébral
Nerf rachidien
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Hernie
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Articulations intervertébrales
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Articulations intervertébrales
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Articulations intervertébrales
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Articulations intervertébrales
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Sacrum - Coccyx
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Sacrum - Coccyx
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Ostéologie du thorax
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Ostéologie du thorax
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Articulations intervertébrales
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Radiographie du rachis cervical:
cliché de face.
• . 1, Clavicule. 2, 1ère
côte. 3, Trachée. 4,
Apophyse épineuse
de C7. 5, Corps
vertébral de C5. 6,
Uncus.
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Radiographie du rachis
cervical: cliché de profil
• 1, Corps vertébral
(TH1). 2, Apophyse
épineuse de C7. 3,
Lame. 4, Apophyse
articulaire inférieure. 5,
Apophyse articulaire
supérieure. 6, Apophyse
épineuse de C2. 7,
Apophyse odontoïde. 8,
Arc antérieur de C1
(Atlas). 9, Trachée.
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Radio du larynx du profil
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Fracture de C2
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Cliché centré sur l'odontoïde
(bouche ouverte).
• 1, Apophyse
transverse de C1. 2,
Masse latérale de
C1.
• 3, Odontoïde. 4,
Apophyse articulaire
inférieure de C1.
• 5, Apophyse
articulaire
supérieure de C2.
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Fracture de l’apophyse
odontoïde
55
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Radiographie du rachis
cervical, 3/4 (Trous gauches).
• 1, Côte. 2, Clavicule.
3, Trou de
conjugaison. 4,
Pédicule. 5, Trachée.
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Radiographie du rachis
cervical, 3/4 (Trous droits).
• 1, Clavicule. 2, Côte.
3, Lame. 4, Trou de
conjugaison. 5,
Uncus. 6, Pédicule.
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Radiographie du rachis
thoracique: cliché de face.
• 1, Ventricule gauche.
• 2, Bulle à air gastrique.
• 3, Hémidiaphragme
droit.
• 4, Arc costal postérieur
droit.
• 5, Clavicule.
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Radiographie du thorax:
cliché de face.
• 1, Trachée. 2, Clavicule. 3, 4ème
arc costal postérieur droit. 4,
Bronche souche droite. 5, Bord
inférieur du sein droit. 6, Bulle à air
gastrique. 7, Hémidiaphragme
gauche. 8, Ventricule gauche. 9,
Aorte descendante. 10, Artère
pulmonaire gauche. 11 Lobe
pulmonaire supérieur gauche. 12,
Oreillette gauche. 13, Ventricule
droit. 14, Artère pulmonaire droite et
veines pulmonaires droites. 15,
Corps vertébral (Rachis thoracique).
16, Sinus costophrenique
postérieur.
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Radiographie du thorax:
cliché de profil.
• . 9, Aorte descendante. 10,
Artère pulmonaire gauche.
11 Lobe pulmonaire
supérieur gauche. 12,
Oreillette gauche. 13,
Ventricule droit. 14, Artère
pulmonaire droite et veines
pulmonaires droites. 15,
Corps vertébral (Rachis
thoracique). 16, Sinus
costophrenique postérieur.
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Radiographie de la colonne
lombaire: cliché de face.
• 1, Côte.
2, Apophyse transverse.
3, Pédicule.
4, Apophyse épineuse.
5, Sacrum.
6, Articulation sacro-iliaque.
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Radiographie de la colonne
lombaire: cliché de profil
• 1, Sacrum.
2, Apophyse épineuse.
3, Corps vertébral.
4, Espace discal (Disque
intervertébral).
5, Trou de conjugaison.
6, Pédicule.
7, Apophyse articulaire
inférieure.
8, Apophyse articulaire
supérieure.
9, Côte.
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Tassement lombaire
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Radiographie de l'abdomen
sans préparation (ASP)
• 1, 11ème côte.
2, Corps vertébral (TH 12).
3, Gaz situé dans l'estomac.
4, Gaz situé dans l'angle colique
gauche.
5, Gaz situé dans le colon
transverse.
6, Gaz situé dans le sigmoïde.
7, Sacrum.
8, Articulation sacroiliaque.
9, Tête fémorale.
10, Granité caecale
11, Crête iliaque.
12, Gaz situé dans l'angle colique
droit.
13, Bord du psoas.
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Radiographie du bassin
• 1, Branche horizontale du pubis.
2, Symphyse pubienne.
3, Branche inférieure du pubis.
4, Trou obturateur gauche.
5, Petit trochanter (gauche).
6, Grand Trochanter (gauche).
7, Aile iliaque gauche.
8, Crête iliaque.
9, Pédicle (Rachis lombaire).
10, Articulation sacro-iliaque
droite.
11, Tête fémorale droite.
•

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