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Rencontre pédagogique du CSE – 6 novembre 2013

La motivation des
étudiant-e-s
Définition

Motivation = un état dynamique qui a ses origines
dans les perceptions qu’un étudiant a de lui-même et
de son ...
Composantes de la motivation (Viau &
Joly, 2001)
• Perception de la valeur d’une activité
• Perception de sa compétence
• ...
4

Viau & Joly (2001)
Quelques éléments théoriques à propos
de la motivation (Hofer, 2011)

• Autonomie et auto-détermination
• Motivations intr...
Mise en pratique (Hofer, 2011)
• Donner le choix
• Montrer sa propre motivation
• Varier les activités en classe
• Donner ...
Références

• Viau, R. & Joly, J. (2001) Comprendre la motivation
à réussir des étudiants universitaires pour mieux
agir. ...
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La motivation des étudiant-e-s à l'université

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Brève synthèse théorique à propos de la motivation des étudiant-e-s à l'université.

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La motivation des étudiant-e-s à l'université

  1. 1. Rencontre pédagogique du CSE – 6 novembre 2013 La motivation des étudiant-e-s
  2. 2. Définition Motivation = un état dynamique qui a ses origines dans les perceptions qu’un étudiant a de lui-même et de son environnement et qui l’incite à s’engager dans une activité et à persévérer dans son accomplissement afin d’atteindre un but (Viau, 1994) 2
  3. 3. Composantes de la motivation (Viau & Joly, 2001) • Perception de la valeur d’une activité • Perception de sa compétence • Perception de contrôlabilité Influencent 3 comportements : • Engagement cognitif • Persévérance • Performance 3
  4. 4. 4 Viau & Joly (2001)
  5. 5. Quelques éléments théoriques à propos de la motivation (Hofer, 2011) • Autonomie et auto-détermination • Motivations intrinsèque et extrinsèque • Théorie de l’attribution causale (locus, stabilité, contrôlabilité) • Motivation sociale 5
  6. 6. Mise en pratique (Hofer, 2011) • Donner le choix • Montrer sa propre motivation • Varier les activités en classe • Donner le temps aux étudiant-e-s de s’améliorer • Définir des critères d’évaluation • Donner des opportunités régulières d’évaluation • Reconsidérer son enseignement si besoin • Donner du feed-back • Encadrer les assistant-e-s 6
  7. 7. Références • Viau, R. & Joly, J. (2001) Comprendre la motivation à réussir des étudiants universitaires pour mieux agir. Communication au colloque de l’ACFAS 2001. • Hofer, B. (2011). Motivation in the college classroom. In M. Svinicki & W. J. McKeachie (Eds.), McKeachie’s teaching tips. Strategies, research, and theory for college and university teachers (13th ed., pp. 140–150). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth. 7

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